Alliance of European National Movements
The Alliance of European National Movements (AENM) is a European political party that was formed in Budapest on 24 October 2009 by a number of ultranationalist and far-right parties from countries in Europe.
|Founded||24 October 2009|
|European Parliament group||Non-Inscrits|
AENM's founding members were Jobbik (the alliance was established during their sixth party congress), France's National Front, Italy's Tricolour Flame, Sweden's National Democrats and Belgium's National Front.
At a press conference held in Strasbourg on 16 June 2010, the political leadership of AENM was confirmed as follows: President Bruno Gollnisch, Vice President Nick Griffin, Treasurer Béla Kovács and Secretary General Valerio Cignetti.
In October 2013, Marine Le Pen requested that Gollnisch and Jean-Marie Le Pen leave their positions in the AENM in order to join the more moderate EAF and so unify the French National Front under the EAF banner. Marine Le Pen has tried to "de-demonize" the party, i.e. to give it a more acceptable image. Cooperation with the openly racist and antisemitic parties present in AENM was seen as contradictory to these aims. On November 7, the two declared they have followed the request and left AENM. This also meant the end of Gollnisch's term as the AENM's chairman, a place occupied by Béla Kovács since January 2014.
In the spring of 2013, Svoboda lost its observer status after a conflict with other member groups over its policies towards ethnic minorities in the West of Ukraine. However, Svoboda maintained its informal affiliation with the group until March 2014, when it announced its withdrawal of its observer status from AENM citing several members of the alliance making "statements supporting the Russian sponsored separatist forces and support for the Russian Armed Forces occupation of Ukrainian territory". Béla Kovács, leader of the alliance, had served as an observer at the 2014 Donbass parliamentary election.
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The current member parties of the AENM are the following:
|National Democratic Party||Bulgaria||-||-|
|British National Party||United Kingdom||-||-|
|National Renovator Party||Portugal||-||-|
|Slovenian National Party||Slovenia||-|
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Associate members (individuals)Edit
|Christian Verougstraete||Belgium||Vlaams Belang|
|Dailis Alfonsas Barakauskas||Lithuania||Order and Justice|
|Jobbik||Jobbik||Hungary||In 2016, it has cut all its affiliation with AENM|
|Republican Social Movement||MSR||Spain||On 30 January 2018, the party dissolved|
|National Front (France)||FN||France||In 2011, it left to form the European Alliance for Freedom|
|National Democrats (Sweden)||ND||Sweden||In April 2014, the party dissolved|
|Blue and White Front||SVR||Finland||Party has been inactive since 2015|
Former observer membersEdit
|All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda"||ВОС||Ukraine||In March 2014, it withdrew after disagreement about Ukrainian crisis|
- Nathalie Brack; Olivier Costa (2014). How the EU Really Works. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4724-1465-6.
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A handful of European nationalist political parties have formed an alliance to represent them in Brussels... ... Negotiations are underway with like-minded Austrian, British, Spanish and Portuguese parties.
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Hungary's Jobbik, France's National Front, Italy's Three-Color Flame, Sweden's National Democrats and Belgium's National Front formed the Alliance of European National Movements on Saturday and say they expect parties from Britain, Austria, Spain and Portugal to join them soon.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2015-03-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "The old and new European friends of Ukraine's far-right Svoboda party", searchlightmagazine.com, 2013-09-03
- "Oleh Tiahnybok withdraws Svoboda's membership within the Alliance of European National Movements". Archived from the original on 21 March 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- "Elezioni Europee 2019: CasaPound in lizza con Destre Unite". Affaritaliani.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2019-04-07.
- ‹See Tfd›(in Ukrainian) "Свобода" і європейські націоналісти: конфлікти є, війни нема "Svoboda" and European nationalists: conflicts are not the war, BBC Ukrainian (24 January 2013)
Europe's Far Right Is Embracing Putin, Business Insider (10 April 2014)