Michael J. Fox
Michael Andrew Fox OC (born June 9, 1961), known professionally as Michael J. Fox, is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, author, and film producer with a film and television career spanning from the 1970s. He starred in the Back to the Future trilogy in which he portrayed Marty McFly. Other notable roles have included his portrayal of Alex P. Keaton on the American sitcom Family Ties (1982–1989) and Mike Flaherty on the ABC sitcom Spin City (1996–2000). He has won five Primetime Emmy Awards, four Golden Globe Awards, a Grammy Award, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards.
Michael J. Fox
Fox at the Lotusphere in 2012
Michael Andrew Fox
June 9, 1961
|Residence||Manhattan, New York, U.S.|
|Citizenship||Canadian and American (dual)|
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, author, producer|
|Height||5 ft 4 in (1.63 m)|
Tracy Pollan (m. 1988)
Fox was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in 1991 at age 29, and disclosed his condition to the public in 1998. He partly retired from acting in 2000 as the symptoms of the disease worsened. He has since become an advocate for research toward finding a cure. He founded the Michael J. Fox Foundation. Sweden's Karolinska Institute gave him an honoris causa doctorate on March 5, 2010 for his work advocating a cure for Parkinson's disease.
Since 1999, Fox has mainly worked as a voice-over actor in films such as Stuart Little and Disney's Atlantis: The Lost Empire. On the CBS TV show The Good Wife, he earned Emmy nominations for three consecutive years for his recurring role as crafty attorney Louis Canning. He has also taken recurring guest roles and cameo appearances in Boston Legal, Scrubs, Curb Your Enthusiasm, Rescue Me, and Designated Survivor. He has written three books: Lucky Man: A Memoir (2002), Always Looking Up: The Adventures of an Incurable Optimist (2009), and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Future: Twists and Turns and Lessons Learned (2010). He was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2010, and was also inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in 2000.
Michael Andrew Fox was born on June 9, 1961 in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to Phyllis (née Piper), an actress/payroll clerk, and William Fox, a police officer and Canadian Forces member. He is of Irish descent.
Fox's family lived in various cities and towns across Canada because of his father's career. Their family finally moved to Burnaby, a large suburb of Vancouver, British Columbia, when his father retired in 1971. His father died on January 6, 1990, from a heart attack. Fox attended Burnaby Central Secondary School, and now has a theatre named for him at Burnaby South Secondary. At age 15, Fox starred in the Canadian television series Leo and Me, produced by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and in 1979, at age 18, he moved to Los Angeles to further his acting career. Shortly after his marriage, he decided to move back to Vancouver. Fox is one of four members of the Leo and Me cast and crew who eventually developed Parkinson's disease in mid-life, an unusually high number that led to some investigation as to whether an environmental factor may have played a role.
Fox was discovered by producer Ronald Shedlo and made his American television debut in the television film Letters from Frank, credited under the name "Michael Fox." He intended to continue to use the name, but when he registered with the Screen Actors Guild, which requires unique registration names to avoid credit ambiguities (and the possibility that royalty checks would be sent to the wrong actors), he discovered that Michael Fox, a veteran character actor, was already registered under the name. As he explained in his autobiography, Lucky Man: A Memoir and in interviews, he needed to come up with a different name. He did not like the sound of "Michael A. Fox" during a time when "fox" was coming to mean "attractive" and because his middle initial sounded too much like the Canadian "eh?" He also didn't like the sound of "Andrew" or "Andy," so he decided to adopt a new middle initial and settled on "J," as a tribute to actor Michael J. Pollard.
Fox's first feature film roles were Midnight Madness (1980) and Class of 1984 (1982), credited in both as Michael Fox. Shortly afterward, he began playing "Young Republican" Alex P. Keaton in the show Family Ties, which aired on NBC for seven seasons from 1982–89. In an interview with Jimmy Fallon in April 2014, Fox stated he negotiated the role at a payphone at Pioneer Chicken. He received the role only after Matthew Broderick was unavailable. Family Ties had been sold to the television network using the pitch "Hip parents, square kids", with the parents originally intended to be the main characters. However, the positive reaction to Fox's performance led to his character becoming the focus of the show following the fourth episode. At its peak, the audience for Family Ties drew one-third of America's households every week. Fox won three Emmy awards for Family Ties in 1986, 1987, and 1988. He also won a Golden Globe Award in 1989.
Brandon Tartikoff, one of the show's producers, felt that Fox was too short in relation to the actors playing his parents, and tried to have him replaced. Tartikoff reportedly said that "this is not the kind of face you'll ever find on a lunch-box." After his later successes, Fox presented Tartikoff with a custom-made lunch-box with the inscription "To Brandon, this is for you to put your crow in. Love and Kisses, Michael J. Fox." Tartikoff kept the lunch-box in his office for the rest of his NBC career.
While filming Family Ties, Fox met his wife, Tracy Pollan, who portrayed his girlfriend, Ellen. When Fox left the TV series Spin City, his final episodes made numerous allusions to Family Ties: Michael Gross (who played Alex's father Steven) portrays Mike Flaherty's (Fox's character's) therapist, and there is a reference to an off-screen character named "Mallory". Also, when Flaherty becomes an environmental lobbyist in Washington, D.C., he meets a conservative senator from Ohio named Alex P. Keaton, and in one episode Meredith Baxter played Mike's mother.
As a consequence of working in Family Ties, as well as his acting in Teen Wolf and Back to the Future, Fox became a teen idol. The VH1 television series The Greatest later named him among their "50 Greatest Teen Idols."
In January 1985, Fox was cast to replace Eric Stoltz as Marty McFly, a teenager who is accidentally sent back in time from 1985 to 1955 in Back to the Future. Director Robert Zemeckis originally wanted Fox to play Marty, but Gary David Goldberg the creator of Family Ties, which Fox was working on at the time, refused to allow Zemeckis even to approach Fox as he felt that as Meredith Baxter was on maternity leave at the time, Fox's character Alex Keaton was needed to carry the show in her absence. Eric Stoltz was cast and was already filming Back to the Future, but Zemeckis felt that Stoltz was not giving the right type of performance for the humor involved. Zemeckis quickly replaced Stoltz with Fox, whose schedule was now more open with the return of Meredith Baxter. He was considered for the role of Mark Kendall in Once Bitten, but it eventually went to Jim Carrey. During filming, Fox rehearsed for Family Ties from 10 a.m to 6 p.m, then rushed to the Back to the Future set where he rehearsed and shoot until 2:30 a.m. This schedule lasted for two full months. Back to the Future was both a commercial and critical success. The film spent 8 consecutive weekends as the number-one grossing movie at the US box office in 1985, and eventually earned a worldwide total of $381.11 million. Variety applauded the performances, stating that Fox and his co-star Christopher Lloyd imbued Marty and Doc Brown's friendship with a quality reminiscent of King Arthur and Merlin. The film was followed by two successful sequels, Back to the Future Part II (1989) and Back to the Future Part III (1990).
During and immediately after the Back to the Future trilogy, Fox starred in Teen Wolf (1985), Light of Day (1987), The Secret of My Success (1987), Bright Lights, Big City (1988), and Casualties of War (1989).
In The Secret of My Success, Fox played a recent graduate from Kansas State University who moves to New York City, where he has to deal with the ups and downs of the business world. The film was successful at the box office, grossing $110 million worldwide. Roger Ebert in The Chicago Sun Times wrote; "Fox provides a fairly desperate center for the film. It could not have been much fun for him to follow the movie's arbitrary shifts of mood, from sitcom to slapstick, from sex farce to boardroom brawls."
In Bright Lights, Big City, Fox played a fact-checker for a New York magazine, who spends his nights partying with alcohol and drugs. The film received mixed reviews, with Hal Hinson in The Washington Post criticizing Fox by claiming that "he was the wrong actor for the job". Meanwhile, Roger Ebert praised the actor's performance: "Fox is very good in the central role (he has a long drunken monologue that is the best thing he has ever done in a movie)". During the shooting of Bright Lights, Big City, Fox co-starred again with Tracy Pollan, his on-screen girlfriend from Family Ties.
Fox then starred in Casualties of War, a dark and violent war drama about the Vietnam War, alongside Sean Penn. Casualties of War was not a major box office hit, but Fox, playing a private serving in Vietnam, received good reviews for his performance. Don Willmott on film critic's website wrote; "Fox, only one year beyond his Family Ties sitcom silliness, rises to the challenges of acting as the film's moral voice and sharing scenes with the always intimidating Penn."
In 1991, he starred in Doc Hollywood, a romantic comedy about a talented medical doctor who decides to become a plastic surgeon. While moving from Washington, D.C. to Los Angeles, he winds up as a doctor in a small southern town in South Carolina. Michael Caton-Jones, from Time Out, described Fox in the film as "at his frenetic best". The Hard Way was also released in 1991, with Fox playing an undercover actor learning from police officer James Woods. After being privately diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease in 1991 and being cautioned he had "ten good working years left", Fox hastily signed a three-film contract, appearing in For Love or Money (1993), Life With Mikey (1993), and Greedy (1994). The mid-1990s saw Fox play smaller supporting roles in The American President (1995) and Mars Attacks! (1996).
His last major film role was in The Frighteners (1996), directed by Peter Jackson. The Frighteners tells the story of Frank Bannister (Fox), an architect who develops psychic abilities allowing him to see, hear, and communicate with ghosts. After losing his wife, he uses his new abilities by cheating customers out of money for his "ghost hunting" business. However, a mass murderer comes back from Hell, prompting Frank to investigate the supernatural presence. Fox's performance received critical praise, Kenneth Turan in the Los Angeles Times wrote; "The film's actors are equally pleasing. Both Fox, in his most successful starring role in some time, and [Trini] Alvarado, who looks rather like Andie MacDowell here, have no difficulty getting into the manic spirit of things."
He voiced the American Bulldog Chance in Disney's live-action film Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey and its sequel Homeward Bound II: Lost in San Francisco, the titular character in Stuart Little and its two sequels Stuart Little 2 and Stuart Little 3: Call of the Wild, and Milo Thatch in Disney's animated film Atlantis: The Lost Empire.
Spin City ran from 1996 to 2002 on American television network ABC. The show was based on a fictional local government running New York City, originally starring Fox as Mike Flaherty, a Fordham Law School graduate serving as the Deputy Mayor of New York. Fox won an Emmy award for Spin City in 2000, three Golden Globe Awards in 1998, 1999, and 2000, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards in 1999 and 2000. During the third season of Spin City, Fox made the announcement to the cast and crew of the show that he had Parkinson's disease. During the fourth season, he announced his retirement from the show. He announced that he planned to continue to act and would make guest appearances on Spin City (he made three more appearances on the show during the final season). After leaving the show, he was replaced by Charlie Sheen, who portrayed the character Charlie Crawford. Altogether, 145 episodes were produced. Fox also served as an executive producer during his time on the show, alongside co-creators Bill Lawrence and Gary David Goldberg.
In 2004, Fox guest starred in two episodes of the comedy-drama Scrubs as Dr. Kevin Casey, a surgeon with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder. The series was created by Spin City creator Bill Lawrence. In 2006, he appeared in four episodes of Boston Legal as a lung cancer patient. The producers brought him back in a recurring role for Season three, beginning with the season premiere. Fox was nominated for an Emmy Award for best guest appearance.
In 2009, he appeared in five episodes of the television series Rescue Me which earned him an Emmy for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series. Since 2000 Fox has released three books, Lucky Man: A Memoir (2002), Always Looking Up: The Adventures of an Incurable Optimist (2009), and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Future: Twists and Turns and Lessons Learned (2010). Starting in 2010, Fox played a recurring role in the US drama The Good Wife as crafty attorney Louis Canning and earned Emmy nominations for three consecutive years. In 2011, Fox was featured as himself in the eighth season of the Larry David vehicle, Curb Your Enthusiasm. David's character (also himself) becomes a temporary resident of the New York City apartment building that Fox resides in and a conflict arises between the two, whereby David believes that Fox is using his condition (Parkinson's disease) as a manipulative tool. On August 20, 2012, NBC announced The Michael J. Fox Show, loosely based on his life. It was granted a 22-episode commitment from the network and premiered on NBC on September 26, 2013.
Fox also made several appearances in other media. At the 2010 Winter Olympics closing ceremony in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, he delivered comedy monologues, along with William Shatner and Catherine O'Hara, in the "I am Canadian" part of the show. Along with Tatjana Patitz, Fox appears in the 2011 Carl Zeiss AG calendar, photographed by Bryan Adams in New York City in the summer of 2010. Despite a sound-alike, A.J Locascio, voicing his character of Marty McFly in the 2011 Back to the Future episodic adventure game, Fox lent his likeness to the in-game version of Marty alongside Christopher Lloyd. Fox made a special guest appearance in the final episode of the series as an elder version of Marty, as well as his great-grandfather Willie McFly.
Fox married actress Tracy Pollan on July 16, 1988 at West Mountain Inn in Arlington, Vermont. The couple have four children: son Sam Michael (born May 30, 1989), twin daughters Aquinnah Kathleen and Schuyler Frances (born February 15, 1995), and daughter Esmé Annabelle (born November 3, 2001). He holds dual Canadian-US citizenship. He provided a light-hearted segment during the 2010 Winter Olympics' closing ceremony in Vancouver, British Columbia on February 28, 2010 when he expressed how proud he is to be Canadian. On June 4, 2010, the city of Burnaby, British Columbia granted him the Freedom of the City. He and his family live in Manhattan.
Health and activismEdit
Fox started displaying symptoms of early-onset Parkinson's disease in 1991 while shooting the movie Doc Hollywood, although he was not properly diagnosed until the next year. After his diagnosis, Fox started drinking heavily. He sought help and stopped drinking altogether. In 1998, he decided to go public about his Parkinson's disease, and since then, he has been a strong advocate of Parkinson's disease research. His foundation, The Michael J. Fox Foundation, was created to help advance every promising research path to curing Parkinson's disease, including embryonic stem cell studies.
His first book, Lucky Man, focused on how, after seven years of denial of the disease, he set up the Michael J. Fox Foundation, stopped drinking and began to be an advocate for people living with Parkinson's disease.
I had made a deliberate choice to appear before the subcommittee without medication. It seemed to me that this occasion demanded that my testimony about the effects of the disease, and the urgency we as a community were feeling, be seen as well as heard. For people who had never observed me in this kind of shape, the transformation must have been startling.— Michael J. Fox, Lucky Man
Well, actually, I've been erring on the side of caution—I think 'erring' is actually the right word—in that I've been medicating perhaps too much, in the sense [that] ... the symptoms ... people see in some of these interviews that [I] have been on are actually dyskinesia, which is a reaction to the medication. Because if I were purely symptomatic with Parkinson's symptoms, a lot of times speaking is difficult. There's a kind of a cluttering of speech and it's very difficult to sit still, to sit in one place. You know, the symptoms are different, so I'd rather kind of suffer the symptoms of dyskinesia ... this kind of weaving and this kind of continuous thing is much preferable, actually, than pure Parkinson's symptoms. So that's what I generally do ... I haven't had any, you know, problems with pure Parkinson's symptoms in any of these interviews, because I'll tend to just make sure that I have enough Sinemet in my system and, in some cases, too much. But to me, it's preferable. It's not representative of what I'm like in my everyday life. I get a lot of people with Parkinson's coming up to me saying, 'You take too much medication.' I say, 'Well, you sit across from Larry King and see if you want to tempt it.'
In 2006, Fox starred in a campaign ad for then State Auditor of Missouri Claire McCaskill (D) in her successful 2006 Senate campaign against incumbent Jim Talent (R), expressing her support for embryonic stem cell research. In the ad, he visibly showed the effects of his Parkinson's disease:
As you might know, I care deeply about stem cell research. In Missouri, you can elect Claire McCaskill, who shares my hope for cures. Unfortunately, Senator Jim Talent opposes expanding stem cell research. Senator Talent even wanted to criminalize the science that gives us the chance for hope. They say all politics is local, but that's not always the case. What you do in Missouri matters to millions of Americans, Americans like me.
The New York Times called it "one of the most powerful and talked about political advertisements in years" and polls indicated that the commercial had a measurable impact on the way voters voted, in an election that McCaskill won. His second book, Always Looking Up: The Adventures of an Incurable Optimist, describes his life between 1999 and 2009, with much of the book centred on how Fox got into campaigning for stem-cell research. On March 31, 2009, Fox appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show with Mehmet Oz to publicly discuss his condition as well as his book, his family and his prime-time special which aired May 7, 2009, (Michael J. Fox: Adventures of an Incurable Optimist).
His work led him to be named one of the 100 people "whose power, talent or moral example is transforming the world" in 2007 by Time magazine. On March 5, 2010, Fox received an honorary doctorate in medicine from Karolinska Institutet for his contributions to research in Parkinson's disease. He has also received an honorary doctorate of laws from the University of British Columbia.
On May 31, 2012, he received an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the Justice Institute of British Columbia to recognize his accomplishments as a performer as well as his commitment to raising research funding and awareness for Parkinson's disease. Fox recalled performing in role-playing simulations as part of police recruit training exercises at the Institute early in his career.
In 2016, his organization the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research created a raffle to raise awareness for Parkinson's disease and raised $6.75 million, with the help of Nike via two auctions, one in Hong Kong and the other in London.
|1980||Midnight Madness||Scott Larson|
|1982||Class of 1984||Arthur|
|1985||Back to the Future||Marty McFly|
|1985||Teen Wolf||Scott Howard|
|1987||Light of Day||Joe Rasnick|
|1987||The Secret of My Success||Brantley
|1988||Bright Lights, Big City||Jamie Conway|
|1989||Casualties of War||PFC. Max Eriksson|
|1989||Back to the Future Part II||Marty McFly, Marty McFly Jr, Marlene McFly||Triple role|
|1990||Back to the Future Part III||Marty McFly, Seamus McFly||Dual role|
|1991||The Hard Way||Nick "Nicky" Lang / Ray Casanov|
|1991||Doc Hollywood||Dr. Benjamin "Ben" Stone|
|1993||Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey||Chance
|1993||Life with Mikey||Michael "Mikey" Chapman|
|1993||For Love or Money||Doug Ireland||Also titled The Concierge|
|1994||Where the Rivers Flow North||Clayton Farnsworth|
|1994||Greedy||Daniel "Danny" McTeague||Also titled Unseemly Acts|
|1995||Blue in the Face||Pete Maloney|
|1995||The American President||Lewis Rothschild|
|1996||Homeward Bound II: Lost in San Francisco||Chance
|1996||The Frighteners||Frank Bannister|
|1996||Mars Attacks!||Jason Stone|
|1999||Stuart Little||Stuart Little
|2001||Atlantis: The Lost Empire||Milo James Thatch
|2002||Interstate 60||Mr. Baker||Cameo|
|2002||Stuart Little 2||Stuart Little
|2005||Stuart Little 3: Call of the Wild||Stuart Little
|2009||The Magic 7||Marcel Maggot
|2013||Drew: The Man Behind the Poster||Himself||Documentary|
|2015||Back in Time||Himself||Back to the Future documentary|
|2019||See You Yesterday||Mr. Lockhart|
|1977||The Magic Lie||Nicky||Episode: "The Master"|
|1979||Letters from Frank||Ricky||Television film|
|1979||Lou Grant||Paul Stone||Episode: "Kids"|
|1980–1981||Palmerstown, U.S.A.||Willy-Joe Hall||11 episodes|
|1980||Family||Richard Topol||Episode: "Such a Fine Line"|
|1980||Here's Boomer||Jackie||Episode: "Tell 'Em Boomer Sent You"|
|1980||Trapper John, M.D.||Elliot Schweitzer||Episode: "Brain Child"|
|1981||Leo and Me||Jamie||Produced in 1976, was not televised until 1981;|
|1982||Teachers Only||Jeff||Episode: "The Make Up Test"|
|1982–1989||Family Ties||Alex P. Keaton||176 episodes|
|1983||The Love Boat||Jimmy||Episode: "I Like to Be in America"|
|1983||High School U.S.A.||Jay-Jay Manners||Television film|
|1983–1984||The $25,000 Pyramid||Himself||30 episodes|
|1984||Night Court||Eddie Simms||Episode: "Santa Goes Downtown"|
|1984||The Homemade Comedy Special||Host||Television special|
|1984||Don't Ask Me, Ask God||Future Son||Television special|
|1985||Family Ties Vacation||Alex P. Keaton||Television film|
|1985||Poison Ivy||Dennis Baxter||Television film|
|1986||David Letterman's 2nd Annual Holiday Film Festival||Himself||Television special;|
Segment: "The Iceman Hummeth"
|1987||Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam||Pfc. Raymond Griffiths
|Television documentary film|
|1988||Mickey's 60th Birthday||Alex P. Keaton||Flashback clip;|
|1990||Sex, Buys, & Advertising||Himself||Television special|
|1991||Saturday Night Live||Host||Episode: "Michael J. Fox/The Black Crowes"|
|1991||Tales from the Crypt||Prosecutor||Also director;|
Episode: "The Trap"
|1992||Shelley Duvall's Bedtime Stories||Narrator||Episode: "There's a Nightmare in My Closet"|
|1994||Don't Drink the Water||Axel Magee||Television film|
|1996–2000, 2001||Spin City||Mike Flaherty||103 episodes|
|1997||The Chris Rock Show||Himself||Episode: "Jesse Jackson/Rakim"; |
|2002||Clone High||Gandhi's Remaining Kidney
|Episode: "Escape to Beer Mountain: A Rope of Sand"|
|2004||Scrubs||Dr. Kevin Casey||Episodes: "My Catalyst", "My Porcelain God"|
|2005||Saving Milly||Himself||Television film; |
|2006||Boston Legal||Daniel Post||6 episodes|
|2009||Rescue Me||Dwight||5 episodes|
|2010–16||The Good Wife||Louis Canning||26 episodes|
|2011||Ace of Cakes||Himself||Episode: "Charm City Cakes Goes Back to the Future"|
|2011||Phineas and Ferb||Michael
|Episode: "The Curse of Candace"|
|2011, 2017||Curb Your Enthusiasm||Himself||Episodes: "Larry vs. Michael J. Fox", "Never Wait for Seconds!"|
|2013–2014||The Michael J. Fox Show||Mike Henry||22 episodes|
|2015||Jimmy Kimmel Live!||Marty McFly||Episode: "Michael J. Fox/Sen. Bernie Sanders/Big Grams"|
|2016||Nightcap||Himself||Episode: "The Cannon"|
|2018||Designated Survivor||Ethan West||5 episodes|
|2011||Back to the Future: The Game||William McFly, Future Marty McFly||Double role;|
Episode 5: "Outatime"
|2015||Lego Dimensions||Marty McFly|
|1986||The Iceman Hummeth||None||Also writer;|
|1991||Tales From The Crypt||Prosecutor||Episode: "The Trap"|
|1992||Brooklyn Bridge||None||Episode: "Rainy Day"|
|1996–2000||Spin City||Executive producer|
|1999||Anna Says||Executive producer|
|2002||Otherwise Engaged||Executive producer|
|2003||Hench at Home||Executive producer|
|2013–2014||The Michael J. Fox Show||Executive producer|
Awards and nominationsEdit
- 2000: Honored by the Family Television Awards for Acting.
- 2000: Inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame, located in Toronto, Ontario, that acknowledges the achievements and accomplishments of successful Canadians.
- 2002, December 16: Received Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contribution of Motion Picture presented to him by the Chamber of Commerce.
- 2011: Honored with the Golden Camera Award for Lifetime Achievement – International.
- 2010: Appointed Officer of the Order of Canada – Officer O.C. recognizes national service or achievement.
- 2013: Honored with the Golden Apple Award by the Casting Society of America.
- 2013: Inducted into the Actors OFTA Television Hall of Fame by the Online Film & Television Association.
- Fox, Michael J. (2002). Lucky Man: A Memoir. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6764-6.
- Fox, Michael J. (2009). Always Looking Up: The Adventures of an Incurable Optimist. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-1-4013-0338-9.
- Fox, Michael J. (2010). A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Future: Twists and Turns and Lessons Learned. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-1-4013-2386-8.
- "Michael J. Fox". AllMovie. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- "Michael J. Fox on his Canadian pride and why he speaks out". CBC.ca. March 9, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- "Michael J. Fox Gets Doctored". E! Online. March 5, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Bobbin, Jay (July 27, 2013). "'The Good Wife' Season 5: Emmy nominee Michael J. Fox 'open' to returning". zap2it. Tribune Media Services. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Governor General announces 74 new appointments to the Order of Canada". Governor General of Canada Official Website. June 30, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "Canada Walk of Fame Michael J. Fox". Canada Walk of Fame Official Website. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
- James Lipton (host) (October 30, 2005). "Michael J. Fox". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 12. Episode 4. Bravo. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008.
- Fox, Michael J. (2003). Lucky Man : A Memoir. Hyperion. pp. 34, 46–47. ISBN 0-7868-8874-1.
- "Back to the Future: a timeline of Michael J Fox's career". The Telegraph. October 21, 2015. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
- "Michael J. Fox Biography". The Michael J Fox Foundation. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- "Michael J. Fox Awarded Freeman Status". City of Burnaby Official Website. June 14, 2010. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- Atkins, Lucy (April 4, 2002). "Can you catch Parkinson's?". The Guardian. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- Rocca, Liz (March 27, 2002). "Michael J. Fox part of B.C. Parkinson's 'cluster'". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- "Leo and Me (1981) – News". Internet Movie Database. March 27, 2002. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- "Michael J. Fox". Television Academy.
- Haglund, David (March 2, 2007). "Reagan's Favorite Sitcom: How Family Ties spawned a conservative hero". Slate. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- "EMMY Award History". EMMY Official Website. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- "Golden Globe Awards for Michael J. Fox". Golden Globes Official Website. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
- Fox, Michael J. (2002). Lucky Man: A Memoir. Hyperion. pp. 81–82. ISBN 0-7868-6764-7.
- Wallace, Amy (March 20, 2000). "Putting His Own Spin on 'City's' Season Finale". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Shales, Tom. "Michael J. Fox, Playing 'Spin City' to a Fare-Thee-Well". Washington Post, May 24, 2000, C1.
- "Episode 080: 50 Greatest Teen Idols". VH1. Archived from the original on February 9, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- "Back to the Future: Making the Trilogy: Chapter 1 (DVD Documentary)"
- "Back to the Future Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- "Back to the Future". Variety. July 1, 1985. Retrieved October 9, 2008.
- "The Secret of My Success Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
- "The Secret of My Success Review". Chicago Sun Times. April 10, 1987. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
- Hinson, Hal (April 1, 1988). "City Blight". Washington Post.
- Ebert, Roger (April 1, 1988). "Bright Lights, Big City". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 10, 2008.
- "Casualties of War Review". Film Critic Website. January 4, 2006. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
- "Doc Hollywood Review". Time Out. Archived from the original on November 18, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
- "The Frighteners Review". Los Angeles Times. July 19, 1996. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Michael J Fox Biography". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on June 15, 2009. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "About Michael J Fox". The Michael J Fox Foundation. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- "Fox quits Spin City". BBC. January 19, 2000. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- Weinraub, Bernard (May 7, 2001). "Charlie Sheen Delivers A New Spin To 'Spin City'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- Keveney, Bill (April 1, 2004). "Michael J. Fox to scrub up twice for 'Scrubs'". USA Today. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- McNutt, Myles. "Scrubs: "My Clean Break"/"My Catalyst"". TV Club. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
- Meredith Blake (September 12, 2011). "CURB YOUR ENTHUSIASM". AV Club. Onion Inc. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- TheGuysTravel (September 12, 2011). "Curb Your Enthusiasm – Larry confronts Michael J. Fox – Season 8 Ep. 10" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- "NBC: MICHAEL J. FOX WILL RETURN TO SERIES TV". Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "2010: Michael J. Fox speaks during the closing ceremony of the Vancouver Winter Olympics at B.C. Place on Feb. 28". Montrealgazette.com. January 7, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- "Michael J Fox proves he's still laughing in the face of Parkinson's disease as he hams it up for new calendar". Daily Mail. September 18, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
- "@telltalegames: We very excitedly announce that Michael J. Fox is making a special appearance in Back to the Future: The Game: Episode 5!". Twitter. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- "Back To The Future Episode 5: OUTATIME Video Game, E3 2011: Exclusive Developer Diary HD". GameTrailers. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
- Hipes, Patrick (January 10, 2018). "Michael J. Fox Joining 'Designated Survivor' For Arc". Deadline.com. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
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