Pichincha (Spanish pronunciation: [piˈtʃintʃa]) is a province of Ecuador located in the northern Sierra region; its capital and largest city is Quito. It is bordered by Imbabura and Esmeraldas to the north, Cotopaxi and Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas to the south, Napo and Sucumbíos to the east, and Esmeraldas and Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas to the west.

Province of Pichincha
Flag of Pichincha
Location of Pichincha in Ecuador.
Location of Pichincha in Ecuador.
Cantons of Pichincha Province
Cantons of Pichincha Province
Coordinates: 0°15′S 78°35′W / 0.250°S 78.583°W / -0.250; -78.583
Named forPichincha volcano
List of Cantons
  • Cayambe
  • Mejía
  • Pedro Moncayo
  • Pedro Vicente Maldonado
  • Puerto Quito
  • Quito
  • Rumiñahui
  • San Miguel de los Bancos
 • Provincial PrefectPaola Pabón
 • Total9,444 km2 (3,646 sq mi)
 (2022 census)[1]
 • Total3,089,473
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (ECT)
ISO 3166 codeEC-P
Vehicle registrationP
HDI (2018)0.827[2]
very high · 1st

Prior to 2008, the canton Santo Domingo de los Colorados was part of the Pichincha Province. It has since become its own province, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas.

The province is home to many rose plantations, which make up the bulk of Ecuador's floriculture industry.[3]

Demographics edit

Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010:[4]

Administrative divisions edit

The province is divided into eight cantons.

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km2) Cantonization Capital
Cayambe 69,800 1,187 July 23, 1883 Cayambe
Mejía 62,888 1,459 July 23, 1883 Machachi
Pedro Moncayo 25,594 333 Sep. 26, 1911 Tabacundo
Pedro Vicente Maldonado 9,965 657 Jan. 28, 1992 Pedro Vicente Maldonado
Puerto Quito 17,100 719 Apr. 1, 1996 Puerto Quito
Quito 1,839,853 4,204 Dec. 6, 1534 Quito
Rumiñahui 65,882 134 May 31, 1938 Sangolquí
San Miguel de Los Bancos 10,717 801 Feb. 14, 1991 San Miguel de los Bancos
Panoramic view from Wawa Pichincha: (from left) Ilaló, Antisana, Sincholagua, Quilindaña, Pasochoa, Cotopaxi, Rumiñawi, Atacazo, Corazón and Illinizas

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Citypopulation.de Population and area of Pichincha Province
  2. ^ Villalba, Juan. "Human Development Index in Ecuador". Scribd (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-02-05.
  3. ^ Conefrey, Mick (April 10, 2015). "Roses with altitude: why Ecuador's flower industry stands out". Financial Times. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Resultados" (PDF).

External links edit