Cape Town International Airport

Cape Town International Airport (IATA: CPT, ICAO: FACT) is the primary international airport serving the city of Cape Town, and is the second-busiest airport in South Africa and fourth-busiest in Africa. Located approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city centre, the airport was opened in 1954 to replace Cape Town's previous airport, Wingfield Aerodrome. Cape Town International Airport is the only airport in the Cape Town metropolitan area that offers scheduled passenger services. The airport has domestic and international terminals, linked by a common central terminal.

Cape Town International Airport
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Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAirports Company South Africa
ServesCape Town, South Africa
LocationMatroosfontein, Western Cape, South Africa
Opened1954; 67 years ago (1954)
Hub for
Focus city forSouth African Airways
Elevation AMSL46 m / 151 ft
Coordinates33°58′10″S 018°35′50″E / 33.96944°S 18.59722°E / -33.96944; 18.59722Coordinates: 33°58′10″S 018°35′50″E / 33.96944°S 18.59722°E / -33.96944; 18.59722
Websiteairports.co.za
Map
CPT is located in Cape Town
CPT
CPT
Location within the Cape Town metropolitan area
CPT is located in Western Cape
CPT
CPT
CPT (Western Cape)
CPT is located in South Africa
CPT
CPT
CPT (South Africa)
CPT is located in Africa
CPT
CPT
CPT (Africa)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,201 10,502 Asphalt
16/34 1,701 5,581 Asphalt
Statistics (Jan-Dec 2019)
Passengers10,979,946
Aircraft movements94,027

The airport has direct flights from South Africa's other two main urban areas, Johannesburg and Durban, as well as flights to smaller centres in South Africa. Internationally, it has direct flights to several destinations in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Europe and the United States. The air route between Cape Town and Johannesburg was the world's ninth-busiest air route in 2011 with an estimated 4.5 million passengers.[1]

HistoryEdit

D.F. Malan Airport was opened in 1954, a year after Jan Smuts Airport (now OR Tambo International Airport) on the Witwatersrand, near Johannesburg, opened. The airport replaced Cape Town's previous airport, Wingfield Aerodrome. Originally named after the then South African prime minister, it initially offered two international flights: a direct flight to Britain and a second flight to Britain via Johannesburg.[2] By 1977, the airport had acquired nonstop connectivity with South America, with Varig operating flights to Rio de Janeiro.[3]

With the fall of apartheid in the early 1990s, ownership of the airport was transferred from the state to the newly formed Airports Company South Africa,[4] and the airport was renamed to the politically neutral Cape Town International Airport.[5] Additionally, South African Airways launched a route to North America in 1992, linking Cape Town to Miami.[6] The destination of this flight later changed to Fort Lauderdale and finally to Atlanta.[7][8]

The first years of the twenty-first century saw tremendous growth at the airport; from handling 6.2 million passengers per annum in 2004–05, the airport peaked at 8.4 million passengers per annum in 2007–08 before falling back to 7.8 million in 2008–09.[citation needed] On the other hand, South African Airways had terminated the flight to Atlanta by 2006.[9] In 2011, Malaysia Airlines withdrew its service to Buenos Aires, which had begun in the 1990s.[10][11]

In 2016, the airport saw a 29% increase in international arrivals; 2016 also saw the airport handle 10 million passengers per annum.[citation needed] Three years later, a new connection to North America commenced upon United Airlines' arrival from Newark.[12]

Name changeEdit

On 16 April 2018, it was reported in the Cape Times that the Minister of Transport, Bonginkosi Nzimande, had directed ACSA on 22 March 2018 to change the name of Cape Town International Airport to Nelson Mandela International Airport.[13] The name change was discussed and as yet no name change had been published in the Government Gazette.[14]

On 5 March 2019, the EFF filed a motion in Parliament calling for the renaming of Cape Town International Airport after anti-apartheid icon Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. Whilst members of the Khoi community pushed for the airport to be named after the !Uriǁ'aeǀona translator and cultural icon Krotoa.[15] One of the arguments of the opposition was that the Parliament is not constitutionally empowered to resolve on any name change and that it was the responsibility of the South African Geographical Names Council (SAGNC) to deal with name changes. The motion was not successful.[16]

Until a name change has been published in the Government Gazette, it remains Cape Town International Airport. In February 2021, the Cape Times reported that the proposed name change of the airport had been "quietly ditched".[17]

DevelopmentsEdit

In preparation for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Cape Town International Airport was extensively expanded and renovated. The main focus was the development of a Central Terminal Building at a cost of R1.6 billion,[18] which linked the formerly separate domestic and international terminals and provided a common check-in area.[19] The departures level of the Central Terminal opened in November 2009, with the entire building opened in April 2010.[18]

Apart from the completion of the 2010 expansion project, it had been proposed that a second runway for large aircraft be constructed at the airport, to be completed by 2015. However, this second runway has not been constructed. In May 2015, Airports Company South Africa announced a R7.7 billion expansion for the airport. The expansion includes the upgrades of the Domestic & International terminals. The expansion project is set to start construction at the end of 2018 and to be completed by mid-2022.

FacilitiesEdit

 
Apron view
 
Check-in hall
 
Local and international departures area on the upper floor of the Central Terminal.
 
Interior of the International Arrivals floor

TerminalEdit

The airport has two terminals linked by the central terminal.

Central Terminal

The terminal building has a split-level design, with departures located on the upper floors and arrivals in the lower floors; an elevated roadway system provides vehicular access to both departures and arrivals levels.[19] All check-in takes place within the Central Terminal Building, which contains 120 check-in desks and 20 self-service kiosks.[19] Passengers then pass through a consolidated security screening area before dividing. Passengers flying internationally head to the northern part of the airport which is the international terminal, and passengers flying to other parts of South Africa head to the southern part of the airport to the domestic terminal.

The terminal has 10 air bridges, evenly split between domestic and international usage. Sections of lower levels of the domestic and international terminals are used for transporting passengers via bus to and from remotely parked aircraft.[19]

Arriving passengers collect luggage in the old sections of their respective terminals, before proceeding through new passageways to the new Central Terminal Building.[18] The terminal contains an automated baggage handling system, capable of handling 30,000 bags per hour.[19]

Retail outlets are located on the lower (arrivals) level of the terminal at landside, as well as airside at the departure gates. Retail outlets are diverse, including foreign exchange services, bookstores, clothing retailers, grocery stores, souvenir outlets and duty-free in international departures. Restaurants within the terminal building are located on the upper (3rd) level above the departures level, which includes what is purported to be the largest Spur restaurant on the African continent, at 1,080 m2 (11,600 sq ft).[19] The restaurant level overlooks the airside of the terminal, where a glass curtain wall separates the patrons from the planes three stories below. On the 4th floor is where the airport's lounges are situated. The Bidvest, as well as South African Airways lounges, can be found here.

International Terminal

The international terminal is located on the northern side of the airport. Customs and Immigration facilities, lounges, duty-free shops, restaurants, prayer rooms, conference rooms, airline offices, and chapels are located in the terminal.

Domestic Terminal

Located on the southern side of the airport, it has the same facilities as the international terminal, with the exception of Immigration facilities.

Other facilitiesEdit

There are two hotels located within the airport precinct: Hotel Verde, a four-star hotel owned by Bon Hotels and ranked as "Africa's greenest hotel",[20] and the other being Road Lodge, a budget hotel owned by the City Lodge hotel chain group. An ExecuJet facility is located near the southern end of the main runway and caters for business jets. The airport also has a MyCiti BRT station which connects across the whole of Cape Town, including east of Khayelitsha.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle[21]
Airlink Bloemfontein, George, Harare,[22] Hoedspruit, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kimberley, Maun, Nelspruit, Skukuza, Upington, Victoria Falls, Walvis Bay,[23] Windhoek–Hosea Kutako
Seasonal: Saint Helena[24]
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
British Airways Durban, East London,[25] Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, London–Heathrow,[26] Port Elizabeth
Cathay Pacific Seasonal: Hong Kong[27]
CemAir Durban, George,[28] Hoedspruit, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Emirates Dubai–International[29]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi (resumes 11 December 2021)[30]
FlyNamibia Windhoek–Hosea Kutako[31][32]
FlySafair Bloemfontein,[33] Durban, East London, Johannesburg–Lanseria, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Port Elizabeth
Kenya Airways Livingstone, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyattaa
KLM Amsterdam
Kulula.com Durban,[34] Johannesburg–Lanseria, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo
LIFT Airline Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Mango[35] Bloemfontein, Durban, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo (all temporarily suspended)[36]
Qatar Airways Doha
RwandAir Harare, Kigalib
Singapore Airlines Singapore[37]
South African Airways Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo[38]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
Virgin Atlantic Seasonal: London–Heathrow (resumes 17 December 2021)[39][40]
Notes
  • ^a : Kenya Airways flights to Nairobi operate via Victoria Falls and Livingstone.
  • ^b Flights to and from Kigali have a stopover in Harare. The airline has full traffic rights to transport passengers between Harare and Cape Town.

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
BidAir Cargo[41] Johannesburg–Lanseria, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo

StatisticsEdit

Passenger trafficEdit

Annual passenger traffic at CPT airport. See source Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic for Cape Town International Airport[42][43]
Fiscal year International Regional Domestic Unscheduled Total
Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change Passenger movements % Change
2004–05 1,176,958 no data 126,837 no data 4,895,048 no data 16,060 no data 6,214,903 no data
2005–06 1,167,661  0.8% 149,489  17.9% 5,503,690  12.4% 13,333  17.0% 6,834,173  10.0%
2006–07 1,246,016  6.7% 147,885  1.1% 6,107,405  11.0% 17,237  29.3% 7,518,543  10.0%
2007–08 1,309,822  5.1% 145,858  1.4% 6,950,061  13.8% 20,877  21.1% 8,426,618  12.1%
2008–09 1,378,160  5.2% 138,000  5.4% 6,283,132  9.6% 13,878  33.5% 7,813,170  7.3%
2009–10 1,284,990  6.8% 122,584  11.2% 6,391,079  1.7% 11,416  17.7% 7,810,069  0.0%
2010–11 1,261,024  1.9% 122,609  0.0% 6,781,143  6.1% 35,771  213% 8,200,547  5.0%
2011–12 1,400,487  11.1% 133,280  8.7% 7,028,669  3.7% 13,902  157% 8,576,338  4.6%
2012–13 1,325,481  5.4% 144,148  8.2% 6,951,577  1.1% 13,593  2.2% 8,434,799  1.7%
2013–14 1,355,524  2.3% 143,356  0.7% 6,879,919  1.0% 14,190  4.4% 8,392,989  0.5%
2014–15 1,452,360  7.1% 150,602  5.1% 7,142,907  3.9% 10,003  41.9% 8,755,872  4.3%
2015–16 1,564,464  7.7% 179,775  19.4% 7,902,362  10.6% 12,988  29.8% 9,659,589  10.3%
2016–17 1,934,641  23.7% 197,437  9.8% 8,067,516  2.1% 11,796  9.2% 10,211,390  5.7%
2017–18 2,243,367  16% 208,903  5.8% 8,286,618  2.7% 13,358  13.2% 10,752,246  5.3%
2018–19 2,406,594  7.3% 195,617  6.4% 8,209,610  0.1% 11,916  10.8% 10,823,737  0.1%
2019–20 2,356,225  2.1% 183,999  5.9% 8,137,246  0.9% 11,328  4.9% 10,688,798  1.2%

Aircraft movementsEdit

Annual aircraft movements for Cape Town International Airport[44]
Fiscal year International Regional Domestic Unscheduled Total
Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change Aircraft movements % Change
2004–05 4,355 no data 4,242 no data 56,810 no data 27,154 no data 92,561 no data
2005–06 4,296  1.4% 4,169  1.7% 58,099  2.3% 22,326  17.8% 88,890  4.0%
2006–07 4,623  7.6% 3,698  11.3% 60,470  4.1% 22,602  1.2% 91,393  2.8%
2007–08 5,019  8.6% 3,420  7.5% 69,819  15.5% 24,027  6.3% 102,285  11.9%
2008–09 5,638  12.3% 3,340  2.3% 65,623  6.0% 21,042  12.4% 95,643  6.5%
2009–10 4,884  13.4% 3,296  1.3% 65,020  0.9% 19,379  7.9% 92,579  3.2%
2010–11 4,868  0.3% 3,137  4.8% 66,587  2.4% 19,031  1.8% 93,623  1.1%
2012–13 4,906  0.8% 3,557  4.8% 62,065  6.7% 18,545  1.8% 89,073  4.9%
2013–14 4,961  1.1% 2,855  4.8% 60,665  2.3% 20,092  1.8% 88,573  0.6%
2014–15 5,091  2.6% 3,135  4.8% 64,269  5.9% 18,651  1.8% 91,146  2.9%
2015–16 5,568  9.4% 4,783  4.8% 70,731  10% 19,139  1.8% 100,221  10%
2016–17 7,121  27.9% 5,048  4.8% 71,081  0.5% 16,087  1.8% 99,337  0.9%
2017–18 9,206  29.3% 5,048  4.8% 72,110  1.4% 16,252  1.8% 103,001  3.7%
2018–19 10,490  13.9% 4,950  1.9% 67,328  6.6% 15,898  2.2% 98,666  4.2%

Ground transportEdit

CarEdit

Cape Town International Airport is approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city centre and is accessible from the N2 freeway, with Airport Approach Road providing a direct link between the N2 (at exit 16) and the airport. The airport can also be indirectly accessed from the R300 freeway via the M12, M10 and M22.

The airport provides approximately 1,424 parking spaces in the general parking area, and 1,748 parking bays in the multi-storey car park located near the domestic terminal.[45] A new car park opened in 2010, which is located near the international terminal and provides an additional 4,000 parking spaces.[46] The airport also offers a valet parking service.[45]

Public transportEdit

The MyCiTi bus rapid transit system provides a shuttle service connecting the airport with the Civic Centre bus station in the city centre. Buses depart every twenty minutes from 04:20-22:00.[47] Transport to and from the airport is also provided by metered taxis and various private shuttle companies.[5]

Rail linkEdit

There is no direct rail access to Cape Town International Airport. The Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa has proposed a 4 km (2.5 mi) rail link between the airport and Cape Town's existing suburban rail network.

AccoladesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Economist, Online (14 May 2012). "Top Flights". The Economist. Archived from the original on 5 June 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  2. ^ Bickford-Smith, Vivian; E. Van Heyningen; Nigel Worden (1999). Cape Town in the twentieth century: an illustrated social history. Cape Town: New Africa Books. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-86486-384-3.
  3. ^ "International routes". Varig. November 1977. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  4. ^ "ACSA – History". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  5. ^ a b "Cape Town Airport (CPT) Information – Airports Guide to Cape Town". airports-guides.com. Archived from the original on 28 March 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  6. ^ "Trip tips: Bulletin board". The Orlando Sentinel. 13 December 1992. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  7. ^ Stieghorst, Tom (27 January 2000). "S. African flights arriving soon". South Florida Sun Sentinel. pp. 1D, 2D.
  8. ^ "Island stop makes SAA's Atlanta hauls longer". Independent Online. 9 December 2002. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  9. ^ Tobin Ramos, Rachel (25 May 2006). "AeroMexico, South African departing Atlanta". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  10. ^ "Malaysia Airlines pulls out of SA". Independent Online. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  11. ^ "New oneworld member Malaysia Airlines seeks to finally turn the corner in 2013 but challenges remain". CAPA - Centre for Aviation. 27 December 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  12. ^ Githahu, Mwangi (17 December 2019). "Cape Town welcomes inaugural United Airlines flight". Independent Online. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  13. ^ Villette, Francesca (16 April 2018). "Cape Town International Airport IS to be renamed". iol.co.za. Cape Times. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Government Gazette online (search)". Green Gazette. 13 February 2019. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  15. ^ Solwandle, Nomawethu (18 September 2018). "Khoisan groups want Cape Town Airport named after Krotoa". SABC News. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  16. ^ "ANC shoots down EFF plan to rename Cape Town airport after Mama Winnie". Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  17. ^ Villette, Francesca (26 February 2021). "Cape Town airport name change ditched". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  18. ^ a b c Nicholson, Zara (8 November 2009). "New terminal hailed as a success". Sunday Argus. IOL. Archived from the original on 24 November 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "ACSA – New Developments". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  20. ^ "These are the 10 best airport hotels in the world". The Independent. 2 March 2018. Archived from the original on 12 March 2018.
  21. ^ https://www.getaway.co.za/travel-news/reopening-the-skies-cape-town-returns-to-air-frances-schedule/
  22. ^ "Airlink to introduce flights between Cape Town and Harare from Jan 18".
  23. ^ "Airlink jumps in with new West Coast route while Air Namibia heads for liquidation".
  24. ^ "New flights open up Napoleon's hidden Atlantic island to international visitors". CNN. 1 November 2019.
  25. ^ "While UK route remains closed, British Airways starts flying to East London – at R595 one-way".
  26. ^ https://www.getaway.co.za/travel-news/british-airways-plans-to-resume-cape-town-flights-in-november/
  27. ^ "Cathay Pacific to fly non-stop to Cape Town from November". Archived from the original on 22 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  28. ^ "Closure of Plettenberg Bay Airport to commercial flights sparks outcry".
  29. ^ "Emirates resumes flights to South Africa, Mauritius and Zimbabwe".
  30. ^ https://www.thenationalnews.com/travel/airlines/2021/11/15/etihad-postpones-cape-town-flight-launch-to-december/
  31. ^ https://m.facebook.com/flywestair/photos/a.443292949782946/1017096089069293/
  32. ^ https://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/109236-flywestair-rebrands-as-flynamibia/
  33. ^ "New SA route alert: FlySafair launches flights between Bloemfontein and Cape Town".
  34. ^ https://dx.flights.kulula.com/dx/MNDX/#/home?journeyType=round-trip&activeMonth=10-31-2021&direction=0&currency=ZAR&pointOfSale=ZA&locale=en-GB&awardBooking=false&origin=DUR&destination=CPT&class=Economy&ADT=1&CHD=0&INF=0&date=10-31-2021&origin1=CPT&destination1=DUR&date1=11-04-2021&searchType=BRANDED
  35. ^ "Mango to cancel all Lanseria International Airport flights from April 2020". IOL Travel. 26 February 2020.
  36. ^ https://www.flymango.com/upload/Responsive/Content/PDFs/MANGO%20WELCOMES%20COURT%20DECISION%20TO%20PLACE%20IT%20UNDER%20BUSINESS%20RESCUE.pdf
  37. ^ https://www.thesouthafrican.com/travel/singapore-airlines-cape-town-flights/
  38. ^ https://www.iol.co.za/travel/travel-news/saa-takes-off-on-september-23-with-these-routes-48f3e1df-e0a0-40ea-89a3-5fd103e1a28d[bare URL]
  39. ^ "KLM Reels Back South Africa Flights as Virgin Eyes Resumption". 14 December 2020.
  40. ^ "Virgin Atlantic outlines winter sun schedule".
  41. ^ bidaircargo.com - Network retrieved 13 January 2021
  42. ^ "ACSA – Cape Town Passenger Statistics". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  43. ^ "Passenger Statistics, June 2020" (PDF). Airports Company South Africa.
  44. ^ "ACSA – Cape Town Aircraft Statistics". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  45. ^ a b "ACSA – Cape Town – Maps and parking". Airports Company South Africa. Archived from the original on 13 November 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  46. ^ "More parking comes online at Cape Town International Airport". Airports Company South Africa. 10 December 2009. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  47. ^ "Last 'Free Friday' for MyCiti inner city loop…for a while". City of Cape Town. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  48. ^ "World Airport Awards 2009 – Regional Results". Skytrax. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  49. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Africa" Archived 11 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012
  50. ^ a b "Best Airport Staff in Africa". Archived from the original on 26 April 2015.
  51. ^ a b c d e f "Cape Town International Airport wins best in Africa – again!". Western Cape Government.
  52. ^ "CT HAS AFRICA'S BEST AIRPORT FOR THIRD STRAIGHT YEAR". Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Cape Town International Airport at Wikimedia Commons