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Coordinates: 26°10′38″S 28°13′19″E / 26.17722°S 28.22194°E / -26.17722; 28.22194

The East Rand is the urban eastern part of the Witwatersrand that is functionally merged with the Johannesburg conurbation in South Africa. This area became settled by Europeans after a gold-bearing reef was discovered in 1886 and sparked the gold rush that gave rise to the establishment of Johannesburg.

East Rand
Germiston CBD.jpg
Benoni CBD.jpg
Kempton Park CBD.jpg
Tembisa township, Gauteng, South Africa.jpg
Boksburg.JPG
Pentecost Protestant Church-Brakpan-001.jpg
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceGauteng
MunicipalityEkurhuleni
Government
 • MayorMzwandile Masina
Area
 • Total1,975 km2 (763 sq mi)
Population
 • Total3,178,470
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Racial makeup ()
 • Black African78.7%
 • Coloured2.7%
 • Indian/Asian2.1%
 • White15.8%
First languages ()
 • Zulu28.8%
 • English12.0%
 • Afrikaans11.9%
 • Northern Sotho11.4%
 • Other35.9%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
PO box
1462
HDIIncrease 0.74 High (2012)[1]
GDPUS$ 55.3 billion [2]
GDP per capitaUS$ 17,361 [2]

The large black townships of the East Rand were the scene of heavy clashes between the African National Congress and the Inkatha Freedom Party before the end of Apartheid.

The region extends from Germiston in the west to Springs in the east, and south down to Nigel, and includes the towns of Boksburg, Benoni, Brakpan, Kempton Park, Edenvale, and Bedfordview.

As part of the restructuring of municipalities in South Africa at the time, the local governments of the East Rand were merged into a single municipality in 1999, called City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, meaning "place of peace".

Despite having a separate municipal government, like the West Rand, the East Rand is included as the part of the Witwatersrand urban area. To this end, the East Rand shares the same dialling code as Johannesburg (011 locally). It is not uncommon for residents of the East Rand to work in Johannesburg proper and vice versa.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gauteng's Human Development Index" (PDF). Gauteng City-Region Observatory. 2013. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.