Elections in Iceland
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Iceland elects on a national level a ceremonial head of state, the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. The parliament (Alþingi) has 63 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation, using the D'Hondt method with open list. Iceland has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party typically has a chance of gaining power alone, so parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.
The most recent election was held on 27 June 2020.
According to Registers Iceland, All Icelandic nationals who have lived abroad for less than eight years are automatically registered to vote as long as they are 18 and have lived in Iceland at some point. Icelandic citizens who lived abroad for more than eight years must register to vote, as long as they are a citizen, at least eighteen years old, and have had legal domicile in Iceland
Foreign nationals are not allowed to vote in presidential elections, parliamentary elections, or national referendums. Danish nationals who lived in Iceland on 6 March 1946 or any point ten years before that are eligible to vote.
Foreign nationals from Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland can vote in munincipal elections after they have lived in Iceland for three years before election day. Foreign nationals from other countries have to live in Iceland for five years to vote in these elections.
2020 presidential electionEdit
|Guðni Th. Jóhannesson||Independent||150,913||92.18|
|Guðmundur Franklín Jónsson||Independent||12,797||7.82|
|Source: RÚV, |
2017 parliamentary electionsEdit
|Social Democratic Alliance||S||23,652||12.1||7||+4|
|People's Front of Iceland||R||375||0.2||0||0|
|Source: Morgunblaðið (Icelandic) Iceland Monitor (English)|