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Non-Inscrits ([nɔn.ɛ̃s.kʁi]; abbreviated NI; English: Non-Attached Members, abbreviated NA[1]) are Members of the European Parliament (MEP) who do not sit in one of the recognised political groups.

These MEPs may be members of a national party, or of a European political party, but for a political grouping to be formed in the European Parliament there need to be 25 MEPs from seven different states. Being part of a group grants access to state funds and committee seats, but the group members must be ideologically tied. Groups of convenience, such as the Technical Group of Independents, previously existed, but are no longer allowed, and the minimum requirements for group formation have been raised, forcing less numerous elements to sit as NIs.[clarification needed]

Political ideologies displayed by the Non-Inscrits range from conservatism, nationalism and national conservatism to social liberalism, populism, communism and neo-nazism.[dubious ] As of 2015 however, the Non-Inscrits mostly consist of far-right parties.[2]

In the 6th European Parliament 23 right-wing NIs briefly formed the Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty group at the start of 2007, but it collapsed on 14 November 2007 due to internal disagreements.[citation needed]

Contents

Current Term Non-Inscrits (2014–19)Edit

Source: [1]

The number of Non-Inscrits rose temporarily from 48 at the beginning of the term to 100 between 16 and 20 October 2014 when the EFDD group dissolved following the departure of Latvian MEP Iveta Grigule. The EFDD group was restored when Robert Iwaszkiewicz (KNP, Poland) decided to join it.

On 15 June 2015, 35 Non-Inscrits MEPs and a former EFDD member (Janice Atkinson, excluded from UKIP) formed a new group, named "Europe of Nations and Freedom" (ENF), around Marine Le Pen (FN) and Marcel de Graaff (PVV), later joined on 24 June 2015 by Aymeric Chauprade. The number of Non-Inscrits then fell to 14 on 22 July 2015, when Juan Fernando López Aguilar reintegrated S&D. Aymeric Chauprade left ENF on 9 November 2015. Marcus Pretzell was expelled from ECR before joining the ENF in May 2016, bringing the number of Non-Inscrits to 15. From May 2016 to May 2017 Renato Soru was expelled from S&D after being sentenced for tax evasion. When Steven Woolfe and Diane James left EFDD in October and November 2016 and Alessandra Mussolini left EPP during twelve days in November–December 2016 the number of Non-Inscrits grew to 19 before coming back to 18. Jacek Saryusz-Wolski was expelled from the EPP in March 2017.

Current membersEdit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  Denmark 1 Independent (elected with DF) Rikke Karlsson
(was member of ECR until 21 February 2018)
None
  France 1 National Rally (RN)
Rassemblement National
Bruno Gollnisch EAF / MENF
1 Comités Jeanne (elected with RN) Jean-Marie Le Pen APF
1 Independent (elected with RN) Sophie Montel
(was member of EFDD until 5 July 2018)
None
  Germany
1 Die PARTEI Martin Sonneborn None
1 National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD)
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands
Udo Voigt APF
  Greece 2 Golden Dawn (XA)
Χρυσή Αυγή
Chrysí Avgí
Georgios Epitidios None
Lambros Foundoulis
1 Greece Patriotic Radical Union (PATRIE) (elected with XA)
Ελλάδα - Πατριωτική Ριζοσπαστική Ένωση
Ellάda - Patriwtikή Rizospastikή Έnwsh
Eleftherios Synadinos None
2 Communist Party of Greece (KKE)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas
Konstantinos Papadakis INITIATIVE
Sotirios Zarianopoulos
  Hungary 1 Jobbik
Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom
Zoltán Balczó None
2 Independent (elected with Jobbik) Béla Kovács
Krisztina Morvai
  Poland 1 Liberty
Wolność
Dobromir Sośnierz
(left KNP and joined KORWiN, replacing Janusz Korwin-Mikke upon his resignation)
None
1 Civic Platform (PO)
Platforma Obywatelska
Jacek Saryusz-Wolski
(expelled from EPP in March 2017)
EPP
1 Independent (elected with PiS) Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski
(was member of ECR until 13 April 2018)
None
  United Kingdom 1 Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) Diane Dodds None
2 Independent (elected with UKIP) James Carver
(was member of EFDD until 28 May 2018)
Steven Woolfe
(was member of EFDD until 23 October 2016)

Previous membersEdit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  Austria 4 Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)
Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
Barbara Kappel[a] EAF / MENL
Georg Mayer[a]
Franz Obermayr[a]
Harald Vilimsky[a]
  Belgium 1 Flemish Interest (VB)
Vlaams Belang
Gerolf Annemans[a]
  France 18 National Front (FN)
Front National
Louis Aliot[a]
Marie-Christine Arnautu[a]
Nicolas Bay[a]
Dominique Bilde[a]
Marie-Christine Boutonnet[a]
Steeve Briois[a]
Mireille d'Ornano[a]
Édouard Ferrand[a]
Sylvie Goddyn[a]
Jean-François Jalkh[a]
Marine Le Pen[a]
Philippe Loiseau[a]
(Replaced Jeanne Pothain, who resigned before sitting)[3][4]
Dominique Martin[a]
Joëlle Mélin[a]
Bernard Monot[a]
Sophie Montel[a]
Florian Philippot[a]
Mylène Troszczynski[a]
2 Rassemblement bleu Marine (RBM)
Front National
Gilles Lebreton[a]
Jean-Luc Schaffhauser[a]
1 Independent (elected with FN) Aymeric Chauprade
(from 9 November 2015 to 18 April 2018; was member of ENF from 24 June to 9 November 2015)
none
  Germany 1 Alternative for Germany (AfD)
Alternative für Deutschland
Marcus Pretzell
(from 12 April 2016 to 1 May 2016)
none
  Italy 1 Democratic Party Renato Soru
(was member of S&D until 9 May 2016 and from 16 May 2017)
Party of European Socialists
5 Northern League (LN)
Lega Nord
Mara Bizzotto[a] EAF / MENL
Mario Borghezio[a]
Gianluca Buonanno[a]
Lorenzo Fontana[a]
(Replaced on 11 July 2014 Flavio Tosi, who resigned to remain mayor of Verona)
Matteo Salvini[a]
1 Forza Italia Alessandra Mussolini
(was member of EPP Group until 29 November 2016 and after 11 December 2016)
European People's Party
1 Independent (elected with M5S) David Borrelli
(was member of EFDD until 13 February 2018 and member of ALDE from 18 April 2019)
None
  Latvia 1 Latvian Farmers' Union (ZZS)
Zaļo un Zemnieku savienība
Iveta Grigule
(from 16 October 2014 to 27 April 2015)
None
  Netherlands 4 Party for Freedom (PVV)
Partij voor de Vrijheid
Marcel de Graaff[a] EAF
Vicky Maeijer[a]
Olaf Stuger[a]
Auke Zijlstra
(from 1 to 7 September 2015, then joined ENF. He replaced Hans Jansen who died on 5 May 2015, himself replacing Geert Wilders, who resigned before sitting)
  Poland 3 Congress of the New Right (KNP)
Kongres Nowej Prawicy
Robert Iwaszkiewicz
(until 20 October 2014, before joining EFDD)
None
Michał Marusik[a]
Stanisław Żółtek[a]
1 Liberty
Wolność
Janusz Korwin-Mikke
(left KNP and founded own party KORWiN in March 2015)
None
  Romania 1 Independent Sorin Moisă None
  Spain 1 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Juan Fernando López Aguilar
(suspended from S&D from 15 April to 21 July 2015 following allegations of domestic violence[5][6])
PES
  United Kingdom 1 Independent (elected with UKIP) Diane James
(was member of EFDD until 19 November 2016 and from 17 December 2018)
None
1 UK Independence Party (UKIP) Gerard Batten
(was member of EFDD until 7 December 2018 and member of ENF from 15 January 2019)

Historic Non-InscritsEdit

Non-Inscrits 2009–2014Edit

Country # National Party[7] MEP EU party
  Austria 1 Hans-Peter Martin's List Hans-Peter Martin None
2 formerly Hans-Peter Martin's List Martin Ehrenhauser
Angelika Werthmann
2 Freedom Party Andreas Mölzer
Franz Obermayr
1 Alliance for the Future of Austria Ewald Stadler
  Belgium 1 Flemish Interest Philip Claeys
  Bulgaria 2 Attack Dimitar Stoyanov
Slavcho Binev
(joined EFD in 2012, while leaving Attack and founding PROUD)
  France 3 Front National Bruno Gollnisch AENM
Jean-Marie Le Pen None
Marine Le Pen
  Hungary 3 Jobbik Béla Kovács
Krisztina Morvai
Csanád Szegedi
  Italy 1 Northern League Mario Borghezio MELD?
  Ireland 1 formerly Labour Nessa Childers None
  Netherlands 3 Party for Freedom Lucas Hartong
Auke Zijlstra
Patricia van der Kammen
1 Article 50 (formerly Party for Freedom) Daniël van der Stoep
1 (formerly Party for Freedom) Laurence Stassen
  Romania 2 Greater Romania Party Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu [fr]
Corneliu Vadim Tudor
1 New Generation Party – Christian Democratic George Becali
  Spain 1 Union, Progress and Democracy Francisco Sosa Wagner
  United Kingdom 2 British National Party Nick Griffin AENM
British National Party (until 17 October 2010)
British Democratic Party (from 9 February 2013)[8]
Andrew Brons None
1 Democratic Unionist Party Diane Dodds
3 UK Independence Party (UKIP) Trevor Colman
(left EFD on 25 March 2011)[9]
UK Independence Party (before 4 November 2013)
An Independence Party (2013-14)
An Independence from Europe (from 25 March 2014)
Mike Nattrass
(left EFD on 23 June 2010, rejoined EFD on 11 December 2012, left EFD again on 9 September 2013)[10]
UK Independence Party (before 16 February 2011)
United Kingdom Independent (2011-12)
We Demand a Referendum (from 13 September 2012)
Nikki Sinclaire
(left EFD on 18 January 2010)[11]

Non-Inscrits 2004–2009Edit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  Austria 2 1 Hans-Peter Martin's List (Liste Dr. Hans-Peter Martin) Hans-Peter Martin None
1 Freedom Party Andreas Mölzer
  Belgium 3 Flemish Interest Philip Claeys
Koenraad Dillen
Frank Vanhecke
  Bulgaria 3 National Union Attack
Dimitar Stoyanov
Slavcho Binev
Desislav Chukolov
  Czech Republic 1 Independent Democrats (Nezávislí demokraté) Jana Bobošíková
  France 7 National Front Bruno Gollnisch Euronat
Carl Lang
Jean-Marie Le Pen
Marine Le Pen
Fernand Le Rachinel
Jean-Claude Martinez
Lydia Schenardi
  Italy 3 1 Olive Tree (Uniti nell'Ulivo) Gianni Rivera None
1 Social Alternative Roberto Fiore
1 Tricolour Flame Luca Romagnoli Euronat
  Poland 2 League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) Sylwester Chruszcz None
Maciej Giertych
  Slovakia 3 People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(Ľudová strana – Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko)
Peter Baco
Irena Belohorská
Sergej Kozlík
  United Kingdom 4 1 Traditional Unionist Voice Jim Allister ADIE
1 formerly UKIP Ashley Mote None
1 Robert Kilroy-Silk
1 Tom Wise

Non-Inscrits 1999–2004Edit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  Austria 5 Freedom Party Gerhard Hager None
Wolfgang Ilgenfritz
Hans Kronberger
Daniela Raschhofer
Peter Sichrovsky
  Belgium 2 Vlaams Blok Philip Claeys
Koenraad Dillen
  Belgium 1 Independent Ward Beysen[12]
  Denmark 3 June Movement Bent Andersen
Jens-Peter Bonde
Ulla Sandbæk
  France 5 National Front Charles de Gaulle Euronat
Bruno Gollnisch
Carl Lang
Jean-Claude Martinez
Marie-France Stirbois
  France 5 Individual members of Rally for France Elizabeth Montfort [fr][13]
Thierry de la Perrière [fr][14]
Dominique Souchet[14]
Nicole Thomas-Mauro [fr][14]
Alexandre Varaut [fr][14]
  Italy 7 Italian Radicals Emma Bonino ELDR
Marco Cappato
Gianfranco Dell'Alba [it]
Benedetto Della Vedova
Olivier Dupuis [it]
Marco Pannella
Maurizio Turco [it]
  Italy 4 Lega Nord Mario Borghezio None
Marco Formentini[15]
Gian Paolo Gobbo
Francesco Speroni
  Italy 1 Tricolour Flame Roberto Felix Billard[16]
  Spain 1 Batasuna Koldo Gorostiaga Atxalandabaso
  United Kingdom 1 Democratic Unionist Party Ian Paisley

Non-Inscrits 1994–1999Edit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  United Kingdom 1 Democratic Unionist Party Ian Paisley none

Non-Inscrits 1989–1994Edit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  Netherlands 1 Reformed Political Party Leen van der Waal none

Non-Inscrits 1984–1989Edit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  Netherlands 1 Reformed Political Party Leen van der Waal none

Non-Inscrits 1979–1984Edit

Country # National Party MEP EU party
  Netherlands 2 Democrats 66 Suzanne Dekker none
Aar de Goede

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ the English name is also official, but the French name is prevalent even in English texts
  2. ^ "Who do you think you are kidding...?". www.newstatesman.com.
  3. ^ "Minutes of the sitting of Thursday 3 July 2014". European Parliament. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  4. ^ "L'Orléanaise Jeanne Pothain (FN) démissionne de son mandat de députée européenne" [Orleans' Jeanne Pothain (FN) resigns her MEP seat]. La République du Centre [fr] (in French). 26 June 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  5. ^ Luis Ángel Sanz (4 April 2015). "El PSOE expulsa temporalmente a López Aguilar del Grupo Socialista en Bruselas". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  6. ^ E. García de Blas & R. Rincón (7 April 2015). "El PSOE aparta a López Aguilar tras una denuncia de maltrato". El País (in Spanish).
  7. ^ "Non-Inscrits". europarl.europa.eu. European Parliament. Archived from the original on 31 January 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  8. ^ Personal profile of Andrew Brons in the European Parliament's database of members
  9. ^ Personal profile of Trevor Colman in the European Parliament's database of members
  10. ^ Personal profile of Mike Nattrass in the European Parliament's database of members
  11. ^ Personal profile of Nicole Sinclaire in the European Parliament's database of members
  12. ^ Left the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats in 2003.
  13. ^ Member of Union for Europe of the Nations until 2001, Non-Inscrit from 2001 to 2003, and member of European People's Party (European Parliament group) from 2003.
  14. ^ a b c d Member of Union for Europe of the Nations until 2001.
  15. ^ Joined the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe on 5.10.1999.
  16. ^ Joined the Union for Europe of the Nations in 2001.

External linksEdit

  • "Non-Inscrits". europarl.europa.eu. European Parliament. Retrieved 16 June 2015.