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The Libertarian Party of Canada (French: Parti libertarien du Canada) is a federal political party in Canada founded in 1973.[1] The party subscribes to classical liberal tenets of the libertarian movement across Canada. The mission of the party is to reduce the size, scope and cost of government.[4] Policies the party advocates for include ending drug prohibition, ending government censorship, lowering taxes, protecting gun rights and non-interventionism.[5]

Libertarian Party of Canada

Parti libertarien du Canada
Active Federal Party
LeaderTim Moen[1]
PresidentCoreen Corcoran [2]
Founded1973 (46 years ago) (1973)[1]
Headquarters372 Rideau St., Suite 126
Ottawa, Ontario[3]
IdeologyRight-libertarianism
Classical liberalism
Voluntaryism
Non-interventionism
Fiscal conservatism
Laissez-faire
Civil libertarianism
International affiliationInternational Alliance of Libertarian Parties
Interlibertarians
Colours     Yellow
Seats in the House of Commons
0 / 338
Seats in the Senate
0 / 105
Website
libertarian.ca

HistoryEdit

The party was founded on 7 July 1973 by Bruce Evoy[citation needed] (who became its first chairman) and seven others. Evoy ran for election to Parliament in the 1974 federal election in the Toronto riding of Rosedale. The party achieved registered status in the 1979 federal election by running more than fifty candidates.

The party described itself as Canada's "fourth party" in the 1980s,[citation needed] but it has since been displaced by new parties such as the Bloc Québécois and the Green Party of Canada. The party declined to join the Reform Party of Canada when it was formed in 1987.[citation needed] Many libertarians were also attracted to provincial Progressive Conservative parties that moved to the right during the 1990s in Ontario under Mike Harris and in Alberta under Ralph Klein. The decline in the party's membership and resources resulted in Elections Canada removing their status as a registered party immediately before the 1997 federal election when the party failed to run the minimum fifty candidates needed to maintain its registration.[citation needed]

Jean-Serge Brisson led the party from 22 May 2000 until 18 May 2008, when he was succeeded by Dennis Young. Young defeated outgoing party president Alan Mercer for the leadership. Savannah Linklater was elected deputy leader.[6] In May 2011, Katrina Chowne was elected leader of the Libertarian Party. In May 2014, Tim Moen was elected leader of the Libertarian Party.

In the 2015 federal election, the party fielded 72 candidates and solidified their position as the 6th federal party in Canada, with growth over 500% from the 2011 federal election.

The next Federal Libertarian Party of Canada Convention took place in Ottawa from 5 July through 7 July 2018, concluding on the 45th anniversary of the party.[7]

On 17 September, Moen announced he was considering merging the Libertarian Party with the newly formed People's Party of Canada led by former Conservative MP Maxime Bernier.[8] The matter is to be put to a party vote at an as of yet undisclosed date.

Election resultsEdit

Election Leader Candidates Votes Share of popular vote Share in ridings contested
1979 Alex Eaglesham
60 / 282
16,042 0.13% 0.58%
1980 Vacant
58 / 282
14,656 0.13% 0.58%
1984 Victor Levis
72 / 282
23,514 0.19% 0.71%
1988 Dennis Corrigan
88 / 295
33,185 0.25% 0.75%
1993 Hilliard Cox
52 / 295
14,630 0.12% 0.58%
1997 Not contested
2000 Not contested
2004 Jean-Serge Brisson
8 / 308
1,949 0.02% 0.52%
2006
10 / 308
3,002 0.02% 0.57%
2008 Dennis Young
28 / 308
7,300 0.05% 0.57%
2011
23 / 308
6,017 0.04% 0.50%
2015 Tim Moen
72 / 338
37,407 0.21% 0.93%
2019
0 / 338
TBD TBD TBD

The party also nominated a number of candidates to run in by-elections:

  • 1980 by-election: 1
  • 1981 by-election: 1
  • 1982 by-election: 1
  • 1990 by-election: 2
  • 1995 by-election: 1
  • 2008 by-election: 1
  • 2010 by-election: 1
  • 2012 by-election: 3
  • 2013 by-election: 3
  • 2014 by-election: 2
  • 2016 by-election: 1
  • 2017 by-election: 4
Sources

Libertarian Party of Canada News (July/August 1974). 4. 1979-2006. "Parliament of Canada History of the Federal Electoral Ridings since 1867".

LeadersEdit

 
George Dance
No. Leader Years in office
1 Blimpy Strompoli 1973–1974
2 Charles "Chuck" Lyall 1974–1976
3 Ron Bailey 1976–1978
4 Alex Eaglesham 1978–1979
5 Linda Cain 1980–1982
6 Neil Reynolds May 1982 – 1983
7 Victor Levis 1983–1987
8 Dennis Corrigan 1987–1990
9 Stanisław Tymiński 1990–1991
10 George Dance 1991–1993
11 Hilliard Cox May 1993 – 1995
(10) George Dance 1995–1996
12 Vincent Pouliot 12 May 1996 – 5 April 1997
13 Robert Morse 1997–1999
14 Jean-Serge Brisson 1999 – 18 May 2008
15 Dennis Young 18 May 2008 – May 2011
16 Katrina Chowne May 2011–May 2014
17 Tim Moen May 2014–present

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Libertarian Party of Canada - Leadership Roles". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Leadership". Libertarian Party of Canada. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Elections Canada". Elections.ca. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
  4. ^ "Mission". Libertarian Party of Canada. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Canada's own Rand Paul? Libertarian Party amps up for election". iPolitics. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Western Standard". Westernstandard.blogs.com. 20 May 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  7. ^ "Libertarian Party of Canada Convention". Libertarian.ca. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  8. ^ Catherine Cullen (17 September 2018). "Libertarians considering a merger with Bernier's People's Party". CBC News. Retrieved 19 September 2018.

External linksEdit