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Andrew James Scheer, PC MP (born May 20, 1979) is a Canadian politician who has been the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Official Opposition since 2017 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle in the House of Commons since 2004.

The Honourable
Andrew Scheer
PC MP
Andrew Scheer with Winnipeg Mayor Brian Bowman (37017567232).jpg
Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
May 27, 2017
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
Preceded by Rona Ambrose
Leader of the Conservative Party
Assumed office
May 27, 2017
Deputy Denis Lebel (2017)
Lisa Raitt (2017-present)
Preceded by Rona Ambrose (Interim)
Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons
In office
November 18, 2015 – September 13, 2016
Leader Rona Ambrose
Preceded by Peter Julian
Succeeded by Candice Bergen
35th Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
June 2, 2011 – December 3, 2015
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General David Johnston
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Preceded by Peter Milliken
Succeeded by Geoff Regan
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Regina—Qu'Appelle
Assumed office
June 28, 2004
Preceded by Lorne Nystrom
Personal details
Born Andrew James Scheer
(1979-05-20) May 20, 1979 (age 38)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Political party Conservative (2003–present)
Other political
affiliations
Alliance (Before 2003)
Spouse(s) Jill Ryan
Relations Jon Ryan (brother-in-law)
Children 5
Residence Stornoway
Education University of Ottawa
University of Regina (BA)
Website Party website
Campaign website

Described as a Blue Tory,[1] Scheer is a staunch opponent of a federal carbon tax[2] and has stated that he would balance the federal budget within two years of forming a government.[3] A social conservative, Scheer is a supporter of the pro-life movement.[4][5]

Elected to the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle at the age of 25,[6] Scheer was elected Speaker of the House of Commons at age 32, making him the youngest Speaker in the chamber’s history.[7] On September 28, 2016, Scheer announced his bid for the leadership of the Conservative Party,[8] running under the slogan of “Real conservative. Real leader.” During the leadership campaign, Scheer was often compared to former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, and has been described as "Harper with a smile" or "Stephen Harper 2.0".[9] On May 27, 2017, he was elected Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada on the 13th and final ballot of the leadership election, with 50.95% of the vote to opponent Maxime Bernier’s 49.05%.[10]

Contents

Early life and careerEdit

Scheer was born and raised in Ottawa, Ontario, the son of Mary Gerarda Therese (Enright), a nurse, and James Scheer, a librarian and proofreader, who is a deacon of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ottawa.[11][12][13] He has two sisters. Part of his family is from Romania.[14] Scheer graduated from Immaculata High School, and then studied history and politics at the University of Ottawa. While attending university, Scheer worked in the correspondence department of the Office of the Leader of the Opposition (OLO). He moved to Regina after meeting his future wife Jill Ryan at university and finished his BA at the University of Regina. Instead of returning to Ottawa, Scheer worked at Shenher Insurance before joining the constituency office of a Canadian Alliance MP, Larry Spencer in Regina—Lumsden—Lake Centre.

Political careerEdit

First years in the House of CommonsEdit

Scheer was elected at age 25 as a Conservative candidate in the federal election of 2004 in the riding of Regina—Qu'Appelle, beating New Democratic Party MP Lorne Nystrom, then longest-serving member of the House of Commons by 861 votes.[15] Near the end of the race, Scheer accused Nystrom of being soft on child pornography. [16] He was re-elected in the federal election of 2006, once again defeating Nystrom, this time by a margin of 2,740 votes.[17]

In April 2006, during the 39th Canadian Parliament, Scheer was named as Assistant Deputy Chairman of Committees of the Whole, one of three deputy speakers and one of the youngest Members of Parliament to serve in that role in Commonwealth history. He sponsored one bill, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (motor vehicle theft) (Bill C-343), which would create minimum sentences for those convicted of motor vehicle theft.

On November 21, 2008, during the 40th Canadian Parliament, he was named Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons and Chairman of Committees of the Whole,[18] succeeding New Democrat MP Bill Blaikie.

Speaker of the House of CommonsEdit

When the Conservative Party won a majority at the federal election in 2011, Scheer's experience as Deputy Speaker led many to consider him the front-runner to be elected Speaker of the House of Commons.[19][20] On June 2, 2011, Scheer defeated Denise Savoie in the sixth round of balloting; he was also the last of five Conservative candidates, with Savoie the lone opposition candidate and the only woman. Scheer became the youngest House Speaker in Canadian history[21] and the first speaker to represent a Saskatchewan riding.

Opposition (second time)Edit

 
Scheer with his leadership team (Mark Strahl, Alain Rayes, Lisa Raitt, Chris Warkentin, and Candice Bergen) shortly after his leadership victory.

Scheer was re-elected in the 2015 federal election that defeated the Conservative government.[22] He was appointed Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons by Leader of the Official Opposition Rona Ambrose. On September 13, 2016, he announced his resignation outside a party caucus meeting in Halifax in order to explore a bid for the leadership of the federal Conservative Party.[23]

2017 leadership electionEdit

On September 28, 2016, Scheer announced his bid for the leadership of the Conservative Party,[8] and that he has the support of 32 members of the Conservative caucus.[24] On May 27, 2017, Scheer was elected as the second full-time leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, beating runner up Maxime Bernier and more than 12 others with 50.95% of the vote through 13 rounds.[10]

Political positionsEdit

Scheer's campaign for the Conservative Party of Canada leadership was run under the slogan: "Real conservative. Real leader." He avoided advocating the social conservative issues that some of the candidates championed, saying that he wanted to "reach a broader audience of Canadians." Positions he did take a strong stance on included scrapping the carbon tax and being "tough on crime".[25] Scheer's views have led him to be described as a Blue Tory.[26] He has been called "Harper with a smile" or Stephen Harper 2.0. [1]

Fiscal policyEdit

During the Conservative leadership race, Scheer stated that he would balance the federal budget within two years of forming government.[27]

Scheer says he wants to make maternity and parental leave less expensive for families. He has promised to make employment insurance for parental and maternity benefits tax-free. He wants to introduce tax credit to families who send their children to private schools. Scheer also proposes raising the limit on how much employment income a parent can earn each week while on leave. He has vowed to remove HST/GST from home heating bills, lower business taxes .[28] [29]

Scheer was a major advocate for the removal of the Canadian Wheat Board. [2]

EnvironmentEdit

Scheer has described his opposition to a federally-imposed carbon tax. He has said that if he is to form government, he will act to repeal any elements of a plan to implement a carbon tax enacted by the Trudeau government.[2]

Freedom of speechEdit

Scheer has promised that universities or colleges "that do not foster a culture of free speech and inquiry on campus" will not receive federal funding under his government,[30] though after University of Toronto said it would not open space on its campus for an event hosted by the Canadian Nationalist Party, he stated “I respect the right for universities to determine which outside groups they give a platform to. And so that’s within their purview". [3]

Gasoline country of origin labelingEdit

Andrew Scheer proposed a policy to mandate the inclusion of national flag decals on gas pumps to highlight "Canadian-sourced, ethically produced oil."[2]

Senate policyEdit

Scheer oppose unpartisan Senate being perused by the current government and suggested that he would appoint people who appoint people to the Senate "who share my goal of lowering taxes and growing the private sector.” “They would be conservative senators who would implement the conservative vision for Canada,” [31]

Social policyEdit

Scheer is considered pro life by the Campaign Life Coalition and "has an impeccable pro life voting record" in the House of Commons.[4][32] Scheer has said[33] that he will respect the Conservative Party's official policy on abortion, which currently states, "A Conservative government will not support any legislation to regulate abortion".[33]

In 2008, he was disappointed when the Order of Canada was given to abortionist Henry Morgentaler, and annoyed that his announcement came on Canada Day.[4] [34]

During the 2004 election campaign, Scheer opposed same-sex marriage, [35] and as an individual MP, voted in favour of a 2006 motion to re-open debate on the issue.[4] He explained his vote by stating “is abhorrent to me … and to every member of every faith community" and "homosexual unions" are antithetical to raising families. Scheer has stated that, as leader of the Conservative caucus - where there is no consensus on the issue - he will not try to reopen the debate on same-sex marriage.[33] [36]

Scheer considers himself a feminist.[37]

In 2005, Scheer defended the controversial bishop Fred Henry by stating "To think that a Catholic bishop must answer to a civil authority over matters of faith is abominable. It is abhorrent to me, to other Catholics and to every member of every faith community,"[38].

Scheer voted against Bill C-14, which allows practitioners to assist in the suicide of mentally competent adults with "enduring and intolerable suffering" in cases where death is "reasonably foreseeable."[39][4]

Foreign policyEdit

Scheer has publicly denounced the Liberal government's decision to end its lawsuit with Omar Khadr for what was reported to be a $10.5 million settlement. Scheer argued that Khadr's compensation should have been limited to the right of repatriation, which Khadr had received in 2012.[40]

In 2016, he voiced his support for Brexit[41].

Scheer was one of thirteen Canadians banned from travelling to Russia under retaliatory sanctions imposed by President Vladimir Putin in March 2014.[42]

Drug policyEdit

When asked about his stance on Canada's potential legalization of marijuana, he said though he is not in favour of the motion, "I am very realistic, and once it's legal in a short period of time there's going to be a lot of people that work for companies that distribute it... so we have to be very realistic as a party."[43]

In the leadership race, Scheer accused Justin Trudeau of wanting to legalize heroin. [44]

Scheer is critical of safe-injection sites arguing that "the government makes it quote unquote safer to inject illicit drugs"[5]

RefugeesEdit

Scheer wants to prioritize helping those he considers the most vulnerable refugees, namely religious minorities like Christians in the Middle East who face death for conversion away from Islam.[45] He prefers to help refugees integrate through private sponsorship instead of government sponsorship. He contends that the refugees who are currently struggling to find housing, jobs and language training is because of the Liberal Party "using a devastating tragedy for political purposes".[46]

CriticismEdit

BackbencherEdit

ExpensesEdit

The Huffington Post challenged Scheer on a claim stating that leaving with his parent was saving taxpayers money and legally ethically. [6]

SpeakerEdit

Scheer was criticized by opposition politicians for shielding his party from criticisms. They accused him of being under the influence of Peter Van Loan. [47]

Opposition leaderEdit

TransparencyEdit

Scheer was criticized for hiding his campaign platform after the leadership race was over.[48]

RebelEdit

After the leadership race, it was revealed that Scheer's close friend and campaign manager Hamish Marshall was a revealed to be a director on the far-right site The Rebel Media (though he says he had left the Rebel after the leadership race ended). Scheer was criticsed for not denouncing the Rebel after the Unite the Right rally,eventually he did.He cited leadnow for influencing his decision. [7] [49][50]

On October, 16, 2017 , The Globe and Mail asked Scheer if he knew that Hamish Marshall for the Rebel during the leadership campaign but he ended the interview. [8]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Scheer and his family in July 2017

Scheer and his wife Jill have five children: Thomas, Grace, Madeline, Henry and Mary.[51][52] Jill Scheer's younger brother is professional football player Jon Ryan.[53] Another of Jill Scheer's brothers, Steve Ryan, ran for the Saskatchewan NDP in the 2007 and 2011 provincial elections.[54] He and his family attend Sunday Mass at Canadian Martyrs or Good Samaritan parishes.[35]

Electoral historyEdit

Canadian federal election, 2015
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Andrew Scheer 16,486 44.70 -8.49 $118,170.22
New Democratic Nial Kuyek 11,144 30.21 -8.44 $65,386.08
Liberal Della Anaquod 8,401 22.78 +18.02 $21,967.01
Green Greg Chatterson 852 2.31 -0.67 $3,114.91
Total valid votes/Expense limit 36,883 100.0     $202,239.34
Total rejected ballots 152
Turnout 37,035
Eligible voters 52,220
Source: Elections Canada[55][56]
2011 federal election redistributed results[57]
Party Vote  %
  Conservative 16,197 53.19
  New Democratic 11,769 38.65
  Liberal 1,449 4.76
  Green 908 2.98
  Others 127 0.42
Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Andrew Scheer 15,896 53.5 +1.8 $78,726
New Democratic Fred Clipsham 11,419 38.4 +6.3 $63,800
Liberal Jackie Miller 1,400 4.7 -5.8 $15,991
Green Greg Chatterson 879 3.0 -2.8 $9,100
Independent Jeff Breti 127 0.4 $18,116
Total valid votes/Expense limit 29,721 100.0   $81,793
Total rejected ballots 97 0.3 0.0
Turnout 29,818 61.7 +4
Eligible voters 48,300
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Andrew Scheer 14,068 51.7 +10.4 $78,480
New Democratic Janice Bernier 8,699 32.1 -0.3 $44,446
Liberal Rod Flaman 2,809 10.5 -12.7 $17,222
Green Greg Chatterson 1,556 5.8 +2.5 $8,194
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,135 100.0   $78,949
Total rejected ballots 81 0.3 0.0
Turnout 27,213 57 -7
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Andrew Scheer 12,753 41.3 +5.5 $71,773
New Democratic Lorne Nystrom 10,041 32.4 -0.3 $50,501
Liberal Allyce Herle 7,134 23.1 -4.7 $68,287
Green Brett Dolter 1,016 3.3 +1.0 $545
Total valid votes 30,944 100.0  
Total rejected ballots 93 0.3 0.0
Turnout 31,037 64 +8
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Andrew Scheer 10,012 35.8 -5.0 $68,776
New Democratic Lorne Nystrom 9,151 32.7 -8.6 $46,290
Liberal Allyce Herle 7,793 27.8 +9.9 $54,913
Green Deanna Robilliard 639 2.3  
Christian Heritage Mary Sylvia Nelson 293 1.0 $4,213
Independent Lorne Edward Widger 106 0.4 $728
Total valid votes 27,994 100.0  
Total rejected ballots 89 0.3 -0.2
Turnout 28,083 56.2 -4.9

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the Canadian Alliance vote in 2000 election.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Krayden, David (May 21, 2017). "As Conservative leadership race wraps, the party's in good hands". Ottawa Sun. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Five things to know about Andrew Scheer's policy positions". The Toronto Sun. May 30, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Politics Briefing newsletter: Andrew Scheer is the new leader of the Conservative Party". The Globe and Mail. May 27, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d Dehaas, Josh (February 1, 2017). "Where 14 Conservative leadership candidates stand on social issues". CTV News. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  5. ^ Campaign Life Coalition. "MP Andrew Scheer". Archived from the original on May 28, 2017. Scheer has an impeccable voting record on life & family issues during his long career as a federal MP. 
  6. ^ Elections Canada, Official Voting Results, June 28, 2004.
  7. ^ "Health Care Talks with Provinces Should Top Harper’s List, Poll Finds". The Globe and Mail. June 2, 2011. Others on that list [of candidates for Speaker] – Saskatchewan Tory MP and perceived frontrunner Andrew Scheer [...] 
  8. ^ a b "Ex-Commons Speaker Scheer declares candidacy for Conservative leadership". Retrieved September 28, 2016. 
  9. ^ http://www.theguardian.pe.ca/opinion/columnists/alan-holman-is-scheer-just-a-smiling-harper-110925
  10. ^ a b Harris, Kathleen (May 27, 2017). "Andrew Scheer elected new Conservative leader". CBC News. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  11. ^ Brent Mattson. "The B.C. Catholic Paper - New Speaker of the House has never hidden his faith". rcav.org. 
  12. ^ Raj, Althia (May 25, 2017). "Andrew Scheer, 'Consensus Candidate,' Hopes The Nice Guy Finishes First In Tory Leadership". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Mary Scheer Obituary". Legacy.com. Ottawa Citizen. March 11, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Andrew Scheer, the Conservative Party's folksy unifier". Macleans.ca. 2017-07-07. Retrieved 2017-09-18. 
  15. ^ Elections Canada, Official Voting Results, June 28, 2004.
  16. ^ "‘He actually understood what it meant to be a candidate’: Andrew Scheer the ultimate political animal". National Post. 2017-06-09. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  17. ^ Elections Canada, Official Voting Results, January 23, 2006.
  18. ^ Journal of the House of Commons of Canada, November 21, 2008.
  19. ^ "Health Care Talks with Provinces Should Top Harper’s List, Poll Finds". The Globe and Mail. June 2, 2011. Others on that list [of candidates for Speaker] – Saskatchewan Tory MP and perceived frontrunner Andrew Scheer [...] 
  20. ^ "NDP MP Aims to Be Second Female Speaker in History". National Post. May 21, 2011. It's widely speculated, however, that a Conservative is going to get the position, and Andrew Scheer, who has served as Assistant Deputy Speaker and Deputy Speaker for more than five years, is considered the frontrunner. 
  21. ^ Fitzpatrick, Meagan (June 2, 2011). "MPs elect youngest Speaker". CBC News. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  22. ^ Elections Canada, Official Voting Results, October 19, 2015.
  23. ^ McGregor, Janyce (September 13, 2016). "With MacKay out, Scheer steps down as House leader to explore Tory leadership run". CBC News. Retrieved September 22, 2016. 
  24. ^ Fekete, Jason (September 28, 2016). "Andrew Scheer announces support of 20 members of Conservative caucus as he makes leadership bid official". National Post. Retrieved September 28, 2016. 
  25. ^ Payton, Laura (January 10, 2017). "Andrew Scheer's Conservative leadership plans: moving beyond 'debate club'". CTV News. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  26. ^ Krayden, David (May 21, 2017). "As Conservative leadership race wraps, the party's in good hands". Ottawa Sun. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  27. ^ "Politics Briefing newsletter: Andrew Scheer is the new leader of the Conservative Party". The Globe and Mail. May 27, 2017. 
  28. ^ Andy Blatchford and Mia Rabson (May 30, 2017). "'Five things to know about Andrew Scheer's policy positions". THE CANADIAN PRESS. 
  29. ^ McGregor, Janyce (February 7, 2017). "'Andrew Scheer proposes tax-free maternity and parental benefits". CBC News. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  30. ^ "'Who is Andrew Scheer?". Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  31. ^ "Stephen Greene: Andrew Scheer is wrong to propose a return to a partisan Senate". National Post. 2017-07-27. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  32. ^ Campaign Life Coalition. "MP Andrew Scheer". Archived from the original on May 28, 2017. Scheer has an impeccable voting record on life & family issues during his long career as a federal MP. 
  33. ^ a b c "Andrew Scheer's path to leadership of the Conservative Party - Macleans.ca". 27 May 2017. 
  34. ^ "Henry Morgentaler named to Order of Canada". CTVNews. 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  35. ^ a b Tuns, Paul (October 23, 2009). "Saskatchewan Tory MP Andrew Scheer values family". The Interim. Archived from the original on May 28, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Saskatchewan Tory MP Andrew Scheer values family". www.theinterim.com. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  37. ^ "A Beer with Andrew Scheer: CPC Leader, Popcorn Addict… Feminist?". Macleans.ca. 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  38. ^ "Andrew Scheer says he won't impose his religious beliefs on Canadians. We'll see: Opinion". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  39. ^ "Doctor-assisted dying bill restricted to adults facing 'foreseeable' death". CBC News. Archived from the original on May 30, 2017. 
  40. ^ "Andrew Scheer says not all Canadians back Omar Khadr settlement". The Globe and Mail. July 14, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Andrew Scheer: A strong Britain is an independent Britain". National Post. 2016-06-20. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  42. ^ Mas, Susana (March 24, 2013). "Russian Sanctions Against Canadians a 'Badge of Honour'". CBC News. Retrieved March 24, 2014. 
  43. ^ Scotti, Monique (April 16, 2017). "'I think I have the best chance of winning' says Tory leadership hopeful Andrew Scheer". Global News. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 
  44. ^ "Scheer, Blaney fundraise off claim Trudeau wants to legalize heroin". Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  45. ^ Scotti, Monique (May 27, 2017). "Who is Andrew Scheer?". Global News. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  46. ^ Ibbitson, John (January 6, 2017). "Conservative Party's fortunes hinge on immigration policy". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  47. ^ "Speaker frustrating some MPs". The Chronicle Herald. 2014-04-14. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  48. ^ "Critics accuse new Conservative leader of hiding policies after campaign win". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  49. ^ https://www.msn.com/en-ca/news/canada/scheer-pressured-to-distance-from-rebel/ar-AAq9MZy
  50. ^ "Andrew Scheer's campaign manager on ending his Rebel ties - Macleans.ca". Macleans.ca. 2017-08-17. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  51. ^ MacCharles, Tonda (September 28, 2016). "Ex-speaker Andrew Scheer announces bid for Conservative leadership". Toronto Star. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  52. ^ Stone, Laura (January 13, 2017). "Why Andrew Scheer could be the next Conservative Party leader". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved February 17, 2017. 
  53. ^ Vieira, Paul (January 31, 2014). "Canada’s Speaker Has Stake in Seahawks Super Bowl Victory". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 8, 2016. 
  54. ^ "Regina Qu'Appelle Valley - Steve Ryan Seeking NDP Nomination". 
  55. ^ "Confirmed candidates for Regina—Qu'Appelle". Elections Canada. 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  56. ^ Elections Canada – Preliminary Election Expenses Limits for Candidates Archived 2015-08-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  57. ^ Alice Funke. "Pundits' Guide to Canadian Elections". Punditsguide.ca. Retrieved 2017-09-18. 

External linksEdit


Internet Archive of Andrew Scheer's Policy Positions https://web.archive.org/web/20170525150751/http://www.andrewscheer.com/policy

Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
Lorne Nystrom
Member of Parliament
for Regina-Qu'Appelle

2004–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Bill Blaikie
Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Denise Savoie
Preceded by
Peter Milliken
Speaker of the House of Commons
2011–2015
Succeeded by
Geoff Regan
Preceded by
Peter Julian
Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Candice Bergen
Preceded by
Rona Ambrose
Leader of the Opposition
2017–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Rona Ambrose
Interim
Leader of the Conservative Party
2017–present
Incumbent