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Mount Royal (French: Mont-Royal) is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1925. Its population in 2006 was 98,888.

Mount Royal
Quebec electoral district
Mount Royal (Canadian electoral district).svg
Mount Royal in relation to other federal electoral districts in Montreal and Laval
Federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Anthony Housefather
Liberal
District created1924
First contested1925
Last contested2015
District webpageprofile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1]101,258
Electors (2015)74,055
Area (km²)[2]23
Pop. density (per km²)4,402.5
Census divisionsMontreal
Census subdivisionsMontreal, Côte Saint-Luc, Mount Royal, Hampstead

The riding is among the strongest Liberal ridings in the country. Réal Caouette, long-time leader of the Social Credit Party in Quebec, once said that a mailbox could win the Liberal nomination in Mount Royal and still win election just because it was red (the traditional colour of the Liberal Party). The Liberals have held the riding continuously since 1940, and have only been seriously threatened three times since then—in 1958, 1984 and 2011.

Its best-known MP is former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, who represented the riding from 1965 to 1984. Its current MP, Anthony Housefather, was elected on 19 October 2015, garnering 50.3% of the vote,[3] and was profiled as one of 10 rookie MPs to watch in the new parliament.[4]

The riding's English name was eliminated in the 2012 electoral redistribution but was reversed by the Riding Name Change Act, 2014.

The riding has a large Jewish population, the second-largest in Canada at 30.7 percent.[5] It is one of only two ridings in Canada with a Jewish plurality (the other being Thornhill in the Regional Municipality of York in Ontario).

Contents

GeographyEdit

The district includes the City of Côte Saint-Luc, the Towns of Mount Royal and Hampstead, the neighbourhood of Snowdon and the western part of the neighbourhood of Côte-des-Neiges in the city of Montreal, Quebec.

DemographicsEdit

According to the Canada 2011 Census[6]

Ethnic groups: 62.1% White, 10.8% Filipino, 6.3% Black, 5.5% South Asian, 3.4% Arab, 3.3% Southeast Asian, 2.9% Chinese, 2.1% Latino, 1.2% West Asian, 2.4% Other
Languages: 33.0% English, 23.8% French, 5.4% Tagalog, 4.2% Russian, 3.5% Arabic, 2.9% Spanish, 2.4% Chinese, 2.2% Romanian, 1.9% Tamil, 1.8% Vietnamese, 1.7% Hebrew, 1.7% Yiddish, 1.6% Italian, 1.4% Bengali, 1.2% Greek, 1.2% Persian, 10.1% Other
Religions: 44.4% Christian, 30.7% Jewish, 7.4% Muslim, 2.8% Hindu, 2.1% Buddhist, 0.3% Other, 12.3% None
Median income: $24,313 (2010)
Average income: $48,466 (2010)


According to the Canada 2016 Census
  • 2016 mother tongue languages (top twenty) : 31.5% English, 25.1% French, 5.8% Tagalog. 3.8% Arabic, 3.8% Russian, 2.8% Spanish, 2.2% Farsi, 2.1% Romanian, 1.8% Vietnamese, 1.8% Mandarin, 1.6% Italian, 1.6% Hebrew, 1.5% Tamil, 1.3% Bengali, 1.2% Greek, 1.1% Yiddish, 0.7% Hungarian, 0.7% Cantonese, 0.6% Portuguese, 0.5% Korean, 0.5% Polish, 0.5% Creole languages[7]

HistoryEdit

The electoral district was created in 1924 from Jacques-Cartier and Westmount—Saint-Henri ridings. The electoral district was actually abolished twice since 1924, in 1966 and in 1987; however, the district to replace it kept the same name and incumbent both times.

This riding remained largely intact during the 2012 electoral redistribution, losing a small (uninhabited) territory to Outremont.

Former boundariesEdit

Members of ParliamentEdit

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Mount Royal
Riding created from Jacques-Cartier and Westmount—St. Henri
15th  1925–1926     Robert Smeaton White Conservative
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935
18th  1935–1940 William Allen Walsh
19th  1940–1945     Fred Whitman Liberal
20th  1945–1949
21st  1949–1953 Alan Macnaughton
22nd  1953–1957
23rd  1957–1958
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963
26th  1963–1965
27th  1965–1968 Pierre Trudeau
28th  1968–1972
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1979
31st  1979–1980
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988 Sheila Finestone
34th  1988–1993
35th  1993–1997
36th  1997–1999
 1999–2000 Irwin Cotler
37th  2000–2004
38th  2004–2006
39th  2006–2008
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2015
42nd  2015–present Anthony Housefather

Election resultsEdit

2015 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Anthony Housefather 24,187 50.34 +8.93 $95,380.32
Conservative Robert Libman 18,201 37.88 +2.27 $157,866.00
New Democratic Mario Jacinto Rimbao 3,884 8.08 -9.77 $8,395.91
Bloc Québécois Jade Bossé-Bélanger 908 1.90 -1.01 $198.94
Green Timothy Landry 747 1.55 -0.20
Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 124 0.26 -0.02
Total valid votes/Expense limit 48,051 100.00 $207,183.11
Total rejected ballots 425 0.88
Turnout 48,476 65.18 +7.54
Eligible voters 74,374
Liberal hold Swing +6.66
Source: Elections Canada[8][9]
2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Irwin Cotler 16,151 41.41 -14.24
Conservative Saulie Zajdel 13,891 35.61 +8.28
New Democratic Jeff Itcush 6,963 17.85 +10.13
Bloc Québécois Gabriel Dumais 1,136 2.91 -1.45
Green Brian Sarwer-Foner 683 1.75 -2.67
Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 109 0.28 +0.01
Independent Abraham Weizfeld 74 0.19
Total valid votes/Expense limit 39,007 100.00
Total rejected ballots 312 0.79 +0.04
Turnout 39,319 57.64 +5.34
2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Irwin Cotler 19,702 55.65 -9.90 $70,302
Conservative Rafael Tzoubari 9,676 27.33 +9.43 $63,120
New Democratic Nicolas Thibodeau 2,733 7.72 +1.02 $3,089
Green Tyrell Alexander 1,565 4.42 +0.57 $600
Bloc Québécois Maryse Lavallée 1,543 4.36 -1.35 $6,931
Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 97 0.27 -0.02
Communist Antonio Artuso 89 0.25 $907
Total valid votes/Expense limit 35,405 100.00 $80,838
Total rejected ballots 268 0.75 +0.06
Turnout 35,673 52.30 -0.51
2006 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Irwin Cotler 24,248 65.55 -10.13 $66,099
Conservative Neil Martin Drabkin 6,621 17.90 +9.27 $41,404
New Democratic Nicolas Thibodeau 2,479 6.70 +1.79 $2,810
Bloc Québécois Guillaume Dussault 2,112 5.71 -1.25 $8,542
Green Damien Pichereau 1,423 3.85 +1.09
Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 106 0.29 +0.04
Total valid votes/Expense limit 36,989 100.00 $75,740
Total rejected ballots 241 0.65 -0.18
Turnout 37,230 52.81 -0.59
2004 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Irwin Cotler 28,670 75.68 -5.56 $79,191
Conservative Matthew Fireman 3,271 8.63 -1.02 $16,501
Bloc Québécois Vincent Gagnon 2,636 6.96 +2.69 $5,960
New Democratic Sébastien Beaudet 1,859 4.91 +2.37 $2,199
Green Adam Sommerfeld 1,046 2.76 +1.09
Marijuana Adam Greenblatt 308 0.81
Marxist–Leninist Diane Johnston 94 0.25
Total valid votes/Expense limit 37,884 100.00 $74,792
Total rejected ballots 317 0.83
Turnout 38,201 53.40

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Irwin Cotler 33,118 81.24 -10.74
Progressive Conservative Stephane Gelgoot 2,489 6.11 +2.34
Bloc Québécois Jean-Sebastien Houle 1,740 4.27 +2.03
Alliance Alex Gabanski 1,444 3.54
New Democratic Maria Pia Chávez 1,034 2.54 +0.52
Green Jean-Claude Balu 681 1.67
Communist Judith Chafoya 140 0.34
Natural Law Ena Kahn 122 0.30
Total valid votes 40,768 100.00


Canadian federal by-election, 15 November 1999
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Resignation of Sheila Finestone, 10 August 1999
Liberal Irwin Cotler 15,820 91.98 +29.72
Progressive Conservative Noel Earl Alexander 648 3.77 -6.58
Bloc Québécois Mathieu Alarie 385 2.24 -1.86
New Democratic Serge Granger 347 2.02 +0.02
Total valid votes 17,200 100.00

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sheila Finestone 30,115 62.26 -20.68
Independent Howard Galganov 10,090 20.86
Progressive Conservative Carolyn Steinman 5,006 10.35 +4.57
Bloc Québécois Jacques Thibaudeau 1,981 4.10 -2.86
New Democratic Adam Giambrone 966 2.00 +0.33
Natural Law Ena Kahn 211 0.44 -0.21
Total valid votes 48,369 100.00
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sheila Finestone 39,598 82.94 +23.09
Bloc Québécois Guillaume Dumas 3,324 6.96
Progressive Conservative Neil Drabkin 2,758 5.78 -26.17
New Democratic Michael Richard Werbowski 796 1.67 -3.70
Independent Harry Polansky 537 1.12
Natural Law Ken Matthews 312 0.65
National Kurtis Law 300 0.63
Commonwealth of Canada Georges Duchesnay 71 0.15 -0.09
Abolitionist Marie Vienneau 47 0.10
Total valid votes 47,743 100.00
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sheila Finestone 27,354 59.85 +12.38
Progressive Conservative Robert Presser 14,601 31.95 -7.14
New Democratic Tariq Alvi 2,455 5.37 -4.52
Rhinoceros Lady Be Ann Poulin 512 1.12 -0.50
Green Daniel Reicher 438 0.96
Independent Barry Goodman 165 0.36
Commonwealth of Canada Paul G. Fraleigh 108 0.24 +0.07
Independent Abe Rosner 68 0.15
Total valid votes 45,701 100.00
1984 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sheila Finestone 22,716 47.47 -33.76
Progressive Conservative Sharon Wolfe 18,707 39.09 +28.52
New Democratic Nancy Pearson 4,735 9.89 +4.23
Rhinoceros Claude Parachute Racine 776 1.62 -0.10
Parti nationaliste André Daoust 392 0.82
Libertarian Victor Lévis 338 0.71 +0.41
Independent Mark Sholzberg 110 0.23
Commonwealth of Canada Guy R. Huard 80 0.17
Total valid votes 47,854 100.00
1980 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Pierre Trudeau 33,821 81.23 -3.9
Progressive Conservative Harry Bloomfield 4,402 10.57 +3.4
New Democratic David C. Winch 2,356 5.66 +1.7
Rhinoceros Michel Flybin Rivard 715 1.72 +0.4
Independent Gordon Edwards 149 0.36
Libertarian Eddie Paul 126 0.30
Marxist–Leninist Liz Watkins 68 0.16 +0.0
Total valid votes 41,637 100.00
1979 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Pierre Trudeau 43,202 85.2 +10.2
Progressive Conservative J. David Dejong 3,660 7.2 -6.1
New Democratic David C. Winch 2,023 4.0 -5.8
Social Credit Laflèche Trudeau 1,049 2.1 1.1
Rhinoceros Jacques Ferron 649 1.3
Communist David G. Johnston 81 0.2
Marxist–Leninist Robert Verrier 61 0.1 -0.3
Total valid votes 50,725 100.0
1974 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Pierre Trudeau 32,166 75.0 -5.6
Progressive Conservative Émile Mashaal 5,723 13.3 +3.6
New Democratic Joe Rabinovitch 4,214 9.8 +2.7
Social Credit Bertrand Marcil 414 1.0 -0.4
Independent Edward J. Sommer 211 0.5
Marxist–Leninist Robert A. Cruise 162 0.4 +0.2
Total valid votes 42,890 100.0
1972 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Pierre Trudeau 36,875 80.6 -10.1
Progressive Conservative Andrew Albert Brichant 4,446 9.7 +5.0
New Democratic Harry Yudin 3,274 7.2 +3.3
Social Credit Alexander O. Bronstein 625 1.4 +1.2
Independent Gaston Miron 433 0.9
Independent Robert A. Cruise 80 0.2
Total valid votes 45,733 100.0

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

1968 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Pierre Trudeau 37,402 90.8 +35.1
Progressive Conservative Huguette Marleau 1,965 4.8 -8.8
New Democratic Jussy Brainin 1,583 3.8 -25.8
Independent Walter Gallagher 182 0.4
Ralliement créditiste Michel Lamonde 80 0.2 -1.0
Total valid votes 41,212 100.0
1965 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Pierre Trudeau 28,064 55.6 -14.7
New Democratic Charles Taylor 14,929 29.6 +13.1
Progressive Conservative Peter S. Wise 6,840 13.6 +2.9
Ralliement créditiste Michel Smith 598 1.2 -1.3
Total valid votes 50,431 100.0

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

1963 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alan Macnaughton 37,648 70.4 +7.3
New Democratic Charles Taylor 8,855 16.5 +3.8
Progressive Conservative Thomas Joseph Coonan 5,693 10.6 -12.0
Social Credit Austin G. Gordon 1,318 2.5 +0.8
Total valid votes 53,514 100.0
1962 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alan Macnaughton 31,654 63.0 +14.6
Progressive Conservative Stanley Shenkman 11,352 22.6 -24.7
New Democratic Charles Taylor 6,388 12.7 +8.4
Social Credit Henri-J. Bernard 845 1.7
Total valid votes 50,239 100.0

Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election.

1958 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alan Macnaughton 22,051 48.4 -12.0
Progressive Conservative Reginald J. Dawson 21,562 47.3 +11.4
Co-operative Commonwealth Harold Atwill 1,952 4.3 +0.6
Total valid votes 45,565 100.0
1957 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alan Macnaughton 23,330 60.4 -1.2
Progressive Conservative George Brown 13,861 35.9 +2.0
Co-operative Commonwealth Harold Atwill 1,420 3.7 +1.9
Total valid votes 38,611 100.0
1953 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alan Macnaughton 17,183 61.7 -2.2
Progressive Conservative Dudley Holden Kerr 9,460 33.9 -0.1
Labor–Progressive Norman Nerenberg 727 2.6
Co-operative Commonwealth Ross Worrall 500 1.8 -0.3
Total valid votes 27,870 100.0
1949 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alan Macnaughton 21,654 63.8 +17.1
Progressive Conservative Earle Moore 11,550 34.0 -5.7
Co-operative Commonwealth Ross Edward Worrall 719 2.1 -5.9
Total valid votes 33,923 100.0
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick Primrose Whitman 20,925 46.8 -9.7
Progressive Conservative St. Clair Holland 17,798 39.8 +1.9
Co-operative Commonwealth John Stanley Allen 3,608 8.1 +2.4
Independent PC Gilbert Layton 1,270 2.8
Labor–Progressive Beryl Truax 1,147 2.6
Total valid votes 44,748 100.0

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick Primrose Whitman 19,858 56.5 +20.0
National Government William Allen Walsh 13,319 37.9 -11.6
Co-operative Commonwealth John Stanley Allen 1,983 5.6 +1.1
Total valid votes 35,160 100.0

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Allen Walsh 16,203 49.4 -26.0
Liberal Adam Kirk Cameron 11,967 36.5 +12.0
Reconstruction Clifford Henry Cheasley 2,782 8.5
Co-operative Commonwealth Lloyd B. Almond 1,473 4.5
Independent Thomas Henry Carveth 343 1.0
Total valid votes 32,768 100.0
1930 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Smeaton White 19,932 75.5 -0.5
Liberal Octavia Grace Ritchie England 6,483 24.5 +0.5
Total valid votes 26,415 100.0
1926 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Smeaton White 14,249 76.0 +6.3
Liberal Thomas Henry Carveth 4,499 24.0
Total valid votes 18,748 100.0
1925 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Robert Smeaton White 16,377 69.7
Independent Liberal Robert Louis Calder 7,129 30.3
Total valid votes 23,506 100.0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "(Code 24044) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  • Campaign expense data from Elections Canada

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

NotesEdit

Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
Algoma East
Riding represented by the Prime Minister
1968–1979
Succeeded by
Yellowhead
Preceded by
Yellowhead
Riding represented by the Prime Minister
1980–1984
Succeeded by
Vacant; next was Manicouagan, in 1984