27th Canadian Parliament

The 27th Canadian Parliament was in session from December 9, 1965 until April 23, 1968. The membership was set by the 1965 federal election on November 8, 1965, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1968 election.

27th Parliament of Canada
Minority parliament
9 December 1965 – 23 April 1968
Parliament leaders
Rt. Hon. Lester B. Pearson
April 22, 1963 (1963-04-22) – April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20)
Rt. Hon. Pierre Trudeau
April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20) – June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04)
Cabinets19th Canadian Ministry
20th Canadian Ministry
Leader of the
John Diefenbaker
Michael Starr
Robert Stanfield
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionProgressive Conservative Party
RecognizedNew Democratic Party
UnrecognizedRalliement créditiste
Social Credit Party
House of Commons

Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Members265 MP seats
List of members
Senators102 senator seats
List of senators
MonarchElizabeth II
6 February 1952 – 8 September 2022
1st session
January 18, 1966 (1966-01-18) – May 8, 1967 (1967-05-08)
2nd session
May 8, 1967 (1967-05-08) – April 23, 1968 (1968-04-23)
← 26th → 28th

It was controlled by a Liberal Party minority under Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson and the 19th Canadian Ministry. Pierre Trudeau succeeded Pearson as party leader and Prime Minister shortly before this Parliament ended for the 1968 national election.

The Official Opposition was the Progressive Conservative Party, led first by John Diefenbaker, and subsequently by Michael Starr.

The Speaker was Lucien Lamoureux. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1952-1966 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were two sessions of the 27th Parliament.

Most of the MPs were elected as the single member for their district. Two represented Queen's (PEI) and two represented Halifax.

Distribution of seats at the beginning of the 27th Parliament Edit

Party Party Leader Seats
1963 Dissolution Elected % Change
  Liberal Lester Pearson 128 128 131 +2.3%
  Progressive Conservative John Diefenbaker 93 95 97 +4.3%
  New Democratic Tommy Douglas 24 17 21 -12.5%
  Ralliement créditiste Réal Caouette     9  
Social Credit R.N. Thompson 17 24 5 -70.6%
  Independent   - 1  
Total 265 265 265
Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867


"% change" refers to change from previous election 1 "Previous" refers to the results of the previous election, not the party standings in the House of Commons prior to dissolution.

List of members Edit

Following is a full list of members of the twenty-seventh Parliament listed first by province or territory, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Acadia Jack Horner Progressive Conservative
Athabaska Jack Bigg Progressive Conservative
Battle River—Camrose Clifford Smallwood Progressive Conservative
Bow River Eldon Woolliams Progressive Conservative
Calgary North Douglas Harkness Progressive Conservative
Calgary South Harold Raymond Ballard Progressive Conservative
Edmonton East William Skoreyko Progressive Conservative
Edmonton—Strathcona Terry Nugent Progressive Conservative
Edmonton West Marcel Lambert Progressive Conservative
Jasper—Edson Hugh Horner (resigned 9 May 1967) Progressive Conservative
Douglas Caston (by-election of 1967-11-06) Progressive Conservative
Lethbridge Deane Gundlock Progressive Conservative
Macleod Lawrence Kindt Progressive Conservative
Medicine Hat Bud Olson Social Credit
Peace River Ged Baldwin Progressive Conservative
Red Deer Robert N. Thompson Social Credit
Progressive Conservative
Vegreville Frank Fane Progressive Conservative
Wetaskiwin Harry Andrew Moore Progressive Conservative

British Columbia Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Burnaby—Coquitlam Tommy Douglas New Democratic
Burnaby—Richmond Bob Prittie New Democratic
Cariboo Bert Leboe Social Credit
Coast—Capilano John (Jack) Davis Liberal
Comox—Alberni Thomas Speakman Barnett New Democratic
Esquimalt—Saanich George Chatterton Progressive Conservative
Fraser Valley Alexander Bell Patterson Social Credit
Kamloops E. Davie Fulton Progressive Conservative
Kootenay East Jim Byrne Liberal
Kootenay West Herbert Wilfred Herridge New Democratic
Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands Colin Cameron New Democratic
New Westminster Barry Mather New Democratic
Okanagan Boundary David Vaughan Pugh Progressive Conservative
Okanagan—Revelstoke Howard Earl Johnston Social Credit
Skeena Frank Howard New Democratic
Vancouver—Burrard Ron Basford Liberal
Vancouver Centre John Robert (Jack) Nicholson Liberal
Vancouver East Harold Edward Winch New Democratic
Vancouver Kingsway Grace MacInnis New Democratic
Vancouver Quadra Grant Deachman Liberal
Vancouver South Arthur Laing Liberal
Victoria David Groos Liberal

Manitoba Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon—Souris Walter Dinsdale Progressive Conservative
Churchill Robert Simpson Progressive Conservative
Dauphin Elmer Forbes Progressive Conservative
Lisgar George Muir Progressive Conservative
Marquette Nick Mandziuk Progressive Conservative
Portage—Neepawa Siegfried Enns Progressive Conservative
Provencher Warner Jorgenson Progressive Conservative
Selkirk Eric Stefanson, Sr. Progressive Conservative
Springfield Edward Schreyer New Democratic
St. Boniface Roger Teillet Liberal
Winnipeg North David Orlikow New Democratic
Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles New Democratic
Winnipeg South Louis Ralph (Bud) Sherman Progressive Conservative
Winnipeg South Centre Gordon Churchill Progressive Conservative
Independent Progressive Conservative

New Brunswick Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte Allan M.A. McLean Liberal
Gloucester Hédard Robichaud Liberal
Kent Guy Crossman Liberal
Northumberland—Miramichi George Roy McWilliam Liberal
Restigouche—Madawaska Jean-Eudes Dubé Liberal
Royal Gordon Fairweather Progressive Conservative
St. John—Albert Thomas Miller Bell Progressive Conservative
Victoria—Carleton Hugh John Flemming Progressive Conservative
Westmorland Margaret Rideout Liberal
York—Sunbury John Chester MacRae Progressive Conservative

Newfoundland Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Bonavista—Twillingate Jack Pickersgill (resigned 19 September 1967) Liberal
Charles Granger (by-election of 1967-11-06) Liberal
Burin—Burgeo Chesley William Carter (until 8 July 1966 Senate appointment) Liberal
Don Jamieson (by-election of 1966-09-19) Liberal
Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador Charles Granger (resigned 1 August 1966)1 Liberal
Andrew Chatwood (by-election of 1966-09-19) Liberal
Humber—St. George's Herman Maxwell Batten Liberal
St. John's East Joseph O'Keefe Liberal
St. John's West Richard Cashin Liberal
Trinity—Conception James Roy Tucker Liberal

1Granger resigned the seat of Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador in August 1966 to contest a seat in the Newfoundland House of Assembly and was succeeded by Andrew Chatwood of the Liberals. Granger became Minister of Labrador Affairs in the provincial cabinet. He resigned his provincial office in September 1967 to contest the federal seat of Bonavista—Twillingate vacated by Jack Pickersgill. Granger was successful and became Minister without portfolio in Pearson's Cabinet.

Northwest Territories Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Northwest Territories Robert Orange Liberal

Nova Scotia Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough John Benjamin Stewart Liberal
Cape Breton North and Victoria Robert Muir Progressive Conservative
Cape Breton South Donald MacInnis Progressive Conservative
Colchester—Hants Cyril Kennedy (resigned 18 September 1967) Progressive Conservative
Robert Stanfield (by-election of 1967-11-06) Progressive Conservative
Cumberland Robert Coates Progressive Conservative
Digby—Annapolis—Kings Pat Nowlan Progressive Conservative
Halifax* Michael Forrestall Progressive Conservative
Robert McCleave Progressive Conservative
Inverness—Richmond Allan MacEachen Liberal
Pictou Russell MacEwan Progressive Conservative
Queens—Lunenburg Lloyd Crouse Progressive Conservative
Shelburne—Yarmouth—Clare John Oates Bower Progressive Conservative

Ontario Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East Lester B. Pearson Liberal
Algoma West George E. Nixon Liberal
Brantford James Elisha Brown Liberal
Brant—Haldimand Lawrence Pennell Liberal
Broadview John Gilbert New Democratic
Bruce John Loney Progressive Conservative
Carleton Dick Bell Progressive Conservative
Cochrane Joseph-Anaclet Habel Liberal
Danforth Reid Scott New Democratic
Davenport Walter L. Gordon Liberal
Dufferin—Simcoe Ellwood Madill Progressive Conservative
Durham Russell Honey Liberal
Eglinton Mitchell Sharp Liberal
Elgin Harold Stafford Liberal
Essex East Paul Martin Sr. Liberal
Essex South Eugene Whelan Liberal
Essex West Herb Gray Liberal
Fort William Hubert Badanai Liberal
Glengarry—Prescott Viateur Éthier Liberal
Greenwood Andrew Brewin New Democratic
Grenville—Dundas Jean Casselman Wadds Progressive Conservative
Grey—Bruce Eric Alfred Winkler Progressive Conservative
Grey North Percy Verner Noble Progressive Conservative
Halton Harry Harley Liberal
Hamilton East John Munro Liberal
Hamilton South William Dean Howe New Democratic
Hamilton West Joseph Macaluso Liberal
Hastings—Frontenac Rod Webb Progressive Conservative
Hastings South Lee Grills Progressive Conservative
High Park Pat Cameron Liberal
Huron Robert McKinley Progressive Conservative
Kenora—Rainy River John Mercer Reid Liberal
Kent Harold Danforth Progressive Conservative
Kingston Edgar Benson Liberal
Lambton—Kent Mac McCutcheon Progressive Conservative
Lambton West Walter Frank Foy Liberal
Lanark Desmond Code Progressive Conservative
Leeds John Matheson Liberal
Lincoln James McNulty Liberal
London John Alfred Irvine Progressive Conservative
Middlesex East Jim Lind Liberal
Middlesex West William Howell Arthur Thomas Progressive Conservative
Niagara Falls Judy LaMarsh Liberal
Nickel Belt Norman Fawcett New Democratic
Nipissing Carl Legault Liberal
Norfolk Jack Roxburgh Liberal
Northumberland George Hees Progressive Conservative
Ontario Michael Starr Progressive Conservative
Ottawa East Jean-Thomas Richard Liberal
Ottawa West George McIlraith Liberal
Oxford Wally Nesbitt Progressive Conservative
Parkdale Stanley Haidasz Liberal
Parry Sound—Muskoka Gordon Aiken Progressive Conservative
Peel Bruce Beer Liberal
Perth Jay Monteith Progressive Conservative
Peterborough Hugh Faulkner Liberal
Port Arthur Bob Andras Liberal
Prince Edward—Lennox Douglas Alkenbrack Progressive Conservative
Renfrew North Len Hopkins Liberal
Renfrew South Joe Greene Liberal
Rosedale Donald Stovel Macdonald Liberal
Russell Paul Tardif Liberal
St. Paul's Ian Wahn Liberal
Simcoe East Philip Bernard Rynard Progressive Conservative
Simcoe North Heber Smith Progressive Conservative
Spadina Sylvester Perry Ryan Liberal
Stormont Lucien Lamoureux Liberal
Sudbury Rodger Mitchell (died 4 January 1967) Liberal
Bud Germa (by-election of 1967-05-29) New Democratic
Timiskaming Arnold Peters New Democratic
Timmins Murdo Martin New Democratic
Trinity Paul Hellyer Liberal
Victoria William C. Scott Progressive Conservative
Waterloo North Keith Hymmen Liberal
Waterloo South Max Saltsman New Democratic
Welland Donald Tolmie Liberal
Wellington—Huron Marvin Howe Progressive Conservative
Wellington South Alfred Hales Progressive Conservative
Wentworth John B. Morison Liberal
York Centre James Edgar Walker Liberal
York East Steve Otto Liberal
York—Humber Ralph Cowan Liberal
York North John Hollings Addison Liberal
York—Scarborough Robert Stanbury Liberal
York South David Lewis New Democratic
York West Robert Winters Liberal

Prince Edward Island Edit

Electoral district Name Party
King's Melvin McQuaid Progressive Conservative
Prince David MacDonald Progressive Conservative
Queen's* Angus MacLean Progressive Conservative
Heath MacQuarrie Progressive Conservative

Quebec Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil—Deux-Montagnes Roger Régimbal Progressive Conservative
Beauce Jean-Paul Racine Liberal
Beauharnois—Salaberry Gérald Laniel Liberal
Bellechasse Herman Laverdière Liberal
Berthier—Maskinongé—delanaudière Antonio Yanakis Liberal
Bonaventure Albert Béchard Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
Cartier Milton L. Klein Liberal
Chambly—Rouville Bernard Pilon Liberal
Champlain Jean-Paul Matte Liberal
Chapleau Gérard Laprise Ralliement Créditiste
Charlevoix Martial Asselin Progressive Conservative
Chicoutimi Paul Langlois Liberal
Châteauguay—Huntingdon—Laprairie Ian Watson Liberal
Compton—Frontenac Henry Latulippe Ralliement Créditiste
Dollard Jean-Pierre Goyer Liberal
Dorchester Gustave Côté Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Jean-Luc Pépin Liberal
Gaspé James Russell Keays Progressive Conservative
Gatineau Joseph Isabelle Liberal
Hochelaga Gérard Pelletier Liberal
Hull Alexis Caron (died 31 August 1966) Liberal
Pierre Caron (by-election of 1967-05-29) Liberal
Îles-de-la-Madeleine Maurice Sauvé Liberal
Jacques-Cartier—Lasalle Raymond Rock Liberal
Joliette—l'Assomption—Montcalm Joseph-Roland Comtois Liberal
Kamouraska Charles-Eugène Dionne Ralliement Créditiste
Labelle Gaston Clermont Liberal
Lac-Saint-Jean Alcide Simard Ralliement Créditiste
Lafontaine Georges-C. Lachance Liberal
Lapointe Gilles Grégoire Ralliement Créditiste
Laurier Fernand Leblanc Liberal
Laval Jean-Léo Rochon Liberal
Lévis Raynald Guay Liberal
Longueuil Jean-Pierre Côté Liberal
Lotbinière Auguste Choquette Liberal
Maisonneuve—Rosemont J. Antonio Thomas Liberal
Matapédia—Matane René Tremblay Liberal
Mégantic Raymond Langlois Ralliement Créditiste
Mercier Prosper Boulanger Liberal
Montmagny—L'Islet Jean-Charles Richard Berger Liberal
Mount Royal Pierre Trudeau Liberal
Nicolet—Yamaska Clément Vincent (resigned 4 May 1966) Progressive Conservative
Florian Côté (by-election of 1966-09-19) Liberal
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Warren Allmand Liberal
Outremont—St-Jean Maurice Lamontagne Liberal
Aurélien Noël (by-election of 1967-05-29) Liberal
Papineau Guy Favreau (resigned 4 April 1967) Liberal
André Ouellet (by-election of 1967-05-29) Liberal
Pontiac—Témiscamingue Thomas Lefebvre Liberal
Portneuf Roland Godin Ralliement Créditiste
Québec—Montmorency Ovide Laflamme Liberal
Quebec East Gérard Duquet Liberal
Quebec South Jean-Charles Cantin Liberal
Quebec West Jean Marchand Liberal
Richelieu—Verchères Lucien Cardin (resigned 4 April 1967) Liberal
Jacques-Raymond Tremblay (by-election of 1967-05-29) Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe Patrick Tobin Asselin Liberal
Rimouski Louis Guy LeBlanc Liberal
Rivière-du-Loup—Témiscouata Rosaire Gendron Liberal
Roberval Charles-Arthur Gauthier Ralliement Créditiste
Saguenay Gustave Blouin Liberal
St. Ann Gérard Loiselle Liberal
Saint-Antoine—Westmount Charles (Bud) Drury Liberal
Saint-Denis Marcel Prud'homme Liberal
Saint-Henri Hilarion-Pit Lessard Liberal
Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot Théogène Ricard Progressive Conservative
Saint-Jacques Maurice Rinfret Liberal
Saint-Jean—Iberville—Napierville Jean-Paul Beaulieu Progressive Conservative
St. Lawrence—St. George John Turner Liberal
Sainte-Marie Georges Valade Progressive Conservative
Saint-Maurice—Laflèche Jean Chrétien Liberal
Shefford Louis-Paul Neveu Liberal
Sherbrooke Maurice Allard Independent Progressive Conservative
Stanstead Yves Forest Liberal
Terrebonne Léo Cadieux Liberal
Trois-Rivières Joseph-Alfred Mongrain Independent
Vaudreuil—Soulanges René Émard Liberal
Verdun Bryce Mackasey Liberal
Villeneuve Réal Caouette Ralliement Créditiste

Saskatchewan Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Lawrence Watson Progressive Conservative
Humboldt—Melfort—Tisdale Reynold Rapp Progressive Conservative
Kindersley Reg Cantelon Progressive Conservative
Mackenzie Stanley Korchinski Progressive Conservative
Meadow Lake Bert Cadieu Progressive Conservative
Melville James Ormiston Progressive Conservative
Moose Jaw—Lake Centre J. Ernest Pascoe Progressive Conservative
Moose Mountain Richard Southam Progressive Conservative
Prince Albert John Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative
Qu'Appelle Alvin Hamilton Progressive Conservative
Regina City Ken More Progressive Conservative
Rosetown—Biggar Ronald McLelland Progressive Conservative
Rosthern Edward Nasserden Progressive Conservative
Saskatoon Lewis Brand Progressive Conservative
Swift Current—Maple Creek Jack McIntosh Progressive Conservative
The Battlefords Albert Horner Progressive Conservative
Yorkton Gordon Drummond Clancy Progressive Conservative

Yukon Edit

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative

By-elections Edit

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Jasper—Edson November 6, 1967 Hugh Horner      Progressive Conservative Douglas Caston      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Bonavista—Twillingate November 6, 1967 Jack Pickersgill      Liberal Charles Ronald Granger      Liberal Resignation Yes
Colchester—Hants November 6, 1967 Cyril Kennedy      Progressive Conservative Robert L. Stanfield      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Stanfield Yes
Sudbury May 29, 1967 Rodger Mitchell      Liberal Bud Germa      New Democratic Death No
Hull May 29, 1967 Alexis Caron      Liberal Pierre Caron      Liberal Death Yes
Outremont—St-Jean May 29, 1967 Maurice Lamontagne      Liberal Aurélien Noël      Liberal Resignation Yes
Papineau May 29, 1967 Guy Favreau      Liberal André Ouellet      Liberal Resignation Yes
Richelieu—Verchères May 29, 1967 Lucien Cardin      Liberal Jacques-R. Tremblay      Liberal Resignation Yes
Burin—Burgeo September 19, 1966 Chesley W. Carter      Liberal Don Jamieson      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador September 19, 1966 Charles Ronald Granger      Liberal Andrew Chatwood      Liberal Resignation Yes
Nicolet—Yamaska September 19, 1966 Clément Vincent      Progressive Conservative Florian Coté      Liberal Resignation No

References Edit

  • Government of Canada. "19th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
  • Government of Canada. "27th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
  • Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2006-05-12.

Succession Edit