43rd Canadian Parliament

The 43rd Canadian Parliament is the current session of the Parliament of Canada, which began on December 5, 2019, following the 2019 federal election held on October 21, 2019.

43rd Parliament of Canada
Minority parliament
December 5, 2019 – present
Coat of arms of Canada (1957–1994).png
Parliament leaders
Prime
Minister

(cabinet)
Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau
(29th Canadian Ministry)
4 November 2015 – present
Leader of the
Opposition
Hon. Andrew Scheer
27 May 2017 – 24 August 2020
Hon. Erin O'Toole
24 August 2020 – present
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionConservative Party
Third partiesBloc Québécois
New Democratic Party
Independent Senators Group*
Canadian Senators Group*
Progressive Senate Group*
UnrecognizedGreen Party
* Only in the Senate.
House of Commons
Canadian House of Commons 2020 standard.svg
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Commons
Hon. Anthony Rota
5 December 2019 – present
Government
House Leader
Hon. Pablo Rodríguez
20 November 2019 – present
Opposition
House Leader
Hon. Candice Bergen
15 September 2016 – 2 September 2020
Gérard Deltell
2 September 2020 – present
Members338 MP seats
List of members
Senate
Senate of Canada - Seating Plan (43rd Parliament).svg
Seating arrangements of the Senate
Speaker of the
Senate
Hon. George Furey
3 December 2015 – present
Government
Senate Rep.
Hon. Marc Gold
24 January 2020 – present
Opposition
Senate Leader
Hon. Don Plett
5 November 2019 – present
Senators105 senator seats
List of senators
Sovereign
MonarchElizabeth II
6 February 1952 – present
Governor
General
HE Rt. Hon. Julie Payette
2 October 2017 – present
Sessions
1st Session
5 December 2019 – 18 August 2020
2nd Session
23 September 2020 –
<42nd 44th>

First sessionEdit

The first session of the 43rd Parliament opened on December 5, 2019 with the speech from the throne delivered by Governor General Julie Payette. While several bills were introduced, the agenda was overtaken by the COVID-19 pandemic. Before the parliament implemented a five-week closure on March 13 the Canada–United States–Mexico Agreement Implementation Act was given all three senate readings and royal assent in one day, the only non-appropriation bill adopted before the closure.[1][2]

However, Parliament reconvene for one day, on March 24, to introduce and adopt the COVID-19 Emergency Response Act (Bill C-13) with unanimous consent. Among other provisions, the bill doubled the GST/HST credit for the 2019 tax year, added $300 to the May 2020 Canada Child Benefit, paused (for 6 months) repayments of Canada Student Loans, immediately transferred $500 million to the provinces, amended the Patent Act to allow government to use a patented invention without the permission until September 30 to respond to a public health emergency, and enacted the Canada Emergency Response Benefit Act and the Public Health Events of National Concern Payments Act.[3] They again reconvened for one day, on April 11, for the COVID-19 Emergency Response Act, No. 2 (Bill C-14) which replaced the previous bill's temporary wage subsidies with the expanded Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy program and extended it to September 30.[4] Similarly, the House of Commons reconvened on April 29 and the Senate on May 1 for the Canada Emergency Student Benefit Act (Bill C-15) to create the Canada Emergency Student Benefit and the Canada Student Service Grant.[5] After a failed attempt in June,[6] Parliament met again between July 20-22 for An Act respecting further COVID-19 measures (Bill C-20) which further extended and amended the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy, provided a one-time $600 payment to persons with disabilities, and enacted the Time Limits and Other Periods Act (COVID-19).[7]

During that time, in Spring and Summer 2020, the Liberal Party had three Members of Parliament resign and the Conservative Party elected a new leader. Initiated after Andrew Scheer's December 2019 announcement of his impending resignation as leader, the Conservative Party leadership election resulted in Durham MP Erin O'Toole becoming the new party leader as of August 24.[8][9] Marwan Tabbara of Kitchener South-Hespeler changed his affiliation to Independent in June upon the news release that the Guelph Police Service had charged him with counts of assault, criminal harassment, breaking and entering and committing an indictable offence relating to an incident that occurred in April.[10][11] Effective September 1, York Centre MP Michael Levitt resigned to become President and CEO of the Canadian Friends of Simon Wiesenthal Centre for Holocaust Studies.[12] Effective August 17, Toronto Centre MP Bill Morneau resigned from his position as Canadian Finance Minister and his seat in Parliament reportedly due to his role in the WE Charity controversy and disagreements with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau over spending federal funds on managing COVID-19's economic impact.[13] The next day, upon naming Chrystia Freeland to replace Morneau as Finance Minister, the Prime Minister prorogued Parliament, ending the first session.[14][14][15]

Second sessionEdit

On September 23, 2020, Parliament officially resumed, with the government presenting a new throne speech and Trudeau giving a prime-time television address, a rarity in Canadian politics. O'Toole, Bloc Quebecois leader Yves-François Blanchet and NDP leader Jagmeet Singh all delivered their own responses to both the throne speech and to Trudeau's address.[16]

Canadian MinistryEdit

The 29th Canadian Ministry had continued from the 42nd Parliament. On November 20, 2019, a month after the election, the Prime Minister re-organized his cabinet to align with government priorities and replace members who had retired or been defeated. Chrystia Freeland was named Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs. Of those continuing on in their existing roles, Bill Morneau continued as Minister of Finance, David Lametti as Minister of Justice, Harjit Sajjan as Minister of National Defence, and Navdeep Bains as Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry. In shuffling existing cabinet ministers, Patty Hajdu became the new Minister of Health, François-Philippe Champagne the new Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jonathan Wilkinson the new Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Bernadette Jordan the new Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, Seamus O'Regan the new Minister of Natural Resources, and Bill Blair the new Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness. There were seven newcomers to cabinet including Dan Vandal becoming Minister of Northern Affairs, Marc Miller the Minister of Indigenous Services, and Steven Guilbeault the Minister of Canadian Heritage.[17]

With Morneau's resignation in August 2020, Freeland was moved over to become Minister of Finance, with the Ministry of Intergovernmental Affairs being returned to Dominic LeBlanc's portfolio.[18]

Party standingsEdit

Standings in the 43rd Canadian Parliament
Affiliation House Members Senate Members
2019 Election Results As of 1 September 2020 Change On Election Day 2019 As of 24 August 2020 Change
Liberal 157 154  3  
Conservative 121 121   29 21   8
Bloc Québécois 32 32    
New Democratic 24 24    
Green 3 3    
Independent 1 2  1 7 5   2
Independent Senators Group   57 47   10
Senate Liberal Caucus   9   9
Canadian Senators Group   13   13
Progressive Senate Group   9   9
Total members 338 336  2 102 95   7
Vacant 2  2 3 10   7
Total seats 338 105


Representation by Province/TerritoryEdit

House of CommonsEdit

For background on the current representation, see:

  1. The representation acts in the List of Canadian constitutional documents
  2. Elections Canada's history on the representation formula (including the 1985 Representation Act, but any subsequent acts such as the 1999 Constitution Act or the 2011 Fair Representation Act).[19]
  3. Canadian Parliamentary Review's proposal for fairer representation for small provinces (around the time of the 2011 representation formula revision).[20]
Province / Territory Number of MPs
(ridings)[21]
Percentage
of seats
'000s persons per MP

(est. July 2019)[22]

Alberta 34 10.1% 128.6
British Columbia 42 12.4% 120.7
Manitoba 14 4.1% 97.8
New Brunswick 10 3.0% 77.7
Newfoundland and Labrador 7 2.1% 74.5
Northwest Territories 1 0.3% 44.8
Nova Scotia 11 3.3% 88.3
Nunavut 1 0.3% 38.8
Ontario 121 35.8% 120.4
Prince Edward Island 4 1.2% 39.2
Quebec 78 23.1% 108.8
Saskatchewan 14 4.1% 83.9
Yukon 1 0.3% 40.9
Canada

(total/average)

338 100% 111.2

SenateEdit

For historical and current representation in the Senate, see Senate of Canada's history and current representation.

OfficeholdersEdit

The officers of Parliament for the 43rd Parliament are set out below.

Party LeadersEdit

Rump groups without official party statusEdit

  • Leader of the Green Party: Annamie Paul (from outside of the House; since October 3, 2020)
    • Parliamentary leader of the Green Party: Elizabeth May (since November 4, 2019, previously party leader)

Changes to party standingsEdit

House of CommonsEdit

Membership ChangesEdit

Date District Name Party before Party after Reason
June 6, 2020 Kitchener South—Hespeler Marwan Tabbara Liberal Independent Resigned from Liberal caucus after being charged with assault, break and enter and criminal harassment.[23][24]
August 17, 2020 Toronto Centre Bill Morneau Liberal Vacant Resigned to run for Secretary-General of the OECD.[25]
September 1, 2020 York Centre Michael Levitt Liberal Vacant Resigned to become the president of the Canadian Friends of Simon Wiesenthal Centre for Holocaust Studies.[26]

The party standings in the House of Commons have changed as follows:

Number of members
per party by date
2019 2020
Oct 21 Jun 6 Aug 17 Sep 1
Liberal 157 156 155 154
Conservative 121
Bloc Québécois 32
New Democratic 24
Green 3
Independent 1 2
  Total members 338 337 336
Government Majority -13 -14 -15 -16
Vacant 0 1 2

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pinkerton, Charlie (March 13, 2020). "Parliament shuts doors for five weeks because of COVID-19". iPolitics.
  2. ^ "USMCA legislation approved in Commons amid concerns about Canada-U.S. border". CTV News. March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  3. ^ "A look at what's in the federal COVID-19 aid legislation". National Post. March 25, 2020.
  4. ^ Fleury, Sylvain; Roy-César, Édison; Smith, Alex (April 11, 2020). "Legislative Summary of Bill C-14: A second Act respecting certain measures in response to COVID-19". Library of Parliament. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
  5. ^ Kachulis, Eleni; Perez-Leclerc, Mayra (May 1, 2020). "Legislative Summary of Bill C-15: An Act respecting Canada emergency student benefits (coronavirus disease 2019)". Library of Parliament. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
  6. ^ Tumilty, Ryan (June 10, 2020). "CERB bill stalls as Liberals find no opposition support for moving legislation through House". National Post.
  7. ^ "House passes bill to extend and reform wage subsidy, introduce disability benefits". CBC News. July 21, 2020.
  8. ^ "Erin O'Toole wins Conservative leadership race, reaches out to broaden blue tent".
  9. ^ "Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer resigns, vows to stay on until new leader chosen". Global News. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  10. ^ Humphreys, Adrian (8 June 2020). "Ontario MP allegedly watched home for three months before arrest there for assault, break and enter, harassment". National Post, a division of Postmedia Network Inc.
  11. ^ "As Ontario MP Marwan Tabbara sat in jail over Easter, there was no backlash because nobody knew". National Post, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. 15 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Toronto Liberal MP resigns to helm Jewish human rights organization". CBC News. August 4, 2020.
  13. ^ "Bill Morneau resigns as Canada's finance minister". thestar.com. 2020-08-17. Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  14. ^ a b "Freeland confirmed as finance minister, Trudeau prorogues Parliament until late September". National Post. Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  15. ^ "Trudeau proroguing Parliament ahead of new Throne Speech this fall". Global News. Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  16. ^ Aiello, Rachel (2020-09-23). "Second COVID-19 wave has already started: PM in address to nation". CTVNews. Retrieved 2020-09-25.
  17. ^ Aiello, Rachel (November 20, 2019). "Trudeau expands cabinet, promotes seven rookies and shakes up existing ministers". CTV News.
  18. ^ MacCharles, Tonda (August 18, 2020). "Chrystia Freeland, Canada's first female finance minister, on her new job: 'It's about time we broke that glass ceiling'". Toronto Star.
  19. ^ "History of Representation in the House of Commons of Canada". Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  20. ^ Gussow, David. "Representation in the House of Commons: A Long Term Proposal". Canadian Parliamentary Review. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  21. ^ "FAQs – General Questions". Elections Canada. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  22. ^ "Population estimates on July 1st, by age and sex". Statistics Canada. July 1, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  23. ^ Carty, Matt; Nielsen, Kevin (June 5, 2020). "MP Marwan Tabbara leaving Liberal caucus after charges laid". Global News. Global News. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  24. ^ "Roles - Marwan Tabbara". House of Commons. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  25. ^ "Bill Morneau resigns as finance minister and MP, will seek to head up OECD". CBC. August 17, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  26. ^ "Toronto-area Liberal MP Michael Levitt announces resignation to 'put family first'". CTVNews. 2020-08-04. Retrieved 2020-09-02.