Philippe Couillard (French: [filɪp kujɑːʁ]; born June 26, 1957) was the 31st Premier of Quebec from 2014 to 2018, leader of the Quebec Liberal Party from 2013 to 2018 and a former university professor and neurosurgeon in Quebec, Canada. In the 2014 election he moved to the riding of Roberval where he resides. Until June 25, 2008, he served as the Quebec Minister for Health and Social Services and was also MNA of Mont-Royal until he resigned in 2008 under Jean Charest's Liberal government. He resigned as Liberal leader and MNA, on October 4, 2018.
|31st Premier of Quebec|
April 23, 2014 – October 18, 2018
|Lieutenant Governor||Pierre Duchesne|
J. Michel Doyon
|Preceded by||Pauline Marois|
|Succeeded by||François Legault|
|Leader of the Opposition in Quebec|
December 18, 2013 – April 23, 2014
|Preceded by||Jean-Marc Fournier|
|Succeeded by||Stéphane Bédard|
|Minister of Health|
April 29, 2003 – June 25, 2008
|Preceded by||François Legault|
|Succeeded by||Yves Bolduc|
|Leader of the Quebec Liberal Party|
March 17, 2013 – October 4, 2018
|Preceded by||Jean Charest|
|Succeeded by||Pierre Arcand (interim)|
|Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Mont-Royal|
April 14, 2003 – March 26, 2007
|Preceded by||André Tranchemontagne|
|Succeeded by||Pierre Arcand|
|Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Jean-Talon|
March 26, 2007 – June 25, 2008
|Preceded by||Margaret F. Delisle|
|Succeeded by||Yves Bolduc|
|Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Outremont|
December 18, 2013 – April 7, 2014
|Preceded by||Raymond Bachand|
|Succeeded by||Hélène David|
|Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Roberval|
April 7, 2014 – October 4, 2018
|Preceded by||Denis Trottier|
|Succeeded by||Nancy Guillemette|
|Born||June 26, 1957|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Political party||Quebec Liberal Party|
|Alma mater||Université de Montréal|
|Profession||Academic/university professor, neurosurgeon|
Life and careerEdit
Couillard was born in Montreal, Quebec, the son of Canadian-born Joseph Alfred Jean Pierre Couillard de Lespinay, and French-born Hélène Yvonne Pardé. He holds a medical degree and a certification in neurosurgery from the Université de Montréal. He was the head of the department of neurosurgery at Hôpital Saint-Luc from 1989 to 1992 and again at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke from 1996 to 2003. From 1992 to 1996, he practised in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. In 2003, he left the medical profession to run for the Montreal-area seat of Mont-Royal in the National Assembly representing the Quebec Liberal Party. He was elected in the 2003 election and was appointed Minister of Health and Social Services on April 29, 2003.
After taking office, he proved skillful in the handling of his department's public relations and was regarded by some as the most popular minister in the Charest government. His accomplishments during his tenure included a $4.2 billion increase in the Quebec health budget, the prohibition of smoking in public places, and a reduction in the number of union local accreditations in the health sector.
In 2007, Couillard transferred to the riding of Jean-Talon in the Quebec City area, replacing Margaret Delisle who did not seek re-election due to health reasons. Couillard won his seat in the 2007 election despite the Action démocratique du Québec's (ADQ) strong performance in the region in which the party gained the majority of the seats. Pierre Arcand succeeded Couillard in the Mont-Royal riding. Couillard was reappointed Health and Social Services Minister as well as the minister responsible for the provincial Capitale-Nationale (Quebec) region.
On October 3, 2012, Couillard became the third person to enter the race to succeed Jean Charest as leader of the Quebec Liberal Party. When asked why he was re-entering politics, he said, "I feel the need to serve."
On October 4, 2018, Couillard resigned as MNA for Roberval and leader of the Quebec Liberal Party after his party was defeated on October 1, 2018.
Quebec election, 2014Edit
On March 17, 2013, Couillard became the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party, beating ex-cabinet ministers Raymond Bachand and Pierre Moreau. On December 9, 2013, he was elected MNA for the safe Liberal seat of Outremont after Bachand stood down from the seat in his favour.
On March 5, 2014, amid weeks of speculation that the Parti Québécois would call a snap election, Lieutenant Governor Pierre Duchesne dropped the writs for a general election at the request of Premier Pauline Marois. Couillard opted to run in the riding of Roberval, where he now lives, handing Outremont to star candidate Hélène David.
When the election campaign began, polls showed a close race between the Parti Québécois and the Liberals. However, the PQ held a wide lead among francophone voters, giving the advantage in terms of seat distribution to the PQ. Couillard stated that his campaign would focus on "healthcare, education and jobs". He also accused Premier Pauline Marois of mismanaging Quebec's economy, saying that "Quebec is living beyond its means". He also clarified his opposition to the Quebec Charter of Values, describing it as "an unnecessary bill that succeeds only in dividing Quebecers".
The election campaign immediately centred on the issue of sovereignty with the high-profile entry of Quebec media baron Pierre Karl Péladeau into the race as a candidate for the Parti Québécois in the riding of St-Jerome. Over the course of the next couple of weeks, the polls began to break heavily in the favour of Couillard and the Liberals as the PQ began to bleed support to all 3 major opposition parties. Most analysts agreed that Couillard had a strong performance during the first televised leaders' debate. During the second televised leaders' debate with a week to go in the campaign, Couillard was on the defensive as he held a sizeable lead over the other party leaders in the polls. His second debate performance was not as strong as his first one, and he was criticized by both Pauline Marois and Francois Legault of the CAQ for suggesting that a factory worker in Quebec ought to be bilingual in the event that an Anglophone businessperson was to walk on the floor. While his comment was portrayed by his critics as proof that he was soft on the French language issue, his poll numbers continued to exceed those of his opponents.
On April 7, Couillard led the Quebec Liberals to a sweeping victory, winning 70 seats in the National Assembly and a return to government a mere 19 months after being ousted in one of their poorest election showings in the party's history. The Liberals even managed to unseat Marois in her own riding. On election night, Couillard stressed the importance of creating a better business climate in Quebec and doing away with some of the divisive policies that had characterized Marois' tenure as Premier. He also pledged to work cooperatively with other provinces and the federal government and to reassert Quebec's place as a leader in the Canadian federation.
Couillard won his own seat in Roberval, but his party lost the election on October 1, 2018.
|2018 Quebec general election|
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Denise Trudel||6,719||24.16||+17.23|
|Parti Québécois||Thomas Gaudreault||5,290||19.02||-14.31|
|Québec solidaire||Luc-Antoine Cauchon||2,975||10.7||+7.55|
|Conservative||Carl C. Lamontagne||478||1.72||–|
|Citoyens au pouvoir||Julie Boucher||305||1.1||+0.37|
|Parti nul||Lynda Lalancette||236||0.85||–|
|Total valid votes||27,810||98.56||–|
|Total rejected ballots||407||1.44||–|
|Electors on the list||44,511||–||–|
|2014 Quebec general election: Roberval|
|Parti Québécois||Denis Trottier||10,764||33.33||-13.37|
|Coalition Avenir Québec||François Truchon||2,239||6.93||-12.45|
|Québec solidaire||Guillaume Néron||1,018||3.15||-0.88|
|Parti des sans Parti||Julie Boucher||237||0.73||–|
|Option nationale||Luc-Antoine Cauchon||218||0.68||-0.83|
|Total valid votes||32,292||98.95||–|
|Total rejected ballots||342||1.05||–|
|Electors on the lists||45,143||–||–|
|Liberal gain from Parti Québécois||Swing||+20.08|
|Quebec provincial by-election, December 9, 2013: Outremont|
|Québec solidaire||Édith Laperle||3,264||32.23||+14.21|
|Option nationale||Julie Surprenant||677||6.68||+4.97|
|Conservative||Pierre Ennio Crespi||145||1.43||–|
|Parti nul||Mathieu Marcil||59||0.58||-0.34|
|Autonomist Team||Guy Boivin||17||0.17||–|
|Total valid votes||10,128||99.13||–|
|Total rejected ballots||89||0.87||–|
|Electors on the lists||38,671||–||–|
|Parti Québécois||Véronique Hivon||9,859||30.13||-5.23|
|Action démocratique||Luc de la Sablonnière||6,056||18.51||+3.34|
|Québec solidaire||Bill Clennett||1,463||4.47||+2.95*|
|Christian Democracy||Francis Denis||95||0.29||-|
* Increase is from UFP
|2003 Quebec general election: Mont-Royal|
|Parti Québécois||Vincent Gagnon||3,465||13.34||+0.60|
|Action démocratique||Nour-Eddine Hajibi||1,240||4.77||+1.23|
Premier of Quebec (2014–2018)Edit
Returning the Liberal Party of Quebec back to a majority government, after an eighteen-month stint led by Pauline Marois and the Parti Quebecois, Couillard assumed office on April 23, 2014, naming 26 ministers to his cabinet.
In October 2017 a Quebec ban on face covering made headlines. Couillard supported the law, saying "We are in a free and democratic society. You speak to me, I should see your face, and you should see mine. It's as simple as that."
- (in French) Mention marginale sur l'acte de naissance d'Hélène Yvonne Pardé : « mariée à Grenoble le 26 décembre 1955 avec Joseph Alfred Jean Pierre Couillard de Lespinay », état civil de la ville de Grenoble.
- Le Devoir. "Ministère — Un réseau en santé... relative". Retrieved October 6, 2006.
- "Philippe Couillard quitte la vie politique". Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Yves Bolduc devient le nouveau ministre de la Santé". Archived from the original on July 7, 2008. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- Prime Minister Stephen Harper announces appointments to the Security Intelligence Review Committee Archived 2012-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Philippe Couillard announces bid to lead Quebec Liberals[permanent dead link]
- Quebec Liberal Leader Philippe Couillard wins byelection to get legislature seat
- "Quebec Election 2014: Pauline Marois Sets Date For April 7". The Huffington Post. March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
- "Philippe Couillard steps down, making way for a 'new generation' of Liberals | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
- "Philippe Couillard unveils new Liberal cabinet". CBC News. April 23, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014.