Durham (electoral district)

Durham (formerly known as Clarington—Scugog—Uxbridge) is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1904 to 1968 and since 1988.

Durham
Ontario electoral district
Durham Electoral District 2015.svg
Durham in relation to other Ontario electoral districts (2015 boundaries)
Federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Erin O'Toole
Conservative
District created1903
First contested1904
Last contested2019
District webpageprofile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1]115,395
Electors (2015)92,317
Area (km²)[1]953
Pop. density (per km²)121.1
Census division(s)Durham
Census subdivision(s)Clarington, Mississaugas of Scugog Island, Oshawa, Scugog

Its first iteration was created in 1903 from Durham East and Durham West ridings. It consisted of the county of Durham. The electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was merged into Northumberland—Durham ridings. It was recreated in 1987 from parts of Durham—Northumberland and Ontario ridings.

The second incarnation of the riding was initially defined to consist of the Town of Newcastle, the townships of Scugog and Uxbridge, Scugog Indian Reserve No. 34, the part of the City of Oshawa lying north of Rossland Road and the allowance for road in front of lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, Concession 3 and the part of the Town of Whitby lying north of Taunton Road.

In 1996, it was redefined to consist of the Township of Scugog, Scugog Indian Reserve No. 34, the Town of Clarington and the part of the City of Oshawa lying north of a line drawn from west to east along Taunton Road, south along Ritson Road North, east along Rossland Road East, south along Harmony Road North and east along King Street East.

The electoral district was abolished in 2003 when it was redistributed between Clarington—Scugog—Uxbridge, Oshawa and Whitby—Oshawa ridings. Clarington—Scugog—Uxbridge was defined to consist of the townships of Uxbridge and Scugog, the Municipality of Clarington and the Mississaugas of Scugog Island reserve. In 2004, Clarington—Scugog—Uxbridge was renamed Durham. Following the Canadian federal electoral redistribution, 2012, this riding lost territory to Pickering—Uxbridge and Northumberland—Peterborough South; it gained territory from Oshawa and Whitby—Oshawa during the 2012 electoral redistribution.

On August 24, 2020, Durham MP Erin O'Toole won the Conservative Party leadership election and was named Leader of the Official Opposition.

DemographicsEdit

 
Durham in relation to other Ontario electoral districts (2003 boundaries)

Ethnic groups (2006): 95.00% White, 1.52% Black, 1.24% Aboriginal
Languages (2011): 91.71% English, 1.51% French
Religions (2001): 52.26% Protestant, 24.13% Catholic, 2.97% Other Christian, 19.92% No religion
Median income (2005): $32,869

Members of ParliamentEdit

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Durham
Riding created from Durham East and Durham West
10th  1904–1908     Henry Alfred Ward Conservative
11th  1908–1911 Charles Jonas Thornton
12th  1911–1917
13th  1917–1921     Newton Rowell Government (Unionist)
14th  1921–1925     Fred Wellington Bowen Conservative
15th  1925–1926
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935
18th  1935–1940     Frank Rickard Liberal
19th  1940–1945
20th  1945–1949     Charles Elwood Stephenson Progressive Conservative
21st  1949–1953     John James Liberal
22nd  1953–1957
23rd  1957–1958     Percy Vivian Progressive Conservative
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963     Russell Honey Liberal
26th  1963–1965
27th  1965–1968
Riding dissolved into Northumberland—Durham and Ontario
Durham
Riding re-created from Durham—Northumberland, Oshawa and Ontario
34th  1988–1993     K. Ross Stevenson Progressive Conservative
35th  1993–1997     Alex Shepherd Liberal
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
Clarington—Scugog—Uxbridge
38th  2004–2006     Bev Oda Conservative
Durham
39th  2006–2008     Bev Oda Conservative
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2012
 2012–2015 Erin O'Toole
42nd  2015–2019
43rd  2019–present

Current Member of ParliamentEdit

This seat is currently held by Erin O'Toole, a former captain in the Maritime Air Group division of Air Command. O'Toole, a member of the Conservative Party of Canada, was elected in a 2012 by-election and 2020 was elected as Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada.

Election resultsEdit

Durham, 2004–presentEdit

Graph of election results in Durham (2004-present, minor parties that never got 2% of the vote or didn't run consistently are omitted)
2021 Canadian federal election
** Preliminary results — Not yet official **
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Independent Sarah Gabrielle Baron 247 0.4
New Democratic Christopher Cameron 11,415 17.5
People's Patricia Conlin 3,630 5.6
Liberal Jonathan Giancroce 19,361 29.7
Conservative Erin O'Toole 30,443 46.6
Independent Kurdil-Telt Patch 49 0.1
Rhinoceros Adam Smith 141 0.2
Total valid votes 65,286
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 65,286
Eligible voters 111,117
Source: Elections Canada[2]
2019 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Erin O'Toole 30,752 42.1 -3.03 $86,288.22
Liberal Jonathan Giancroce 23,547 32.2 -3.55 $50,364.45
New Democratic Sarah Whalen-Wright 13,323 18.2 +2.17 $3,348.10
Green Evan Price 3,950 5.4 +2.88 none listed
People's Brenda Virtue 1,442 2.0 $2,377.06
Total valid votes/Expense limit 73,014 100.0  
Total rejected ballots 480
Turnout 73,494 71.2
Eligible voters 107,367
Conservative hold Swing +0.26
Source: Elections Canada[3][4][5]
2015 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Erin O'Toole 28,967 45.13 −10.04 $117,180.89
Liberal Corinna Traill 22,949 35.75 +20.22 $51,458.76
New Democratic Derek Spence 10,289 16.03 −7.72 $21,240.10
Green Stacey Leadbetter 1,616 2.52 −2.04 $109.90
Christian Heritage Andrew Moriarity 364 0.57 $4,224.95
Total valid votes/Expense limit 64,185 100.00   $236,417.96
Total rejected ballots 233 0.36
Turnout 64,418 68.93
Eligible voters 93,455
Conservative hold Swing -15.13
Source: Elections Canada[6][7][8]
2011 federal election redistributed results[9]
Party Vote %
  Conservative 27,900 55.17
  New Democratic 12,011 23.75
  Liberal 7,857 15.54
  Green 2,307 4.56
  Others 499 0.99


Canadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012
Resignation of Bev Oda
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Erin O'Toole 17,280 50.72 −3.83 $95,331
New Democratic Larry O'Connor 8,946 26.26 +5.16 $96,257
Liberal Grant Humes 5,887 17.28 −0.57 $91,946
Green Virginia Ervin 1,386 4.07 −1.32 $742
Christian Heritage Andrew Moriarity 437 1.28 +0.49 $4,379
Online Michael Nicula 132 0.39 $1,080
Total valid votes 34,068 100.00
Total rejected ballots 115
Turnout 34,183 35.87
Eligible voters 95,296
Conservative hold Swing −8.99
Source: "November 26, 2012 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 27, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Bev Oda 31,737 54.55 +0.50
New Democratic Tammy Schoep 12,277 21.10 +10.72
Liberal Grant Humes 10,387 17.85 -5.18
Green Stephen Leahy 3,134 5.39 -6.04
Christian Heritage Andrew Moriarty 462 0.79 -0.30
Libertarian Blaize Barnicoat 187 0.32
Total valid votes 58,184 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 267 0.46 +0.12
Turnout 58,451 64.12
Eligible voters 91,165
Conservative hold Swing -5.1
2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Bev Oda 28,551 54.05 +7.04 $69,054
Liberal Bryan Ransom 12,167 23.03 -6.98 $34,901
Green Stephen Leahy 6,041 11.43 +6.79 $4,147
New Democratic Andrew McKeever (withdrawn)[10] 5,485 10.38 -6.88 $1,896
Christian Heritage Henry Zekveld 577 1.09 +0.03 $2,529
Total valid votes 52,821 100.00   $90,063
Total rejected ballots 177 0.33 +0.04
Turnout 52,998 60.48 -8.78
Conservative hold Swing +7.0
2006 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bev Oda 27,087 47.01 +6.27
Liberal Doug Moffatt 17,290 30.01 -8.25
New Democratic Bruce Rogers 9,948 17.26 +2.15
Green Virginia Ervin 2,676 4.64 +0.56
Christian Heritage Henry Zekveld 612 1.06 -0.73
Total valid votes 57,613
Total rejected ballots 168 0.29 -0.20
Turnout 57,779 69.26 +5.02
Conservative hold Swing +7.3

Clarington—Scugog—Uxbridge, 2003–2004Edit

2004 Canadian federal election: Clarington—Scugog—Uxbridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bev Oda 20,813 40.74 -9.16
Liberal Tim Lang 19,548 38.26 -5.89
New Democratic Bruce Rogers 7,721 15.11 +10.22
Green Virginia Ervin 2,085 4.08
Christian Heritage Durk Bruinsma 915 1.79
Total valid votes 51,082
Total rejected ballots 251 0.49
Turnout 51,333 64.24
Conservative hold Swing -9.7

^ Change based on redistributed results. Conservative change based on combined Progressive Conservative and Canadian Alliance results.

Durham, 1988–2003Edit

Graph of election results in Durham (1988-2003, minor parties that never got 2% of the vote or didn't run consistently are omitted)
2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alex Shepherd 20,602 45.20 +1.86
Alliance Gerry Skipwith 13,743 30.15 +1.68
Progressive Conservative Sam Cureatz 8,367 18.36 -1.25
New Democratic Ken Ranney 2,545 5.58 -1.51
Independent Durk Bruinsma 326 0.72 -0.77
1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alex Shepherd 19,878 43.34 +6.67
Reform Ian Smyth 13,059 28.47 -1.90
Progressive Conservative Sam Cureatz 8,995 19.61 -5.04
New Democratic Colin Argyle 3,250 7.09 +2.95
Christian Heritage Durk Bruinsma 682 1.49 +0.33
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alex Shepherd 22,334 36.67 +7.54
Reform Ian Smyth 18,500 30.37
Progressive Conservative Ross Stevenson 15,014 24.65 -21.82
New Democratic Lucy Rybka-Becker 2,519 4.14 -15.81
National W.H. Harry Pope 1,220 2.00
Christian Heritage Durk T. Bruinsma 705 1.16 -2.06
Green Judy Hurvid 349 0.57 -0.04
Natural Law Micheal Paul Larmand 270 0.44
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes %
Progressive Conservative Ross Stevenson 24,065 46.47
Liberal Doug Moffatt 15,083 29.13
New Democratic Margaret Wilbur 10,334 19.95
Christian Heritage John Kuipers 1,666 3.22
Libertarian Rolf Posma 323 0.62
Green Harold Tausch 316 0.61

Durham, 1904–1968Edit

Graph of election results in Durham (1904-1968, minor parties that never got 2% of the vote or didn't run consistently are omitted)
1965 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Liberal Russell Honey 8,017 42.49 -3.73
Progressive Conservative Garnet Rickard 6,725 35.64 -7.21
New Democratic John Anthony Cheyne Ketchum 3,948 20.93 +10.85
Social Credit Wilbur N. Grandall 177 0.94 +0.08
1963 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Liberal Russell Honey 8,720 46.22 +2.06
Progressive Conservative Garnet Rickard 8,084 42.85 +0.17
New Democratic Eileen Ethel Coutts 1,901 10.08 -2.21
Social Credit Wilbur N. Crandall 161 0.85 -0.02
1962 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Liberal Russell Honey 7,971 44.16 +8.63
Progressive Conservative Percy Vivian 7,704 42.68 -13.28
New Democratic Eileen Coutts 2,217 12.28 +3.77
Social Credit Kenneth C. Toms 158 0.88
1958 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Progressive Conservative Percy Vivian 9,732 55.96 +11.47
Liberal Russell C. Honey 6,178 35.53 -5.92
Co-operative Commonwealth Ernest Dent 1,480 8.51 -3.13
1957 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Progressive Conservative Percy Vivian 7,331 44.49 -0.48
Liberal John Mason James 6,829 41.45 -4.78
Co-operative Commonwealth Ernest Dent 1,918 11.64 +2.84
Social Credit Kenneth Toms 399 2.42
1953 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Liberal John Mason James 6,684 46.22 -0.44
Progressive Conservative Charles Elwood Stephenson 6,504 44.98 +1.23
Co-operative Commonwealth Merdith Roy Armstrong 1,273 8.80 -0.78
1949 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Liberal John Mason James 6,907 46.66 +1.89
Progressive Conservative Charles Elwood Stephenson 6,476 43.75 -4.57
Co-operative Commonwealth James David Kenny 1,419 9.59 +2.68
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Progressive Conservative Charles Elwood Stephenson 6,479 48.32 +3.69
Liberal W. Frank Rickard 6,003 44.77 -10.60
Co-operative Commonwealth Wilfrd George Bowles 926 6.91
1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Liberal Wilbert Franklin Rickard 6,743 55.37 +7.37
National Government William Ross Strike 5,435 44.63 +0.05
1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Liberal Wilbert Frank Rickard 6,649 48.00 +4.66
Conservative Fred Wellington Bowen 6,176 44.58 -12.08
Reconstruction R. Rufus Choate Macknight 531 3.83
Co-operative Commonwealth Ralph Sharpe Staples 497 3.59
1930 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Conservative Fred Wellington Bowen 6,827 56.67 +0.23
Liberal Montague John Holman 5,221 43.33
1926 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Conservative Fred Wellington Bowen 6,508 56.43 +2.82
Liberal–Progressive Melville Howden Staples 5,024 43.57
1925 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Conservative Fred Wellington Bowen 7,020 53.61 +12.71
Liberal Charles Vincent Massey 6,074 46.39 +5.48
1921 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Conservative Fred Wellington Bowen 5,106 40.90 -39.93
Progressive Thomas Albert Victor Reid 3,936 31.53
Liberal William Thomas Roche Preston 3,441 27.57 +8.40
1917 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%}
Government (Unionist) Newton Rowell 5,923 80.84 +24.66
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) George William Jones 1,404 19.16 -24.66
1911 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Jonas Thornton 3,291 56.18 +1.12
Liberal Thomas Alexander Kelly 2,567 43.82 -1.12
1908 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Jonas Thornton 3,387 55.06 +3.92
Liberal David Burke Simpson 2,764 44.94 -3.92
1904 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Henry Alfred Ward 3,322 51.15
Liberal Allen B. Aylesworth 3,173 48.85

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 44°03′54″N 78°52′52″W / 44.065°N 78.881°W / 44.065; -78.881