Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland; [ˈistlant] (listen)) is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 360,390 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country being home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude almost entirely outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.
According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, Norwegians, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, bringing with them thralls (i.e., slaves or serfs) of Gaelic origin.
Eldfell is a cinder cone volcano just over 200 metres (650 ft) high on the Icelandic island of Heimaey. It formed in a volcanic eruption which began without warning just outside the town of Heimaey on January 23, 1973. Its name means Fire Mountain in Icelandic.
The eruption caused a major crisis for the island and nearly led to its permanent evacuation. Volcanic ash fell over most of the island, destroying many houses, and a lava flow threatened to close off the harbour, the island's main income source via its fishing fleet. An operation was mounted to cool the advancing lava flow by pumping sea water onto it, which was successful in preventing the loss of the harbour.
Following the end of the eruption, the islanders used the heat from the slowly cooling lava flows to provide hot water and to generate electricity. They also used some of the extensive tephra, fall-out of airborne volcanic material, to extend the runway at the island's small airport, and as landfill on which 200 new houses were built.
(born November 21, 1965 in Reykjavík
) is a Brit Award
-winning Icelandic singer/songwriter
(formerly the lead singer of alternative rock
band The Sugarcubes
), with an expressive range and an interest in many kinds of music including pop
, alternative rock, jazz
, ambient music
, and classical music
. She is known for her innovative music videos
and individualistic music. Her record label, One Little Indian
, reported in 2003 that she has sold over 15 million albums worldwide.
- 29 December 2018: 3 Britons died and 4 Britons are seriously injured after a car crash on a one lane Icelandic bridge.(BBC)
- June 5 2018: The Icelandic national football team qualified for World Cup for the first time.(espn)
- April 12 2018: A Greenlander is sentenced for killing a 20-year old Icelandic woman.(the guardian)
- November 30 2017: A government consisting of parties both to the right and left is formed after instability.(the guardian)
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Surrounding Mývatn are the calderas Gæsafjöll, Krafla, Vinderbelgjarfjall, Hverfjall, Búrfell, and Bláfjall.
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