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Steven Marcus Woolfe (born 6 October 1967) is a British politician who was a Member of the European Parliament for the North West England region from the 2014 European election[3] until 2019. Woolfe was considered a frontrunner in UKIP's 2016 leadership election, but was excluded from the race after submitting his nomination late.[4] After Diane James resigned from the party leadership, Woolfe stood in the second UKIP leadership election of 2016, but withdrew from the contest and the party after he was allegedly injured during an altercation he engaged in with a fellow MEP.[5] The event resulted in a media scandal for both individuals involved. Woolfe then subsequently resigned from UKIP in October 2016, describing the party as "ungovernable".[6]

Steven Woolfe
Steven Woolfe UKIPNEC.jpg
UKIP Spokesperson for Immigration
In office
6 September 2015 – 17 October 2016
LeaderNigel Farage
Preceded byGerard Batten
Succeeded byJohn Bickley
UKIP Spokesperson for Economics
In office
22 February 2014 – 24 July 2014
LeaderNigel Farage
Preceded byGodfrey Bloom
Succeeded byPatrick O'Flynn
Member of the European Parliament
for North West England
In office
1 July 2014 – 1 July 2019[1][2]
Preceded byRobert Atkins
Succeeded byDavid Bull
Personal details
Born (1967-10-06) 6 October 1967 (age 51)
Moss Side, Manchester, England
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative (2000-2010)
Ukip (2010–2016)
Independent (2016–)
EducationSt. Bede's College, Manchester
Alma materAberystwyth University;
City Law School
Websitestevenwoolfe.uk

Woolfe was born in Moss Side in Manchester and studied law at Aberystwyth University, after which he worked as a barrister. He no longer holds a practising certificate. In 2011 he was elected to UKIP's National Executive Committee (its NEC). He contested Stockport as the UKIP candidate at the 2015 general election.

Early life and educationEdit

Woolfe, the eldest of a family of four, was born in Moss Side, in Manchester, and grew up in the Manchester suburb of Burnage.[7] His younger half-brother is Nathan Woolfe, a footballer who has played for various clubs as a striker.[8] Both his parents were born in Manchester: his mother to an Irish mother, and his English father to a British Jewish mother and a Black American father.[9]

Woolfe was educated at St Bernard's Roman Catholic Primary School, a voluntary-aided state-maintained school in Burnage, followed by St Bede's College, a co-educational independent school in the Manchester suburb of Whalley Range, to which he won a scholarship. He studied law at Aberystwyth University graduating with a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree in 1990. He pursued further studies at the Inns of Court School of Law in London, before being called to the Bar.[7]

Professional careerEdit

Woolfe completed his BPTC (Bar Professional Training Course) with City Law School and was called to the Bar at the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple. However, Woolfe failed to secure pupillage and therefore was unable to practice as a Barrister. He spent several years as general counsel for hedge fund managers. He now[when?] also acts as a legal and regulatory consultant to financial institutions.[7]

Political careerEdit

Woolfe was introduced to UKIP by Lord Pearson of Rannoch and made his debut speech at UKIP's 2010 annual conference in Torquay.[10] After Nigel Farage declared his intention to stand in the 2010 UKIP leadership election, he appointed Woolfe to his team of senior spokespeople, becoming UKIP Economics spokesman. In 2011, Woolfe was elected to UKIP's National Executive Committee, coming second behind Neil Hamilton who topped the poll.

On 8 May 2014, Woolfe chaired a UKIP public meeting in Westminster promoting UKIP's Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) candidates;[11] his responsibilities include being UKIP Spokesman for migration policy.[12] Woolfe has called for a fair and ethical stance towards migration, stressing that migration should be based on merit, not on race, religion, colour or creed.[13]

From July 2014 until May 2015, Woolfe's Economics brief was shared with Patrick O'Flynn. O'Flynn was responsible for macro policy and taxation, while Woolfe remained UKIP's Financial Affairs and City of London spokesman. Woolfe advocates a simplified and lower tax regime for all, believing that the middle classes have been squeezed with the 40% tax band and has called for the 45% tax band to be abolished and replaced with a higher threshold for 40% band at £45,000. He has also echoed calls made by UKIP Leader Nigel Farage to take those on minimum wage out of paying tax altogether.[14]

UKIP leadership bidEdit

In July 2016, Woolfe launched his bid to become leader of UKIP following the resignation of Nigel Farage. He gained the support of the leaders of UKIP in Wales, Scotland and London. His running-mate was Welsh UKIP leader Nathan Gill.[15]

Woolfe promised to 'ruthlessly' go after Labour seats in Northern England and the Midlands.[16] Woolfe said UKIP has "won the argument" for managed immigration and promised to drive a new focus on social mobility.[17] Furthermore, Woolfe also said he would build on the 4 million votes UKIP got at the last election.

Membership lapse and leadership applicationEdit

Woolfe let his UKIP membership lapse from December 2014, and paid for it to be renewed in March 2016.[18] On 31 July 2016,[19] he was blocked by the party's National Executive Committee (NEC) from submitting his leadership, claiming that his application had been submitted several minutes after the deadline.[20] Woolfe denied this, and said that UKIP's computer systems were unable to accept his application at the time of submission. He had previously talked of scrapping the NEC.[21]

Undeclared conviction for being drunk in charge of a scooterEdit

On 1 August 2016, it was reported that Woolfe had a conviction from 14 years earlier for being drunk while in charge of a scooter (he was not riding it at the time) when running in the 2012 Police and Crime Commissioner Elections, and admitted that he broke electoral rules in failing to declare it. He said that he "forgot about the conviction", in which he received a £350 fine.[22]

Possible defection to Conservative PartyEdit

On 5 October 2016, Woolfe was reported saying he was "enthused" by Theresa May's leadership, and that he had considered defecting to the Conservative Party.[23] Meanwhile, eighteen days after Diane James was elected as UKIP leader, she resigned. Woolfe said he would stand for the UKIP leadership.[24][25]

Altercation with MEP Mike HookemEdit

On 6 October 2016, Woolfe was hospitalised at the European Parliament building in Strasbourg,[24][25] after a reported row with fellow MEP and UKIP Defence Spokesman Mike Hookem.[26] Hookem later denied the assertion that he had punched Woolfe.[27][28] Hookem said Woolfe "took exception" to his comment about Woolfe turning his leadership application paperwork late.[28] After the incident, the interim Leader of UKIP, Nigel Farage, said "You see third world parliaments where this sort of thing happens. It's not good".[29]

On the same day, Arron Banks, a major donor to UKIP, who had previously said that UKIP would be "dead in the water" if Diane James did not become leader,[30] said that he would leave UKIP if Woolfe was prevented from running for leader, and if two other senior members remained in the party: "If Neil Hamilton and Douglas Carswell [UKIP's (then) only MP] remain in the party, and the NEC decide that Steven Woolfe cannot run for leader, I will be leaving Ukip".[31]

On 7 October 2016, Woolfe was reported to have offered the "hand of friendship" to Mike Hookem,[32] whilst also telling the media that his injuries "proved" that he had been attacked by Hookem.[33]

The Brexit PartyEdit

On 8 February 2019 on BBC Newsnight, Woolfe stated that he would stand for The Brexit Party in the event that Britain had not left the European Union before the May 2019 UK EU elections.[34] He was not, however, among the Brexit Party candidates who stood for election on 23 May.

ElectionsEdit

Greater London Assembly electionsEdit

Woolfe stood as a UKIP candidate for the City and East for the Greater London Authority[35] in May 2012, coming seventh with 3.1% of the vote.

Police and Crime Commissioner electionsEdit

In November 2012, Woolfe won UKIP's nomination to contest the Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner elections. Woolfe's campaign message was one of tough on crime and the support of community policing. He finished fifth, polling 23,256 votes (8.55%).[36]

European elections 2014Edit

Woolfe was selected as number 3 on UKIP's regional party list in the 2014 European Parliament election in North West England. He was one of three candidates from the party to be elected as MEP in the region.[37]

2015 UK general electionEdit

On 4 September 2014, Woolfe was chosen as UKIP's Prospective Parliamentary Candidate for Stockport.[38] Woolfe came third with 13% of the vote.[39]

Personal lifeEdit

Woolfe was previously married to Fiona, with whom he has a daughter. They lived on Victoria Road, Chester, until mid-2016, when they moved to Winchester.[40] They have since divorced. Woolfe is a Catholic.[41]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Key dates ahead". European Parliament. 20 May 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Key dates ahead". BBC News Online. British Broadcasting Corporation. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Vote2014 – North West". BBC. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  4. ^ "UKIP leadership: Steven Woolfe excluded from race – BBC News". Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  5. ^ "MEP Steven Woolfe quits UKIP". BBC News. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  6. ^ Woolfe, Steven (17 October 2016). "Ukip is ungovernable. I hoped to be leader - instead, today I quit the party" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  7. ^ a b c "GECO – General Election Campaign Outlook – Steven Woolfe MEP". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ Brown, Richard (22 November 2014). "Ukip runner says Stockport's 'fear of Manchester' is like apartheid-era South Africa". Mancunian Matters. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  9. ^ "British Future Speech 2016 – Steven Woolfe MEP, UKIP Spokesman on Migration and Financial Affairs". Stevenwoolfe.uk. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Steven Woolfe - UKIP Conference 2010 - Part 1". Steven Woolfe. Retrieved 7 October 2016 – via YouTube.
  11. ^ Bennett, Owen (8 May 2014). "'NEVER call us racist again' Ukip's black and ethnic minority candidates fight back". The Express. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  12. ^ "leader Nigel Farage announces two key frontbench spokesmen roles with more to follow". UKIP. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  13. ^ Bennett, Asa (23 July 2014). "Ukip's New Migration Spokesman Steven Woolfe On Party's 'Ethical Immigration Policy'". Huffington Post. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  14. ^ "Ukip to fight 2015 election on pledge to raise 40p tax threshold to £45,000". The Telegraph. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Nathan Gill to be UKIP leadership running-mate to Steven Woolfe". BBC News. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Steven Woolfe Announces UKIP Leadership Bid". Huffington Post. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  17. ^ "Steven Woolfe launches Ukip leadership bid". ITV News. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  18. ^ "Ukip leadership frontrunner Steven Woolfe's bid could be derailed by membership issues". The Telegraph. 27 July 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  19. ^ Ian Dunt (1 August 2016). "Ukip's cack-handed leadership race tells you everything about its politics". Politics.co.uk. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  20. ^ Rowena Mason (3 August 2016). "Ukip in turmoil as Steven Woolfe excluded from leadership ballot". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  21. ^ "UKIP leadership: Steven Woolfe excluded from race". BBC News. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  22. ^ "Ukip's Steven Woolfe Admits He Broke Electoral Rules By Failing To Reveal Drink-Drive Conviction". Huffington Post. 1 August 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  23. ^ Bennett, Owen (5 October 2016). "Ukip Anger At Steven Woolfe After He Admits Considering Defecting To The Conservatives". Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  24. ^ a b Watts, Joe (6 October 2016). "Steven Woolfe collapse: Ukip leadership favourite in 'serious condition' after altercation at European Parliament". The Independent. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  25. ^ a b "UKIP's Steven Woolfe in hospital 'after altercation'". BBC News. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  26. ^ Allegretti, Aubrey; Waugh, Paul (6 October 2016). "Steven Woolfe Recovering In Hospital After Altercation At Ukip MEPs Meeting". Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  27. ^ "UKIP MEP Mike Hookem denies assaulting Steven Woolfe". BBC News. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  28. ^ a b "Mike Hookem: 'I acted in self-defence'". ITV News. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  29. ^ May Bulman (6 October 2016). "Nigel Farage says fight between Ukip MEP's 'like something from Third World parliament'". The Independent. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  30. ^ Owen Bennett (15 September 2016). "Ukip Is 'Dead In The Water' If Diane James Doesn't Become Leader, Says Party Donor Arron Banks". Huffington Post. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  31. ^ May Bulman (6 October 2016). "Arron Banks threatens to leave Ukip after being 'utterly disgusted' by party member's remarks following altercation". The Independent. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  32. ^ Jennifer Rankin and Peter Walker (7 October 2016). "Ukip's Steven Woolfe offers 'hand of friendship' to MEP after clash". The Guardian.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  33. ^ Patrick Sawer (8 October 2016). "Ukip MEP Steven Woolfe says injuries prove he was attacked by party colleague". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  34. ^ "Nigel Farage launches new 'Brexit' party DISCUSSION - BBC Newsnight". BBC Newsnight. 8 February 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2019 – via YouTube.[dead link]
  35. ^ Martin Hoscik. "UKIP announces London Assembly candidates". www.mayorwatch.co.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  36. ^ "Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner Results 2012". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  37. ^ "Labour and UKIP secure three MEPs, wiping out BNP and Liberal Democrats". Manchester Evening News. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  38. ^ Holmes, David. "Chester: Ukip Euro MP to stand for Parliament". Chester Chronicle. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  39. ^ "Stockport". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  40. ^ Holmes, David (18 October 2016). "Chester-based Euro MP quits UKIP leadership race - and his party". Chester Chronicle. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  41. ^ "Margot Parker: 'The bishops must meet with UKIP'". Catholic Herald. Retrieved 8 October 2014.