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Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), also known as Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, or Hartsfield–Jackson, is an international airport 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Atlanta, Georgia. It is named after former Atlanta mayors William B. Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson. The airport has 192 gates: 152 domestic and 40 international.[2] ATL covers 4,700 acres (1,902 ha) of land and has five parallel runways.[2]

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport logo.svg
Atlanta Airport Aerial Angle (31435634003) (2).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Atlanta
OperatorAtlanta Department of Aviation
ServesAtlanta, Georgia, U.S.
LocationUnincorporated areas of Fulton and Clayton counties; also Atlanta, College Park, and Hapeville, Georgia
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,026 ft / 313 m
Coordinates33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806Coordinates: 33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806
Websitewww.atl.com
Maps
FAA diagram
FAA diagram
ATL is located in Metro Atlanta
ATL
ATL
Location of airport in Metro Atlanta
ATL is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
ATL
ATL
ATL (Georgia (U.S. state))
ATL is located in the United States
ATL
ATL
ATL (the United States)
ATL is located in North America
ATL
ATL
ATL (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8L/26R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
8R/26L 9,999 3,048 Concrete
9L/27R 12,390 3,776 Concrete
9R/27L 9,000 2,743 Concrete
10/28 9,000 2,743 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 52 17 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Total passengers107,394,030
Aircraft operations895,682

The airport has international service within North America and to South America, Central America, Europe, Africa and Asia. As an international gateway to the United States, Hartsfield–Jackson ranks seventh.[3] Many of the nearly one million annual flights are domestic flights; the airport is a major hub for travel in the southeastern region of the country.

Atlanta has been the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic since 1998,[4] and by number of landings and take-offs every year since 2005 except 2014.[5][6] Hartsfield–Jackson held its ranking as the world's busiest airport in 2012, both in passengers and number of flights, by accommodating 100 million passengers (more than 260,000 passengers daily) and 950,119 flights.[3][7][8] In 2017, it remained the busiest airport in the world with 104 million passengers.[9]

Hartsfield–Jackson is the primary hub of Delta Air Lines, and is a focus city for low-cost carriers Frontier Airlines, Southwest Airlines, and Spirit Airlines. With just over 1,000 flights a day to 225 domestic and international destinations, the Delta hub is the world's largest hub.[10][11] Delta Air Lines flew 75.4% of the airport's passengers in February 2016, Southwest flew 9.2%, and American Airlines flew 2.5%.[12] In addition to hosting Delta's corporate headquarters, Hartsfield–Jackson is also the home of Delta's Technical Operations Center, which is the airline's primary maintenance, repair and overhaul arm.[13]

The airport is mostly in unincorporated areas of Fulton and Clayton counties, but it spills into the city limits of Atlanta,[14] College Park,[15] and Hapeville.[16] The airport's domestic terminal is served by MARTA's Red and Gold rail lines.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport's air traffic control tower
 
A line of automated and staffed ticketing counters for Delta, Atlanta's major tenant airline.
 
A hallway connecting Concourse B to Concourse A at Atlanta Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport.
 
An Aerial view of Concourse C
 
A view of the International Concourse E and Control Tower at night
 
Concourse F
Hartsfield–Jackson
Atlanta International Airport
 
 
 
 
F gates/
International terminal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
E gates
 
 
 
D gates
 
 
 
C gates
 
 
 
B gates
 
 
 
A gates
 
 
 
T gates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Plane Train
 
 
 
 
 
Domestic terminal
 
 
 
 
 
 
Airport station  
 
 
 
 
ATL SkyTrain
 
 
 
 
 
  I-85
 
GICC/
Gateway Center hotels
 
Rental car center
 
 
Maintenance facility

Hartsfield–Jackson began with a five-year, rent-free lease on 287 acres (116 ha) that was an abandoned auto racetrack named The Atlanta Speedway. The lease was signed on April 16, 1925, by Mayor Walter Sims, who committed the city to develop it into an airfield. As part of the agreement, the property was renamed Candler Field after its former owner, Coca-Cola tycoon and former Atlanta mayor Asa Candler. The first flight into Candler Field was September 15, 1926, a Florida Airways mail plane flying from Jacksonville, Florida. In May 1928, Pitcairn Aviation began service to Atlanta, followed in June 1930 by Delta Air Service. Later those two airlines, now known as Eastern Air Lines and Delta Air Lines, respectively, would both use Atlanta as their chief hubs.[17] The airport's weather station became the official location for Atlanta's weather observations September 1, 1928, and records by the National Weather Service.[18]

It was a busy airport from its inception and at the end of 1930 it was third behind New York City and Chicago for regular daily flights with sixteen arriving and departing.[19] (In May 1931 Atlanta had four scheduled departures.) Candler Field's first control tower opened March 1939.[20] The March 1939 Official Aviation Guide shows fourteen weekday airline departures: ten Eastern and four Delta.[21]

In October 1940, the U.S. government declared it a military airfield and the United States Army Air Forces operated Atlanta Army Airfield jointly with Candler Field. The Air Force used the airport primarily to service many types of transient combat aircraft. During World War II the airport doubled in size and set a record of 1,700 takeoffs and landings in a single day, making it the nation's busiest in terms of flight operation. Atlanta Army Airfield closed after the war.[20]

In 1942[22] Candler Field was renamed Atlanta Municipal Airport and by 1948, more than one million passengers passed through a war surplus hangar that served as a terminal building. Delta and Eastern had extensive networks from ATL, though Atlanta had no nonstop flights beyond Texas, St Louis and Chicago until 1961. Southern Airways appeared at ATL after the war and had short-haul routes around the Southeast until 1979.

In 1957 Atlanta saw its first jet airliner: a prototype Sud Aviation Caravelle that was touring the country arrived from Washington D.C.[citation needed] The first scheduled turbine airliners were Capital Viscounts in June 1956; the first scheduled jets were Delta DC-8s in September 1959. The first trans-Atlantic flight was the Delta/Pan Am interchange DC-8 to Europe via Washington starting in 1964; the first scheduled international nonstops were Eastern flights to Mexico City and Jamaica in 1971-72. Nonstops to Europe started in 1978 and to Asia in 1992–93.

Atlanta claimed to be the country's busiest airport, with more than two million passengers passing through in 1957 and, between noon and 2 p.m. each day, it became the world's busiest airport.[20] (The April 1957 OAG shows 165 weekday departures from Atlanta, including 45 between 12:05 and 2:00 PM (and 20 between 2:25 and 4:25 AM).) Chicago Midway had 414 weekday departures, including 48 between 12:00 and 2:00 PM. In 1957, Atlanta was the country's ninth-busiest airline airport by flight count and about the same by passenger count.[23]

That year work began on a $21 million terminal that opened May 3, 1961. It was the largest in the country and could handle over six million travelers a year; the first year nine and a half million people passed through.[24] In March 1962 the longest runway (9/27, now 8R) was 7,860 feet (2,400 m); runway 3 was 5,505 feet (1,678 m) and runway 15 was 7,220 feet (2,200 m) long.

In 1971 the airport was named William B. Hartsfield Atlanta Airport after former Atlanta mayor William B. Hartsfield, who had died that year. The name change took effect on February 28, which would have been Hartsfield's 81st birthday. Later that year the name became William B. Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport.[25]

The airport's terminal until the 1970s was off Virginia Avenue, on the north side of the airport. Six pier concourses radiated from a central building.[26] Construction began on the present midfield terminal in January 1977 under the administration of Mayor Maynard Jackson. It was the largest construction project in the South, costing $500 million. The complex was designed by Stevens & Wilkinson, Smith Hinchman & Grylls, and Minority Airport Architects & Planners.[27] The new terminal opened on September 21, 1980, on-time and under budget.[28] It was designed to accommodate up to 55 million passengers per year and covered 2.5 million square feet (230,000 m²). In December 1984 a 9,000-foot (2,700 m) fourth parallel runway was completed and another runway was extended to 11,889 feet (3,624 m) the following year.[20]

In 1999 Hartsfield–Jackson's leadership established the Development Program: "Focus On the Future" involving multiple construction projects with the intention of preparing the airport to handle a projected demand of 121 million passengers in 2015. The program was originally budgeted at $5.4 billion over a ten-year period, but the total is now revised to be at over $9 billion.[29]

In May 2001 construction of an over 9,000-foot (2,700 m) fifth runway (10–28) began. It was completed at a cost of $1.28 billion and opened on May 27, 2006.[30] It bridges Interstate 285 (the Perimeter) on the airport's south side, making Hartsfield–Jackson the nation's only civil airport to have a runway above an interstate (although Runway 17R/35L at Stapleton International Airport in Denver, Colorado crossed Interstate 70 until that airport closed in 1995). The massive project, which involved putting fill dirt eleven stories high in some places, destroyed some surrounding neighborhoods and dramatically changed the scenery of Flat Rock Cemetery and Hart Cemetery, both of which are on the airport property.[31] It was added to help ease traffic problems caused by landing small- and mid-size aircraft on the longer runways used by larger planes such as the Boeing 777, which need longer runways than the smaller planes. With the fifth runway, Hartsfield–Jackson is one of only a few airports that can perform triple simultaneous landings.[32] The fifth runway is expected to increase the capacity for landings and take-offs by 40%, from an average of 184 flights per hour to 237 flights per hour.[33]

Along with the fifth runway, a new control tower was built to see the entire length of the runway. The new control tower is the tallest in the United States, over 398 feet (121 m) tall. The old control tower, 585 feet (178 m) away from the new one, was demolished August 5, 2006.[34]

Atlanta City Council voted on October 20, 2003, to rename the airport Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, to honor former mayor Maynard Jackson, who died June 23, 2003. The council planned to drop Hartsfield's name from the airport, but public outcry prevented this.[35][36]

In April 2007 an "end-around taxiway" opened, Taxiway Victor. It is expected to save an estimated $26 million to $30 million in fuel each year by allowing airplanes landing on the northernmost runway to taxi to the gate area without preventing other aircraft from taking off. The taxiway drops about 30 feet (9.1 m) from runway elevation to allow takeoffs to continue.[37]

After the Southeastern U.S. drought of 2007, the airport (the eighth-largest water user in the state) made changes to reduce water usage. This included adjusting toilets (725 commodes and 338 urinals) and 601 sinks. (The two terminals alone use 917,000 gallons or about 3.5 million liters a day.) It also stopped using firetrucks to spray water over aircraft when the pilot made a last landing before retirement (a water salute).[38][39] The city of Macon offered to sell water to the airport, through a proposed pipeline.[40]

The airport today employs about 55,300 airline, ground transportation, concessionaire, security, federal government, City of Atlanta and Airport tenant employees and is the largest employment center in Georgia. With a payroll of $2.4 billion, the airport has a direct and indirect economic impact of $3.2 billion on the local and regional economy and an annual, regional economic impact of more than $19.8 billion.[41] Since the opening of Concourse F in May 2012, the airport now has 192 gates which is the most at any airport.

In December 2015, the airport became the first airport in the world to serve 100 million passengers in a year.[42]

Historical airline serviceEdit

Delta and Eastern dominated the airport during the 1970s. United, Southern, Piedmont, Northwest and TWA were also present.[43] In 1978, after airline deregulation, United and TWA no longer served Atlanta, while Southern successor Republic was the airport's third-largest carrier.[44]

Eastern was a larger airline than Delta until deregulation in 1978, but Delta was early to adopt the hub and spoke route system, with Atlanta as a hub between the Midwest and Florida, giving it an advantage in the Atlanta market. Eastern ceased operations in 1991 due to labor issues; American Airlines considered establishing an Atlanta hub around that time, but decided Delta was too strong there and instead replaced Eastern's other hub in Miami, leaving Delta with a monopoly hub at Atlanta.[45]

From the 1980s until Eastern's demise in 1991, Delta occupied Concourse A and part of Concourse B, Eastern occupied the remainder of Concourse B and Concourse C, other domestic airlines used Concourse D, and Concourse T was used by international flights.[46][47] By the mid-1990s, Delta's hub grew to occupy all of Concourse B and the southern half of Concourse T, and international flights moved to the new Concourse E.[48]

ValuJet was established in 1993 as low-cost competition for Delta at ATL. However, its safety practices were called into question early and the airline was grounded after the 1996 crash of ValuJet Flight 592. It resumed operations in 1997 as AirTran Airways and was the second-largest airline at ATL until it was acquired by Southwest in 2011 and absorbed into Southwest on December 28, 2014. Southwest is now the airport's second largest carrier.

FutureEdit

On August 28, 2014, the airport management unveiled a preliminary new master plan.[49] Included in the preliminary master plan are the replacement of the existing domestic parking garages, an end-around taxiway and additional cargo facilities on the south side of the airport, the addition of three new international concourses (G, H, and I), the conversion of Concourse E to domestic use and a sixth runway.

On March 10, 2016, the final 20-year master plan was finalized.[50] The final master plan includes the following:

  • Modernization of the existing terminals.
  • Construction of Concourse G. (This has been scrapped)[51]
  • Expansion of Concourse D.
  • Extension of Concourse T.
  • Relocation of the turnback for The Plane Train.
  • Construction of a new parking deck next to the Georgia International Convention Center.
  • A new park-and-ride lot at Sullivan Road.
  • Replacement of the existing domestic parking garages.
  • A new hotel, travel plaza, and mixed use commercial complex.
  • Repaving of the existing runways and taxiways.
  • A new sixth runway.
  • A new end-around taxiway.
  • Replacement and relocation of cargo buildings, the fire station, and maintenance complexes.

Proposed Concourses H and I are not currently included in the final master plan, but may be added later if demand warrants in 2030 or later.

FacilitiesEdit

RunwaysEdit

 
ATL diagram showing runways and terminals.

Atlanta has five runways, all parallel, aligned east–west. 8L/26R and 8R/26L are north of the terminal area and 9L/27R, 9R/27L, and 10/28 are south of it. From north to south the runways are:[2]

Runways at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International
E Length Width W Use Notes
8L → 9,000 ft
2,700 m
150 ft
46 m
← 26R Arrivals Category III ILS
8R → 9,999 ft
3,048 m
150 ft
46 m
← 26L Departures Category II ILS
Terminal Area
9L → 12,390 ft
3,780 m
150 ft
46 m
← 27R Departures Category I ILS
9R → 9,000 ft
2,700 m
150 ft
46 m
← 27L Arrivals Category III ILS
10 → 9,000 ft
2,700 m
150 ft
46 m
← 28 Arrivals & Departures Category II ILS

Under visual and marginal flying conditions (about 88% of the time) runways 26R and 27L handle arrivals and 26L and 27R handle departures. Runway 28 is assigned to either arrivals or departures, depending on what airfield operations has prioritized. Arrivals approach from the east, and departures take off to the west.

Under instrument conditions (about 12% of the time) the airfield shifts: arrivals approach from the west, and departures take off to the east. 8L and 9R handle arrivals, and 8R and 9L handle departures. Runway 10 is reassigned to arrivals or departures depending on airfield priority.[52][disputed ]

TerminalEdit

 
Terminal and concourse diagram of ATL. Domestic Terminal (DT) is on the west end, and International Terminal (IT) is on the east end. Approximate route of the Transportation Mall and The Plane Train indicated.

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport has terminal and concourse space totaling 6,800,000 square feet (630,000 m2).[2]

 
The Transportation Mall. The portion between Concourse T and Concourse A includes the exhibit Zimbabwe Sculpture: a Tradition in Stone

There are two terminals, the Domestic Terminal and the Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal, where passengers check in and claim bags.

The Domestic Terminal is on the western side of the airport. It is divided into two sides – Terminal South and Terminal North – for ticketing, check-in, and baggage claim. Delta is the sole tenant of Terminal South, while all other domestic airlines are located at Terminal North. The portion of the building between Terminal North and Terminal South includes the Atrium, which is a large, open seating area featuring concessionaires, a bank, conference rooms, an interfaith chapel and offices on the upper floors with the main security checkpoint, the Ground Transportation Center and a MARTA station on other levels.[53]

International flights arrive and depart from the international terminal, either concourse E or F, located on the eastern side of the airport. Concourse F and the new international terminal opened May 16, 2012, while concourse E opened in September 1994, in anticipation of the 1996 Summer Olympics. International pre-cleared flights can arrive at concourses T & A–D. International flights can also depart from concourses T & A–D, such as when space is unavailable at concourses E or F, or when an aircraft arrives as a domestic flight and continues as an international flight. Furthermore, all international pre-cleared flights, regardless of origin, will collect their baggage at the international terminal.

The 192 gates are located in seven concourses between the Domestic and International terminals. Concourse T is connected to the Domestic Terminal. The remaining six concourses from west to east are Concourses A, B, C, D, E, and F.[2] Concourses A–D and T are used for domestic flights, while Concourses E and F are used for international flights and some domestic flights when gates at T or A–D are not available, or when an aircraft arrives as an international flight and continues as a domestic flight. Concourse F is directly connected to the International Terminal, while Concourse E has a designated walkway to the International Terminal and also has its own Federal Inspection station for connecting passengers. Delta Air Lines has gates and operations at all concourses.

The gates at each concourse:

  • Concourse T: 17 gates
  • Concourse A: 29 gates
  • Concourse B: 32 gates
  • Concourse C: 34 gates
  • Concourse D: 40 gates
  • Concourse E: 28 gates
  • Concourse F: 12 gates
 
View of ATL concourses T and A from the air.

When the current passenger terminal opened in 1980, it consisted of only the domestic terminal, the north half of concourse T (which housed international flights), and concourses A-D. Concourse E opened in 1994 for international flights in time for the 1996 Summer Olympics, which were held in Atlanta.[20] Once Concourse E was opened, Concourse T was converted to domestic use and the former U.S. Customs hall was converted into a dedicated baggage claim area for American Airlines. Concourse F and the International Terminal opened in 2012.

The terminals and concourses are connected by the Transportation Mall, a pedestrian tunnel with a series of moving walkways,[54] and The Plane Train, an automated people mover. The Plane Train has stations along the Transportation Mall at the Domestic Terminal (which also serves Concourse T), at each of the six other concourses (including concourse F which is connected to the International Terminal), and at the domestic baggage claim area. The Plane Train is the world's busiest automated system, with over 64 million riders in 2002.[54]

At one time, there was a second underground walkway between Concourses B and C that connected the north ends of the two concourses and made it possible to transfer without returning to the center of the concourse. This was constructed for Eastern Airlines, which occupied these two terminals. This walkway is now closed, and its entrance at Concourse B has been replaced by a bank of arrival/departure monitors.

Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car CenterEdit

The Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car Center, which opened December 8, 2009, houses all ten airport rental agencies with capacity for additional companies. The complex features 9,900 parking spaces split between two four-story parking decks that together cover 2,800,000 square feet (260,000 m2), a 137,000-square-foot (12,700 m2) customer service center, and a maintenance center for vehicles that features 140 gas pumps and 30 wash bays equipped with a water recovery system. An automated people mover, the ATL SkyTrain, runs between the rental car center, the Domestic Terminal, and the Gateway Center of the Georgia International Convention Center,[55] while a four-lane roadway that spans Interstate 85 connects the rental car center with the existing airport road network.[56]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aeroméxico Connect Guadalajara (resumes September 1, 2019), León/Del Bajío, Querétaro [57]
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson [58]
Air Choice One Jackson (TN) [59]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Pointe-à-Pitre
[60]
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma [61]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Washington–National [62]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [62]
Boutique Air Greenville (MS), Muscle Shoals [63]
British Airways London–Heathrow [64]
Delta Air Lines Akron/Canton, Albany (NY), Albuquerque, Allentown, Amsterdam, Appleton, Aruba, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Austin, Baltimore, Baton Rouge, Belize City, Bermuda, Birmingham (AL), Bogotá, Bonaire, Boston, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Buffalo, Burbank, Cancún, Cartagena, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City (IA), Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlotte, Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Chicago–Midway, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus–Glenn, Cozumel, Dallas–Love, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Denver, Des Moines, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Detroit, Düsseldorf, El Paso, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fayetteville (NC), Flint, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Gainesville, George Town/Great Exuma Island, Grand Cayman, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Gulfport/Biloxi, Harrisburg, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston–Hobby, Houston–Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville (FL), Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kansas City, Key West, Kingston–Norman Manley, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lagos, Las Vegas, Lexington, Liberia (CR), Lima, Little Rock, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Louisville, Madison, Madrid, Managua, Manchester (NH), Melbourne (FL), Memphis, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mobile, Montego Bay, Monterrey, Munich, Nashville, Nassau, Newark, New Orleans, Newport News, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Panama City (FL), Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Port-au-Prince, Portland (ME), Portland (OR), Providence, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Roanoke, Roatán, Rochester (NY), Rome–Fiumicino, Sacramento, Sioux Falls, St. Louis, St. Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (Costa Rica), San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago de Chile, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarasota, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Stuttgart, Syracuse, Tallahassee, Tampa, Tegucigalpa, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tri-Cities (TN), Tucson, Tulsa, Vancouver, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach, White Plains, Wichita, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Anchorage, Antigua, Barcelona, Bozeman, Dublin, Eagle/Vail, Green Bay, Grenada, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Kalispell, Milan–Malpensa, Missoula, Montréal–Trudeau, Montrose, Myrtle Beach, Palm Springs, Reno/Tahoe, South Bend, St. Croix, St. Kitts, Venice–Marco Polo, Zürich
[65]
Delta Connection Akron/Canton, Albany (GA), Alexandria, Allentown, Appleton, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Baton Rouge, Bloomington/Normal, Brunswick, Burlington (VT), Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (WV), Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Columbia (SC), Columbus (GA), Columbus (MS), Dothan, Evansville, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fayetteville (NC), Flint, Fort Smith, Fort Wayne, Freeport, Gainesville, George Town/Great Exuma Island, Green Bay, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Gulfport/Biloxi, Havana, Hilton Head, Huntsville, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville (NC), Key West, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lexington, Lincoln, Madison, Mobile, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Montgomery, Montréal–Trudeau, Myrtle Beach, New Bern, Newport News, Omaha, Peoria, Roanoke, Rochester (MN), Shreveport, South Bend, Springfield/Branson, Tallahassee, Tri-Cities (TN), Tulsa, Valdosta, White Plains, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Aspen, Elmira (NY), Fargo, Louisville, Marsh Harbour, North Eleuthera, Rapid City, Traverse City
[65]
Frontier Airlines Denver, Las Vegas, Long Island/Islip, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Philadelphia, Raleigh/Durham (begins November 14, 2019), Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San Juan, Trenton
Seasonal: Austin, Cincinnati, Colorado Springs, San Antonio
[66]
JetBlue Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK, Orlando [67]
KLM Amsterdam [68]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [69]
Lufthansa Frankfurt [70]
Qatar Airways Doha [71]
Southwest Airlines Austin, Baltimore, Boston (ends January 5, 2020), Cancún, Chicago–Midway, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Greenville/Spartanburg, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Oakland, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Louis, San Antonio, San Diego, Tampa, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach [72]
Spirit Airlines Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando, Philadelphia, Tampa
Seasonal: Atlantic City, Denver
[73]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [74]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [75]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [75]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow, Manchester (UK) [76]
WestJet Calgary [77]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aerologic Frankfurt
AirBridgeCargo Airlines[78] Amsterdam, Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Asiana Cargo Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
CAL Cargo Air Lines Liège
CargoLogicAir London–Stansted, Mexico City
Cargolux Chicago–O'Hare, Huntsville, Glasgow–Prestwick, Luxembourg, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Seattle/Tacoma
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Miami
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, Osaka–Kansai, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Miami, Newark
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Manchester (UK)
Qatar Airways Cargo Anchorage, Doha, Houston–Intercontinental, Liège, Luxembourg, Mexico City, Pittsburgh
Singapore Airlines Cargo Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Shannon
UPS Airlines Columbia (SC), Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville, Miami, Philadelphia, San Juan

StatisticsEdit

Top destinationsEdit

Busiest domestic routes from ATL
(April 2018 - March 2019)
[79]
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines
1   Orlando, Florida 1,477,720 Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
2   Fort Lauderdale, Florida 1,348,210 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
3   New York–LaGuardia, New York 1,209,230 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest
4   Los Angeles, California 1,134,440 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
5   Tampa, Florida 1,031,320 Delta, Southwest, Spirit
6   Boston, Massachusetts 1,001,170 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
7   Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 903,640 American, Delta, Spirit
8   Baltimore, Maryland 864,660 Delta, Southwest, Spirit
9   Miami, Florida 858,720 American, Delta
10   Washington–National, D.C. 850,230 American, Delta, Southwest
Busiest international routes from ATL (2016)[80]
Rank Airport Scheduled Passengers Carriers
1   Amsterdam, Netherlands 812,286 Delta, KLM
2   Paris, France 778,026 Air France, Delta
3   Cancún, Mexico 740,837 Delta, Southwest
4   London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 644,081 British Airways, Delta, Virgin Atlantic
5   Toronto–Pearson, Canada 547,882 Air Canada, Delta
6   Mexico City, Mexico 450,045 Delta
7   Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 389,304 Delta, Southwest
8   Montego Bay, Jamaica 356,408 Delta
9   Nassau, Bahamas 317,594 Delta
10   Frankfurt, Germany 291,450 Delta, Lufthansa

Airline market shareEdit

Largest Airlines at ATL (April 2018 - March 2019)[79]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Delta Air Lines 67,049,000 72.71%
2 Southwest Airlines 9,661,000 10.48%
3 Endeavor Air 3,359,000 3.64%
4 American Airlines 2,568,000 2.78%
5 Spirit Airlines 2,270,000 2.46%

Annual trafficEdit

Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Cargo tonnage[81]
2000 78,092,940  02.77% N/A 935,892
2001 80,162,407  02.65% 915,454 865,991
2002 75,858,500  05.37% 890,494 735,796
2003 76,876,128  01.34% 889,966 734,083
2004 79,087,928  02.88% 911,727 802,248
2005 83,606,583  05.71% 964,858 862,230
2006 85,907,423  02.75% 980,386 767,897
2007 84,846,639  01.23% 976,447 746,502
2008 89,379,287  05.34% 994,346 720,209
2009 90,039,280  00.74% 978,824 655,277
2010 88,001,381  02.23% 970,235 563,139
2011 92,389,023  03.53% 923,996 659,129
2012 94,956,643  03.10% 952,767 684,576
2013 94,431,224  01.13% 911,074 616,365
2014 96,178,899  01.85% 868,359 601,270
2015 101,491,106  05.52% 882,497 626,201
2016 104,258,124  02.73% 898,356 648,595
2017 103,902,992  00.26% 879,560 685,338
2018 107,394,029  03.33% 895,682 693,790
Source: Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport[3]

Ground transportationEdit

RoadEdit

The domestic terminal is accessed directly from Interstate 85 at exit 72. The international terminal is accessed directly from Interstate 75 at exit 239. These freeways in turn connect with the following additional freeways within 10 miles: Interstate 285, Interstate 675, Georgia State Route 166, Interstate 20.

Public transitEdit

Hartsfield–Jackson has its own train station on the city's rapid transit system, MARTA. The above-ground station is inside in the main building, between the north and south domestic terminals on the west end. The Airport station is currently the southernmost station in the MARTA system.[82]

Rental Car CenterEdit

The Rental Car Center (RCC) is a one-stop facility that houses 13 rental car brands and vehicles for ATL guests. Operating 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the RCC is just a few minutes away from ATL via the ATL SkyTrain, an electric-powered automated people mover system that connects the Rental Car Center to additional parking and the airport. The following rental car companies operate from the RCC: Advantage, Airport Rent A Car, Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, E-Z Rent-A-Car, Enterprise, Hertz, National, Payless, Sixt and Thrifty.[83]

ATL SkyTrainEdit

The ATL SkyTrain also serves the Georgia International Convention Center, the Atlanta Airport Marriott Gateway, SpringHill Suites Atlanta Airport Gateway, and the Renaissance Atlanta Airport Gateway Hotel.

Other facilitiesEdit

 
990 Toffie Terrace hangar, former ExpressJet/Atlantic Southeast Airlines headquarters

The 990 Toffie Terrace hangar, a part of Hartsfield–Jackson Airport,[84] and located within the City of College Park corporate limits, is owned by the City of Atlanta.[15] The building now houses the Atlanta Police Department Helicopter Unit.[85][86] It once served as the headquarters of the regional airline ExpressJet.[87]

Before the merger, Atlantic Southeast Airlines headquartered in the hangar, then named the A-Tech Center.[88] In December 2007, the airline announced it was moving its headquarters into the facility, previously named the "North Hangar." The 203,000-square-foot (18,900 m2) hangar includes 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of hangar bays for aircraft maintenance. It has 17 acres (6.9 ha) of adjacent land and 1,400 parking spaces for employees. The airline planned to relocate 100 employees from Macon, Georgia to the new headquarters. The Atlanta City Council and Mayor of Atlanta Shirley Franklin approved of the new 25-year ASA lease, which also gave the airline new hangar space to work on 15 to 25 aircraft in overnight maintenance; previously its aircraft were serviced at Concourse C. The airport property division stated that the hangar was built in the 1960s and renovated in the 1970s. Eastern Airlines and Delta Air Lines had previously occupied the hangar. Delta's lease originally was scheduled to expire in 2010, but the airline returned the lease to the City of Atlanta in 2005 as part of its bankruptcy settlement. The city collected an insurance settlement of almost $900,000 as a result of the cancellation.[84]

Restaurant contractsEdit

Restaurant contracts at the airport are worth about $3 billion and complaints over the contracts fit into a historical pattern of allegations of "cronyism and political influence" at the airport. Concession company SSP America sued the City of Atlanta to challenge the methods used to award contracts, but this suit was dropped in 2012.[89] Contracts are awarded on a preferential basis if a business qualifies as an "airport concessions disadvantaged business enterprise".[90] The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) challenged the disadvantaged business status of four businesses—Mack II's, Hojeij Branded Foods, Atlanta Restaurant Partners and Vida Concessions—though a review by the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) in 2012 concluded that the evidence did not support decertifying the businesses, and the FAA said it will review the GDOT documents before possibly appealing to the U.S. Department of Transportation.[90] An internal GDOT audit found calculation errors in 27 of 40 cases it reviewed for disadvantaged status.[91]

CultureEdit

As the dominant airport in the Southern United States and the nation's (and world's) busiest in terms of passengers handled (mainly due to being Delta's flagship hub), an old joke in the South quips that, upon one's death, regardless of whether one goes to Heaven or Hell one will connect in Atlanta to get there.[92][93][94][95][96][97]

Scenes from the movies Due Date and Life as We Know It, both released in 2010, were filmed and had scenes take place on location at Hartsfield Airport. Also, the films Unaccompanied Minors and Cabin Fever, released in 2006 and 2002 respectively, similarly featured Hartsfield Airport.[98]

In a parody Star Wars episode of Family Guy entitled "It's a Trap!", Stewie Griffin, playing Darth Vader, joked that "Even though we're in a galaxy far, far away, we still have to change in Atlanta."

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On May 23, 1960, Delta Air Lines Flight 1903, a Convair CV-880-22-1 (N8804E), crashed on takeoff resulting in the loss of all four crew members. This flight was to be a training flight for two Delta captains who were being type-rated on the 880.[99]
  • On February 25, 1969, Eastern Air Lines Flight 955 was hijacked by one passenger shortly after takeoff from ATL. The man pulled a .22 caliber pistol and demanded to be flown to Cuba. He departed in Cuba while the DC-8 was allowed to fly back to the U.S.[100]
  • On January 18, 1990, an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 overran a Beechcraft King Air operated by Epps Air Service, based at another Atlanta airport. The King Air had landed and was taxiing when the 727, still at high speed in its landing roll, collided with the aircraft. The larger plane's wing impacted the roof of the smaller. The pilot of the King Air, an Epps charter pilot, was killed, while a passenger survived. No crew or passengers of the Eastern plane were injured.[101]
  • On November 1, 1998, AirTran Airways Flight 867 (Boeing 737-200) lost control and skidded off the runway while landing, with main landing gear in a drainage ditch and its empennage extending over the taxiway. The nose gear was folded back into the electrical/electronic compartment and turned 90 degrees from its normal, extended position. The cause was an improperly repaired hydraulic line leak.[102]

See alsoEdit

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External linksEdit