Free Willy is a 1993 American family drama film, directed by Simon Wincer, produced by Lauren Shuler Donner and Jennie Lew Tugend, written by Keith A. Walker and Corey Blechman from a story by Walker and distributed by Warner Bros. under the Warner Bros. Family Entertainment label. The film stars Jason James Richter as Jesse, a foster boy who befriends a captive orca named Willy.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Simon Wincer|
|Story by||Keith A. Walker|
|Music by||Basil Poledouris|
|Edited by||O. Nicholas Brown|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$153.6 million|
The film received positive attention from critics and was a commercial success, grossing $153.6 million from a $20 million budget. It grew into a small franchise, including a television series, three sequels and a video game companion.
Michael Jackson produced and performed "Will You Be There", taken from his 1991 album Dangerous, which can be heard during the film's credits. The song won the 1994 MTV Movie Awards for "Best Song in a Movie". It was also included in All Time Greatest Movie Songs, released by Sony Music in 1999. Jackson also performed songs for the film's first sequel.
Sometime later in Seattle, Jesse, a troubled 12-year-old boy abandoned by his estranged mother six years before, is caught by the police for stealing food and vandalizing the theme park. Jesse's social worker Dwight earns him a reprieve by finding him a foster home and having him clean up the graffiti at the theme park as part of his probation. His foster parents are the supportive and kind Annie and Glen Greenwood, but Jesse is initially unruly and hostile to them.
While working at the park, Jesse encounters Willy. Willy is regarded as surly and uncooperative by the park staff, including his trainer Rae Lindley, but Willy takes a liking to Jesse's harmonica playing, and later saves Jesse from drowning, and the two start a bond, and Jesse also becomes friendly with Willy's keeper, Randolph Johnson. Jesse teaches tricks to Willy, and is offered a permanent job at the theme park after probation. Jesse also warms into his new home.
The owner of the amusement park, Dial, sees the talent Jesse and Willy have together and makes plans to host "The Willy Show" in hopes of finally making money from Willy, who has thus far been a costly venture for him. On the day of the first performance, Willy is antagonized by children banging constantly on his underwater observation area and refuses to perform. In a stress-induced rage, he smashes against the tank, damaging it. Jesse storms off in tears and plans to run away. Later, while at the tank, Jesse notices Willy's family calling to him from the ocean and realizes how miserable he is in captivity. Shortly after, Jesse spots Dial's assistant, Wade, and several colleagues sneaking into the underwater observation area. They damage the tank enough that the water will gradually leak out and kill Willy, allowing them to cash in on his $1,000,000 insurance policy.
Jesse, Randolph, and Rae hatch a plan to release Willy back into the ocean. They use equipment at the park to load Willy onto a trailer, and Jesse and Randolph use Glen's truck to tow Willy to a marina. They try to stay on the back roads to avoid being spotted, but eventually get stuck in the mud. Wade meanwhile informs Dial that Willy is missing, and launches a search to find the fugitives.
Unable to move the trailer himself, Jesse calls Glen and Annie using a CB radio in Glen's truck. Annie and Glen show up and help free the truck, and continue on to the marina to release Willy. There, Dial, Wade, and his associates are blocking the gate. Glen smashes through the gate, turns the truck around and backs Willy into the water, flooding his truck in the process.
Willy is finally released into the water but does not immediately move, seemingly having been on dry land for too long. Dial and his confederates attempt to stop them, but Jesse and his friends fight back, trying to hold them off long enough for Willy to swim away. With Jesse's encouragement, Willy finally begins to swim, slipping away from the battle and heading for the marina entrance. Before he can make it into the ocean, however, two of Dial's whaling ships suddenly appear, sealing off the marina with their nets. Jesse runs towards the breakwater, calling for Willy to follow him, drawing him away from the boats. Jesse goes to the edge and tells Willy that if he makes the jump, it will be his highest, and he'll be free. Jesse says a tearful goodbye, but pulls himself together and goes back to the top. He recites a Haida prayer Randolph had taught him, before giving Willy a signal. Willy makes the jump over the breakwater and lands in the ocean on the other side, finally free to return to his family. Jesse goes back to Glen and Annie, who hug him as they look out into the sea. Willy calls out to Jesse in the distance, and both say their farewell.
- Jason James Richter as Jesse
- Keiko as Willy
- Lori Petty as Rae Lindley
- Jayne Atkinson as Annie Greenwood
- August Schellenberg as Randolph Johnson
- Michael Madsen as Glen Greenwood
- Michael Ironside as Dial
- Mykelti Williamson as Dwight Mercer
- Danielle Harris as Gwenie
- Richard Riehle as Wade
- Michael Bacall as Perry
Most close-up shots involving limited movement by Willy, such as when Willy is in the trailer and the sequences involving Willy swimming in the open water, make use of an animatronic stand-in. Walt Conti, who supervised the effects for the orcas, estimated that half of the shots of the orca used animatronic stand-ins. Conti stated that the smaller movements of a real orca actually made things difficult in some ways for him and his crew; they had to concentrate on smaller nuances in order to make the character seem alive. The most extensive use of CGI in the film is the climax, filmed in Astoria, Oregon, where Willy jumps over Jesse and into the wild. All stunts with the orca were performed by the young orca trainer Justin Sherbert (known additionally by his stage name, Justin Sherman). Principal photography took place from May 18 to August 17, 1992.
Box office performanceEdit
The film was released by Warner Bros. on July 16, 1993 and grossed $7,868,829 domestically in its opening weekend. It went on to make $76 million in its foreign release for a total of $153,698,625 worldwide. Upon its initial release, Free Willy ranked number 5 at the box office before moving to number 4 by the following weekend. Afterward, its rank in the box office began to gradually decline, with the exception of a three-day weekend (September 3 to September 6), in which gross revenue increased by 33.6%.
The film has received positive reviews from critics. The Rotten Tomatoes website reported that 68% of critics have given the film a fresh rating based on 31 reviews, with an average rating of 5.54/10. The site's critics consensus reads, "Free Willy tugs at the heartstrings skillfully enough to leap above the rising tide of sentimentality that threatens to drown its formulaic family-friendly story." The film on Metacritic has a weighted average score of 79 out of 100, indicating "generally favorable reviews" from 14 reviews.
|Date||Award||Category||Recipient(s) and Nominee(s)||Result||Ref.|
|15th Youth in Film Awards||February 5, 1994||Best Youth Actor Leading Role in a Motion Picture: Drama||Jason James Richter||Won1|||
|Outstanding Family Motion Picture: Drama||Free Willy||Won|
|1994 Kids' Choice Awards||May 7, 1994||Favorite Film||Free Willy||Nominated|
|1994 MTV Movie Awards||June 4, 1994||Breakthrough Performance||Jason James Richter||Nominated|
|Best Kiss||Jason James Richter and Willy||Nominated|
|Best Song From a Movie||"Will You Be There" by Michael Jackson||Won|
|BMI Film & TV Awards||1994||BMI Film Music||Basil Poledouris||Won|
|Environmental Media Awards||1994||Feature Film||Free Willy||Won|
|Genesis Awards||1994||Feature Film||Free Willy||Won|
|Golden Screen, Germany||1994||Golden Screen||Free Willy||Won|
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
|Free Willy: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Singles from Free Willy: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
The soundtrack to Free Willy was released in 1993 by Epic Records and Michael Jackson's label MJJ Music. It featured all the songs that were included in the movie in addition to songs composed by Basil Poledouris' score.
|1.||"Will You Be There (Theme from Free Willy)"||Michael Jackson||5:53|
|2.||"Keep on Smilin'"||NKTB||4:36|
|3.||"Didn't Mean to Hurt You"||3T||5:47|
|4.||"Right Here" (Human Nature Remix)||SWV||3:50|
|5.||"How Can You Leave Me Now"||Funky Poets||5:43|
|6.||"Main Title" (Score)||Basil Poledouris||5:07|
|7.||"Connection" (Score)||Basil Poledouris||1:44|
|8.||"The Gifts" (Score)||Basil Poledouris||5:19|
|9.||"Friends Montage" (Score)||Basil Poledouris||3:40|
|10.||"Auditon" (Score)||Basil Poledouris||2:04|
|11.||"Farewell Suite: Jessie Says Goodbye/Let's Free Willy!/Return to Freedom" (Score)||Basil Poledouris||12:01|
|12.||"Will You Be There" (Reprise)||Michael Jackson||3:42|
The aquatic star of the film was an orca named Keiko. The huge national and international success of this film inspired a letter writing campaign to get Keiko released from his captivity as an attraction in the amusement park Reino Aventura in Mexico City; this movement was called "Free Keiko". Warner Brothers was so grateful for the whale, and so moved by the fan's ambition, they contributed to rehabilitate and (if possible) free Keiko. He was moved to The Oregon Coast Aquarium in Oregon by flying in a UPS C-130 cargo plane. In Oregon, he was returned to health with the hopes of being able to return to the wild. In 1998, Keiko was moved to Iceland via a US Air Force C-17 to learn to live in the wild. After working with handlers, he was released from a sea pen in the summer of 2002 and swam to Norway following a pod of wild orcas.
His subsequent return to humans for food and for company, and his inability to integrate with a pod of orcas, however, confirms that the project had failed according to a scientific study published in the journal Marine Mammal Science (July 2009). Keiko eventually died of pneumonia in a Norwegian bay on December 12, 2003.
A decade later in 2013, a New York Times video reviewed Keiko's release into the wild. Reasons cited for Keiko's failure to adapt include his early age at capture, the long history of captivity, prolonged lack of contact with other orcas, and strong bonds with humans.
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- "Free Willy". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
- "Free Willy". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
- "Free Willy (1993)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- "Free Willy Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- "15th Annual Youth In Film Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Archived from the original on 2011-03-04. Retrieved 2020-09-21.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
- "Free Willy - Original Soundtrack - Songs, Reviews, Credits - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- Young, Sage. "What The Whale From 'Free Willy' Taught Us About Orcas, Long Before 'Blackfish' Hit Theaters". Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- Kurth, Linda Moore (11 September 2017). Keiko's Story: A Killer Whale Goes Home. Millbrook Press. ISBN 9780761315001. Retrieved 11 September 2017 – via Google Books.
- "BBC - Earth News - Killer whales: What to do with captive orcas?". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- Simon, M. (2009). "From captivity to the wild and back: An attempt to release Keiko the killer whale". Marine Mammal Science. 25 (3): 693–705. doi:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2009.00287.x.
- Winerip, Michael (September 16, 2013). "Retro Report: The Whale Who Would Not Be Freed" (video (11:43)). New York Times. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "From captivity to the wild and back: An attempt to release Keiko the killer whale" (PDF). Orcanetwork.org. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
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