Louis Aliot (French: [aljo]; born 4 September 1969) is a French politician, a lawyer by profession, and the vice president of the National Rally (previously named National Front) since 16 January 2011. A member of the FN Executive Office, Executive Committee and Central Committee, Aliot has been a regional councillor since 1998 (Midi-Pyrénées: 1998–2010, Languedoc-Roussillon: 2010–) and a municipal councillor of Perpignan (2008–2009). Louis Aliot has been the mayor of Perpignan since 3 July 2020.
|Mayor of Perpignan|
|Assumed office |
3 July 2020
|Preceded by||Jean-Marc Pujol|
|Vice President of the National Rally|
16 January 2011 – 11 March 2018
|Member of the National Assembly|
for Pyrénées-Orientales's 2nd constituency
18 June 2017 – 3 July 2020
26 March 2010 – 15 December 2015
15 March 1998 – 21 March 2010
|Municipal councillor of Perpignan (66)|
|Assumed office |
4 April 2014
23 March 2008 – 21 June 2009
|Member of the European Parliament|
for West France
1 July 2014 – 21 July 2017
|Born||4 September 1969|
|Political party||National Rally|
|Domestic partner||Marine Le Pen (2009–2019)|
|Alma mater||Toulouse 1 University Capitole|
Politics and elections (1998–2011)Edit
Aliot was born in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, to a family of ethnic French and Algerian Jewish heritage, who had resided in Algeria (Pied-noir). In the 1998 French regional elections, he was elected regional councillor of the Midi-Pyrénées and represented the department of Haute-Garonne during six years.
He then became a close collaborator of FN leader Jean-Marie Le Pen and played an active role in Le Pen's 2002 electoral campaign. He was sent to Perpignan to re-launch a divided and weakened FN federation.
In the 2004 regional elections, he led the FN list in the Midi-Pyrénées and polled 11.78% (141,598 votes) in the first round and 12.06% (149.417 votes) in the run-off with eight regional councillors elected. He has been a president of the FN group in the regional council during six years (2004–2010).
In the 2008 municipal elections, he led the FN list in Perpignan, polling 12.29% in the first round (4,543 votes) and 10.42% in the run-off (4,368 votes) with two municipal councillors elected. His result was one of the few good results for the FN, which suffered severe loses nationwide.
In the 2009 municipal by-election, he again led the FN list but lost his municipal seat in the first round (9.42%, 3,382 votes). Since June 2009, the FN is not represented in the municipal council of Perpignan. In order to take part in the run-off, a municipal list must cross the minimal threshold of 10% of the valid votes.
In the 2010 regional elections, he led the departmental list in the Pyrénées-Orientales whereas France Jamet led the regional list in the Languedoc-Roussillon. Polling 13.64% (19,785 votes) in the first round, his list achieved 19.99% (30,581 votes) in the run-off with two councillors elected in the Pyrénées-Orientales. After having sat during twelve years in the regional council of Midi-Pyrénées, he has been a regional councillor in the Languedoc-Roussillon since March 2010.
On 14 March 2011, Louis Aliot and Mario Borghezio MEP accompanied Marine Le Pen MEP during her stay in Lampedusa island. On 15 March 2011, they together took part in an international press conference in Rome.
In the 2011 cantonal elections, he was the FN candidate in the urban canton of Perpignan-9. Polling 34.61% (1,083 votes), he won the first round by a large margin. Despite an increase of 11.63% (514 votes) in the second round, he was defeated by the Socialist candidate supported by the UMP.
During the 2012 presidential election, Aliot was the operational head of Marine Le Pen's campaign and one of her spokesmen. One of his most notable trips was to Israel in December 2011 to meet local politicians and French citizens to establish links.
He was, along with Florian Philippot, a spokesman for the party in the legislative elections. In the Pyrénées-Orientales' 1st constituency, he gathered 24.13% of votes in the first runoff, facing the candidates of the Union for a Popular Movement and the miscellaneous left, but he ended up in the third position with 23.24% in the second round; the candidate of the left won with 42.95%.
Municipal elections of 2020 in PerpignanEdit
On 15 March, his list topped the first round with 35.65% of the vote, well ahead of the outgoing mayor, Jean-Marc Pujol (18.43%).
In June 2020, it was reported that Aliot won the mayor election in Perpignan with 54 percent of the vote versus 46 percent for the sitting conservative mayor, Jean-Marc Pujol. it would be the first time Marine Le Pen's party has won a city of more than 100,000 people. He was replaced in Parliament by his substitute, Catherine Pujol.
- Regional councillor of Languedoc-Roussillon: since 26 March 2010
- Regional councillor of Midi-Pyrénées: 15 March 1998 – 21 March 2010 (leader of the FN group 2004–2010)
- Municipal councillor of Perpignan: 23 March 2008 – 21 June 2009
- "Louis Aliot's biography" (in French). Front National. Archived from the original on 14 October 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- Saïd Mahrane, « Marine Le Pen fait la cour aux juifs », Le Point, 3 décembre 2011. Consulté le 3 décembre 2011.
- "2004 elections results in the Midi-Pyrénées (first round and run-off)" (in French). Minister of the Interior. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "List of the 8 FN regional councillors in the Midi-Pyrénées" (in French). Minister of the Interior. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "2008 municipal results in Perpignan (first round and run-off)". Le Figaro (in French). Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "List of the two FN municipal councillors in Perpignan". Le Figaro (in French). Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "2009 municipal by-elections results in Perpignan (first round and run-off)" (PDF) (in French). Minister of the Interior. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "2009 European elections results in the South-West constituency" (in French). Minister of the Interior. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "2010 regional results in the Pyrénées-Orientales (first round and run-off)" (in French). Minister of the Interior. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "List of the 10 FN regional councillors in the Midi-Pyrénées" (in French). Minister of the Interior. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "Marine Le Pen says Europe can't handle migrants". The Daily Telegraph. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
- "Marine Le Pen's press conference in Rome after her stay in Lampedusa" (in French). Front National. 15 March 2011. Archived from the original on 21 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- "2011 cantonal elections results in Perpignan-9 (first round)" (in French). Minister of the Interior. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
- "Elections municipales et communautaires 2020". elections.interieur.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "Far-right to win southern French town of Perpignan: exit poll". Reuters. 28 June 2020. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
- "France's Greens make gains, Macron loses ground in low-turnout local elections". France 24. 28 June 2020. Retrieved 2 June 2021.