Old Mariscal Sucre International Airport

Mariscal Sucre International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Mariscal Sucre) (IATA: UIO, ICAO: SEQU) was the main international airport serving Quito, Pichincha Province, Ecuador. It was the busiest airport in Ecuador by passenger traffic, by aircraft movement and by cargo movement, and one of the busiest airports in South America. It was named after Venezuelan-born Antonio José de Sucre, a hero of Ecuadorian and Latin American independence. It began operations in 1960, and during its last years of operation, handled about 6.2 million passengers and 164,000 metric tons of freight per year. The airport, one of the highest in the world (at 2,800 metres or 9,200 feet AMSL) was located in the northern part of the city, in the Chaupicruz parish, within five minutes of Quito's financial center; the terminals were located at the intersection of Amazonas and La Prensa avenues. Mariscal Sucre International was the largest hub for TAME with an average of 50 daily departures.

Mariscal Sucre International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional Mariscal Sucre
Parque Bicentenario 2017 looking south.jpg
Summary
Airport typeDefunct
OperatorCorporación Quiport S.A.
ServesQuito
LocationChaupicruz, Quito Canton, Pichincha
Opened1960
Closed19 February 2013 (2013-02-19)
Elevation AMSL9,228 ft / 2,813 m
Coordinates00°08′28″S 078°29′17″W / 0.14111°S 78.48806°W / -0.14111; -78.48806Coordinates: 00°08′28″S 078°29′17″W / 0.14111°S 78.48806°W / -0.14111; -78.48806
Websitewww.aeropuertoquito.aero
Map
UIO is located in Ecuador
UIO
UIO
Location within Ecuador
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17/35 3,120 10,236 Asphalt (closed)
Statistics (2011)
Passengers8,900,000 (approx)
Source: DAFIF[1][2]

The old Mariscal Sucre International Airport ceased all operations at 19:00 on February 19, 2013, following the departure of TAME flight 321 to Guayaquil (scheduled for 18:55). Iberia operated the final international departure from the airport. On the morning of February 20, 2013, all operations moved to the new Mariscal Sucre International Airport. The first domestic flights scheduled to arrive at the new airport were TAME Flight 302 originating in Guayaquil, and LAN Flight 2590 originating in Lima, Peru. The new airport is located in the Tababela parish, about 18 kilometres (11 mi) to the east of the city. It was constructed by a private consortium.[3]

The former airport is now the site of Parque Bicentenario, the biggest urban park in Quito.

Due to its location in the middle of a city surrounded by mountains, the old airport could no longer be expanded to accommodate any larger aircraft or an increase in air traffic. Its operation posed risks; several serious accidents and incidents had occurred in years prior to its closure.[4][5]

HistoryEdit

Mariscal Sucre International Airport was inaugurated in 1960, the main terminal was designed during the government of President Velasco Ibarra. The present terminal and concourses (A, B and C) were refurbished in 2003, consisting of several taxiways, maintenance platforms, parking areas, a cellar, passenger halls, mezzanine areas and other amenities. Terminal B consisted of two floors; the lower level held the departures area with executive waiting rooms and restaurants, and the upper level consisted of airline and airport offices.

The airport had ten gates, five with Jet bridges and five with stairs.

TAME's main hubEdit

On 10 December 2000, TAME officially opened its hub in Quito, offering an estimated 2,000 possible connections per week, including greater numbers of frequencies, schedules and destinations served. Connections between domestic and international destinations were operated directly and through code sharing agreements with airlines such as TACA Airlines and Copa Airlines.

Operations out of Quito allowed travelers to connect between domestic destinations (such as Guayaquil to Galápagos), from a domestic destination to an international destination (Such as Tena to Cali), from an international destination to a domestic city (Such as Cali to Tulcán), between two international destinations (Such as Bogota to Panama City) and allows for simpler codeshare connections (such as Lima to Santa Rosa with TACA Airlines and TAME).

The hub also featured facilities for easier transits, such as exclusive check-in counters for travelers in transit, buses for internal transportation between Terminals A & B, and two special lounges for national and international transit passengers to avoid having to go through Ecuadorian customs and immigration between transits.

TAME's hub transferred to Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Tababela on February 19, 2013.

FacilitiesEdit

The airport consisted of one terminal split into a national and international areas. It was equipped with five swing gates capable of directing arriving passengers to either Immigration or to baggage claim. In addition, there were numerous ground slots where passengers walked to the aircraft from the terminal.

Passenger servicesEdit

VIP loungesEdit

Mariscal Sucre Airport had 4 VIP Salons in the terminals A and B. For passengers of AeroGal, there was an exclusive salon near gate 2,"AeroGal VIP Club". Passengers of TAME had access to the "TAME" VIP Lounge in terminal B, a lounge that was exclusively for first and business class passengers. This area was nominated as the best VIP lounge of the year in Ecuador, the "QUIPORT VIP Club", and a lesser VIP Lounge, the "American Airlines Admirals Club" in the gate 10.

TransportationEdit

Transportation between the airport and city was provided by taxis, tour buses and vans. For security reasons, visitors were recommended to take only those taxis offered by registered companies at the airport Terminal A arrivals area.

Former terminals, airlines and destinationsEdit

The airlines listed in bold are currently in operation and serve the new Quito airport while the airlines listed in italics are also in operation but no longer serve Quito.

Domestic Passenger TerminalEdit

This terminal served national arrivals and departures, the airlines that served here were:

AirlinesDestinations
AeroGal (now Avianca Ecuador) Cuenca, Guayaquil, El Coca, Manta, Lago Agrio
Austro Aéreo Cuenca
Ecuatoriana de Aviación Guayaquil
Icaro Air Guayaquil, Coca, Manta
LAN Ecuador Cuenca, Guayaquil
Panagra Guayaquil
SAEREO Macas
SAETA Guayaquil, Cuenca, Baltra, San Cristóbal
SAN Ecuador Guayaquil, Cuenca
TAME Baltra, Cuenca, Tulcan, Coca, Esmeraldas, Guayaquil, Manta, Nueva Loja, Loja, Salinas, Santa Rosa, Macas, Tena

International Passenger TerminalEdit

This terminal served international arrivals and departures, the airlines, defunct or still operating, were:

AirlinesDestinations
ACES Colombia Bogotá, Medellín–Córdova
Aero Continente Lima
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
AeroGal (now Avianca Ecuador) Bogotá, Medellín–Córdova, Lima, Miami, New York–JFK
Aeroperú Lima
Air Comet Madrid
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Madrid Barcelona, Madrid
American Airlines Miami
AOM French Airlines Paris–Orly
Avensa Caracas
Avianca Bogotá
Braniff International Los Angeles, Miami, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
British Caledonian Caracas, London–Gatwick
Continental Airlines Houston–Intercontinental, Newark
Copa Airlines Panama City
Copa Airlines Colombia Bogotá
Cruzeiro Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, São Paulo–Guarulhos
Cubana de Aviación La Habana
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Dominicana de Aviación Santo Domingo
Eastern Air Lines Miami, New York–JFK
Ecuatoriana de Aviación Antofagasta, Asunción, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cali, Cancún, Caracas, Chicago–O'Hare, La Paz, Lima, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manaus, Mexico City, Montevideo, Montréal–Mirabel, Miami, Nassau, New York–JFK, Panama City, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San Francisco, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Tel Aviv, Toronto–Pearson, Washington–Dulles
Iberia Madrid
Icaro Air Bogotá, Cali
KLM Amsterdam
LACSA San José de Costa Rica
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Lima, San Juan de Puerto Rico
LAN Airlines Santigo de Chile, Miami
LAN Ecuador Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Madrid, Miami, Santigo de Chile
LAN Perú Lima, Cali, Medellín–Córdova
Lapsa Asunción
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano Santa Cruz de la Sierra, La Paz
Mexicana de Aviación Mexico City
Pan Am Miami, New York–JFK
Panagra Bogotá, Lima, Miami, New York–JFK
Saeta Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Caracas, Cusco, La Paz, Lima, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Medellín, Miami, New York–JFK, Panama City, Santiago de Chile
Servivensa Caracas
TACA Airlines San Salvador
TACA Peru Lima
TAME Bogotá, Cali, Caracas, Lima, Panama City, São Paulo–Guarulhos
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental
Varig Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San José de Costa Rica, São Paulo–Guarulhos
VASP São Paulo–Guarulhos
Viasa Bogotá, Caracas

Cargo airlines and destinationsEdit

These destinations were operated from the Cargo Terminal.

AirlinesDestinations
ABSA Cargo Airline Fortaleza, Guayaquil, Manaus, São Paulo–Viracopos, Miami, Panama City
AeroSucre Bogotá
Air Cargo Germany Bogota, Frankfurt, Frankfurt–Hahn, Mexico City, Toronto–Pearson
Atlas Air New York–JFK
Cargolux Bogotá, Luxembourg City, Maastricht, São Paulo–Viracopos
Centurion Air Cargo Miami
Cielos Airlines Lima, Miami
DHL Aero Expreso Miami
FedEx Express Memphis, Miami
Florida West International Airways Miami
LAN Cargo Amsterdam, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Miami, Santiago de Chile
LANCO Amsterdam, Bogotá, Miami, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Líneas Aéreas Suramericanas Bogotá
Martinair Aguadilla, Amsterdam, Miami, San Jose de Costa Rica
MasAir Los Angeles, Mexico City
Singapore Airlines Cargo Bogotá, Brussels, São Paulo–Viracopos
Southern Air Miami
TAMPA Cargo Bogotá, Medellín, Miami
UPS Airlines Miami
World Airways Cargo Miami
 
Old Airport (near the top of the image) spotted from a KLM MD-11 on approach to it in 2010.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • 29 November 2012: A Boeing 737-800 of Copa Airlines went off the runway during landing, leaving the main landing gear about 3 feet from the concrete. There were no injuries and the accident was caused by heavy rain falling at the time.[6]
  • 16 September 2011: TAME flight 148 from Loja, 97 passengers & 6 crew, slipped off the runway at 19:11. A government official said some passengers suffered "light contusions", but none perished.[7][8] Airport operations were halted for 3.5 hrs.
  • 27 October 2009: An Ecuadorian Air Force HAL Dhruv helicopter crashed during display maneuvers at Mariscal Sucre International Airport, with both pilots sustaining only minor scratches and no casualties. The aircraft was flying in military formation with two other helicopters.[9]
  • 19 March 2009: An Ecuadorian Air Force Beechcraft B200 King Air struck a building in the Guápulo district of Quito while on approach to Mariscal Sucre International Airport in heavy fog. All five occupants of the aircraft were killed, as well as two people on the ground.
  • 23 September 2008: An Icaro Air Fokker F28 Mk4000 skidded off the runway. There were no injuries among the 62 passengers, but the aircraft was written off.
  • 9 November 2007: An Iberia Airlines Airbus A340-600 (Iberia 6463 Flight) was badly damaged after sliding off the runway. The landing gear collapsed and two engines were dislodged. All 333 passengers and crew were evacuated via inflatable slides, but no serious injuries were reported.
  • 20 April 2005: Angry protesters breached the airport perimeter with vehicles and blocked the runway, resulting in the closure of the airport for several hours. This occurred as deposed President Lucio Gutiérrez attempted to flee the capital in an Ecuadorian Army Super King Air, shortly after being ousted by a popular revolt that same day, which forced him to leave Carondelet Palace (and later being finally removed by the Congress). The protester's assault forced the pilots to abort takeoff, after which Gutiérrez boarded an Army helicopter; which had earlier removed him from Carondelet Palace and took him to the airport, and fled to the safe haven of the Brazilian ambassador's residency in Quito before leaving into exile.[citation needed][10]
  • 17 January 2003: A TAME Fokker F28 Mk4000 ran off the runway after takeoff was aborted due to a tire blowout. The nose gear collapsed, and the aircraft came to rest 81 metres (266 ft) past the runway threshold. There were no injuries.
  • 29 August 1998: A Cubana de Aviación Tupolev Tu-154M overshot the runway, killing the 14-member crew, 56 of the 77 passengers and 10 people on the ground.[5]
  • 1 May 1996: A Fly Linhas Aéreas Boeing 727-200 aborted takeoff in rainy weather, but overshot the runway, crossing a road that lay at the end of runway 35. The aircraft was fully loaded. No injuries were reported. on the plane were the players of a Brazilian Corinthians soccer team.
  • 3 May 1995: The pilot of a Gulfstream II operated by American Jet, inbound from Buenos Aires via La Paz, selected the wrong VOR frequency during a nighttime approach to Quito; the jet flew 12 miles (19 km) further south than it should have, striking the Sincholagua volcano at 16,000 feet (4,900 m). All seven occupants were killed. The flight was carrying an important number of oil executives from Argentina and Chile to a meeting in Quito. Amongst those killed was Argentine YPF's CEO and president José Estenssoro, who had led privatization efforts under Carlos Menem; Juan Pedrals Gili, the Spanish-born general manager of Chilean ENAP as well as Manfred Hecht Mittersteiner, chief of production at ENAP's international subsidiary Sipetrol.[11][12][13]
  • 10 December 1992: A North American Sabreliner 60 operated by the Ecuadorian Air Force clipped a 10-story building under construction 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the airport. The aircraft crashed into a residential area, killing all 10 on board and 3 on the ground.
  • 3 June 1988: an Ecuadorian Air Force North American Sabreliner NA265-40A crashed in Quito, killing all 11 people on board including the commander of the Ecuadorian Air Force, and a high-ranking officer of Israeli Air Force[14]
  • 18 September 1984: An AECA (Aeroservicios Ecuatorianos) Douglas DC-8-50 freighter failed to achieve altitude during takeoff, running off the end of the runway and crashing into a residential area 460 metres (1,510 ft) past the runway, destroying 25 houses, killing all 4 crewmembers and 49 people on the ground.
  • 29 April 1982: A Lockheed C-130 Hercules operated by the Ecuadorian Air Force crashed into a mountain near Quito while executing a missed approach; 7 were killed.
  • 27 January 1980: An Avianca Boeing 727 landed too fast, too far down the runway, and consequently overran, collapsing the nosegear. No injuries were reported.
  • 7 November 1960: An AREA Ecuador Fairchild F-27 crashed into a mountain 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) south of Quito during its approach. 37 occupants were killed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Airport information for SEQU from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for UIO at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  3. ^ "White-Knuckle Quito Airport To Close". Flying. 31 January 2013.
  4. ^ Report Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine on the conditions of the current airport and the benefits of a new airport (Inter-American Development Bank)
  5. ^ a b "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 154M CU-T1264 Quito-Mariscal Sucre Airport (UIO)". Aviation Safety Network. Flight Safety Foundation. 13 November 2005. Retrieved 8 April 2009.
  6. ^ "Boeing 737 de Copa se sale de pista en Quito". 29 November 2012.
  7. ^ [1] El Comercio, Avion TAME Salió Mariscal Sucre
  8. ^ [2] Archived 2014-05-23 at the Wayback Machine Hoy, Un Avion Se Sale de la Pista
  9. ^ "Un helicóptero indio recién adquirido por la FAE se estrelló durante ceremonia militar". Archived from the original on 2009-10-30.
  10. ^ https://www.chron.com/news/nation-world/article/Ecuador-s-president-ousted-amid-uprising-1947611.php
  11. ^ Sims, Calvin (5 May 1995). "Jose Estenssoro, 61, Who Led Oil Privatization in Argentina". The New York Times.
  12. ^ "Argentine oil chief dies in plane crash".
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-08-03. Retrieved 2017-05-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "accident record". Archived from the original on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015.

External linksEdit