O. R. Tambo International Airport

  (Redirected from OR Tambo International Airport)

O. R. Tambo International Airport (IATA: JNB, ICAO: FAOR) is an international airport situated in Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa. It serves as the primary airport for domestic and international travel to/from South Africa and since 2020, it is Africa's second busiest airport, with a capacity to handle up to 28 million passengers annually.[3] The airport serves as the hub for South African Airways. The airport handled over 21 million passengers in 2017.

O. R. Tambo International Airport
O.R. Tambo International Airport Logo.svg
JohannesburgIntlAirport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorAirports Company South Africa
ServesJohannesburg
LocationKempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa
Opened1952; 70 years ago (1952)
Hub for
Time zoneSAST (UTC+02:00)
Elevation AMSL5,558 ft / 1,694 m
Coordinates26°08′00″S 028°15′00″E / 26.13333°S 28.25000°E / -26.13333; 28.25000Coordinates: 26°08′00″S 028°15′00″E / 26.13333°S 28.25000°E / -26.13333; 28.25000
Websiteairports.co.za
Map
JNB is located in Greater Johannesburg
JNB
JNB
Location in the Johannesburg area
JNB is located in South Africa
JNB
JNB
JNB (South Africa)
JNB is located in Africa
JNB
JNB
JNB (Africa)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
03L/21R 14,495 4,421 Asphalt
03R/21L 11,155 3,405 Asphalt
Statistics (Jan-Dec 2019)
Passengers21,665,403
Aircraft movements218,208
Economic impact$3.2 billion[1]
Social impact128.2 thousand[1]
Source: Passenger Statistics[2]

It was originally known as Jan Smuts International Airport,[4] after the former South African Prime Minister of the same name. The airport was renamed Johannesburg International Airport in 1994 when the newly elected African National Congress (ANC) government implemented a policy of not naming airports after politicians. This policy was later reversed, and on 27 October 2006 the airport was renamed after anti-apartheid politician Oliver Reginald Tambo.[5]

HistoryEdit

The airport was founded in 1952 as Jan Smuts International Airport, two years after Smuts's death, near the town of Kempton Park on the East Rand. It replaced Palmietfontein International Airport, which had handled European flights since 1945.

In 1943, a decision was made by the Cabinet of the Union of South Africa to construct three international airports with a Civil Airports Advisory Committee formed to investigate and report on the viability.[6]: 224  That report was submitted to the Cabinet in March 1944 with one main international airport on the Witwatersrand and two smaller international airports at Cape Town and Durban.[6]: 224  The South African Railways and Harbours Administration was given the role of managing the project and later in 1944, a member went to the United States to study standards and methods of construction.[6]: 224–5  Four possible sites around Johannesburg were identified, with one south of Johannesburg chosen but soon discarded due to being situated on land with gold bearing reefs below.[6]: 225  Sites were then narrowed down to Kempton Park and the existing airport at Palmietfontein.[6]: 225 

Layouts and rough costing for the two sites were established and submitted for a ministerial decision.[6]: 226  The site would be at Kempton Park and be named Jan Smuts Airport.[6]: 226  The area outside Kempton Park was an expropriated undulating dairy farm of 3,706 acres with a 598 acre eucalyptus plantation.[6]: 227  Sitting on a plateau, the area sloped away towards the east.[6]: 227  The area was drained by the Blesbok River.[6]: 227  The airport became operational on 1 September 1953.[7] The new airport was officially opened by Minister for Transport, Paul Sauer on 4 October 1953 having taken eight years to build at £6.2 million.[7][8] It had one main runway of 3,200m and two smaller ones of 2,514m that crossed the main with all runways being 60m wide.[7][8] A 1,000 men had been employed in the repair workshops.[7] The technical areas consisted of 2,957m of roads, 26,477sqm of concrete apron while the hangars had openings of 106m at a height of 21m.[7] It was expecting to manage thirty flights-a-day and over 200,000 passengers that year.[8] Airlines using the airport at its opening were BOAC, Air France, KLM, SAA, Central African Airways, Qantas, El Al, SAS Group and DETA.[7]

In the late 1950s, jet passenger aircraft became the norm and there was a need to expand the existing ground facilities at the airport, which began in the 1960s and early-1970s. In addition to the new airside facilities, ground developments included: improved road access, parking areas, hotel, retail areas and car hire.[9]: 50 

The late-1960s saw a new choice of aircraft for South African Airways, the Boeing 747.[10]: 339  A decision was made by the Minister of Transport to obtain three, later five 747s for the airline.[10]: 339  Delivery would begin in October 1971 with the first flight to London on 10 December 1971 with daily services from February 1972.[10]: 339  These purchases however required new hangar facilities with the contract awarded in September 1969 initially worth R2,983,408.[10]: 339  Construction started in December 1968 and was completed in October 1971 for R8,000,000 while other work at the airport associated with the arrival of these new aircraft brought the costs to R40,000,000.[10]: 341  Other new buildings such as workshops, testing facilities, stores, staff accommodation and air cargo handling building were built. The new hangar would allow for two 747s in each bay with dimensions of 73.2 m wide, 24.4 m high and a depth of 91.4 m.[10]: 341 

It was used as a test airport for Concorde during the 1970s, to determine how the aircraft would perform while taking off and landing at high elevations ('hot and high' testing).[11] During the 1980s, many countries stopped trading with South Africa because of the United Nation sanctions imposed against South Africa in the struggle against apartheid, and many international airlines stopped flying to the airport. These sanctions also resulted in South African Airways being refused rights to fly over most African countries, and in addition, the risk of flying over some African countries was emphasised by the shooting down of two passenger aircraft over Rhodesia (e.g. Air Rhodesia Flight 825 and 827),[12] forcing them to fly around the "bulge" of Africa. This required specially-modified aircraft like the long-range Boeing 747SP. A second runway was built at the airport in the late-1980s.[9]: 50 

In December 1993, a R120,000,000 upgrade at the airport was completed.[13]: 14  The main part of the projects was an 880 m, 3000 t steel airside corridor consisting of two levels high of 6 m wide with thirteen passenger bridges.[13]: 14  The upper levels are connected the departure lounges through security screening points. Lower levels are for arrivals for entry into the immigration and custom areas.[13]: 14  A future provision for extensions to this airside corridor was included in the design.[13]: 14  A new airside bus terminal was also added for bussing in passengers to aircraft not able dock next to the terminal. Other parts of the project included upgrading the terminal facilities for the passengers.[13]: 14 

Following the ending of apartheid, the airport's name, and that of other international airports in South Africa, were changed and these restrictions were lifted. With the creation of the Airports Company of South Africa (ACSA) in the mid-nineties, a plan to commercialise the airport began with new passenger and retail and airside facilities to handle a larger number of aircraft completing this phase in 2004.[9]: 50 

The airport overtook Cairo International Airport in 1996 as the busiest airport in Africa[14] and is the fourth-busiest airport in the Africa–Middle East region after Dubai International Airport, Hamad International Airport, and Abu Dhabi International Airport. In fiscal year 2010, the airport handled 8.82 million departing passengers.[15]

In late 2005, a name change was proposed for the airport to "O. R. Tambo International", after former ANC President and anti-apartheid activist Oliver Reginald Tambo, an apparent change to the precedent of neutrally-named airports. The name change was formally announced in the Government Gazette of South Africa on 30 June 2006, allowing a 30-day window for the public to register objections. The name change was implemented on 27 October 2006 with the unveiling of new signs at the airport. Critics noted the considerable expense involved in renaming the airport, and the decision to use a politician as the name would be obscure, confusing and in some instances, offensive. Corne Mulder of the Freedom Front Plus has stamped the renaming "nothing less than political opportunism and attempts by the ANC government to dodge the true socio-economic issues of the country".[16] Unnecessary confusion can be caused, for O. R. Tambo is also a district municipality in the Eastern Cape, seated in Mthatha. The town of Mthatha has an international airport known as Mthatha Airport, formerly named the K. D. Matanzima Airport after former Transkei President Kaiser Matanzima.

On 26 November 2006, the airport became the first in Africa to host the Airbus A380.[17] The aircraft landed in Johannesburg on its way to Sydney via the South Pole on a test flight.

There was no provision for rapid train access until 2010, when the Gautrain project allowed train passengers to reach the airport from the Johannesburg CBD, Sandton and Pretoria.[9]: 50 

Airport informationEdit

 
A now removed O.R Tambo bust at the aircraft viewing deck above the CTB.

O. R. Tambo International Airport is a hot and high airport. Situated 1,700 metres (5,500 feet) above mean sea level, the air is thin.[18] This is the reason for the long runways.

On 10 January 2013 the airport's ICAO code was changed from FAJS to FAOR.[19]

South African Airways MuseumEdit

The South African Airways Museum once was located at the airport. This room full of South African Airways memorabilia was started by two fans of the airline as a temporary location until they could set it up in one of Jan Smuts International's buildings in 1987. The museum has since relocated to Rand Airport (FAGM).

Aircraft viewing decksEdit

The airport has two viewing decks. One is located above the Central Terminal Building, and the other in an administrative section of the airport above the international check-in counters. There are regular displays of Oliver Reginald Tambo, the airport's namesake in the viewing decks.

InfrastructureEdit

 
Inside the O. R. Tambo International Airport.
 
OR Tambo terminal buildings
 
Check-in booths in the International Terminal.

RunwaysEdit

O. R. Tambo International Airport has two runways (one pair of parallel runways) adjacent to the airport's terminal buildings. There used to be a third runway, 09/27, but was closed due to the danger it posed. It is now taxiway Juliet. Another decommissioned runway includes runway 14/32, crossing runway 03L/21R and 03R/21L, which has since converted into taxiway Echo.

Number Length Width ILS Notes
03L/21R 4,421 metres (14,505 ft)[20] 60 metres (200 ft)[20] PALS CAT II[20] Fully laden aircraft require a far greater length of runway to achieve take-off velocity at this altitude. It is the 33rd longest runway in the world.
03R/21L 3,405 metres (11,171 ft)[21] 60 metres (200 ft)[21] PALS CAT II[21]

The runways are equipped with approach lighting systems. Sequenced flashers are not used at any South African runways and therefore not installed. Touchdown zone (TDZ) lighting is available, but never turned on. Runway Threshold, Edge and Centerline lights are the only lighting available. During busy periods, outbound flights use the western runway (03L/21R) for take-off, while inbound flights use the eastern runway (03R/21L) for landing. Wind factors may cause numerous variations, but on most days flights will take off to the north and land from the south.

Taxiways and apronsEdit

O. R. Tambo International Airport has a network of asphalt taxiways connecting runways, aprons and maintenance facilities.[22] All of these taxiways are 30.5 metres wide, except for taxiway Echo and Juliet which is 60 metres wide, as it was formerly runway 14/32 and 09/27, respectively. The airport also has nine aprons. Cargo aircraft park at aprons Golf and Whiskey. Many airlines have their aircraft wait long hours between arriving and departing flights. Such aircraft and other cargo aircraft are parked at aprons Delta and Foxtrot to free up jetbridges. Aprons Alpha, Charlie and Echo have jetbridges that connect them to their respective gates. The Bravo apron is not connected to the terminal building, and thus aircraft that land there must use an airport bus service.

DevelopmentsEdit

ACSA reported that major new developments took place at the airport, in preparation for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The development includes expansion of the international terminal, with the new international pier (opened in 2009), which includes gates for the Airbus A380 and increased capacity at the same time. A new Central Terminal building, designed by Osmond Lange Architects and Planners, was completed on 1 April 2009.[citation needed] An additional multi-storey parkade was built in January 2010, at a cost of R470 million opposite the Central Terminal Building,[citation needed] plus Terminal A was also upgraded and the associated roadways realigned to accommodate more International Departures space.

The Central Terminal Building (CTB) (cost: R2 billion) boosted passenger capacity at the landside of the terminal in 3 levels, and allows direct access from international and domestic terminals. Additional luggage carousels were added on 12 March 2010 to accommodate the Airbus A380.[citation needed] Arrivals are accommodated on Level 1, with departures expanded on Level 3; Level 2 accommodates further retail and commercial activities. The Gautrain Rapid Rail Link station is above the terminal.

The new International Pier (cost: R535 million) has increased international arrivals and departures capacity in a two-storey structure with nine additional airside contact stands, four of which are Airbus A380 compatible.[citation needed] Air bridges are already in place and the existing duty-free mall will be extended into this area. Additional lounges and passenger-holding areas will be constructed on the upper level.

A second terminal between the two runways has been cancelled. It would have contained its own domestic and international check-in facilities, contact stands, shops and lounges and was projected to cost R8 billion.[citation needed]

TerminalsEdit

There are six terminals at the airport, but these can be broken down into three major areas: the international terminals; the domestic terminals; and the transit terminals. The transit terminal housed disused parts of the old domestic terminals. It has been mostly demolished to build a new Central Terminal that will provide an indoor link between domestic and international terminals, as well as a central passenger check-in area and more gates. It was constructed for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Terminals A1 and A2 handle international passengers while the other two terminals handle domestic passengers. Due to the airport's design, departure and arrivals terminals are considered separate terminals. The Central Terminal that is under construction will be named Terminal A3 and it will be used for both international and domestic passengers. The airline Mango has its head office on the mezzanine level of the Domestic Departure Terminal.[23]

The two terminals, Terminal A and Terminal B have been restructured. Several airlines now use Terminal B for all check-ins (top floor, adjacent to the arrivals atrium), for both national and international flights. The airlines that moved check-in to Terminal B include South African Airways, SA Airlink, South African Express and Air Mauritius.[24]

Terminals A and B boast over 140 retail stores. The Duty-Free stores are based airside in Terminal A and many of them stock products exclusively available at the airport.

The ample parking available at O. R. Tambo International Airport was revamped as part of the upgrades made prior to the 2010 World Cup with the introduction of state-of-the-art technology that allows visitors to identify available parking spaces easily.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Austral Saint-Denis de la Réunion [25]
Air Belgium Brussels (begins 14 September 2022) [26]
Air Botswana Francistown, Gaborone, Kasane, Maun [27]
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shenzhen [28]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [29][30]
Air Madagascar Antananarivo [31]
Air Mauritius Mauritius [32]
Air Peace Abuja, Lagos [33][34]
Air Seychelles Mahé, Malé [35]
Air Zimbabwe Bulawayo, Harare [36]
Airlink Antananarivo, Beira, Bloemfontein, Bulawayo, Cape Town, Dar es Salaam, Durban, East London, Entebbe, Gaborone, George, Harare, Hoedspruit, Kasane, Kimberley, Livingstone,[37] Luanda, Lubumbashi, Lusaka, Manzini, Maputo, Maseru, Maun, Mbombela, Mthatha, Nampula, Ndola, Nosy Be, Pemba, Phalaborwa, Pietermaritzburg, Polokwane, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saint HelenaA, Sishen, Skukuza, Tete, Upington, Victoria Falls, Vilanculos, Windhoek–Hosea Kutako, Walvis Bay
Charter: Ascension IslandB
[38][39]
ASKY Airlines Brazzaville, Douala, Kinshasa–N'djili, Lagos, Libreville, Lomé [40]
British Airways Cape Town, Durban, East London,[41] Harare, Livingstone, London–Heathrow, Mauritius, Port Elizabeth, Victoria Falls, Windhoek–Hosea Kutako [42][43]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [44]
CemAir Bloemfontein, Durban, George, Hoedspruit, Margate, Plettenberg Bay, Sishen [45][46][47]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt (begins 1 November 2022) [48]
Congo Airways Kinshasa–N'djiliE, Lubumbashi [49][50]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta [51]
EgyptAir Cairo [52][53]
El Al Tel Aviv [54]
Emirates Dubai–International [55]
Eswatini Air Manzini (begins 1 June 2022) [56][57]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [58]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [59]
Fastjet Zimbabwe Bulawayo, Harare, Victoria Falls[60]
FlyNamibia Windhoek–Hosea Kutako
FlySafair Cape Town, Durban, East London, George, Mauritius,[61] Port Elizabeth [62]
Global Aviation Charter: Zanzibar [63]
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta [64][65]
KLM Amsterdam [66][30]
Kulula.com Cape Town, Durban, East London, George [67][68]
LAM Mozambique Airlines Beira, Maputo, NampulaF, PembaG [69][70]
LIFT Airline Cape Town
Seasonal: George
Lufthansa Frankfurt [71]
Malawi Airlines Blantyre, LilongweH [72]
Proflight Zambia Ndola [73]
Qantas Sydney [74]
Qatar Airways DohaI [75]
Royal Zambian Airlines Lusaka [76]
RwandAir KigaliJ, Lusaka [77]
Saudia Jeddah [78][65]
Singapore Airlines SingaporeK [79][80]
South African Airways Accra, Cape Town, Durban,[81] Harare, Kinshasa–N'djili, Lagos, Lusaka, Maputo, Mauritius [82][83]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich [84]
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda [85]
Turkish Airlines IstanbulM [86]
Uganda Airlines Entebbe [87]
United Airlines Newark [88][89]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow [90]
Notes
  • ^A : This flight operates via Walvis Bay. However, this carrier does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Walvis Bay and Saint Helena.
  • ^B : This flight operates via Saint Helena.
  • ^C : This flight operates via Douala or Libreville.
  • ^D : This flight operates via Douala and Lagos.
  • ^E : This flight operates via Lubumbashi.
  • ^F : This flight operates via Beira.
  • ^G : Some flights operate via Maputo.
  • ^H : This flight operates via Blantyre.
  • ^I : Two flights originate from Durban and Gaborone respectively. However, this carrier does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Johannesburg and Durban/Gaborone.
  • ^J : This flight operates via Lusaka.
  • ^K : This flight originates Cape Town. However, this carrier does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Johannesburg and Cape Town.
  • ^M : Two flights originate from Maputo and Durban respectively. However, this carrier does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Johannesburg and Maputo/Durban.

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Astral Aviation[91] Lusaka, Maputo, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
BidAir Cargo[92] Cape Town, Dar es Salaam, Durban, East London, George, Harare, Kigali, Livingstone, Mauritius, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Port Elizabeth, Victoria Falls, Windhoek–Hosea Kutako
Cargolux[93] Luxembourg
EgyptAir Cargo[94] Cairo
Emirates SkyCargo[95] Dubai–Al Maktoum
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo[96] Addis Ababa
Etihad Cargo[97] Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
FedEx Express[98] Dubai-International
Lufthansa Cargo[99] Frankfurt, Lagos, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
Martinair[100] Amsterdam, Harare, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
Qatar Airways Cargo[101] Doha
Saudia Cargo[102] Jeddah
Singapore Airlines Cargo[103] Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
Turkish Cargo[104] Istanbul–Atatürk, Windhoek–Hosea Kutako
Uganda Air Cargo[105] Entebbe

Traffic and statisticsEdit

O. R. Tambo International Airport recorded 21.2 million passengers in 2017–2018, up from 20.7 million passengers the year before. Of those passengers, 9.2 million were international and 11 million domestic, with the remainder being classified as "regional" or "unscheduled". 220,644 aircraft traffic movements were recorded; the majority being domestic services. O. R. Tambo International Airport is the busiest airport in South Africa.

Passenger trafficEdit

Annual (civil years) passenger traffic for O.R. Tambo. See source Wikidata query.
Passenger traffic per fiscal year for O. R. Tambo International Airport[106]
Year International Regional Domestic Unscheduled Total
Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change
2006–07 6,958,277 no data 651,642 no data 10,094,758 no data 89,423 no data 17,794,100 no data
2007–08 7,645,647  9.9% 714,717  9.7% 11,009,841  9.1% 87,293  2.4% 19,457,498  9.3%
2008–09 7,480,461  2.2% 730,387  2.2% 9,582,332  13.0% 91,679  5.0% 17,884,859  8.1%
2009–10 7,489,211  0.1% 762,033  4.3% 9,270,478  3.3% 74,481  18.8% 17,596,203  1.6%
2010–11 7,965,594  6.4% 794,477  4.3% 9,732,250  5.0% 150,824  102.5% 18,643,145  5.9%
2011–12 8,088,013  1.5% 846,067  6.5% 9,985,246  2.6% 84,216  44.2% 19,003,542  1.9%
2012–13 8,276,845  2.3% 826,676  2.3% 9,437,069  5.5% 80,669  4.2% 18,621,259  2.0%
2013-14 8,570,384  3.6% 894,670  8.2% 9,257,225  1.9% 98,709  22.3% 18,820,988  1.0%
2014-15 8 614 192  0.5% 914 644  2.2% 9 510 809  2.7% 95 448  3.4 19 135 093  1.7%
2015-16 8 791 210  2.1% 905 729  1.0% 10 586 823  11.3% 91 236  4.6% 20 374 998  6.5%
2016- 17 8 974 372  2.0% 931 594  2.8% 10 703 205  1.1% 83 609  8.3% 20 692 780  1.5%
2017- 18 9 237 487  2.9% 897 409  3.7% 11 018 062  2.9% 78 552  6.0% 21 231 510  2.6%

Aircraft movementsEdit

Annual aircraft movements for O. R. Tambo International Airport[107][108]
Year International Regional Domestic Unscheduled Total
Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change
2006–07 53,003 no data 17,684 no data 114,917 no data 26,037 no data 211,641 no data
2007–08 59,031  11.4% 18,799  6.3% 121,621  5.8% 29,591  13.6% 229,042  8.2%
2008–09 57,559  2.5% 17,965  4.4% 109,372  10.1% 28,297  4.4% 213,193  6.9%
2009–10 59,382  3.2% 19,732  9.8% 103,166  5.7% 20,252  28.4% 202,532  5.0%
2010–11 63,414  6.8% 19,846  0.6% 105,627  2.4% 24,031  18.7% 212,918  5.1%
2011–12 63,233  0.3% 20,769  4.6% 107,053  1.3% 21,515  10.4% 212,570  0.1%
2012–13 63,610  0.3% 19,021  8.4% 95,869  10.4% 21,302  0.9% 199,802  6.0%
2013–14 66,993  6.0% 19,408  2.0% 96,788  0.9% 23,414  9.9% 206,603  3.4%
2014–15 65,874  1.6% 21,164  9.0% 103,612  6.5% 26,977  13.2% 217,627  5.0%
2015–16 65,910  0.1% 21,382  1.0% 110,741  6.8% 26,158  3.0% 224,191  3.0%
2016–17 65,705  0.3% 21,069  1.4% 110,173  0.5% 23,987  8.3% 220,934  1.5%
2017–18 66,214  0.7% 20,314  3.6% 108,599  1.4% 25,607  6.8% 220,644  0.1%

Other buildingsEdit

 
Airways Park, the head office of South African Airways

South African Airways is headquartered in Airways Park on the grounds of O. R. Tambo International Airport.[109][110][111] The building was developed by Stauch Vorster Architects.[112] Airways Park was completed in March 1997 for R70 Million ($17.5 Million).[113] The fourth floor of the West Wing of the Pier Development of O. R. Tambo was also the head office of South African Express until it ceased operating in 2020.[114][115][116]

Ground transportEdit

 
Gautrain at O. R. Tambo Int'l Airport

Rail transitEdit

A transit terminal has been built between the domestic and international terminals. It houses the Gautrain station linking the airport to Sandton, a major business district and a primary tourist area, and, from there, the rest of the Gautrain system.

In September 2006 Gauteng Province contracted Bombardier Transportation for a rail link connecting Johannesburg, Pretoria, and the airport, with construction to begin immediately.[117] The section linking the airport to Sandton in Johannesburg was completed on 8 June 2010 in time for the World Cup. Trains run 90 trips per day and carry an estimated 60000 passengers daily.[118]

CarEdit

The airport is easily accessible by car and it is located northeast of Johannesburg Central at the eastern end of the R24 Airport Freeway. It can be accessed by the R24 Airport Freeway (also known as the Albertina Sisulu Freeway) from Johannesburg Central and the R21 highway from Pretoria and the central part of the East Rand. The R24 intersects with the R21 near the airport and with the O. R. Tambo Airport Highway. This highway goes through the airport terminals, separating them from the parking bays, but it branches off into two directions: "departures" and "arrivals", and then it re-branches into the intersection.

BusEdit

Five bus city lines, operated by Metrobus and Putco, pass through the airport twice a day. The buses are accessible in the morning and the evening, when there are many passengers departing and arriving. There are also private bus lines operating express buses to the CBD of Johannesburg, as well as other locations.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • 20 October 1957 – A Vickers Viscount G-AOYF, operated by Vickers on a test flight, was damaged beyond economic repair when the starboard undercarriage collapsed following a heavy landing.[119]
  • 1 March 1988 – A Comair Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante ZS-LGP, exploded in mid air whilst on final approach. All seventeen occupants were killed. A passenger was suspected of detonating an explosive device but to this day it has never been proven.[120]
  • 22 April 1999 – A Boeing 727 ZS-IJE was damaged beyond repair by large hailstones while on approach for landing. The aircraft landed safely with no loss of life.[121]
  • 3 November 2001 – A Reims-Cessna F406 crashed shortly after takeoff from runway 03R, killing all 3 occupants. The aircraft did not have a valid certificate of airworthiness at the time of the incident.[122]
  • 9 April 2004 – An Emirates Airbus A340-300 A6-ERN operating flight EK764 from Johannesburg to Dubai sustained serious damage during takeoff when it failed to become airborne before the end of the runway, striking 25 approach lights, causing four tyres to burst which in turn threw debris into various parts of the aircraft, ultimately damaging the flap drive mechanism. This rendered the flaps immoveable in the takeoff position. The aircraft returned for an emergency landing during which the normal braking system failed as a result of the damage. The aircraft was brought to a stop only 250 metres from the end of the 3,400-metre runway using reverse thrust and the alternate braking system.[123][124] In their report, South African investigators found that the captain had used an erroneous take-off technique, and criticised Emirates training and rostering practices.[125]
  • 22 December 2013 – A British Airways Boeing 747-400 G-BNLL operating flight BA33 collided with a building at the airport. Four ground-handling staff in the building sustained minor injuries. The airplane was written off and scrapped by April 2015.[126][127][128]
  • 26 October 2015 – A British Airways operated by Comair Boeing 737-400 ZS-OAA operating flight BA6234 from Port Elizabeth suffered a gear collapse while landing at the airport. There were no injuries.[129][130]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "O. R. Tambo International airport – Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Archived from the original on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  2. ^ "O.R. Tambo Airport Passenger Statistics". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  3. ^ World Cup improvements at Johannesburg airport nearly complete Archived 6 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine YouTube (5 April 2010).
  4. ^ Bulpin, T.V. (1980). Mayhew, Vic; Duncan, Tony; Handler, Rosemund (eds.). Illustrated Guide to Southern Africa (2 ed.). Reader's Digest. p. 198, col. 1. ISBN 0-620-04650-3.
  5. ^ "T Mbeki: O R Tambo International Airport renaming | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Greathead, Walter Robinson; Hawkins, Robert Drake (January 1948). "First stages in the construction of the Jan Smuts Airport, Johannesburg - Historical". Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese. 46 (1): 224–225. Archived from the original on 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.| – via Sabinet (subscription required)
  7. ^ a b c d e f "South Africa's Main Airport". Flight International. 64 (2332): 481. 2 October 1953 – via Internet Archive.
  8. ^ a b c "South Africa Officially Opens Jan Smuts Airport". Foreign Commerce Weekly. 50 (20): 23. 16 November 1953 – via Internet Archive.
  9. ^ a b c d Mitchell, Malcolm (October 2014). "Chapter 9 : Airport infrastructure development in South Africa - a rapidly growing sector of the transport 'family' : infrastructure". Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese. 22 (9): 49–51. Archived from the original on 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.| – via Sabinet (subscription required)
  10. ^ a b c d e f Westwood, A.R.; Klintworth, K.E.; Kemp, W.J. (October 1971). "The Boeing 747 hangar at Jan Smuts Airport". Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese. 13 (10): 339–348. Archived from the original on 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.| – via Sabinet (subscription required)
  11. ^ TIMELINE −70s Archived 11 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Concorde Sst (21 January 1976).
  12. ^ "Details p of Air Rhodesia Flight RH825". Viscount Disasters. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Airside corridor facilitates passenger handling at Jan Smuts". Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese. 1 (11): 14–16. December 1993. Archived from the original on 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.| – via Sabinet (subscription required)
  14. ^ "Busiest Airports in Africa". Pprune.org. PRRuNe Forums. 13 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 October 2009.
  15. ^ Airports Company South Africa Annual Report – Part I, archived from the original on 20 July 2011
  16. ^ Wolmarans, Riaan (10 July 2006). "Welcome to OR Tambo Airport". Mail&Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 July 2006. Retrieved 22 September 2006.
  17. ^ Oliver R Tambo (Johannesburg) International Airport (JNB/FAJS) Archived 28 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Airport Technology (15 June 2011).
  18. ^ "Climate and weather in Johannesburg and on the Highveld, South Africa". Southafrica-travel.net. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  19. ^ "South African Civil Aviation Authority, AIRAC AIP Supplement S087/12, 20 September 2012" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ a b c "OR Tambo INTL RWY 03L-21R" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 April 2018.
  21. ^ a b c "OR Tambo INTL RWY 03R-21L" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 April 2018.
  22. ^ "FAOR Ground Movement chart" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 March 2016.
  23. ^ "Contact Us". Mango. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013. Physical address: Mezzanine Level, Domestic Departure Terminal, O.R. Tambo International Airport, 1627
  24. ^ ACSA news Archived 20 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Airlines moving to Terminal B.
  25. ^ "Timetable". Air Austral. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Air Belgium to Begin Flights to Johannesburg and Cape Town from September". Aviationghana.com. 23 March 2022. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  27. ^ "Flight schedule". Air Botswana. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  28. ^ "Flight schedule Information". Air China. Archived from the original on 26 March 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  29. ^ "Flight schedule". Air France. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  30. ^ a b "Timetable" (PDF). SkyTeam. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  31. ^ "Air Madagascar resumes Antananarivo-Johannesburg from mid-June 2019". Routes Online. Archived from the original on 3 May 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  32. ^ "Timetable" (PDF). Air Mauritius. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 December 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  33. ^ "Air Peace to commence commercial flights into Johannesburg". 27 October 2020.
  34. ^ Steven Walker (14 April 2022). "Air Peace returns to Dubai, Johannesburg". Simple Flying.
  35. ^ "Flights to Johannesburg". Air Seychelles. 29 December 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  36. ^ "Timetable and Networking". Air Zimbabwe. Archived from the original on 13 November 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  37. ^ "Airlink launches new daily service between Jhb and Livingstone". www.bizcommunity.com. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  38. ^ "Flight schedule". Airlink.
  39. ^ https://www.flyairlink.com/flightinfo[bare URL]
  40. ^ "Asky Airlines resumes Johannesburg flights". AeroRoutes. 11 April 2022.
  41. ^ "While UK route remains closed, British Airways starts flying to East London – at R595 one-way".
  42. ^ "Timetables". British Airways. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  43. ^ "Comair to relaunch British Airways flights this week". 7 December 2020.
  44. ^ "Flight timetable". Cathay Pacific. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  45. ^ "CemAir / Scheduled flights in South Africa".
  46. ^ Kate (14 November 2019). "CemAir resumes flights". Business Traveller Africa. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  47. ^ "CemAir / Johannesburg".
  48. ^ Casey, David. "Condor Adds New South Africa Route". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  49. ^ "Network Map". Congo Airways. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  50. ^ "Flight index 8Z". flightmapper.net. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  51. ^ "Worldwide Timetable" (PDF). Delta Air Lines. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  52. ^ "Timetable". EgyptAir. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  53. ^ "EgyptAir resumes more flight destinations | Times Aerospace".
  54. ^ "Flight Schedule". El Al. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  55. ^ "Flight schedules". Emirates. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  56. ^ By. "New Eswatini Air Set to Launch With Flights to South Africa, Zimbabwe". Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  57. ^ 0:00 (22 July 2020). "'New era of competition' as Airlink, Eswatini end decades-long joint venture | Fin24". News24.com. Retrieved 1 May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  58. ^ "Flight Schedule". Ethiopian Airlines. Archived from the original on 31 March 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  59. ^ "Flight timetables". Etihad. Archived from the original on 17 April 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  60. ^ "Route overview". Fastjet. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  61. ^ "Pack your bags, Flysafair is heading to Mauritius".
  62. ^ "Cheap Flight Schedules". FlySafair. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  63. ^ "Direct Flights to Zanzibar". Africastay.com. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  64. ^ "Flight Timetable and Schedules". Kenya Airways. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  65. ^ a b "Worldwide timetable" (PDF). SkyTeam. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  66. ^ "Timetable". KLM. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  67. ^ "Flight schedule". Kulula.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  68. ^ "Kulula resumes flights in South Africa today".
  69. ^ Posted by Seb (14 February 2020). "TravelComments.com Official Blog: LAM - Mozambique Airlines to launch flights between Pemba <> Johannesburg! [update]". Umhambi.blogspot.com. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  70. ^ "Flight index TM". Flightmapper.net. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  71. ^ "Timetable" (PDF). Lufthansa. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  72. ^ "Flight Schedule". Malawi Airlines. Archived from the original on 6 April 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  73. ^ "PRoFlight Zambia adds Johannesburg service from Sep 2019". Airlineroute. 9 July 2019. Archived from the original on 9 July 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  74. ^ "Timetable". Qantas. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  75. ^ "Flights Time table". Qatar Airways. Archived from the original on 4 October 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  76. ^ "Royal Zambian Airlines commences flight operations".
  77. ^ "Flight Schedule". RwandAir. Archived from the original on 20 September 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  78. ^ "Flight Schedule". Saudia. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  79. ^ "Flight schedules". Singapore Airlines. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  80. ^ "Singapore Airlines to resume Joburg flights from October".
  81. ^ Johnson, Harry. "South African Airways relaunches Johannesburg to Durban flights now". eTurboNews. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  82. ^ "SAA takes off on September 23 with these routes".
  83. ^ "Flight Schedules". South African Airways. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  84. ^ "Timetable". Swiss International Air Lines. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  85. ^ "Routes and Timetables". TAAG Angola Airlines. Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  86. ^ "Flight Timetable". Turkish Airlines. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  87. ^ SoftPower (31 May 2021). "Uganda Airlines Direct Flights To South Africa Excite Frequent Travelers". Kampala: SoftPower Uganda. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  88. ^ "United Airlines Plans to Increase Service on More than 40 Caribbean and Mexican Beach Routes in November". United. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  89. ^ "United pushes back two major long-haul launches following low demand". Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  90. ^ "Flight Schedules". Virgin Atlantic. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  91. ^ Astral Aviation - Schedule retrieved 24 April 2022
  92. ^ bidaircargo.com - Network retrieved 13 January 2021
  93. ^ cargolux.com - Network & Offices retrieved 13 January 2021
  94. ^ "Egyptair Cargo Schedule". Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  95. ^ skychain.emirates.com - View Schedule retrieved 13 January 2021
  96. ^ cargoethiopianairlines.com - Cargo Network retrieved 13 January 2021
  97. ^ - Cargo Schedule retrieved 13 May 2022
  98. ^ "FedEx picks OR Tambo airport for its maiden cargo flight in Africa".
  99. ^ lufthansa-cargo.com - Routes & Schedules retrieved 13 January 2021
  100. ^ afklcargo.com - Network retrieved 24 April 2022
  101. ^ qrcargo.com - Schedule retrieved 13 January 2021
  102. ^ saudiacargo.com - Network retrieved 13 January 2021
  103. ^ siacargo.com - Network retrieved 24 April 2022
  104. ^ turkishcargo.com - Flight Schedule retrieved 13 January 2021
  105. ^ ugandaaircargo.com - Destination Route retrieved 13 January 2021
  106. ^ "O. R. Tambo International Airport – Passenger Statistics". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  107. ^ "ACSA – Cape Town Aircraft Statistics". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  108. ^ "Statistics". www.airports.co.za. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  109. ^ "nim-and-jeanswear-with-a-junior-collection-948588/ Background". Ekurhuleni. 3 (3/8). Retrieved 30 September 2009.
  110. ^ "South African Airways – Corporate Travel Terms and Conditions" (PDF). South African Airways. Retrieved 23 June 2010. ... with its principal place of business at No 1 Jones Road, Airways Park, O.R. Tambo International Airport
  111. ^ "Policies & Disclaimer". South African Airways. Archived from the original on 17 November 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010. Physical address for receipt of legal service: Airways Park, 1 Jones Road, OR Tambo International Airport, Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa.
  112. ^ Beaver, Robyn (2004). 1000 Architects. Vol. 1. Images Publishing. p. 504. ISBN 9781876907914. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. ISBN 1-876907-91-6, ISBN 978-1-876907-91-4
  113. ^ "Printable version of the site." Stauch Vorster Architects. 10/18. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
  114. ^ "Contact Us". South African Express. Retrieved 6 February 2011. OR Tambo International Airport Head Office:[...]}
  115. ^ "{{Dead link|date=July 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes } About Us] Archived 19 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine." South African Express. Retrieved on 6 February 2011. "The airline's head office is based at OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg."
  116. ^ "https://eprretailnews.com/2018/02/13/belk-launches-its-sixth-annual-southern-designer-showcase-8949954/ Legal] Archived 2 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine." South African Express. Retrieved on 6 February 2011. "Street Address: 4th Floor Offices, West Wing, Pier Development, Johannesburg International Airport"
  117. ^ Grant, Tavia (28 September 2006). "Bombardier wins $1.65-billion in contracts". The Globe and Mail. Canada.[permanent dead link]
  118. ^ SouthAfrica.info (13 October 2006). "SA's high-speed train on track". Archived from the original on 17 October 2008. Retrieved 11 October 2008.
  119. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
  120. ^ ASN Aircraft accident Embraer 110P1 Bandeirante ZS-LGP Germiston, c. 13 km SW of Johannesburg International Airport (JNB) Archived 12 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Aviation-safety.net.
  121. ^ "Boeing B727-23 (sic), Johannesburg International Airport" (PDF). South African Civil Aviation Authority. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
  122. ^ "ReimsF406 – 700m South of the threshold of Runway 03R FAJS" (PDF). South African Civil Aviation Authority. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
  123. ^ "Report: Emirates A340 at Johannesburg on April 20th 2004, runway overrun during takeoff, near catastrophy". Avherald.com. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  124. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A340 A6-ERN". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  125. ^ David Learmount (11 January 2006). "Emirates censured in Airbus A340 Johannesburg runway overrun probe". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 30 January 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  126. ^ "Accident: British Airways B744 at Johannesburg on Dec 22nd 2013, took wrong taxiway and buried wing in building". Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  127. ^ Malkin, Bonnie (22 December 2013). "British Airways plane collides with building at Johannesburg airport". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  128. ^ https://www.airfleets.net/ficheapp/plane-b747-24054.htm Archived 9 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine>
  129. ^ "Accident: Comair B734 at Johannesburg on Oct 26th 2015, left main gear collapse on landing". Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  130. ^ Kubheka, Thando (26 October 2015). "British Airways Plane in 'Incident' at OR Tambo". Eyewitness News. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017.

External linksEdit