Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg; April 24, 1930 – July 5, 2021) was an American filmmaker whose notable works included some of the most financially-successful films during the New Hollywood era. According to film historian Michael Barson, Donner was "one of Hollywood's most reliable makers of action blockbusters". His career spanned over 50 years, crossing multiple genres and filmmaking trends.
Richard Donald Schwartzberg
April 24, 1930
New York City, U.S.
|Died||July 5, 2021 (aged 91)|
Donner began his career in 1957 as a television director, helming episodes of series like The Man from U.N.C.L.E., The Fugitive, and The Twilight Zone. He made his film debut with the low-budget aviation drama X-15 in 1961, but had his critical and commercial breakthrough with the horror film The Omen in 1976. He directed the landmark superhero film Superman in 1978, which provided an inspiration for the fantasy film genre to eventually gain artistic respectability and commercial dominance. Donner later went on to direct films in the 1980s such as The Goonies and Scrooged, while reinvigorating the buddy film genre with the Lethal Weapon series.
Donner and his wife, Lauren, owned their production company The Donners' Company (formerly Donner/Shuler Donner Productions), best known for producing the Free Willy and X-Men franchises. Donner also produced the Tales from the Crypt television series, and co-wrote several comic books for Superman publisher DC Comics. In 2000, Donner received the President's Award from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films.
Richard Donald Schwartzberg was born in Bronx, New York, to Russian Jewish parents, Hattie (Horowitz) and Fred Schwartzberg. His father owned a small furniture-manufacturing business and his mother was a stay at home mother. He had a sister, Joan. His grandfather owned a movie theatre in Brooklyn, which had an early influence on his perception of film.
After graduating from high school, Donner served in the U.S. Navy, becoming an aerial photographer. He briefly attended New York University but left to pursue a career in acting, relocating to Los Angeles, and adopting the stage name "Richard Donner."
Initially, Donner wanted to develop a career as an actor. He gained a bit part in a television program directed by Martin Ritt, who encouraged Donner to become a director instead. Ritt hired Donner as his assistant. Later, Donner was on the staff of Desilu, where he directed commercials. He made the transition into television dramas in the late 1950s, directing some episodes of the Steve McQueen western serial Wanted Dead or Alive and the Chuck Connors western The Rifleman.
During his early career as a director he worked on over twenty-five television series, including Have Gun – Will Travel, The Fugitive, Combat!, Get Smart, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., The Wild Wild West, Gilligan's Island, Kojak, and The Twilight Zone (such as the episodes "Nightmare at 20,000 Feet" starring William Shatner and "From Agnes—With Love" starring Wally Cox), as well as the serial Danger Island from the children's program The Banana Splits.
In the 1990s, Donner served as executive producer of the HBO anthology horror series Tales from the Crypt, based on the EC Comics series of the same name. He directed three episodes during its run ("Dig That Cat... He's Real Gone", "The Ventriloquist's Dummy", "Showdown"), and also produced three feature film spinoffs; Demon Knight, Bordello of Blood, and Ritual.
Donner's first feature film was X-15 (1961), which starred David McLean, Charles Bronson, and Mary Tyler Moore. Seven years passed before he directed his next, Salt and Pepper (1968), with Sammy Davis Jr., and Peter Lawford. His breakthrough film was The Omen (1976). A supernatural horror made in the wake of the success of The Exorcist, the film stars Gregory Peck, David Warner, and Lee Remick. It was the fifth-highest-grossing film of 1976.
In 1978, Donner directed Superman: The Movie, starring Christopher Reeve in the title role. It was a hit worldwide, projecting Reeve to international fame. The film co-starred Margot Kidder as Lois Lane, Marlon Brando as Jor-El, and Gene Hackman as archvillain Lex Luthor. At the box office, it grossed $134 million domestically.
Principal photography of Superman included filming of its first sequel, Superman II. Donner filmed most of Superman II with the expectation he would complete the sequel after the release of Superman. Despite the first film's success, Donner was fired from Superman II. Throughout the filming of both Superman films, Donner had a difficult relationship with executive producers Alexander Salkind and Ilya Salkind and producer Pierre Spengler. The Salkinds refused Donner's demand that Spengler be fired; instead, the Salkinds replaced Donner as director of Superman II with Richard Lester, who had worked with the Salkinds on The Three Musketeers and The Four Musketeers and as an uncredited producer on Superman. Following Donner's dismissal, Marlon Brando's scenes were removed from Superman II and much of the film was re-shot under Lester's direction. Gene Hackman refused to return for re-shoots; consequently, all the Lex Luthor scenes that appear in Superman II were filmed by Donner, although Donner refused to be credited.
Rotten Tomatoes' summary states that "Superman II meets, if not exceeds, the standard set by its predecessor." Donner continued to promote the view that his contribution was superior to the rest of the series. Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut was released on November 28, 2006, the same date as the DVD release of the summer film Superman Returns. This version of the film features the re-insertion of Marlon Brando's scenes as Jor-El, and relies on a minimum of footage shot by Richard Lester.
Donner directed mixed commercial flops (Inside Moves, Radio Flyer) and successes (The Goonies, the Lethal Weapon series, Scrooged, and Conspiracy Theory). Donner was the first choice to direct the "unofficial" James Bond film Never Say Never Again, but turned it down after he decided he disliked Lorenzo Semple Jr's script. In the case of Superman, it was Donner who insisted the subject of the comic book superhero should be treated "straight", that is, portrayed with respect to the fantasy genre's particular conventions and tone, rather than "camp"; this approach strongly influenced later genre directors such as Tim Burton (Batman, Batman Returns), Bryan Singer (X-Men, X2, X-Men: Days of Future Past), Christopher Nolan (Batman Begins, The Dark Knight, The Dark Knight Rises), Kevin Feige (MCU), and Zack Snyder (Man of Steel, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, Zack Snyder's Justice League), who have made successful superhero films of their own.
Lethal Weapon (1987–1998)Edit
Donner's next blockbuster film was the action comedy Lethal Weapon, written by Shane Black. It starred Mel Gibson as a widowed narcotics detective with a suicidal bent "who breaks every rule for the sheer joy of it". It co-starred Danny Glover as a calm homicide detective with a loving family and consideration for retirement. The film's action sequences were considered "truly spectacular" and made the film one of the year's biggest hits.
Donner directed six films starring Mel Gibson in total, creating a Lethal Weapon franchise with three sequels; the last of these was Lethal Weapon 4, released in 1998. In an interview in 2000, Gibson described his impressions of Donner:
Uncle Dick. He's a great guy, just terrific. Extremely professional. He's an old veteran and has an understanding of film that is the culmination of years of experience. He's got his technical stuff down, his vision down. No matter what you say about Dick, it underrates him. He really loves what he's doing, loves working with actors, and he allows you freedom to explore all kinds of areas. "All right, kid," he'll say, and slap you on the back and let you try something, because even he doesn't know sometimes. He's just an extremely charming, talented, great fuckin' guy. I love him.
Donner became the executive producer for the 2000 Marvel Comics film X-Men, then also an executive producer for the 2009 X-Men prequel, X-Men Origins: Wolverine. In addition, Donner's wife has produced all of the films in the X-Men film series under their Donners' Company brand.
On October 16, 2008, Donner and Lauren Shuler Donner received stars in a double ceremony on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for their achievements in motion pictures, located at 6712 Hollywood Boulevard.
- Action Comics (co-writer with Geoff Johns)
- Last Son and Escape from Bizarro World (2009)
- You're the Director... You Figure It Out: The Life and Films of Richard Donner (2010)
One of Donner's assistants in the late 1990s was comic book writer Geoff Johns. In October 2006, Donner, Johns, and artist Adam Kubert became the new creative team on Action Comics, the publisher's most time honored publication and one of DC Comics' two main Superman titles. Together, Johns and Donner collaborated on the stories Last Son and Escape from Bizarro World, both of which have been released in collected book form. Donner and Johns also co-wrote a story for Action Comics #1000, released in April 2018.
In 2010, Donner's authorized biography titled You're the Director... You Figure It Out: The Life and Films of Richard Donner by James Christie was published by BearManor Media. The book features a foreword by Mel Gibson.
Script Magazine described the book as an "engaging portrait of a warm-hearted (if occasionally gruff) man who can justly be considered the modern equivalent of Victor Fleming and Michael Curtiz – a highly talented, professional director of motion pictures who has thrived in the studio system and made some pretty good pictures to boot."
The Directors Guild of America called the book "a compelling study of an ebullient, ballsy risk-taker who was a director even before he was aware of it" that "ably captures Donner's joy in doing a job he loves."
Personal life and deathEdit
Donner married film producer Lauren Shuler (born 1949) on November 27, 1986. The two merged their respective production companies to create Shuler-Donner Productions (now The Donners' Company) the same year. Donner and Shuler remained together until the former's death.
Donner was the cousin of actor Steve Kahan, who played a policeman tracking Otis in Superman: The Movie, and played Captain Ed Murphy in the Lethal Weapon film franchise. Donner also cast Kahan in some of his other films.
|1968||Salt and Pepper||Yes||No|
|1989||Lethal Weapon 2||Yes||Yes|
|1992||Radio Flyer||Yes||No||Replaced David Mickey Evans|
|Lethal Weapon 3||Yes||Yes|
|1998||Lethal Weapon 4||Yes||Yes|
|2002||Tales from the Crypt: Ritual||No||Yes||Directed by Avi Nesher|
|Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut||Yes||No||Director's cut of Superman II|
- Omen III: The Final Conflict (1981)
- The Lost Boys (1987)
- Delirious (1991)
- Free Willy (1993)
- Free Willy 2: The Adventure Home (1995)
- Tales from the Crypt: Demon Knight (1995)
- Tales from the Crypt: Bordello of Blood (1996)
- Free Willy 3: The Rescue (1997)
- Any Given Sunday (1999)
- X-Men (2000)
- X-Men Origins: Wolverine (2009)
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1979||Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films||Best Director||Superman||Nominated|
|World Science Fiction Society||Best Dramatic Presentation||Won|
|1993||National Cable Television Association||Best Dramatic Series||Tales from the Crypt||Nominated|
|1997||National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences||Outstanding Game Show||Secrets of the Cryptkeeper's Haunted House||Nominated|
|2000||Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films||President's Award||N/A||Won|
|Hollywood Film Awards||Outstanding Achievement in Directing||N/A||Won|
|2002||Director's View Film Festival||Joseph L. Mankiewicz Excellence in Filmmaking Award||N/A||Won|
|2006||International Press Academy||Nikola Tesla Satellite Award||N/A||Won|
|2007||Casting Society of America||Career Achievement Award||N/A||Won|
|2008||Ojai Film Festival||Lifetime Achievement Award||N/A||Won|
|2009||American Cinema Editors||Golden Eddie Filmmaker of the Year Award||N/A||Won|
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- Barson, Michael (1995). Who's Who of Hollywood Directors. Noonday Press. ISBN 978-0-374-17452-1.
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- Newby, Richard (December 14, 2018). "Why 'Superman' Is So Hard to Leave in the Past". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
- Biskind, Peter (February 23, 2011). "The Rude Warrior". Vanity Fair.
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- Abrams, Nathan (June 16, 2013). "Superman, Man of Schlemiel?". Haaretz.
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- "Richard Donner American director". Britannica.
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- Smith, Adam (January 2013). "From The Archive: The Making Of Superman". Empire. No. 148. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- Superman II (1980), retrieved July 6, 2021
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- Field, Matthew (2015). Some kind of hero : 007 : the remarkable story of the James Bond films. Ajay Chowdhury. Stroud, Gloucestershire. ISBN 978-0-7509-6421-0. OCLC 930556527.
- Elvy, Scott (July 7, 2021). "How Richard Donner's Superman Shaped Modern Superhero Movies". ScreenRant. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
- Simon, Alex (June 29, 2015). "Great Conversations: Mel Gibson". HuffPost.
- "Richard Donner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- "Lauren Shuler Donner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- "Richard Donner – Hollywood Star Walk – Los Angeles Times". projects.latimes.com. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Eroa, Matthew (June 8, 2017). "Geoff Johns & Kevin Feige Honor Richard Donner's Superman". ScreenRant.
- Singer, Matthew. "Richard Donner, Director of 'Superman', Dies at 91". ScreenCrush.
- Moore, Roger (December 21, 2010). "Orlando writer finds 'Lethal' muse in book about director". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved July 15, 2021.
- Morton, Ray (October 7, 2011). "Meet the Reader: Bookshelf". Script Magazine. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Christie, James (2012). "You're the Director...You Figure It Out: The Life and Films of Richard Donner – Review". Directors Guild of America. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Lindbergh, Ben (September 26, 2017). "The Actor-Director Recycling Company". The Ringer.
- "'Superman' director Richard Donner's death certificate reveals he died of heart failure". Yahoo. August 10, 2021. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- Gleiberman, Owen (July 5, 2021). "Remembering Richard Donner: With 'Superman' and the 'Lethal Weapon' Films, He Made the Blockbuster Era Both Bigger and Smaller". Variety.
- "Richard Donner, director of Superman and The Goonies, dies aged 91". The Guardian. July 5, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
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