Super League Greece
The Super League Greece (Greek: Ελληνική Σούπερ Λιγκ), or Super League Interwetten for sponsorship reasons, is the highest professional association football league in Greece. The league was formed on 16 July 2006 and replaced Alpha Ethniki at the top of the Greek football league system. It consists of 14 teams and runs from August to May, with teams playing 26 games each followed by a 10-game play-off to decide the champions.
|Founded||1927-1959 by HFF (as Panhellenic Championship)
1959–2006 (as Alpha Ethniki)
2006 - Today (as Super League Greece)
|Number of teams||14|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Super League Greece 2|
|Domestic cup(s)||Greek Cup|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa Conference League
|Current champions||Olympiacos (45th title) |
|Most championships||Olympiacos (45 titles)|
|Most appearances||Mimis Domazos (536)|
|Top goalscorer||Thomas Mavros (260 goals)|
|TV partners||Nova Sports, (live matches)|
|Current: 2020–21 Super League Greece|
As of August 2020, Super League Greece is ranked 18th in the UEFA ranking of leagues, based on performances in European competitions over the last five years.
Since the foundation of the first official Panhellenic Championship in 1927, only six clubs have won the title.
Between 1905 and 1912, a Panhellenic Championship was organised by the Hellenic Association of Amateur Athletics (SEGAS). This championship was actually a local tournament among clubs from Athens and Piraeus.
After the Balkan Wars and World War I, two football associations were formed, one organising a football league in Athens and Piraeus, and one doing the same in Thessaloniki. These were the Athens-Piraeus FCA (EPSAP) and the Macedonia FCA (EPSM). In 1923, a Panhellenic Champion was determined by a play-off game between the Athens-Piraeus and the Thessaloniki champions. Peiraikos Syndesmos won 3–1 against Aris. This panhellenic final was not repeated the following year as the EPSAP was split into the Athens FCA (EPSA) and Piraeus FCA (EPSP) following a dispute.
On November 14, 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation is founded and organizes the first Panhellenic Championship in the period 1927-28, in which, however, Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens did not participate due to conflicts with the EPO.
The initial events were held with teams from Athens, Piraeus and Thessaloniki, excluding the provincial ones. Previously, the local championships of the cities were held and in the final phase, sometimes only the first ones qualified, sometimes the first two or the first three teams. In the championship of 1938-39, which was held in two groups, teams outside Athens-Thessaloniki (Doxa Drama, AEK Kavala and Filippi Kavala) participated for the first time. The maiden presence of provincial teams in a single group of the Panhellenic Championship took place in 1953-54 with the participation of Panachaiki from Southern Greece and Niki Volou from Central and Northern Greece.
Α΄ National divisionEdit
In 1959 the Alpha Ethniki – the precursor of the current Super League – was set up as a national round-robin tournament. After several months of talks, the 1959–60 championship was the first nationwide league competition. It started on Sunday 25 October 1959 with the participation of 16 teams. The creation of a championship in the form of a single permanent national division rather than the way they have been held until then with the participation of the teams selected by the local competitions was a requirement of both the State and UEFA. The first wished to establish a fixed number of matches every Sunday in Greece to stimulate interest in PRO-PO while UEFA wished to nominate national champions with strict criteria and through joint events for all states. The Hellenic Football Federation (HFF) was obliged to proceed to the abolition of the competitions of the Football Clubs Associations (EPS) of Greece as qualifying stages for the Pan-Hellenic Championship. The first place was taken by Alpha Ethniki, a single division with clubs from all over the Greek territory and a stable participation, with the exception of those who would be relegated at the end of the season. The initial design provided for a number of teams well above the 10th of the 1958–59 Pan-Hellenic Championship and in particular 18 which, as the expanded division calendar would cover almost all the available dates of the year, would no longer participate in its local competitions their EPSs. Those would be the qualifier for the upcoming national division and not the participation in the final round of the current championship, so their significance was significantly reduced. On Saturday, 10 October 1959 at the General Assembly of the HFF, ie with the participation of all the members of the Association of Football Associations and in the presence of the General Secretariat of Sports (GGA) and representatives of the Karamanlis government, became the first national division of Greek football. The 1st game was set for 15 days. According to the general Assembly of HFF on 29 August 1959, it was decided that the newly created Alpha Ethniki would consist of 18 teams, with their determination being made in accordance with the positions in the local EPS competitions in the period 1958–59. The HFF, at its decisive General Assembly on Saturday, 10 October, decided to reduce the number of teams to 16 so that the racing program will not be extended in the summer. After the end of the first event in the summer of 1960, the teams did not increase despite HFF's initial intention, with the number 16 being considered the ideal for a championship in Greece and only 18 in 1967.
The teams that participated in the first championship of the Alpha Ethniki were the following:
- The top four of the Athens FCA Championship: Panathinaikos, Panionios, AEK Athens and Apollon Smyrnis.
- The top four of the Piraeus FCA Championship: Olympiacos, Ethnikos Piraeus, AE Nikaia and Proodeftiki.
- The top four of the Macedonia FCA (Thessaloniki) Championship: Aris, PAOK, Apollon Kalamarias and Iraklis.
- The top two of the North Group of the Regional Championship: Doxa Drama and Megas Alexandros Katerini.
- The first of the two Sub-Groups of the South Regional Championship: Pankorinthiakos and Panegialios.
On 25 October 1959, the Alpha Ethniki was launched. Panathinaikos won the first Alpha Ethniki's Championship, which became the champion of Greece for the fourth time in his history. He scored at 79 points with AEK Athens and beat 2–1 in the barrage, a match where he needed only a tie result in the neutral Karaiskakis Stadium. In such a case, after the half-hour extension, the competition announcement set the best goal difference. Through barrage and with the same score was also the third place for the demotion, with the winner Panegialios to overtake Pankorinthiakos again in the event of a draw. The scoring system was 3p the win, 2p the draw, 1p the defeat.
The next yearsEdit
Time has been relentless for some teams that have participated in the first league of the Alpha Ethniki. The historic Ethnikos Piraeus, cup winner of Greece in 1933, participates in the Gamma Ethniki, as well as Proodeftiki while AE Nikaia participates in the local championship of Piraeus. Apollon Kalamaria, Doxa Drama and Iraklis are fighting in the Beta Ethniki, while Pankorinthiakos, a few years after joining Alpha Ethniki, merged with Aris Korinthos and created PAS Korinthos, which reached the Alpha Ethniki at the 1990s and is now participating in the Gamma Ethniki. Megas Alexandros Katerini is the ancestor of Pierikos. In 1961, they merged with Olympos Katerini and created Pierikos who plays in the Gamma Ethniki.
On 19 January 1979 a bill was passed in the Hellenic Parliament under which football clubs became Football Incorporated Companies (PAE or ΠΑΕ in Greek). The Association of Football Incorporated Companies (EPAE, ΕΠΑΕ in Greek), under the supervision of the HFF, has since held the responsibility to hold the championship, with Makis Ithakisios being elected its first president. Initially the shares were owned by the sports union to which the football club belonged. Yet soon after, prominent Greek businessmen (shipowners, oil magnates, bankers etc.) began acquiring the newly formed PAEs by buying the majority of their shares, and then increasing their share capital, thus turning Greek football into a fully commercialised and highly profitable business for the decades to come.
For a single racing season, 2000–01, the championship is renamed "Upper Category".
On 16 July 2006, was founded the copartnership Super League. Members of the copartnership are the PAE's that have the right to participate in the professional football championship of the First Division. The main activity of the copartnership is the organization and conduct of the First Division's Championship according to the regulations and decisions of the Hellenic Football Federation (HFF) and the supreme international football confederations (UEFA, FIFA).
At present, 14 clubs compete in the Super League, playing each other in a 26-game home and away series. At the end of the season, the top 6 clubs face each other in a 10-game championship round to decide the Super League champions but also the teams to enter the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.
The bottom 8 clubs face each other in play-outs to decide who gets relegated to Super League 2. In their place, the top two teams from Super League 2 are promoted. The number of teams to be relegated may change, depending on a licensing procedure that takes place at the end of the regular season.
The Super League is currently entitled to two entrants into the UEFA Champions League. The Champion currently enters the third qualifying round through the champion path, while the runners-up enter the second round of the League Path. The three Europa League spots go to the teams that finished 3rd to 5th, with no European berth for the Greek Cup winner.
The following 14 clubs will compete in the Super League 1 during the 2020–21 season.
|First season in
|Last top |
|Apollon Smyrnis||2nd in the Super League 2||1927–28||41||4||0||—|
|PAS Giannina||1st in the Super League 2||1974–75||25||10||0||—|
Names of the championship through the yearsEdit
- 1905–06 to 1926–27: SEGAS Championship and Greece FCA Championship (not counted by HFF)
- 1927–28 to 1958–59: HFF Panhellenic Championship
- 1959–60 to 2005–06: Alpha Ethniki
- 2006–07 to present: Super League Greece
SEGAS and FCA championshipsEdit
Performance by club (1927–)Edit
|Olympiacos||45||1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020|||
|Panathinaikos||20||1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|||
|AEK||12||1939, 1940, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|||
|Aris||3||1928, 1932, 1946|||
|PAOK||3||1976, 1985, 2019|||
Performance by club (1959–)Edit
* Season 1959–60 marked the beginning of the Alpha Ethniki – the precursor of the current Super League – as a national round-robin tournament.
|Olympiacos||30||1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020|||
|Panathinaikos||17||1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|||
|AEK||10||1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|||
|PAOK||3||1976, 1985, 2019|||
Performance by city (1927–)Edit
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of four cities:
|Athens||32||Panathinaikos (20), AEK Athens (12)|
|Thessaloniki||6||PAOK (3), Aris (3)|
Performance by region (1927–)Edit
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of three regions:
|Attica||77||Olympiacos (45), Panathinaikos (20), AEK Athens (12)|
|Central Macedonia||6||PAOK (3), Aris (3)|
Top three ranking (1959–present)Edit
Seasons in Alpha Ethniki and Super League GreeceEdit
The number of seasons that each team (in alphabetical order) has played in the top division from 1959–60 until 2020–21. A total of 70 teams had competed in at least one season at the top division. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and PAOK are the only teams to have played in the top division in every season since the league's inception in its modern form. The teams in bold participate in the 2020–21 Super League.
|62||Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, PAOK|
|20||Apollon Pontus, Atromitos|
|9||Athinaikos, Ergotelis, Olympiacos Volos|
|7||Fostiras, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Trikala|
|6||Niki Volos, Panegialios, Panthrakikos, Platanias|
|5||Edessaikos, Korinthos, A.O. Kerkyra|
|4||Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Rodos, Vyzas Megara, Lamia|
|3||Diagoras, Olympiakos Nicosia, Panelefsiniakos, AEL Kalloni, A.O.K. Kerkyra|
|2||Chalkidona, Volos N.F.C.|
|1||AEL Limassol, AE Nikaia, APOEL*, Atromitos Piraeus, Chalkida, EPA Larnaca,|
Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa, Olympiacos Chalkida,
Omonia Nicosia, Pankorinthiakos, Thermaikos, Thrasyvoulos
Top Division Table (since 1959–60)Edit
This index is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Alpha Ethniki and Super League championships since 1959–60. The table is correct as of the end of the 2018–19 season. Points are based on 3–1–0 and no deductions are counted.
|Pos||Team||Seasons||Points||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||G.F.||G.A.||G.D.||1||2||3||1st App||Since/Last App||Best|
Per geographic regionEdit
All the geographic regions of Greece have been represented by at least one club in the first national division. Central Greece has had the strongest presence with 26 clubs overall, of which 21 come from Attica alone. Central Greece, Macedonia and the Peloponnese together contain almost three-quarters of the clubs that participated in the top flight. Between 1967 and 1974, the Cypriot champion also participated in the Greek top competition, and five different Cypriot clubs participated during those years. The Greek islands of Rhodes, Lesbos and Corfu have also been represented. A total of 73 clubs have participated at the first tier so far.
Top scorers and appearancesEdit
|1||Mimis Domazos||536||Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|2||Nikos Nioplias||509||OFI, Panathinaikos, Chalkidona|
|4||Thomas Mavros||501||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|5||Savvas Kofidis||493||Iraklis, Olympiacos, Aris|
|6||Mimis Papaioannou||480||AEK Athens|
|Stathis Chaitas||480||Panionios, AEL|
|8||Giorgos Skartados||478||Rodos, PAOK, Iraklis, Olympiacos|
|9||Georgios Georgiadis||476||Doxa Drama, Panathinaikos, PAOK, Olympiacos, Iraklis|
|11||Tasos Mitropoulos||458||Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, AEK Athens, Apollon Smyrnis, Iraklis, Veria|
|13||Takis Nikoloudis||453||Iraklis, AEK Athens, Olympiacos, Apollon Pontus|
|14||Angelos Kremmydas||448||Ethnikos Piraeus, Panachaiki|
|15||Stelios Manolas||447||AEK Athens|
|16||Dimitris Saravakos||443||Panionios, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|17||Theodoros Pahatouridis||434||Doxa Drama, Olympiacos, Ionikos|
|18||Giorgos Dedes||429||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|19||Giannis Gounaris||426||PAOK, Olympiacos|
|20||Michalis Kritikopoulos||422||Panegialios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, Apollon Smyrnis|
|2||Predrag Đorđević||375||Paniliakos, Olympiacos|
|3||Toni Savevski||357||AEK Athens|
|4||Daniel Batista||316||Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, AEK Athens, Aris|
|1||Thomas Mavros||260||AEK Athens, Panionios|
|3||Mimis Papaioannou||234||AEK Athens|
|5||Antonis Antoniadis||187||Panathinaikos, Olympiacos|
|6||Alexandros Alexandris||186||Veria, AEK Athens, Olympiacos, AEL, Kallithea|
|7||Dimitris Saravakos||186||Panionios, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|8||Giorgos Dedes||181||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|9||Nikos Anastopoulos||179||Panionios, Olympiacos, Ionikos|
|10||Michalis Kritikopoulos||175||Panegialios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos|
|11||Nikos Lyberopoulos||167||Kalamata, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|12||Demis Nikolaidis||163||Apollon Smyrnis, AEK Athens|
|14||Kostas Nestoridis||140||AEK Athens|
|15||Mimis Domazos||139||Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|16||Georgios Georgiadis||137||Doxa Drama, Panathinaikos, PAOK, Olympiacos, Iraklis|
|Dimitris Salpingidis||136||PAOK, Panathinaikos|
Based on an idea of Umberto Agnelli, the honor of Golden Star for Sports Excellence was introduced to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges and jerseys.
The current officially sanctioned Super League stars are:
Greek football clubs in European competitionsEdit
European Cup / UEFA Champions LeagueEdit
|Panathinaikos||—||1971||1985, 1996||1992, 2002|
UEFA Cup / Europa LeagueEdit
UEFA Cup Winners' CupEdit
|AEK Athens||—||—||—||1997, 1998|
As of 18 July 2019, the Greek Super League ranks 16th in the UEFA coefficient database, with 21.400 points.
|6||Russian Premier League||42.216|
|8||Belgian First Division||31.100|
|9||Ukrainian Premier League||29.700|
|13||Czech First League||24.800|
|15||Cypriot First Division||22.625|
|16||Super League Greece||21.400|
|19||Swiss Super League||20.000|
- As of 30 August 2019
Nova Sports (premium channel) have taken the broadcasting rights for the all teams of the Super League.
Eurosport has pan-European broadcasting rights for the Super League (except Greece and Portugal).
From 2007 to 2017, the Super League had title sponsorship rights sold to one company, which were OPAP. From 2017 until today, the Super League has title sponsorship rights sold to the company Souroti.
OPAP' deal with the Super League expired at the end of the 2016–17 season. The Super League announced on 20 July 2017 that the new title sponsorship deal for the Super League was with the Souroti company.
As well as sponsorship for the league itself, the Super League has a number of official partners and suppliers. The official ball supplier for the league is Molten who have had the contract since the 2019–20 season when they took over from Adidas. Also, Panini has held the licence to produce collectables for the Super League since 2008 (except 2018–19 season), including stickers (for their sticker album) and trading cards.
|2007–2017||OPAP||Super League OPAP|
|2017–2019||Souroti||Super League Souroti|
|2020–||Interwetten||Super League Interwetten|
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- Astrachan, Αναρτήθηκε από. "Greeksporhistory: Η ιστορια του Ελληνικου ποδοσφαιρου".
- Kárpáti, Tamás; Schöggl, Hans. "List of Greece championships". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Olympiacos F.C. history". olympiacos.org. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Olympiacos profile". FIFA.com. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos F.C. trophies". pao.gr. Archived from the original on 19 January 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos FC profile". uefa.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "AEK honours". aekfc.gr. Archived from the original on 6 May 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
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