Geir Hilmar Haarde (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈceːir̥ ˈhɪlmar̥ ˈhɔrtɛ]; born 8 April 1951) is an Icelandic politician, who served as Prime Minister of Iceland from 15 June 2006 to 1 February 2009 and as President of the Nordic Council in 1995. Haarde was Chairman of the Icelandic Independence Party from 2005 to 2009. Since 23 February 2015 he has served as the Ambassador of Iceland to the United States and several Latin American countries.
|Ambassador of Iceland to the United States|
23 February 2015
|Preceded by||Guðmundur Árni Stefánsson|
|23rd Prime Minister of Iceland|
15 June 2006 – 1 February 2009
|President||Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson|
|Preceded by||Halldór Ásgrímsson|
|Succeeded by||Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir|
|President of the Nordic Council|
|Preceded by||Per Olof Håkansson|
|Succeeded by||Knud Enggaard|
|Born||Geir Hilmar Haarde
8 April 1951
|Political party||Independence Party|
|Spouse(s)||Patricia Angelina (Divorced)
Inga Jóna Þórðardóttir
|Alma mater||Brandeis University
Johns Hopkins University
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
Geir initially led a coalition between his party and the Progressive Party. After the 2007 parliamentary election, in which the Independence Party increased its share of the vote, Geir renewed his term as Prime Minister, leading a coalition between his party and the Social Democratic Alliance. That coalition resigned in January 2009 after widespread protests following an economic collapse in October 2008. In September 2010, Geir became the first Icelandic minister to be indicted for misconduct in office, and stood trial before the Landsdómur, a special court for such cases. He was convicted on one count, but acquitted of the most serious violations.
Life and careerEdit
Geir was born in the Icelandic capital Reykjavík, to Tomas Haarde, a Norwegian from Rogaland, and an Icelandic mother. He received his bachelor's degree in the United States at Brandeis University as a Wien Scholar, graduating with a degree in economics, then went on to earn two Master's degrees – in international relations from the School of Advanced International Studies of The Johns Hopkins University and in economics from the University of Minnesota.
Prior to entering the Althing (the Icelandic Parliament), Geir was an economist at the Central Bank of Iceland from 1977 to 1983 and was a political adviser to the Icelandic Minister of Finance from 1983 to 1987. He was a member of the Althing for 22 years, 1987–2009. Geir was Chairman of the Independence Party Parliamentary Group from 1991 to 1998 and a member of the Alþing's Foreign Affairs Committee from 1991 to 1998; he was Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee from 1995 to 1998. He served as Minister of Finance from April 1998 to September 2005 and then as Minister for Foreign Affairs from September 2005 to June 2006. He was elected Chairman of the Independence Party in an uncontested election in October 2005, following the departure of Davíð Oddsson.
On 23 January 2009, Geir announced that due to health reasons (malignant oesophageal tumour), he would step down as chairman of the Independence Party at the next party congress on 26–29 March 2009. On the same day, he announced that an early general election would be held on 9 May 2009, in which he would not be a candidate.
Icelandic financial crisisEdit
The end of Geir's tenure as Prime Minister was marked by the dramatic financial crisis which engulfed Iceland from October 2008. In less than a week, the country's three major commercial banks (Glitnir, Landsbanki and Kaupthing) all had to be taken over by the government as they were unable to roll over their loans.
On 26 January 2009, Geir announced that he and the Social Democrats would not continue in the coalition government. He was replaced by Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir from the Social Democratic Alliance, formerly minister of Social Affairs and Social Security, on 1 February 2009.
Geir was strongly criticised in the April 2010 report of the Special Investigative Commission into the financial collapse, being accused of "negligence" along with three other ministers of his government.
On 28 September 2010, Iceland's parliament, Althing, voted 33–30 to indict Geir, but not the other ministers, on charges of negligence in office at a session. He was to stand trial before the Landsdómur, a special tribunal to hear cases alleging misconduct in government office: it was the first time Landsdómur has convened since it was established in the 1905 Constitution.
On 3 October 2011, in response to a motion by the defence team to dismiss the case, Landsdómur voted to drop the two first charges against Geir Haarde, concerning "gross negligence" and "failure to have the financial risks assessed," but to continue with the case based on three remaining and lesser charges.
At its 40th national convention on 17–20 November 2011, the Independence Party concluded that "accusations against Geir H. Haarde, the former leader of the Independence Party and former Prime Minister, constituted an abhorrent political trial. The convention declared its unequivocal support for Mr. Haarde while noting the serious precedent the parliament had set with its decision to prosecute."
The trial began in Reykjavík on 5 March 2012. Geir Haarde was found guilty on one of four charges on 23 April 2012, for not addressing the problems that Icelandic banks were facing or their potential consequences for Iceland's economy at cabinet meetings. Due to his age, no previous criminal record and the acquittal of the most serious charges, Haarde was not sentenced in the case, and the Icelandic State paid his legal expenses. Haarde decided, as a matter of principle, to refer the whole case to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, where the matter is still pending.
Notes and referencesEdit
- Geir H. Haarde, Secretariat of Althingi, retrieved 29 January 2009
- Prime Minister of Iceland Mr. Geir H. Haarde, Prime Minister's Office, retrieved 29 January 2009
- "Skrá yfir fulltrúa Íslands hjá erlendum ríkjum frá upphafi (Icelandic Representatives to other States)" (in Icelandic). Utanríkisráðuneytið (Icelandic Ministry for Foreign Affairs). Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- Icelandic prime minister resigns, BBC News, 6 June 2006
- Kosningar 9. maí og Geir hættir, RÚV, 23 January 2009
- Prime Minister Formally Tenders Government's Resignation, Prime Minister's Office, 26 January 2009
- "Crisis Report: Icelandic Ministers Were Negligent", Iceland Review, 14 April 2010.
- Helgason, Gudjon; Dodds, Paisley (28 September 2010). "Iceland Ex-PM Faces Possible Charges in Meltdown". ABC News. AP. Retrieved 28 September 2010.
- "Iceland's Former PM Taken to Court". Iceland Review Online. 28 September 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2010.
- "Islands tidligere statsminister stilles for riksrett". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway. NTB. 28 September 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2010.
- "Two charges dropped (in Icelandic)". ruv.is. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Draft political resolution of the 40th national convention of the Independence Party (in Icelandic)" (PDF). 20 November 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Abhorrent political trial (in Icelandic)". Mbl.is. 19 November 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Trial of Iceland ex-PM Haarde over 2008 crisis begins, BBC News, 5 March 2012
- Bragadóttir, Ragnheiður (2017). Criminal Liability of Political Decision-Makers. Springer, Cham. pp. 357–368. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-52051-3_22.
- National Public Radio 23 April 2012 (Broken link)
- Iceland ex-PM Haarde 'partly' guilty over 2008 crisis, BBC News, 23 April 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geir Haarde.|
|Minister of Finance
|Minister for Foreign Affairs
|Prime Minister of Iceland
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Independence Party