European Alliance for Freedom
This article needs to be updated.(February 2015)
The European Alliance for Freedom (EAF) is a pan-European political party of right-wing Eurosceptics. It was founded in late 2010, the party was recognised by the European Parliament in 2011. Unlike in other pan-European parties, the members of the Alliance are not national parties but individuals.
|Vice President||Philip Claeys;
Marine Le Pen
|General Secretary||Sharon Ellul-Bonici|
|Think tank||European Foundation for Freedom|
|Youth wing||Young European Alliance for Hope (YEAH)|
|Political position||Right-wing to far-right|
|European Parliament group||Europe of Nations and Freedom|
The head office of the Alliance is in Brussels, Belgium, and its registered office is in Birkirkara, Malta. Franz Obermayr from Austria has been the president of the organisation since November 2012, succeeding founding chairman Godfrey Bloom. His vice presidents are the Belgian Philip Claeys and the French Marine Le Pen. The secretary-general is Sharon Ellul-Bonici from Malta.
The EAF was awarded a grant by European Parliament for 2011 of, at most, €372,753. In 2012 the EP's maximal grant dropped to €360,455. The party's affiliated political foundation is the European Foundation for Freedom.
2014 European Parliament electionEdit
Ahead of the 2014 European Parliament election, it was suggested that EAF members might form a parliamentary group of their own after the elections. The group was reported to have the support of the French National Front (FN), the Dutch Party for Freedom (PVV), the Flemish Vlaams Belang (VB), the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), the Sweden Democrats (SD), the Slovak National Party and the Italian Northern League (LN). The Danish People's Party, UK Independence Party (UKIP) and the Alternative for Germany refused to join the new alliance, while the more radical and anti-Semitic European nationalist parties such as National Democratic Party of Germany, the British National Party, Greek Golden Dawn and Hungarian Jobbik were not permitted to. Some media reports referred to the proposed group as the "Le Pen–Wilders alliance". In the election, the French FN performed very strongly, winning 24 seats, while the Slovak National Party failed to win a seat and the Sweden Democrats abstained from the alliance (instead joining Europe of Freedom and Democracy), leaving the FN, PVV, LN, FPÖ and VB as the only EAF member parties.
On 28 May, three days after the end of the elections, Le Pen, Wilders, Matteo Salvini (LN), Harald Vilimsky (FPÖ) and Gerolf Annemans (VB) appeared at a press conference in Brussels, claiming to be confident to find enough allies for forming a new group soon. News media reported about a competition between the proposed EAF group led by Le Pen and the existing Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) group led by Nigel Farage of UKIP, both trying to win over support from newly-represented Eurosceptic, right-wing and populist parties from different countries. While the FN and Wilders preferred to form one large group, including UKIP, the British Eurosceptics decidedly rejected the idea, branding Le Pen's party as too extreme. Eventually, with MEPs from only five different member states, the proposed EAF group fell short of the parliament's requirement of seven member states to be represented in each group. Instead, their MEPs have continued to sit as Non-Inscrits.
- Latvia: Serzants Karlis (Union of Greens and Farmers, Member of Saeima)
- Sweden: Kent Ekeroth (Sweden Democrats)
- Germany: Jan Timke (Citizens in Rage)
- Poland: Janusz Korwin-Mikke (MEP)
- Poland: Przemysław Wipler
- Czech Republic: Martin Lank (Dawn - National Coalition)
- United Kingdom: Jane Collins (MEP, UKIP)
- United Kingdom: Mike Hookem (MEP, UKIP)
- Malta: Anthony Agius Decelis (Labour Party (Malta))
- Malta: Sharon Ellul-Bonici
- Belgium – Gerolf Annemans (MEP) (Vlaams Belang)
- Bulgaria – Dimitar Kinow Stojanow (MEP, NDP)
- Germany – Torsten Groß (Citizens in Rage)
- Hungary – Krisztina Morvai (Independent, associated with Jobbik)
- Lithuania – Rolandas Paksas, Juozas Imbrasas (Order and Justice)2
- Sweden – Kent Ekeroth (Sweden Democrats)
- United Kingdom – Godfrey Bloom (MEP, Independent, formerly UKIP)
- France – Marine Le Pen (National Front)3
- Austria – Andreas Mölzer (MEP), Harald Vilimsky (MEP), Georg Mayer(MEP), (Freedom Party of Austria)3
- Poland – Michał Marusik (MEP), Stanisław Żółtek (MEP), Robert Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz (MEP), Przemysław Wipler,
1 Morvai is associated with Jobbik while not being a formal member. She quit in July 2011, citing differences with the FPÖ.
2 Paksas and Imbrasas later joined the Movement for a Europe of Liberties and Democracy (MELD)
3 Left to form Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom (MENL)
- de Lange, Sarah L.; Rooduijn, Matthijs; van Spanje, Joost (4 February 2014), "The 'Le Pen-Wilders' alliance will change European politics", Policy Network Observatory
- Mudde, Cas (11 February 2014), "The Le Pen-Wilders alliance and the European Parliament: Plus ça change, plus la meme chose", The Washington Post
- Grants from the European Parliament to political parties at European level 2004-2012 March 2012, European Parliament. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- Bell, Bethany (4 April 2014), Far-right youth movement seeks 'Europe of Fatherlands', BBC News — Inside Europe Blog
- Wolfgang Sablatnig (30 June 2011), "Straches FPÖ mit Jobbik und Vlaams Belang in EU-Partei", Tiroler Tageszeitung (in German), retrieved 29 November 2011
- Nathalie Brack; Olivier Costa (2014). How the EU Really Works. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4724-1465-6.
- Waterfield, Bruno (23 October 2013), "France's FN to team up with other far Right parties for European elections", The Telegraph
- de Lange, Sarah L.; Rooduijn, Matthijs; van Spanje, Joost (4 February 2014), "The 'Le Pen-Wilders' alliance will change European politics", Policy Network Observatory, policy-network.net
- "Grants from the European Parliament to political parties at European level 2004-2011" (PDF). European Parliament. April 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- FPÖ-Abgeordneter steht an Spitze von EU-Rechtspartei DiePresse
- About EAF, European Alliance for Freedom, archived from the original on 10 August 2011, retrieved 7 July 2011
- About EFF European Foundation for Freedom. Retrieved 30 November 2013
- Lahodynsky, Otmar (9 November 2013), "EU-Wahlen: Die nationalistische Internationale unter Führung der FPÖ", Profil Online (in German)
- Webb, Sara (13 November 2013), Le Pen, Wilders eye eurosceptic alliance for EU elections, Reuters
- Prodhan, Georgina (14 December 2013), Austria's Freedom aims to enlarge Eurosceptic bloc, Reuters
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- Mudde (11 February 2014), "The Le Pen-Wilders alliance and the European Parliament", The Washington Post
- Future of Le Pen-Wilders alliance still uncertain, EurActiv.com
- "Le Pen and Wilders fail to form anti-EU bloc". BBC News. 24 June 2014.
- Charles Bremner (29 May 2014). "Le Pen party steals Farage's Italian allies". The Times.
- Kim Willsher; Lizzy Davies (28 May 2014). "Buoyant Le Pen seeks more allies for Eurosceptic group in Brussels". The Guardian.
- "Le Pen and Farage battle for partners to form group". Euractiv.com. 29 May 2014.
- Tony Cross (29 May 2014). "Ukip's Farage, Front National's Le Pen compete for Eurosceptic leadership … and EU cash". RFI English.
- Ophélie Spanneut (9 May 2014). "Le Pen and Farage competing to form groups" (PDF). Europolitics (4864). p. 12.
- Kim Willsher; Ian Traynor (24 June 2014), "Marine Le Pen fails to form far-right bloc in European parliament", The Guardian
- Umberto Bacchi (24 June 2014). "Le Pen's Far-Right EU Parliament Alliance Fails at Start". International Business Times.
- "list of representatives of European Political Parties - a Freedom of Information request to European Parliament". 31 January 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "list of representatives of European Political Parties - a Freedom of Information request to European Parliament" (PDF). 31 January 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "Press Conference: Aftermath of the elections, a future for the EU or a future for Europe?". European Alliance for Freedom. 28 May 2014.
- "Mölzer wirkt in neuer EU-Rechtsaußenpartei mit", Der Standard (in German), 29 June 2011, retrieved 7 July 2011
- Krisztina Morvai is quitting the European Alliance for Freedom Party, Hungarian Ambiance, 26 July 2011
- Protests at Austria far-right ball as Holocaust remembered, Euronews, 28 January 2012
- "Marine Le Pen: What she means for Europe", EuroNews, 21 February 2012
- Marine Le Pen en Autriche, Front National, 27 January 2012
- "Die Flüchtlings -katastrophe auf dem Mittelmeer löst in Europa tiefe Erschütterung aus | European Alliance for Freedom". www.eurallfree.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19.