Andrew James Scheer PC MP (born May 20, 1979) is a Canadian politician serving as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle since 2004 and as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Official Opposition since 2017.
Scheer in 2018
|Leader of the Opposition|
May 27, 2017
|Prime Minister||Justin Trudeau|
|Preceded by||Rona Ambrose|
|Leader of the Conservative Party|
May 27, 2017
|Preceded by||Rona Ambrose (interim)|
|Opposition House Leader|
November 18, 2015 – September 13, 2016
|Preceded by||Peter Julian|
|Succeeded by||Candice Bergen|
|35th Speaker of the House of Commons|
June 2, 2011 – December 3, 2015
|Governor General||David Johnston|
|Prime Minister||Stephen Harper|
|Preceded by||Peter Milliken|
|Succeeded by||Geoff Regan|
|Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons|
November 21, 2008 – June 1, 2011
|Governor General||David Johnston|
|Prime Minister||Stephen Harper|
|Preceded by||Bill Blaikie|
|Succeeded by||Denise Savoie|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament
June 28, 2004
|Preceded by||Lorne Nystrom|
|Born||Andrew James Scheer
May 20, 1979
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
|Political party||Conservative (2003–present)|
Saskatchewan Party (provincial)
|Spouse(s)||Jill Ryan (m. 2003)|
|Relations||Jon Ryan (brother-in-law)|
|Alma mater||University of Ottawa
University of Regina (BA)
Elected to the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle at the age of 25, Scheer was reelected in 2006, 2008 and 2011 before becoming the Speaker of the House of Commons at age 32, making him the youngest Speaker in the chamber's history. He held the speaker role for the entirety of the 41st Canadian Parliament. On September 28, 2016, Scheer announced his bid for the leadership of the Conservative Party, running under the slogan “Real conservative. Real leader.” Described as a "true blue Tory", Scheer is a staunch opponent of a federal carbon tax and has stated that he would balance the federal budget within two years of forming a government. On May 27, 2017, he was elected Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada on the 13th and final ballot of the leadership election, with 50.95% of the vote to opponent Maxime Bernier’s 49.05%.
Early life and careerEdit
Scheer was born and raised in Ottawa, Ontario, the son of Mary Gerarda Therese (Enright), a nurse, and James Scheer, a librarian and proofreader, who is a deacon of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ottawa. He has two sisters. Part of his family is from Romania. Scheer graduated from Immaculata High School, and then studied history at the University of Ottawa. While attending university, Scheer worked in the correspondence department of the Office of the Leader of the Opposition (OLO). Scheer also worked on Ottawa city councillor Karin Howard's youth advisory committee.
He moved to Regina after meeting his future wife Jill Ryan at university and finished his BA at the University of Regina. Instead of returning to Ottawa, Scheer worked at Shenher Insurance, a company owned by Mike Schenher. He also worked in the constituency office of a Canadian Alliance MP, Larry Spencer in Regina—Lumsden—Lake Centre and worked as a waiter.
First years in the House of CommonsEdit
Scheer was elected at age 25 as a Conservative candidate in the federal election of 2004, in the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle, beating New Democratic Party MP Lorne Nystrom—the longest-serving member of the House of Commons at the time—by 861 votes. Near the end of the race, Scheer accused Nystrom of being soft on child pornography. He was re-elected in the federal election of 2006, once again defeating Nystrom, this time by a margin of 2,740 votes.
In April 2006, during the 39th Canadian Parliament, Scheer was named as Assistant Deputy Chairman of Committees of the Whole, one of three deputy speakers and one of the youngest Members of Parliament to serve in that role in Commonwealth history. Also, he sponsored a bill that would create minimum sentences for those convicted of motor vehicle theft called Bill C-343, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (motor vehicle theft),
On November 21, 2008, during the 40th Canadian Parliament, he was named Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons and Chairman of Committees of the Whole, succeeding New Democrat MP Bill Blaikie.
Speaker of the House of CommonsEdit
When the Conservative Party won a majority at the federal election in 2011, Scheer's experience as Deputy Speaker led many to consider him the front-runner to be elected Speaker of the House of Commons. On June 2, 2011, Scheer defeated Denise Savoie, the lone opposition candidate and only woman in the sixth round of balloting. Scheer became the youngest House Speaker in Canadian history and the first speaker to represent a Saskatchewan riding. Liberal MPs, who opposed Scheer's candidacy, criticized the NDP for voting for their own party member instead of tipping the balance toward Conservative MP Lee Richardson based on the MPs' beliefs that Scheer was "Harper's boy".
During his tenure, opposition parties expressed confidence in Scheer due to his political status. However, individual opposition MPs and journalists were critical of some of his decisions. Liberal MP Irwin Cotler questioned his impartially due to a decision over a robocall incident with Campaign Research (it was reported that Scheer was a client of the firm). NDP Leader Tom Mulcair criticized him for failing to intervene with Conservative MP Paul Calandra, who failed to answer Mulcair's questions during Question Period and instead responded with non-sequiturs about supporting Israel.
During the 2011 Canadian federal election voter suppression scandal, opposition politicians raised concerns over Scheer's interventions to block questions after The Globe and Mail revealed that his riding association loaned $3,000 to Marty Burke while Burke's campaign was under scrutiny by Elections Canada over the incident. In addition, journalists pointed out there were similar incidents with his treatment of other opposition politicians. Scheer responded by stating that previous Speakers have ruled that they have no authority over the content of what politicians say, and he is bound by that precedent.
Scheer was re-elected in the 2015 federal election in which the Conservative government was defeated. He was appointed Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons by Leader of the Official Opposition and interim Conservative party leader Rona Ambrose. He thought about running for the position of interim Party Leader but was dissuaded by fellow caucus MP Chris Warkentin, who pointed out that the interim leader cannot take the permanent position. On September 13, 2016, he announced his resignation outside a party caucus meeting in Halifax in order to explore a bid for the leadership of the federal Conservative Party.
2017 leadership electionEdit
On September 28, 2016, Scheer announced his bid for the leadership of the Conservative Party, and that he had the support of 32 members of the Conservative caucus. On May 27, 2017, Scheer was elected as the second full-time leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, beating runner up Maxime Bernier and more than 12 others with 50.95% of the vote through 13 rounds.
During the race, Scheer did not attend the Campaign Life Coalition's March for Life but sent Garrett Genius to make a statement on his behalf. Scheer benefited from the unexpected supported of Brad Trost during the leadership race. It was reported that some of Trost supporters contravene the Elections Act and party membership rules by offering incentives to vote. Dimitri Soudas, a former Stephen Harper aide, pointed out that it violated election rules and it benefited Scheer's campaign but the ballots have been destroyed so the result stand.
Scheer was criticized by opposition politicians for removing his campaign platform after winning the Conservative leadership race. Tory strategists suggested that the ideas proposed by Scheer during the race likely won’t be part of the Tories 2019 election platform.
The day after the election it was revealed that Hamish Marshall, Scheer's campaign manager, was listed as an IT specialist and one of the directors of the far right news outlet The Rebel Media. On October 16, 2017, The Globe and Mail asked Scheer if he knew that Marshall worked for the Rebel during the leadership campaign, he responded: "I didn't ask Hamish about every client he had" and then ended the interview. Later, a conservative spokesperson clarified that Scheer was aware that the Rebel was one of Marshall's many clients, but did not know the specifics. The day after, Marshall was named Conservative campaign chair for the 43rd Canadian federal election. On March 21, 2018, in an interview with Macleans, Scheer that Marshall and his past relationship with the Rebel should not be conflated with his selection as campaign chair.
Leader of the Official OppositionEdit
After the Unite the Right rally, Scheer denounced the outlet due to its coverage of the Unite the Right rally;, and stated that he would stop doing interviews with The Rebel Media until its “editorial directions" changed. The day after Scheer stated that he would not be granting interview with the Rebel going forward in an interview with the National Post.
The Globe and Mail reported that Scheer was not posting details of his own private fundraising events, while at the same time criticizing the Liberal Party for the same, stating that he should not be bound by the same ethical standards he demanded of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, because the Conservatives are not in government.
During the Surrey Newton byelection, when Scheer was touring an east Surrey potato-chip plant, he mentioned the conservative candidate, former MP Kerry-Lynne Findlay, by stating “She has deep connections to this community including living here for a significant period of time".
On January 4, 2018, he expelled Senator Lynn Beyak from the conservative caucus, after she refused to remove one of her letters that suggested Indigenous people want to get things for “no effort". He also stated that "Racism will not be tolerated in the Conservative caucus or Conservative Party of Canada". Scheer said that his office was only aware of the letters on January 2, but Garnet Angeconeb, a residential school survivor, stated that he emailed Scheer and Conservative Senate Leader Larry Smith about them on September 15, 2017, and did not get a response. In response, Beyak said neither Scheer nor anyone from his office contacted her to take down a letter. A senior Conservative source confirmed Beyak's accusation.
After it was revealed that the 2015 Conservative campaign team knew about sexual misconduct allegations against former Conservative MP Rick Dykstra, Scheer responded by stating he could not speak to "decisions made by past campaign teams." However,after Conservative MPs Maxime Bernier and Brad Trost called for an investigation into the party's handling of Dykstra's candidacy while Michelle Rempel criticized the party's decision, Scheer called for a third-party investigation on January 31, 2018. On February 6, 2018, Scheer declined to comment on the fate of those involved in the mishandling of the allegations against Dykstra during the 2015 election or say whether those involved remain welcome into the party.
Scheer traveled to the United Kingdom in March 2018 to "lay the groundword" for a Canada–UK trade agreement, assuming he become prime minister after 2019 election . In London, he met with prime minister Theresa May, foreign secretary Boris Johnson, and other ministers including Liam Fox and Sajid Javid. Scheer's trip faced minor criticism from the Globe and Mail and Ottawa Citizen's Shannon Gormley, who felt like the trip came of as undiplomatic with Gormley calling the trip not statesmanlike behaviour. While, the Globe editorial pointed out that a Canada–UK trade agreement has already been in negotiation since it was announced last year by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
On March 22, 2018, before their filibuster over the government's India trip, it was revealed that Scheer’s Office was offered a briefing by the Privy Council Office into the trip. A Scheer's spokesman responded to the claims by stating "Has the government offered Andrew a briefing? The answer is 'no,' and "This [is] fake news." Their filibuster which was intended for 40 hours but lasted on 21 hours cost taxpayers $50,000 per hour in overtime cost. A day later, Andrew Scheer calling the allegation "completely false." and stated if he accept an offer if it was made to all members of parliament. It was later revealed that the Clerk of the Privy Council Michael Wernick approached Scheer's chief of staff and Conservative MP Tony Clement to brief Scheer on any information he may have.Clement responed that he would not confirm or deny it. A couple of weeks later, he accepted a briefing.
Comparisons to Stephen HarperEdit
During his political career, Scheer has been compared to former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, and has been seen as “Harper's boy" by political opponents and called "Harper with a smile" or "Stephen Harper 2.0" by journalists and himself.
Scheer's campaign for the Conservative Party of Canada leadership was run under the slogan "Real conservative. Real leader." He avoided advocating the social conservative issues that some of the candidates championed, saying that he wanted to "reach a broader audience of Canadians." Positions on which he took a strong stance included scrapping the carbon tax and being "tough on crime". Scheer is considered a Blue Tory and is critical of the policies of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, having also been critical of Trudeau's late father, former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Scheer considered former Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker and British MEP Daniel Hannan as political influences. It has also been pointed out that Scheer shares similarities with Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall and Ontario Progressive Conservative leader Doug Ford. Scheer described U.S. Senators Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio as “strong conservative voices” during the 2016 Manning Center Conference. Unlike other candidates, Scheer's leadership team was focused less on headlines or eye-grabbing policy and more on data and organizing.
During the Conservative leadership race, Scheer stated that he would balance the federal budget within two years of forming government.
Scheer says he wants to make maternity and parental leave less expensive for families. He has promised to make employment insurance for parental and maternity benefits tax-free. He wants to introduce a tax credit to families who send their children to private schools. Scheer also proposes raising the limit on how much employment income a parent can earn each week while on leave. He has vowed to remove HST/GST from home heating bills and lower business taxes.
Scheer was a major advocate for the removal of the Canadian Wheat Board. It also been rumored that he also does not support supply management, personally. Scheer proposed a policy to mandate the inclusion of national flag decals on gas pumps to highlight "Canadian-sourced, ethically produced oil."
In February 2018 Scheer introduced a private member bill, the second of his career. Bill C-394, An Act to amend the Income Tax Act (parenting tax credit), or as he titled it the Supporting New Parents Act, would create a new tax credit intended to offset federal taxes owing on benefits received from maternity and parental leave. The parliamentary budget office found out that the credit would cost $607.6 million in lost revenue and would rise incrementally each year for the next five years.
Scheer has described his opposition to a federally-imposed carbon tax. He has said that if he is to form government, he will act to repeal any elements of a plan to implement a carbon tax enacted by the Trudeau government.
In October 2016, Scheer voted against the ratification of the Paris Agreement. However, he voted to reaffirm Canadian ratification on the Paris Agreement in June 2017. Pundits argued that his June 2017 vote was used as a way to avoid accusations comparison U.S. President Donald Trump, who pulled the United States out of the accord, a few days earlier.
Freedom of speechEdit
Scheer has promised that universities or colleges "that do not foster a culture of free speech and inquiry on campus" will not receive federal funding under his government, though after University of Toronto said it would not open space on its campus for an event hosted by the Canadian Nationalist Party, he stated “I respect the right for universities to determine which outside groups they give a platform to. And so that’s within their purview" and that his policy would be based on “an objective set of criteria.” When asked if a university like St.Paul blocking a film on abortion would fit in his criteria, Scheer said no.
Scheer opposes the non-partisan Senate being perused by the current government and suggested that he would appoint people to the Senate "who share my goal of lowering taxes and growing the private sector.” He also said “they would be conservative senators who would implement the conservative vision for Canada.” On September 16, 2017 Scheer criticized Senator Lynn Beyak following her comments about Indigenous people, but stated that it "no longer has a role" in the Conservative caucus. He stated that any decision to remove her would be made by the leader of the Conservatives in the Senate, Larry Smith. Beyak was eventually expelled from the caucus on January 4, 2018. Scheer has ordered the Senate Conservative Caucus to block the passage of the Cannabis Act.
During the 2004 election campaign, Scheer opposed same-sex marriage. As an individual MP, he publicly voiced his opposition in the House of Commons debate against recognizing same-sex marriage and voted in favour of a 2006 motion to re-open debate on the issue. Scheer has stated that, as leader of the Conservative caucus — where there is no consensus on the issue — he will not try to reopen the debate on same-sex marriage. In 2016, Scheer supported the removal of "traditional definition of marriage" from the conservative party policy book.
In 2005, Scheer defended Bishop Fred Henry's statements against the legalization of same-sex marriage, stating "to think that a Catholic bishop must answer to a civil authority over matters of faith is abominable. It is abhorrent to me, to other Catholics and to every member of every faith community."
Scheer is considered pro life by the Campaign Life Coalition and "has an impeccable pro life voting record" in the House of Commons. He has said that he will respect the Conservative Party's official policy on abortion, which currently states, "A Conservative government will not support any legislation to regulate abortion". Scheer reiterated his stance on abortion during a 2017 CBC News interview, stating that he still considers himself pro-life, but would not re-open the issue if elected as Prime Minister. In 2008, he was disappointed when the Order of Canada was given to abortionist Henry Morgentaler, and annoyed that his announcement came on Canada Day. Scheer accused the Liberal government of "imposing" the prime minister's views on upholding "women's rights and women's reproductive rights" when faith groups are applying for funding for summer jobs programs.
Scheer voted against Bill C-14, which allows practitioners to assist in the suicide of mentally competent adults with "enduring and intolerable suffering" in cases where death is "reasonably foreseeable." Scheer was critical of Justin Trudeau over comments made by the Governor General Julie Payette on questioning people who support creationism stating that millions were “offended’ by her comments.
Scheer voted against Bill C-210, which altered the lyrics of the national anthem to a gender-neutral form. When asked about his vote, he expressed disappointment on the bill's passing in 2016 and stated that he would sing the "old version" until the law received royal assent, which was the day after his comments.
On January 31, 2018, Scheer was asked if he had ever acted inappropriately in the past, in which he responded by "No," and "A good friend of mine when I first got elected said nothing good happens in Ottawa after 8:00 and I've tried to live by that rule." 
When asked about his stance on Canada's potential legalization of marijuana, he said though he is not in favour of the motion, "I am very realistic, and once it's legal in a short period of time there's going to be a lot of people that work for companies that distribute it... so we have to be very realistic as a party." Recently, he has refused to repeat these remarks in the interview he gave to the Canadian Press and has not stated if his party plans to support or repeal the Cannabis Act during the 2019 election. In a interview with Tout le Monde en Parle in May 2018, Scheer admitted that that smoked marijuana when he was younger, reinforced his opposition to the bill, and would not rule out the possibility to re-criminalize it if he wins.
In the leadership race, Scheer accused Justin Trudeau of wanting to legalize heroin. He has also accused Health Minister Ginette Petitpas Taylor on Twitter of trying to "legalize" hard drugs which he corrected to "decriminalize". Scheer is critical of safe-injection sites arguing that "the government makes it quote unquote safer to inject illicit drugs."
Scheer has publicly denounced the Liberal government's decision to end its lawsuit with Omar Khadr for what was reported to be a $10.5 million settlement. Scheer argued that Khadr's compensation should have been limited to the right of repatriation, which Khadr had received in 2012.
Scheer was one of thirteen Canadians banned from travelling to Russia under retaliatory sanctions imposed by President Vladimir Putin in March 2014. Scheer supports sending peacekeepers to Ukraine to Russia border believing that "The defence of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity should be a priority for Canada's government on the international stage."
When US President Donald Trump announced in December 2017, about his decision on recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, Scheer did not taken a public position. However, on February 26, 2018, Scheer has stated that a Conservative Canadian government, if elected in 2019, will recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Following Donald Trump's announcement of the withdrawal of the United States from the JCPOA, Scheer tweeted that he was "praying for the safety of the soldiers of the Israeli Defense Forces and all Israelis tonight as they face missile attacks."
Scheer wants to prioritize helping those he considers the most vulnerable refugees, namely religious minorities like Christians in the Middle East who face death for conversion away from Islam. He prefers to help refugees integrate through private sponsorship instead of government sponsorship. He contends that the refugees who are currently struggling to find housing, jobs and language training do so because of the Liberal Party "using a devastating tragedy for political purposes".
On February 8, 2018, Scheer expressed openness in opening the constitution to support Premier Philippe Couillard's propasal. Couillard's constitutional plan is based around five conditions which are the codification of a distinct society; limits on federal spending power; while guaranteeing representation on the Supreme Court; a constitutional veto right; and increased control over immigration to Quebec in the constitution. In May 2018, Scheer has promised that to advocate for a robust Quebec nationalism, give Quebec more control over immigration and culture as well as collecting then transferring their federal income tax.
Scheer married Jill Ryan at the Holy Rosary Cathedral in Regina in 2003. They have five children: Thomas, Grace, Madeline, Henry, and Mary. Jill Scheer's younger brother is professional football player Jon Ryan. Another of her brothers, Steve Ryan, ran for the Saskatchewan NDP in the 2007 and 2011 provincial elections.
He and his family attend Sunday Mass at Canadian Martyrs or Good Samaritan parishes. Scheer is an active member of the Knights of Columbus. During the leadership race, Scheer revealed that his children were attending a private faith-based school.
On, October 31, 2017, it was reported that Scheer had three real estate limited partnerships (RELPs): investment vehicles that reduce the holders' tax burden by writing off up to 50 percent of their initial investment, for those who make an average income of $75,000 or more in Saskatchewan. Scheer invested $75,000 in the RELPs, and his holdings were previously disclosed to Mary Dawson, the ethics commissioner.
|Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal for Canada||
- The Honourable
- June 2, 2011 – December 3, 2015 (as Speaker of the House of Commons)
- September 25, 2017 – present (for life, as a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada)
|Canadian federal election, 2015|
|New Democratic||Nial Kuyek||11,144||30.21||-8.44||$65,386.08|
|Total valid votes/expense limit||36,883||100.0||$202,239.34|
|Total rejected ballots||152||–||–|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|Canadian federal election, 2011|
|New Democratic||Fred Clipsham||11,419||38.4||+6.3||$63,800|
|Total valid votes/expense limit||29,721||100.0||$81,793|
|Total rejected ballots||97||0.3||0.0|
|Canadian federal election, 2008|
|New Democratic||Janice Bernier||8,699||32.1||-0.3||$44,446|
|Total valid votes/expense limit||27,135||100.0||$78,949|
|Total rejected ballots||81||0.3||0.0|
|Canadian federal election, 2006|
|New Democratic||Lorne Nystrom||10,041||32.4||-0.3||$50,501|
|Total valid votes||30,944||100.0||–|
|Total rejected ballots||93||0.3||0.0|
|Canadian federal election, 2004|
|New Democratic||Lorne Nystrom||9,151||32.7||-8.6||$46,290|
|Christian Heritage||Mary Sylvia Nelson||293||1.0||–||$4,213|
|Independent||Lorne Edward Widger||106||0.4||–||$728|
|Total valid votes||27,994||100.0||–|
|Total rejected ballots||89||0.3||-0.2|
Note: Conservative vote is compared to the Canadian Alliance vote in 2000 election.
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Others on that list [of candidates for Speaker] – Saskatchewan Tory MP and perceived frontrunner Andrew Scheer [...]
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It's widely speculated, however, that a Conservative is going to get the position, and Andrew Scheer, who has served as Assistant Deputy Speaker and Deputy Speaker for more than five years, is considered the frontrunner.
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Scheer has an impeccable voting record on life & family issues during his long career as a federal MP.
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|Parliament of Canada|
|Member of Parliament
|Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons
|Speaker of the House of Commons
|Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons
|Leader of the Opposition
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Conservative Party