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Carleton (Ontario electoral district)

Carleton is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1968 and since 2015. It was represented in the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada from 1821 to 1840 and in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 until 1866.

Carleton
Ontario electoral district
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Pierre Poilievre
Conservative
District created 1867
First contested 1867
Last contested 2015
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2016)[1] 102,918
Electors (2015) 71,947
Area (km²)[1] 1,229
Pop. density (per km²) 83.7
Census divisions Ottawa
Census subdivisions Ottawa

The original riding was created by the British North America Act of 1867. However, the riding had existed since 1821 in the Parliament of Upper Canada and the Parliament of the Province of Canada. It originally consisted of Carleton County. In 1966, it was redistributed into the new electoral districts of Grenville—Carleton, Lanark and Renfrew, Ottawa Centre, Ottawa West and Ottawa—Carleton.

This riding was re-created by the 2012 electoral redistribution from parts of Nepean—Carleton (59%), Carleton—Mississippi Mills (41%) and a small portion of Ottawa South. It was contested in the 2015 federal election.

Contents

DemographicsEdit

According to the Canada 2011 Census[2]

Ethnic groups: 86.1% White, 3.4% Indigenous, 2.0% Chinese, 2.0% South Asian, 1.8% Arab, 1.6% Black, 3.1% Other
Languages: 81.4% English, 7.6% French, 1.3% Arabic, 1.0% Italian, 8.7% Other
Religions: 76.0% Christian, 2.1% Muslim, 2.1% Other, 19.8% None
Median income: $47,616 (2010)
Average income: $57,190 (2010)

Riding historyEdit

The federal riding consisted initially of Carleton County. In 1882, it was redefined to consist of the townships of Nepean, North Gower, Marlboro, March, Torbolton and Goulbourn, and the village of Richmond. In 1903, it was redefined to consist of the county of Carleton, excluding the city of Ottawa and the townships of Gloucester and Osgoode.

In 1914, it was redefined to include parts of the city of Ottawa not included in either the electoral district of Ottawa or Rideau Ward of Ottawa.

In 1924, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton, excluding the townships of Gloucester and Osgoode and that part of the city of Ottawa lying east of a line drawn from south to north along the Canadian Pacific Railway line, Somerset Street, Bayswater Avenue, Bayview Road, and Mason Street to the Ottawa River.

In 1933, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton, excluding the township of Gloucester, the town of Eastview, the village of Rockcliffe Park and the part of the city of Ottawa lying east of Parkdale Avenue.

In 1947, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton, excluding the township of Gloucester, the town of Eastview and the village of Rockcliffe Park, and including the parts of Victoria and Elmdale wards in the city of Ottawa west of Parkdale Avenue, the part of Dalhousie ward south of Carling Avenue, the part of Capital ward south of Carling Avenue and Linden Terrace, and the part of Riverdale ward south of Riverdale Avenue and west of Main Street.

In 1952, it was redefined as consisting of the county of Carleton (excluding the township of Gloucester, the town of Eastview and the village of Rockcliffe Park), and the part of the city of Ottawa west of a line drawn from north to south along Parkdale Avenue, east along Carling Avenue, north along O'Connor Street, east along Linden Terrace to the Rideau Canal, south along the canal, east along Echo Drive, northeast along Riverdale Avenue, south along Main Street, southwest along the Rideau River.

The electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed between Grenville—Carleton, Lanark and Renfrew, Ottawa Centre, Ottawa West and Ottawa—Carleton ridings.

The riding is set to be recreated in 2015 by the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and was legally defined in the 2013 representation order. Initially, the riding was known as Rideau—Carleton. 40.58% of the riding comes from the riding of Carleton—Mississippi Mills, 59.37% from Nepean—Carleton and 0.04% from Ottawa South. It will come into effect upon the call of the next federal election, currently scheduled for October 2015.

Members of Parliament of Upper CanadaEdit

(returned two members from 1831 to 1840)
  1. William Morris (1821–1825)
  2. George Thew Burke (1825–1829)
  3. Thomas Mabon Radenhurst (1829–1831)
  4. Hamnett Kirkes Pinhey (1831) and John Bower Lewis (1831–1840)
  5. George Lyon (1831–1835)
  6. Edward Malloch (1835–1840)

Members of Parliament of the Province of CanadaEdit

  1. James Johnston, Reformer (1841–1846)
  2. George Lyon, Conservative (1846–1848)
  3. Edward Malloch (1848–1854)
  4. William F. Powell, Conservative (1854–1866)

Members of ParliamentEdit

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Carleton
Parliament Years Member Party
1st  1867–1872     John Holmes Liberal–Conservative
2nd  1872–1874     John Rochester Conservative
3rd  1874–1878
4th  1878–1882
5th  1882–1887     John A. Macdonald Liberal–Conservative
6th  1887–1888
 1888–1891     George Lemuel Dickinson Conservative
7th  1891–1896 William Thomas Hodgins
8th  1896–1900
9th  1900–1904 Edward Kidd
10th  1904–1905
 1905–1908 Robert Borden
11th  1908–1909
 1909–1911 Edward Kidd
12th  1911–1912
 1912–1917 William Foster Garland
13th  1917–1921     George Boyce Government (Unionist)
14th  1921–1925     William Foster Garland Conservative
15th  1925–1926
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935
18th  1935–1940 Alonzo Hyndman
19th  1940–1940     National Government
 1940–1945     George Russell Boucher Conservative
20th  1945–1948     Progressive Conservative
 1948–1949 George A. Drew
21st  1949–1953
22nd  1953–1957
23rd  1957–1958 Dick Bell
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963
26th  1963–1965     Cyril Lloyd Francis Liberal
27th  1965–1968     Dick Bell Progressive Conservative
Riding dissolved into Grenville—Carleton, Lanark and Renfrew,
Ottawa Centre, Ottawa West, and Ottawa—Carleton
Riding re-created from Carleton—Mississippi Mills,
Nepean—Carleton, and Ottawa South
42nd  2015–Present     Pierre Poilievre Conservative

Election resultsEdit

Carleton, 2015–presentEdit

Canadian federal election, 2015
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Pierre Poilievre 27,762 46.86 -14.81 $166,805.35
Liberal Chris Rodgers 25,913 43.74 +22.88 $101,336.54
New Democratic KC Larocque 3,632 6.13 -7.22 $17,692.44
Green Deborah Coyne 1,932 3.26 -0.86 $15,632.31
Total valid votes/Expense limit 59,239 100.00   $206,141.87
Total rejected ballots 196 0.33
Turnout 59,435 80.95
Eligible voters 73,418
Conservative hold Swing -18.84
2011 federal election redistributed results[3]
Party Vote  %
  Conservative 28,928 61.67
  Liberal 9,786 20.86
  New Democratic 6,262 13.35
  Green 1,932 4.11

Carleton, 1867–1968Edit

Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Dick Bell 32,456 43.90 –2.39
Liberal Lloyd Francis 31,523 42.64 –5.37
New Democratic Donald V. Stirling 9,953 13.46 +8.79
Total valid votes 73,932 100.0  
Progressive Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.49
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Lloyd Francis 32,325 48.01 +6.02
Progressive Conservative Dick Bell 31,168 46.29 –5.40
New Democratic Lewis Hanley 3,144 4.67 –0.19
Social Credit Harold Herbert Splett 699 1.04 –0.44
Total valid votes 67,336 100.0  
Liberal gain from Progressive Conservative Swing +5.71
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Dick Bell 32,125 51.66 –15.81
Liberal Lloyd Francis 26,109 41.99 +13.86
New Democratic Lewis Hanley 3,024 4.86 +1.20
Social Credit Harold Herbert Splett 922 1.48 +0.75
Total valid votes 62,180 100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing –14.84
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Dick Bell 32,741 67.47 +5.69
Liberal George Humble 13,652 28.13 –5.79
Co-operative Commonwealth Stewart I. Crawford 1,777 3.66 +0.70
Social Credit Grace Gough 355 0.73 –0.62
Total valid votes 48,525 100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +5.74
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Dick Bell 27,865 61.78 +6.53
Liberal Frank Egan Dunlap 15,298 33.92 –6.34
Co-operative Commonwealth Stewart I. Crawford 1,334 2.96 +0.01
Social Credit Eric Kingsley Fallis 607 1.35 –0.19
Total valid votes 45,104 100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +6.44
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative George Drew 20,137 55.25 +2.26
Liberal John H. McDonald 14,676 40.26 –0.45
Co-operative Commonwealth Stewart I. Crawford 1,075 2.95 –3.35
Social Credit Eric Kingsley Fallis 562 1.54
Total valid votes 36,450 100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +1.36
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative George Drew 18,141 52.99 –23.28
Liberal John H. McDonald 13,937 40.71
Co-operative Commonwealth Eugene Forsey 2,155 6.30 –14.63
Total valid votes 34,233 100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing –32.00
Canadian federal by-election, 20 December 1948
On the resignation of G. Russell Boucher, 1 November 1948
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative George Drew 12,284 76.27 +14.01
Co-operative Commonwealth Eugene Forsey 3,371 20.93 +13.46
Social Credit J. Nelson McCracken 451 2.80
Total valid votes 16,106 100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +0.28
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative G. Russell Boucher 10,916 62.26 –18.04
Liberal Leonard Anthony Davis 5,309 30.28
Co-operative Commonwealth Douglas D. Irwin 1,309 7.47
Total valid votes 17,534 100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing –24.16
Canadian federal by-election, 19 August 1940
On the death of Alonzo Hyndman, 9 April 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Russell Boucher 6,045 80.30 +26.40
New Democracy John Nelson McCracken 1,483 19.70
Total valid votes 7,528 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing  
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Government Alonzo Bowen Hyndman 7,736 53.90 +11.54
Liberal Herbert Samuel Arkell 6,617 46.10 +9.61
Total valid votes 14,353 100.0  
National Government hold Swing +0.96
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alonzo Bowen Hyndman 6,872 42.36 –1.42
Liberal Herbert Samuel Arkell 5,919 36.49 –5.56
Reconstruction Herman Ralph James 3,431 21.15
Total valid votes 16,222 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing +2.07
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Foster Garland 7,317 43.78 –12.57
Liberal Mortimer Newton Cummings 7,027 42.05 –1.60
Independent Conservative Robert Ormond Morris 2,369 14.17
Total valid votes 16,713 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing –5.48
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Foster Garland 7,415 56.35 –1.09
Liberal Mortimer Newton Cummings 5,744 43.65 +1.09
Total valid votes 13,159 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing –1.09
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Foster Garland 7,757 57.44 +16.15
Liberal Mortimer Newton Cummings 5,748 42.56 +11.67
Total valid votes 13,505 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing +2.24
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Foster Garland 5,537 41.29 –25.18
Liberal William Lochead Gourlay 4,142 30.89 –2.64
Progressive Bower Henry 3,474 25.91
Independent Edward Hill Good 257 1.92
Total valid votes 13,410 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing –11.27
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Government (Unionist) George Boyce 5,290 66.47 +0.33
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Frederick Henry Honeywell 2,669 33.53 –0.33
Total valid votes 7,959 100.0  
Government (Unionist) hold Swing +0.33
Canadian federal by-election, 30 October 1912
On the death of Edward Kidd, 16 September 1912
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Foster Garland acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Kidd 2,616 66.14 –1.14
Liberal Donald Hector MacLean 1,339 33.86 +1.14
Total valid votes 3,955 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing –1.14
Canadian federal by-election, 22 February 1909
On the election of Robert Borden to Halifax and Carleton, and his choosing to sit for Halifax, 25 January 1909
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Edward Kidd acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Laird Borden 2,667 67.28 +3.72
Liberal James Ernest Caldwell 1,297 32.72 –3.72
Total valid votes 3,964 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing +3.72
Canadian federal by-election, 4 February 1905
On the resignation of Edward Kidd, 19 January 1905
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Robert Laird Borden acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Kidd 2,055 63.56 –1.01
Liberal James E. Caldwell 1,178 36.44 +1.01
Total valid votes 3,233 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing –1.01
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Kidd 1,611 64.57 +17.06
Liberal John McKellar 884 35.43 –4.66
Total valid votes 2,495 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing +10.86
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William T. Hodgins 1,337 47.51 –3.22
Liberal John McKellar 1,128 40.09
Independent J.S. Hendricks 299 10.63
McCarthyite Thomas Butler 50 1.78
Total valid votes 2,814 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing  
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Thomas Hodgins 1,494 50.73
Conservative George Lemuel Dickinson 1,451 49.27 –12.30
Total valid votes 2,945 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing  
Canadian federal by-election, 1 February 1888
On the election of John A. Macdonald to sit for Kingston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Lemuel Dickinson 1,524 61.57
Unknown W. F. Powell 951 38.42
Total valid votes 2,475 100.0  
Conservative gain from Liberal–Conservative Swing  
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal–Conservative John A. Macdonald 1,691 73.62 +24.87
Liberal John K. Stewart 606 26.38
Total valid votes 2,297 100.0  
Liberal–Conservative hold Swing  
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal–Conservative John A. Macdonald 1,185 48.75
Unknown John May 629 25.87
Unknown Erskine Henry Bronson 617 25.38
Total valid votes 2,431 100.0  
Liberal–Conservative gain from Conservative Swing  
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Rochester 1,282 49.73 +2.65
Unknown John May 1,196 46.39
Unknown J. A. Grant 86 3.34
Unknown Nicholas Sparks, Jr. 14 0.54
Total valid votes 2,578 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing  
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Rochester 870 47.08 –5.89
Unknown John Holmes 631 34.15 –12.46
Unknown J. Wallace 347 18.78
Total valid votes 1,848 100.0  
Conservative hold Swing +3.28
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Rochester 1,024 52.97 +4.91
Unknown John Holmes 901 46.61 –5.33
Unknown William Montgomery 6 0.31
Unknown J. Mills 2 0.10
Total valid votes 1,933 100.0  
Conservative gain from Liberal–Conservative Swing +5.12
Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal–Conservative John Holmes 1,087 51.94
Conservative John Rochester 1,006 48.06
Total valid votes 2,093 100.0  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit