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Cape Town International Airport (IATA: CPT, ICAO: FACT) is the primary airport serving the city of Cape Town, and is the second-busiest airport in South Africa and fifth-busiest in Africa. Located approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city centre, the airport was opened in 1954 to replace Cape Town's previous airport, Wingfield Aerodrome. Cape Town International Airport is the only airport in the Cape Town metropolitan area that offers scheduled passenger services. The airport has domestic and international terminals, linked by a common central terminal.

Cape Town International Airport
2013.01.03 Ciudad del Cabo, ZA (22).JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAirports Company South Africa
ServesCape Town
LocationMatroosfontein, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
Hub for
Elevation AMSL46 m / 151 ft
Coordinates33°58′10″S 018°35′50″E / 33.96944°S 18.59722°E / -33.96944; 18.59722Coordinates: 33°58′10″S 018°35′50″E / 33.96944°S 18.59722°E / -33.96944; 18.59722
Websiteacsa.co.za
Map
CPT is located in Cape Town
CPT
CPT
Location within the Cape Town metropolitan area
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,201 10,502 Asphalt
16/34 1,701 5,581 Asphalt
Statistics (Apr 2016 - Mar 2017)
Passengers10,211,390
Aircraft movements99,337

The airport has direct flights from South Africa's other two main urban areas, Johannesburg and Durban, as well as flights to smaller centres in South Africa. Internationally, it has direct flights to several destinations in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Europe. The air route between Cape Town and Johannesburg was the world's ninth-busiest air route in 2011 with an estimated 4.5 million passengers.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

D.F. Malan Airport was opened in 1954, a year after Jan Smuts Airport (now OR Tambo International Airport) on the Witwatersrand, near Johannesburg, opened. The airport replaced Cape Town's previous airport, Wingfield Aerodrome. Originally called after the then South African prime minister, it initially offered two international flights: a direct flight to Britain and a second flight to Britain via Johannesburg.[2]

With the fall of apartheid in the early 1990s, ownership of the airport was transferred from the state to the newly formed Airports Company South Africa,[3] and the airport was renamed to the politically neutral Cape Town International Airport.[4] The first years of the twenty-first century saw tremendous growth at the airport; from handling 6.2 million passengers per annum in 2004–05, the airport peaked at 8.4 million passengers per annum in 2007–08 before falling back to 7.8 million in 2008–09. In 2016, the airport saw a 29% increase in international arrivals; 2016 also saw the airport handle 10 million passengers per annum.

Name changeEdit

On 16 April 2018, it was reported in the Cape Times that the Minister of Transport, Bonginkosi Nzimande, had directed ACSA on 22 March 2018 to change the name of Cape Town International Airport to Nelson Mandela International Airport.[5] The name change was discussed and as yet no name change had been published in the Government Gazette.[6]

On 5 March 2019, the EFF filed a motion in Parliament calling for the renaming of Cape Town International Airport after anti-apartheid icon Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. One of the arguments of the opposition was that the Parliament is not constitutionally empowered to resolve on any name change and that it was the responsibility of the South African Geographical Names Council (SAGNC) to deal with name changes. The motion was not successful.[7] Until such time as the name change has been published in the Government Gazette, it remains Cape Town International Airport.

DevelopmentsEdit

In preparation for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Cape Town International Airport was extensively expanded and renovated. The main focus was the development of a Central Terminal Building at a cost of R1.6 billion,[8] which linked the formerly separate domestic and international terminals and provided a common check-in area.[9] The departures level of the Central Terminal opened in November 2009, with the entire building opened in April 2010.[8]

Apart from the completion of the 2010 expansion project,it has been proposed that a second runway for large aircraft be constructed at the airport, to be completed by 2015. In May 2015, Airports Company South Africa announced a R7.7 billion expansion for the airport.The expansion includes the upgrades of the Domestic & International terminals. The expansion project is set to start construction at the end of 2018 and to be completed by mid 2022.

FacilitiesEdit

 
Apron view
 
Check-in hall

TerminalEdit

The airport has two terminals linked by the central terminal.

Central Terminal

The terminal building has a split-level design, with departures located in the upper floors and arrivals in the lower floors; an elevated roadway system provides vehicular access to both departures and arrivals levels.[9] All check-in takes place within the Central Terminal Building, which contains 120 check-in desks and 20 self-service kiosks.[9] Passengers then pass through a consolidated security screening area before dividing.Passengers flying internationally head to the northern part of the airport which is the international terminal, and passengers flying to other parts of South Africa head to the southern part of the airport to the domestic terminal

The terminal has 10 air bridges, evenly split between domestic and international usage. Sections of lower levels of the domestic and international terminals are used for transporting passengers via bus to and from remotely parked aircraft.[9]

Arriving passengers collect luggage in the old sections of their respective terminals, before proceeding through new passageways to the new Central Terminal Building.[8] The terminal contains an automated baggage handling system, capable of handling 30,000 bags per hour.[9]

Retail outlets are located on the lower (arrivals) level of the terminal at landside, as well as airside at the departure gates. Retail outlets are diverse, including foreign exchange services, bookstores, clothing retailers, grocery stores, souvenir outlets and duty-free in international departures. Restaurants within the terminal building are located on the upper (3rd) level above the departures level, which includes what is purported to be the largest Spur restaurant on the African continent, at 1,080 m2 (11,600 sq ft).[9] The restaurant level overlooks the airside of the terminal, where a glass curtain wall separates the patrons from the planes 3 storeys below. On the 4th floor is where the airports lounges are situated. The Bidvest as well as South African Airways lounges can be found.

International Terminal

The international terminal is located on the northern side of the airport. Customs and Immigration facilities, lounges, duty free shops, restaurants, prayer rooms, conference rooms, airline offices, and chapels are located in the terminal.

Domestic Terminal

Located on the southern side of the airport, it has the same facilities as the international terminal with exception of Immigration facilities.

Other facilitiesEdit

There are two hotels located within the airport precinct, one being Hotel Verde, a four-star hotel owned by Bon Hotels, one of the best airport hotels in the world and considered to be "Africa's greenest hotel",[10] and other being Road Lodge, a budget hotel owned by the City Lodge hotel chain group. An ExecuJet facility is located near the southern end of the main runway, and caters for business jets. The airport also has a MyCiti BRT station, which connects across the whole of Cape Town including east of the city of Khayelitsha.


Airlines and destinationsEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Air Botswana Gaborone[11]
Airlink George, Kimberley, Maun, Nelspruit, Skukuza, Upington, Victoria Falls, Walvis Bay[12], Windhoek–Hosea Kutako
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle (resumes 27 June 2019)[13]
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air Namibia Walvis Bay, Windhoek–Hosea Kutako
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
British Airways Durban, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, London–Heathrow, Port Elizabeth
Seasonal: London–Gatwick
Cathay Pacific Seasonal: Hong Kong[14]
CemAir5 Plettenberg Bay, Hoedspruit (all flights suspended)[15]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
FlySafair Durban, East London, Johannesburg–Lanseria, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Port Elizabeth
Seasonal: George
Joon Paris–Charles de Gaulle (ends 27 June 2019)[13]
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta1
KLM Amsterdam
Kulula.com Durban, Johannesburg–Lanseria, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Mango Bloemfontein, Durban, Johannesburg–Lanseria, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Port Elizabeth
Qatar Airways Doha
Rwandair Harare 2, Kigali
Singapore Airlines Singapore3
South African Airways Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo
South African Express Bloemfontein, Durban, East London, Hoedspruit, Walvis Bay[16]
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: London–Gatwick
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark (begins 16 December 2019)[17]
Westair Aviation Windhoek-Eros4


Notes
  • ^1 : This flight operates via Victoria Falls/Livingstone.
  • ^2 : This flight operates via Harare. Rwandair has full traffic rights to transport passengers between Harare and Cape Town.
  • ^3 : This flight operates via Johannesburg. However this carrier does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Cape Town and Johannesburg.
  • ^4 : This flight continues to Oranjemund. However, this carrier does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Cape Town and Oranjemund.
  • ^5 : Operations of CemAir supended since Dec 2018[18].

StatisticsEdit

Passenger trafficEdit

Annual passenger traffic for Cape Town International Airport[19]
Fiscal year International Regional Domestic Unscheduled Total
Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change
2004–05 1,176,958 no data 126,837 no data 4,895,048 no data 16,060 no data 6,214,903 no data
2005–06 1,167,661  0.8% 149,489  17.9% 5,503,690  12.4% 13,333  17.0% 6,834,173  10.0%
2006–07 1,246,016  6.7% 147,885  1.1% 6,107,405  11.0% 17,237  29.3% 7,518,543  10.0%
2007–08 1,309,822  5.1% 145,858  1.4% 6,950,061  13.8% 20,877  21.1% 8,426,618  12.1%
2008–09 1,378,160  5.2% 138,000  5.4% 6,283,132  9.6% 13,878  33.5% 7,813,170  7.3%
2009–10 1,284,990  6.8% 122,584  11.2% 6,391,079  1.7% 11,416  17.7% 7,810,069  0.0%
2010–11 1,261,024  1.9% 122,609  0.0% 6,781,143  6.1% 35,771  213% 8,200,547  5.0%
2011–12 1,400,487  11.1% 133,280  8.7% 7,028,669  3.7% 13,902  157% 8,576,338  4.6%
2012–13 1,325,481  5.4% 144,148  8.2% 6,951,577  1.1% 13,593  2.2% 8,434,799  1.7%
2013-14 1,355,524  2.3% 143,356  0.7% 6,879,919  1.0% 14,190  4.4% 8,392,989  0.5%
2014-15 1,452,360  7.1% 150,602  5.1% 7,142,907  3.9% 10,003  41.9% 8,755,872  4.3%
2015-16 1,564,464  7.7% 179,775  19.4% 7,902,362  10.6% 12,988  29.8% 9,659,589  10.3%
2016-17 1,934,641  23.7% 197,437  9.8% 8,067,516  2.1% 11,796  9.2% 10,211,390  5.7%
2017-18 2,243,367  16% 208,903  5.8% 8,286,618  2.7% 13,358  13.2% 10,752,246  5.3%

Aircraft movementsEdit

Annual aircraft movements for Cape Town International Airport[20]
Fiscal year International Regional Domestic Unscheduled Total
Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change
2004–05 4,355 no data 4,242 no data 56,810 no data 27,154 no data 92,561 no data
2005–06 4,296  1.4% 4,169  1.7% 58,099  2.3% 22,326  17.8% 88,890  4.0%
2006–07 4,623  7.6% 3,698  11.3% 60,470  4.1% 22,602  1.2% 91,393  2.8%
2007–08 5,019  8.6% 3,420  7.5% 69,819  15.5% 24,027  6.3% 102,285  11.9%
2008–09 5,638  12.3% 3,340  2.3% 65,623  6.0% 21,042  12.4% 95,643  6.5%
2009–10 4,884  13.4% 3,296  1.3% 65,020  0.9% 19,379  7.9% 92,579  3.2%
2010–11 4,868  0.3% 3,137  4.8% 66,587  2.4% 19,031  1.8% 93,623  1.1%
2012–13 4,906  0.8% 3,557  4.8% 62,065  6.7% 18,545  1.8% 89,073  4.9%
2013–14 4,961  1.1% 2,855  4.8% 60,665  2.3% 20,092  1.8% 88,573  0.6%
2014–15 5,091  2.6% 3,135  4.8% 64,269  5.9% 18,651  1.8% 91,146  2.9%
2015–16 5,568  9.4% 4,783  4.8% 70,731  10% 19,139  1.8% 100,221  10%
2016–17 7,121  27.9% 5,048  4.8% 71,081  0.5% 16,087  1.8% 99,337  0.9%
2017–18 9,206  29.3% 5,048  4.8% 72,110  1.4% 16,252  1.8% 103,001  3.7%

Ground transportEdit

CarEdit

Cape Town International Airport is approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city centre and is accessible from the N2 freeway, with Airport Approach Road providing a direct link between the N2 (at exit 16) and the airport. The airport can also be indirectly accessed from the R300 freeway via the M12, M10 and M22.

The airport provides approximately 1,424 parking bays in the general parking area, and 1,748 parking bays in the multi-storey parkade located near the domestic terminal.[21] A new parkade, which is located near the international terminal and while a provides an additional 4,000 bays, was opened in 2010.[22] The airport also offers a valet parking service.[21]

Public transportEdit

The MyCiTi bus rapid transit system provides a shuttle service connecting the airport with the Civic Centre bus station in the city centre. Buses depart every 20 minutes from 04:20 to 22:00.[23] Transport to and from the airport is also provided by metered taxis and various private shuttle companies.[4]

Rail linkEdit

There is no direct rail access to Cape Town International Airport. The Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa has proposed a 4 km (2.5 mi) rail link between the airport and Cape Town's existing suburban rail network.

AccoladesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Economist, Online (14 May 2012). "Top Flights". The Economist. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  2. ^ Bickford-Smith, Vivian; E. Van Heyningen; Nigel Worden (1999). Cape Town in the twentieth century: an illustrated social history. Cape Town: New Africa Books. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-86486-384-3. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  3. ^ "ACSA – History". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Cape Town Airport (CPT) Information – Airports Guide to Cape Town". airports-guides.com. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  5. ^ Villette, Francesca (16 April 2018). "Cape Town International Airport IS to be renamed". iol.co.za. Cape Times. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Government Gazette online (search)". Green Gazette. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  7. ^ https://www.timeslive.co.za/politics/2019-03-05-anc-shoots-down-eff-plan-to-rename-cape-town-airport-after-mama-winnie/
  8. ^ a b c Nicholson, Zara (8 November 2009). "New terminal hailed as a success". Sunday Argus. IOL. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "ACSA – New Developments". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  10. ^ "These are the 10 best airport hotels in the world". The Independent. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  11. ^ http://info.flightmapper.net/route/Air_Botswana_BP_CPT_GBE
  12. ^ https://www.flyairlink.com/flightschedule
  13. ^ a b "Air France to conclude JOON brand in late-June 2019". 22 February 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  14. ^ Cathay Pacific to fly non-stop to Cape Town from November
  15. ^ http://www.flycemair.co.za/
  16. ^ http://atwonline.com/airlines/south-african-regional-sa-express-cleared-restart-flights
  17. ^ "United to start flights to Cape town in December, 2019".
  18. ^ "CemAir flights still grounded after failed court bid". Fin24. 24 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  19. ^ "ACSA – Cape Town Passenger Statistics". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  20. ^ "ACSA – Cape Town Aircraft Statistics". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  21. ^ a b "ACSA – Cape Town – Maps and parking". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 13 November 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  22. ^ "More parking comes online at Cape Town International Airport". Airports Company South Africa. 10 December 2009. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  23. ^ "Last 'Free Friday' for MyCiti inner city loop…for a while". City of Cape Town. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  24. ^ "World Airport Awards 2009 – Regional Results". Skytrax. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  25. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Africa" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012
  26. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ http://ewn.co.za/2018/03/23/ct-has-africa-s-best-airport-for-third-straight-year

External linksEdit

  Media related to Cape Town International Airport at Wikimedia Commons