Open main menu

THE Anarchic a-white.svgNARCHISM PORTAL

Selected Anarchism-related content

BlackFlagSymbol.svg

Anarchism (from Greek ἀν (without) + ἄρχειν (to rule) + ισμός (from stem -ιζειν), "without archons", "without rulers") is often defined as a political philosophy which holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary, or harmful. Some anarchists have argued that while anti-statism is central, it is inadequate to define anarchism. While opposition to the state is central, anarchism specifically entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of all human relations. Anarchism is usually considered a far-left ideology and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflects anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism, mutualism or participatory economics. In particular, it includes opposition to religion and capital, resulting in the famous anarchist proclamations "Property is theft!" and "No gods, no masters!" Proponents of anarchism, known as "anarchists", advocate stateless societies based on non-hierarchical free associations.

Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view, instead fluxing and flowing as a philosophy. Many types and traditions of anarchism exist, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchism as a mass social movement has regularly endured fluctuations in popularity. The central tendency of anarchism as a social movement has been represented by anarcho-communism and anarcho-syndicalism, with individualist anarchism being primarily a literary phenomenon (which nevertheless did have an impact on the bigger currents, including the participation of individualists in large anarchist organizations). Many anarchists oppose all forms of aggression, supporting self-defense or non-violence (anarcho-pacifism), while others have supported the use of some coercive measures, including violent revolution and propaganda of the deed, on the path to an anarchist society.


Selected article

Header of the first Russian edition, published August 11, 1917

Golos Truda (The Voice of Labour) was a Russian language anarcho-syndicalist newspaper. Founded by working-class Russian expatriates in New York in 1911, Golos Truda shifted to Petrograd during the Russian Revolution in 1917, when its editors took advantage of the general amnesty and right of return for political dissidents. There, the paper integrated itself into the nascent anarcho-syndicalist movement, pronounced the necessity of a social revolution of and by the workers, and situated itself in opposition to the myriad of other left-wing movements.

The rise to power of the Bolsheviks marked the turning point for the newspaper however, as the new government enacted increasingly repressive measures against the publication of dissident literature and against anarchist agitation in general, and after a few years of low-profile publishing, the Golos Truda collective was finally expunged by the Stalinist regime in 1929. (read more...)

Selected image

Ricardo and Enrique Flores Magon

Brothers Ricardo (left) and Enrique Flores Magón (right) at the Los Angeles County Jail, 1917. The Flores Magón brothers were noted Mexican anarchists and their philosophy of Magonismo was a leading inspiration of the Mexican Revolution (1910).

Did you know?

Chernoe Znamia Meeting Minsk.png

Selected quote

Fernando Tarrida del Mármol, Letter to Le Révolte, 1890.

Anniversaries for August 18

  • 1886 - Jewish anarchist Sholom Schwartzbard was born.
  • 1893 - The day after a riot of the unemployed, Emma Goldman addresses a public meeting in New York City, urging those in need to take bread if they are hungry. Tomorrow evening she helps lead a procession of several hundred anarchists to Union Square, where, among many other speakers, she addresses a crowd of the unemployed.
  • 1925 - Warlaam Tcherkesoff (or Tcherkezov) dies, London. Georgian Prince, anarchist militant and collaborator of that other Prince, Peter Kropotkin. "Ambassador of Georgian patriots". Incisive early critic of Marxism.
  • 1969 - Jean Goldschild (d. 1890) dies (aka Goldsky, or Jacques Guerrier).

Relevant lists

Categories

Related portals

Related WikiProjects

Things you can do

Thank you for your interest in improving the coverage of anarchism on Wikipedia!

  • If you would like to help maintain the anarchism portal, a list of tasks needing attention is maintained on its talk page.
  • You are also invited to visit the Anarchism Task Force, a work group organizing the collective effort to improve anarchism's coverage on Wikipedia! If you are interested in joining it, please add your details to the list of participants.

Related Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Wikispecies 
Species