Jagmeet Singh

Jagmeet Singh Jimmy Dhaliwal MP (/əɡˈmt sɪŋ/ jug-MEET SING;[2] born January 2, 1979[3][4]) is a Canadian politician who has served as the leader of the New Democratic Party (NDP) since 2017. Singh has sat as the member of Parliament (MP) for Burnaby South since 2019.[5] He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 2011, representing Bramalea—Gore—Malton until his entry into federal politics.[6] A practicing Sikh of Punjabi descent, Singh is an Indo-Canadian, making him the first visible minority to be elected to lead a major federal political party in Canada.[7][8]

Jagmeet Singh
Jagmeet Singh 2018 (cropped).jpg
Singh in 2018
Leader of the New Democratic Party
Assumed office
October 1, 2017
Deputy
Preceded byTom Mulcair
Member of Parliament
for Burnaby South
Assumed office
February 25, 2019
Preceded byKennedy Stewart
Member of the Ontario Provincial Parliament
for Bramalea—Gore—Malton
In office
October 6, 2011 – October 20, 2017
Preceded byKuldip Kular
Succeeded byRiding dissolved
Personal details
Born
Jagmeet Singh Jimmy Dhaliwal

(1979-01-02) January 2, 1979 (age 42)
Scarborough, Ontario, Canada
Political partyNew Democratic
Other political
affiliations
Ontario New Democratic
Spouse(s)
Gurkiran Kaur Sidhu
(m. 2018)
RelativesGurratan Singh (brother)
ResidenceBurnaby, British Columbia, Canada[1]
Alma materUniversity of Western Ontario (BSc), 2001
Osgoode Hall Law School (LLB), 2005
Occupation
  • Lawyer
  • politician
Signature
Websitendp.ca/jagmeet

Singh began his career as a criminal defence lawyer. His political career began in 2011 where he contested the 2011 federal election in the federal riding of Bramalea—Gore—Malton which resulted in a narrow victory for Conservative opponent Bal Gosal;[9][10] he became a member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) in the overlapping provincial riding later that year.[10][11] In 2015, he became deputy leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party, serving under leader Andrea Horwath until 2017. Singh announced his candidacy for the federal New Democratic Party leadership following a leadership review that resulted in a leadership election to replace Tom Mulcair. Singh was elected leader on October 1, 2017, with a first round vote of 53.8 per cent in a field of four. In the 2019 federal election, the New Democrats under Singh won 24 seats and dropped from third party to fourth party status. In the 2021 federal election, the NDP under Singh won 25 seats and remained the fourth party.

Upon his election, Singh became the first person of a visible minority group to lead a major Canadian federal political party on a permanent basis, and the second overall after the Bloc Québécois’s former interim leader Vivian Barbot.[12][13] Singh is also the first turban-wearing Indian and Sikh to sit as a provincial legislator in Ontario.[14] He has been widely recognized in Canadian media for his fashion and style sense.[15][16] Ideologically, Singh identifies as both a progressive and a social democrat.[17] He advocates raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour, decriminalizing personal possession of all drugs, and supports eliminating several tax deductions available to the highest-income earners.[18][19]

Early life and education (1979–2006)

Singh was born on January 2, 1979, in Scarborough, Ontario, to Harmeet Kaur and Jagtaran Singh.[20] His mother is from Ghudani Khurd, Punjab, while his father is from Thikriwala, Punjab.[21] His great-grandfather was Sewa Singh Thikriwala, a political activist who campaigned for the cause of Indian independence.[22] Another of Jagmeet's great-grandfathers is Hira Singh, who served in World War I and World War II in the Sikh Regiment of the British Indian Army.[23] After a year as a toddler living with his grandparents in India, Singh spent his early childhood in St. John's and Grand Falls-Windsor, both in Newfoundland and Labrador, before relocating with his family to Windsor, Ontario.[24][25] Singh has publicly discussed suffering sexual abuse as a child from a martial arts coach, as well as having a father who struggled with alcoholism.[26]

From grades 6 to 12, Singh attended Detroit Country Day School in Beverly Hills, Michigan.[27] He went on to obtain a Bachelor of Science in biology from the University of Western Ontario in 2001 and a Bachelor of Laws from York University's Osgoode Hall Law School in 2005. He was called to the bar of Ontario in 2006.[28]

Singh has two younger siblings, brother Gurratan and sister Manjot, who were both born during the family's time in Newfoundland.[25] Gurratan Singh was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 Ontario election, representing the riding of Brampton East.[29]

Early career (2006–2011)

Singh worked as a criminal defence lawyer in the Greater Toronto Area before entering politics, first at the law firm Pinkofskys, then at his own practice, Singh Law, which he established with Gurratan.[24][30] During his time as a lawyer he offered free legal rights seminars across Ontario and provided pro bono legal counsel for people and community organizations in need. In a Toronto Star article published January 9, 2012, Singh stated that his background in criminal defence contributed to his decision to enter politics, particularly his work advocating for the protection of rights entrenched in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[15]

Early federal politics

Singh provided pro bono consulting to an activist group that protested the visit to Canada of Kamal Nath, the Indian trade minister who had allegedly led armed mobs during the 1984 Delhi pogrom.[31][32] After failing to get their views heard, Singh was inspired to run for office by the activist group so their concerns could be better represented.[31]

Singh began his political career with his decision to run for Member of Parliament in the 2011 federal election as the NDP candidate in the riding of Bramalea—Gore—Malton.[31] During the election, Singh stopped using his surname, Dhaliwal (which is connected to caste), because he wanted to signal his rejection of the inequality inherent in the Indian caste system. Instead, he chose to use Singh, which reflects the spiritual belief in an egalitarian society where all enjoy equitable access to rights and justice.[31] Although he was defeated by Conservative candidate Bal Gosal by 539 votes, Singh finished ahead of incumbent Liberal MP Gurbax Singh Malhi.[9][10]

Provincial politics (2011–2017)

First term (2011–2014)

Election

Singh ran in the 2011 Ontario provincial election as the NDP candidate in the overlapping provincial riding, and defeated Liberal incumbent Kuldip Kular by 2,277 votes.[10][11] Singh became the first New Democrat elected to represent the Peel Region, as well as the first turban-wearing MPP.[10][33] In the 40th Parliament of Ontario, Singh was appointed as the NDP critic for the attorney general portfolio and the consumer services portfolio.[34] He also served as his party's deputy house leader.

Activities

Singh has called for greater police accountability and demanded the provincial government draft legislation to strengthen Ontario's Special Investigations Unit (SIU). He criticized the attorney general in 2011 after the release of a report by the ombudsman, André Marin that found the province had undermined the SIU. Singh said, "The comprehensive failure of the ministry to address concerns about the SIU and give it a proper mandate is simply unacceptable, and I expect immediate action from the new Attorney General."[35]

In March 2012, Singh introduced a private member's bill called "An Act to Amend the Insurance Act" to address high auto insurance rates. This bill would have removed the industry practice of basing insurance rates on geographic location. The bill received numerous complaints over raising rates in rural and Northern Ontario[36][37][38] and failed to pass second reading.[39]

In May 2012, Singh introduced a private member's bill called "An Act to amend the Consumer Protection Act, 2002" to address high fees on overseas money transfers.[40] The bill died on the order paper when the legislature was prorogued in September 2012.[41]

In March 2013, Singh introduced a motion calling on the Liberal government to reduce auto insurance premiums by 15 percent.[42] Singh's motion was accepted by the legislature, and the 15 percent reduction was to be included in the Liberal government's 2013 budget.[43]

In December 2013, legislation introduced by Singh to have the month of April recognized as Sikh Heritage Month in the province of Ontario was passed by the legislature.[44]

Second term (2014–2017)

Re-election

Singh ran for re-election in 2014. He won his riding with 43.6 per cent of the vote, beating Liberal challenger Kuldip Kular, whom Singh also ran against and unseated in 2011, and PC challenger Harjit Jaswal.[45]

Activities

 
Singh at a community BBQ in 2014

In November 2014, Singh voted against the government's legislation entitled "Fighting Fraud and Reducing Automobile Rates Act", after arguing there were major shortcomings in the legislation regarding the driver's right to sue auto insurance companies. Singh said, "removing more protections for people is not the right way to go, it's a significant loss of our rights, and this is not a good bill."[46]

In March 2015 during the Ontario sex education curriculum controversy Singh spoke out against changes to the curriculum which had not been updated since 1998 and proposal changes on teaching on sexual orientation and gender identity saying he disagreed with the "age appropriateness of some materials" and a "mistake on the Liberal government’s part" and "disrespectful to parents".[47][48][49]

In November 2015, Singh introduced a private member's bill to the legislature regarding Tarion. Tarion was created by the provincial government in 1976 to be the regulator of the province's homebuilding industry.[50] Singh's proposed legislation would give the Ontario Ombudsman the jurisdiction to investigate the practices of the corporation, as well as force Tarion to produce a detailed track record of their builds, and include all of their employees who make over $100,000 on the sunshine list. The proposed legislation would also subject Tarion bylaws to the approval of the provincial government.[51]

In October 2015, Singh introduced a motion calling on the government to instruct police services in Ontario to end arbitrary street checks, known as carding.[52] On October 22, 2015, the legislature unanimously passed Singh's motion.[53]

Singh sparked controversy when he introduced a private members bill to allow turban-wearing Sikhs to ride a motorcycle without a helmet. After the motion was denied, Singh released statement declaring "While the Wynne Liberals are happy to pay lip service to civil rights, when the rubber meets the road, this so-called activist premier is quick to deny the Sikh community rights recognized elsewhere". Wynne countered by stating that "Mortality rates have gone down 30 per cent and head injury rates down 75 per cent in jurisdictions with such (motorcycle helmet) laws".[54]

Singh was a critic of the province's handling of the Ornge Air Ambulance service and called for greater oversight of the agency. Ornge was the subject of an investigation that found the air ambulance service paid a $1.4 million salary to its president while failing to provide timely emergency services. Singh said, "No more flying blind at Ornge. The people of Ontario have been paying the bills at Ornge with scarce health dollars. They deserve the facts about what's happened. A key first step is making executive contracts immediately available to the public."[55]

In June 2015, Singh was chastised by the integrity commissioner for the improper use of legislative resources meant for his constituency office for partisan purposes. The integrity commissioner's report found that in March 2015, Singh had improperly allowed his constituency office in Brampton to organize bus trips to take supporters to a partisan federal NDP rally in Toronto and that Singh's inclusion of a donation link on his constituency website contravened parliamentary convention. Because Singh did not intentionally break the ethics policy and had proactively acted to fix the breaches when alerted, he was not fined or otherwise punished, and the integrity commissioner only recommended that Singh's staff undergo additional training.[56]

In December 2016, Singh spoke out against the motion introduced by Progressive Conservative MPP Gila Martow, which called for the legislature to denounce the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign.[57]

On October 20, 2017, after winning the federal NDP leadership race, Singh resigned as MPP.[58]

Outside Ontario

During the Alberta general election in May 2015, Singh campaigned for the Alberta New Democratic Party, reaching out to voters on behalf of Irfan Sabir, who was running in Calgary-McCall. Sabir was later elected, and was appointed to Premier Rachel Notley's Cabinet as Minister of Social Services.[59] Singh also campaigned for the British Columbia NDP and Nova Scotia NDP in those provinces' 2017 elections.[60]

Singh endorsed and campaigned for Wab Kinew in the Manitoba NDP's 2017 leadership race.[60]

Leader of the New Democratic Party (2017–present)

Leadership election

After Tom Mulcair lost a leadership review vote at the 2016 federal NDP convention, Singh was considered a potential leadership candidate, winning the support of 11 per cent of NDP members in a Mainstreet Research poll conducted in April 2016, and was statistically tied for second place.[61] Singh was considered a leading candidate to replace Horwath as NDP leader if she lost the 42nd Ontario general election.[32][62] He announced his intention to run for the leadership of the New Democratic Party of Canada at a campaign launch on May 15, 2017, in Brampton.[63]

In August, Singh created controversy when he claimed that his candidacy had led to 47,000 sign-ups for the party.[64] Several rival campaigns, most notably Charlie Angus's, accused Singh of inflating party membership sign-ups.[65] A poll by Mainstreet Research was released in September, showing Singh overtaking Charlie Angus to lead the race for the first time with 27.3 per cent of the vote.[66] Several days before the leadership vote, a video of Singh confronting a heckler, who accused him of plotting to subject Canada to sharia law, went viral leading to Singh getting praise for his handling of the situation and helping him win the NDP leadership.[67][68][69][70]

Singh was elected leader of the federal NDP in the leadership election on October 1, 2017, having won on the first ballot with 53.8 per cent of the vote.[71] Soon after his election as leader, Singh named leadership rival Guy Caron as parliamentary leader of the NDP.[72]

Outside Parliament

 
Singh speaks at an Ontario Federation of Labour convention several weeks after winning the New Democratic Party leadership election

Singh initially opted to lead the NDP from outside of Parliament. He indicated that he preferred to run in a seat where he feels a "genuine connection" rather than any "safe" seat. Singh had stated that he would most likely run in Brampton East, which includes the bulk of his old provincial riding, in the 2019 election.[73] Soon after his election as leader, Singh named leadership rival Guy Caron as parliamentary leader of the NDP.[72]

In his first interview following winning the party leadership, Singh expressed doubts on the findings of the 18-month long inquiry led by former Supreme Court justice John Major into the bombing of Air India Flight 182 which left 329 people dead — 268 of them Canadians. The inquiry pointed to Talwinder Singh Parmar as the chief terrorist behind the bombing. In the same interview and many subsequent ones, Singh was unwilling to denounce extremists within Canadian Sikhs who pay homage to Parmar as a martyr. On March 18, 2018, a day after video of Singh speaking a 2015 rally in San Francisco where Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, often labelled as a terrorist, was honoured as a martyr in a massive poster on the main stage, Singh reversed his position.[74]

In October 2017, CBC journalist Susan Bonner was criticized for appearing to mistakenly identify Navdeep Bains, a Liberal Cabinet minister, as Singh on Twitter. Singh and Bains are both turban-wearing, bearded Sikh men of South Asian descent. Bonner later apologized for the misunderstanding and deleted the tweet.[75]

In a December 2017 interview with Bloomberg, Singh explained that he would not rule out working with the Conservatives to topple a federal government led by Trudeau if the NDP held the balance of power in a minority parliament.[76]

In February 2018, Singh suspended Saskatchewan MP Erin Weir from the NDP caucus although no direct complaints had been made against him. Singh had 220 emails sent out to women connected with the NDP, as well as appearing on television soliciting complaints against Weir, which ended up receiving 15 complaints of which 11 were dismissed as trivial. Weir was formally expelled from caucus on May 3, 2018, based upon the outcome of the sexual harassment investigation which stated Weir's conduct was described by an investigator as “on the low-end of the scale,” and which would not normally be understood as “sexual harassment.” It was alleged he argued over carbon levies with a staffer of then party leader Tom Mulcair's excessively during a NDP convention and also he stood too close when speaking to people.[77] In May 2018, a group of 67 former NDP MPs and MLAs from Saskatchewan sent Singh a letter in support of Weir and calling for his reinstatement as an NDP MP.[78] On September 6, 2018, Singh had rejected Weir's request to rejoin the NDP during a meeting in June, despite Weir stating that he had worked with a personal trainer to understand the issues of the complaint.[78]

Singh was widely criticized during being unaware of his party caucus's position on a gun safety Bill C-71 and having to stop a press conference on Parliament Hill on April 26, 2018, to confer with other MPs standing behind him as to what is was.[79]

2019 Burnaby South by-election

On August 8, 2018, Singh announced he would be running in a by-election to replace Kennedy Stewart as the Member of Parliament for Burnaby South. Stewart had resigned in order to make an ultimately successful bid for Mayor of Vancouver.[80] Singh relocated to Burnaby for the election[81] and won on February 25, 2019, with 38.9 per cent of the vote.[5]

2019 federal election

 
Singh during a campaign stop at the Broadview subway station in Toronto on October 15, 2019

On October 21, 2019, Singh was re-elected to the Burnaby South riding.[82] The NDP won 24 seats, down from 44 seats at the 2015 election. However, the incumbent Trudeau Liberal government failed to retain its majority, allowing the NDP to share the balance of power in Parliament.[83] It was the lowest seat count for the NDP since 2004, and the party was passed by the Bloc Québécois as the third-largest parliamentary party.[84] The NDP lost all but one of its seats in Quebec, where it was suggested that Singh's Sikhism may have been negatively received by voters in the context of the Quebec ban on religious symbols.[85]

On June 17, 2020, Singh was removed from the House of Commons for the rest of the day after he called Bloc Québécois MP Alain Therrien a "racist" and refused to apologize when Therrien was the sole member to prevent unanimous consent on the second motion concluding systemic racism and discrimination in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) prior to the completion of the public inquiry from Singh's first motion.[86]

Political positions

Singh has branded himself a progressive and a social democrat.[17]

Drug policy

Singh supports decriminalizing the purchase, possession and consumption of psychoactive drugs for personal use as Portugal had done in 2001.[18][87]

Economic policy

Singh's economic policy states that "millions of Canadians are living in poverty".[88] Singh supports a progressive tax system[89] and supports eliminating several tax deductions available to the highest-income earners and redirect the money to low-income seniors, workers and disabled Canadians.[90] Singh's tax agenda during the 2017 New Democratic Party leadership election included creating new tax brackets for the highest-income earners and raising corporate tax.[91]

Singh supports a $15/hour minimum wage, the imposition of Canadian sales taxes on paid on-demand internet video providers (also referred to as a "Netflix tax"),[92] and a universal pharmacare system, stating "universal healthcare is essential when we talk about equality for all Canadians". The NDP have stated that closing tax loopholes on the ultra rich would fund a universal pharmacare program. After the 2018 federal budget was released, Singh criticized the Liberals' plan for research into pharmacare with no funding behind it, calling it "not a plan but a fantasy".[93]

Singh has promised to incentivize the building of 500,000 units of affordable housing by removing the federal tax burden on new affordable housing projects.[94]

Energy policy

Singh favours reducing Canada's carbon emissions to 30 percent of 2005 levels by 2025. This would be done by assisting provinces with the 2030 "coal phaseout", implementing a zero emissions vehicle agenda, "greening" the tax system by adding subsidies to companies supporting ecology and building renewable energy supergrid.[95] Singh also supports creating more accountability in climate change policy by creating an independent officer of parliament mandated to report on interim progress on emission reductions (Climate Change Action Officer or CCAO), tasking the Commissioner of Environment and Sustainable Development (CESD) to the Auditor General with gathering data from each province and territory and appointing an advisory group composed of regional and topic-specific experts who will support the CCAO in interpreting data presented by the CESD and assessing implications for climate, energy, and economic policies and regulations.[96] Singh's opposition to the Trans Mountain Pipeline expansion project was repeatedly condemned by Alberta NDP leader and former Premier of Alberta Rachel Notley.[97]

Environmental policy

Singh has promised that the NDP would build charging stations for electric vehicles at federal buildings and Canada Post locations and offer residents a $600 grant to help pay for home charging stations.[98] Jagmeet Singh initially supported the LNG natural gas facility in British Columbia. After the NDP lost Nanaimo in a by-election to Green Party, Jagmeet Singh changed his position a week later and now opposes the LNG natural gas facility.[99]

Quebec policy

During the Lac-St. Jean by-election campaign, he said agree with the NDP's Sherbrooke Declaration, in opposition to the Clarity Act, and Canada should recognize a declaration of Quebec independence if sovereigntists win a referendum with 50% plus 1.[100] Singh opposes Bill 21, but also said, "I don't know exactly" if Bill 21 was racist[101] and there should be no political interference in the existing court challenges of the law.[102][103]

Social issues

 
Singh at the Toronto Pride Parade in 2017

Recounting a personal experience where he was the subject of racial profiling, Singh has strongly supported legislation for a federal ban on carding, calling the practice a form of systemic racism.[104][105]

When asked at NDP leadership debate in Saskatoon if he would bring back the long-gun registry Singh responded: "It's a difficult question, absolutely. I know that's why it is asked... I also think it's important that we acknowledge regional differences, the fact that there is a different culture between the way things are treated in different regions."[106] Singh has urged Justin Trudeau and the Liberal Party to allow cities to ban handguns.[107] Singh was widely criticized during being unaware of his party caucus's position on a gun safety Bill C-71 and having to stop a press conference on Parliament Hill on April 26, 2018, to confer with other MPs standing behind him as to what it was.[79]

In March 2015, during the Ontario sex education curriculum controversy, Singh spoke out against changes to the curriculum which included proposed updating on teaching on sexual orientation and gender identity.[108][109] Singh believes in training the RCMP in "LGBTQI2S+ competency training" to ensure interactions with law enforcement are not stigmatizing or traumatizing.[110] Singh also supports bringing a form of affirmative action for hiring of LGBTQ people and supports more inclusive shelter and transitional housing spaces in service of LGBTQ youth.[111]

Singh advocates for Health Canada conducting research on the health care needs and experiences of LGBTQ patients and advocates for policy changes allowing people to self-declare their gender.[112] Singh also supports immediately repealing the de facto ban on blood, tissue and organ donation by men who have sex with men and trans women who have sex with men.[113]

Personal life

Singh practices Brazilian jiu-jitsu.[15][16]

Singh was recognized by the World Sikh Organization of Canada in their 2012 list of honourees for being the first turbaned Sikh MPP in Ontario.[114]

In 2013, Singh was denied a visa to India for raising the issue of the 1984 Sikh massacre.[115] He became the first Western legislator ever to be denied entry to India.[116]

 
Singh riding a bike at the National Bike Summit in Ottawa in 2018

In a November 2017 episode of the TVOntario series Political Blind Date, Singh was paired with former Toronto City Councillor and future Premier of Ontario Doug Ford. The pair explored different forms of transportation, with Singh taking Ford on a downtown Toronto bicycle ride while Ford drove Singh along the dedicated streetcar right-of-way on St. Clair Avenue.[117] Ford said of the experience that the two became friends, and Singh said Ford was "very warm and friendly".[118] Jagmeet Singh is an avid cyclist and owns six designer bicycles.[119]

In January 2018, Singh became engaged to Gurkiran Kaur Sidhu, a fashion designer and co-founder of jangiiro, a Punjabi clothing line. He proposed to her at the vegetarian restaurant where they had their first date, in front of friends, family, and members of the media that Singh had invited.[120] The pair married on February 22, 2018.[121] In March 2021 his brother-in-law was arrested during a physical assault at a rally over Indian policy in Brampton, Ontario.[122] In August 2021 he announced that he is expecting a child with his spouse.[123]

Singh is fluent in English, French, and Punjabi.[124]

Electoral record

Federal elections

Burnaby South

2021 Canadian federal election: Burnaby South
Party Candidate Votes %
New Democratic Jagmeet Singh 16,382 40.3
Liberal Brea Huang Sami 12,361 30.4
Conservative Likky Lavji 9,104 22.4
People's Marcella Williams 1,290 3.2
Green Maureen Curran 1,185 2.9
IND Martin Kendell 296 0.7
Total valid votes 40,608 99.29
Total rejected ballots 291 0.71
Turnout 40,899 51.15
Eligible voters 79,964
Source: Elections Canada[125]
2019 Canadian federal election: Burnaby South
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Jagmeet Singh 16,956 37.67 –1.42 $92,300.42
Conservative Jay Shin 13,914 30.92 +8.44 none listed
Liberal Neelam Brar 10,706 23.79 –2.23 $102,915.79
Green Brennan Wauters 2,477 5.50 $901.27
People's Al Rawdah 645 1.43 –9.22 none listed
Libertarian Rex Brocki 243 0.54 $0.00
Marxist–Leninist Brian Sproule 62 0.14 $0.00
Total valid votes/expense limit 45,006 99.07
Total rejected ballots 417 0.93 +0.10
Turnout 45,423 56.89 +25.88
Eligible voters 79,849
New Democratic hold Swing –4.93
Source: Elections Canada[126]
Canadian federal by-election, February 25, 2019: Burnaby South
Resignation of Kennedy Stewart
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Jagmeet Singh 8,848 38.90  3.83
Liberal Richard T. Lee 5,919 26.02  7.86
Conservative Jay Shin 5,147 22.63  4.48
People's Laura-Lynn Thompson 2,422 10.65 New
Independent Terry Grimwood 242 1.06 New
Independent Valentine Wu 168 0.74 New
Total valid votes/Expense limit 22,746 99.17
Total rejected ballots 190 0.83 +0.23
Turnout 22,936 30.10 -30.68
Eligible voters 76,204
New Democratic hold Swing +5.84
Source: Elections Canada[127]

Bramalea—Gore—Malton

2011 Canadian federal election: Bramalea—Gore—Malton
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Bal Gosal 19,907 34.44 −2.68
New Democratic Jagmeet Singh 19,368 33.51 +24.49
Liberal Gurbax Singh Malhi 16,402 29.40 −15.65
Green John Moulton 1,748 3.02 −2.14
Marxist–Leninist Frank Chilelli 371 0.64 +0.02
Total valid votes 57,796 100.00
Total rejected ballots 454 0.80 +0.18
Turnout 58,250 54.75 +5.01
Eligible voters 106,395

Provincial elections

2014 Ontario general election: Bramalea—Gore—Malton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Jagmeet Singh 23,519 44.32 +6.68
Liberal Kuldip Kular 17,873 33.68 +0.75
Progressive Conservative Harjit Jaswal 9,403 17.72 −4.99
Green Pauline Thornham 2,277 4.29 +1.79
Total valid votes 53,072 100.0  
New Democratic hold Swing +2.96
Source: Elections Ontario[128]
2011 Ontario general election: Bramalea—Gore—Malton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Jagmeet Singh 16,626 37.64 +25.82
Liberal Kuldip Kular 14,349 32.93 −14.07
Progressive Conservative Sanjeev Maingi 9,896 22.71 −6.65
Green Pauline Thornham 1,091 2.50 −7.63
Libertarian Joy Lee 738 1.69
Independent Archie McLachlan 491 1.13
Family Coalition Linda O'Marra 381 0.87 −0.29
Total valid votes 43,572 100.00
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 321 0.73
Turnout 43,893 40.68
Eligible voters 107,820
New Democratic gain from Liberal Swing +19.95
Source: Elections Ontario[129]

Leadership elections

2017 New Democratic Party leadership election
Candidate Ballot 1
Jagmeet Singh 35,266 53.8%
Charlie Angus 12,705 19.4%
Niki Ashton 11,374 17.4%
Guy Caron 6,164 9.4%
Total 65,782 100%

Published works

  • Singh, Jagmeet (April 23, 2019). Love & Courage: My Story of Family, Resilience, and Overcoming the Unexpected: A Memoir. Toronto: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-9821-0539-6. OCLC 1078885943.

References

  1. ^ "NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh campaigns in Montreal ahead of tough byelection fight". Cbc.ca. Archived from the original on February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  2. ^ "Jagmeet Singh". Instagram. Jagmeet Singh. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  3. ^ "Jagmeet Singh | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  4. ^ "Jagmeet Singh Jimmy Dhaliwal | Law Society of Ontario". Law Society of Ontario. April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh wins federal seat in high-stakes Burnaby South byelection" Archived February 28, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. CBC News, February 25, 2019.
  6. ^ "Federal NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh resigns seat in Ontario legislature". CTV News. The Canadian Press. October 20, 2017. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  7. ^ Austen, Ian (October 2, 2017). "Sikh Becomes Canada's First Nonwhite Political Party Leader". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  8. ^ "Jagmeet Singh becomes first Sikh politician to lead major Canadian party". Hindustan Times. October 2, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Riding results from across Canada". Edmonton Journal. May 3, 2011. p. A6.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Ontario NDP's Singh throws heck of a victory rally". CBC News. October 7, 2011. Archived from the original on December 11, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  11. ^ a b "Summary of Valid Ballots Cast for Each Candidate" (PDF). Elections Ontario. October 6, 2011. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 30, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
  12. ^ Zimonjic, Peter (October 1, 2017). "Meet Jagmeet Singh: New leader of federal NDP". CBC News. Archived from the original on October 1, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  13. ^ Austen, Ian (October 1, 2017). "Sikh Becomes Canada's First Nonwhite Political Party Leader". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  14. ^ Sudeep, Theres (November 21, 2020). "Indian-origin politicians around the world". Deccan Herald. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  15. ^ a b c Benzie, Robert (January 9, 2012). "12 to watch in 2012: Jagmeet Singh". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on August 24, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
  16. ^ a b "Making history, Jasmeet Singh, scores NDP leadership victory". Rcinet.ca. October 2, 2017. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Ontario politician Jagmeet Singh launches bid for federal NDP leadership". The Globe and Mail. May 15, 2017. Archived from the original on July 19, 2019. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  18. ^ a b Woo, Andrea (September 11, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh vows to decriminalize petty drug charges at NDP debate". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on September 14, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  19. ^ Singh, Jagmeet [@theJagmeetSingh] (January 6, 2018). "Trudeau has said a $15 federal minimum wage is off the table - I believe it's the minimum that workers deserve. Canadians deserve better - an NDP government would implement a federal minimum wage of $15 because nobody should be working and living under the poverty line" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  20. ^ "Punjab village celebrates its son Jagmeet Singh's success in Canadian politics". Hindustan Times. October 3, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  21. ^ "Trudeau's new political rival is a Canadian Sikh with swag". The Times of India. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  22. ^ "Gurpreet Singh: Beware of those opposed to Jagmeet Singh and his supporters". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly. May 18, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  23. ^ "Jagmeet Singh". November 10, 2019. Archived from the original on May 24, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  24. ^ a b Raj, Althia (January 1, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh Is A Young, Photogenic, Confident Politician. Sound Familiar?". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  25. ^ a b "Jagmeet Singh, who spent part of childhood in Newfoundland, launches bid for federal NDP leadership". The Telegram. St. John's, NL. May 16, 2017. Archived from the original on September 18, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  26. ^ Moran, Padraig (October 16, 2019). "'I tried to bury it down': NDP leader Jagmeet Singh says he was sexually abused as a child". CBC Radio. Archived from the original on November 18, 2019.
  27. ^ Pearson, Craig (October 4, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh recalls racism in Windsor, but also a hometown he loves". Windsor Star. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  28. ^ "Jagmeet Singh". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on September 18, 2017. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
  29. ^ "NDP leader's brother elected in Brampton East, Weather Network personality wins Brampton North". Toronto Star. June 7, 2018. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  30. ^ Slack, Julie (December 22, 2011). "MPP likes the finer things". Mississauga News. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012.
  31. ^ a b c d Tancock, Martha (2014). Number One. The York University Magazine. p. 20. Archived from the original on March 5, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  32. ^ a b Mann, Arshy (November 17, 2014). "The most interesting man at Queen's Park". Canadian Lawyer Magazine. Archived from the original on March 5, 2017. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  33. ^ Taber, Jane (June 5, 2015). "NDP MPP Jagmeet Singh's quest to quash carding in Ontario". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  34. ^ "Jagmeet Singh, MPP (Bramalea—Gore—Malton)". Ontla.on.ca. Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  35. ^ "MPP wants new SIU laws". The Brampton Guardian. Metroland Media Group. December 17, 2011.
  36. ^ "Orazietti surprised by Mantha's support of NDP auto insurance bill". SooToday.com. May 4, 2012. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  37. ^ "NDP drives hearings on auto insurance". Sudbury.com. May 22, 2012. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  38. ^ "Proposed NDP private members' bill would hike auto insurance rates in Ontario substantially: Liberal MPP". Canadian Underwriter. April 30, 2012. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  39. ^ "Bill 45, Insurance Amendment Act (Risk Classification Systems for Automobile Insurance), 2012". Ontla.on.ca. Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  40. ^ Clay, Chris (April 9, 2013). "MPP's bill aims to cut costs of international money transfers". The Mississauga News. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  41. ^ "Bill 98, Consumer Protection Amendment Act (Money Transfers), 2012". Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  42. ^ Benzie, Robert (March 27, 2013). "Liberals will support NDP call for 15% auto insurance cut". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  43. ^ Brennan, Richard (May 2, 2013). "Ontario budget 2013: Opposition dubious of Liberals' pledge to cut auto insurance premiums". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  44. ^ "Brampton MPP's bill passes to create Sikh Heritage Month". The Brampton Guardian. Metroland Media Group. December 11, 2013. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  45. ^ "NDP incumbent Jagmeet Singh wins Bramalea-Gore-Malton race". Global News. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  46. ^ "Auto insurance bill passes in Ontario Legislature". CBC News. November 20, 2014. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  47. ^ Duggan, Kyle (August 3, 2017). "NDP leadership candidates throw barbs over sex-ed, old age security". iPolitics. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  48. ^ Smith Cross, Jessica (August 3, 2017). "Questions about Jagmeet Singh's stance on Ontario's sex-ed curriculum a flash point in NDP leadership debate". QP Briefing. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  49. ^ "Jagmeet Singh Calls for Parental Inputs on Sex Education". India.com. March 20, 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  50. ^ "Construction Performance Guidelines for the Ontario Home Building Industry" (PDF). Tarion. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 10, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  51. ^ Wallace, Kenyon (December 10, 2014). "Ontario bill would force Tarion to publish detailed information about builders' track records". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on August 11, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  52. ^ "NDP Deputy Leader introduces motion to end "carding" in Ontario". Ontario New Democratic Party. October 8, 2015. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  53. ^ Artuso, Antonella (October 22, 2015). "Legislature against arbitrary carding by police". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  54. ^ Babbage, Maria (August 19, 2014). "Turban-wearing Sikhs riding motorbikes in Ontario must wear helmets". CTV News. Archived from the original on September 26, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  55. ^ "NDPer wants details on ORNGE". Mississauga News. January 13, 2012. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
  56. ^ Ferguson, Rob (June 26, 2015). "NDP deputy leader Jagmeet Singh chastised by integrity commissioner". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 28, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  57. ^ Jeffords, Shawn (December 1, 2016). "Ontario MPPs reject BDS movement". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  58. ^ Benzie, Robert (October 20, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh quits as MPP for Bramalea-Gore-Malton". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  59. ^ Smith, Joanna (July 2, 2015). "Ontario NDP deputy leader Jagmeet Singh helped court South Asian vote – in Alberta". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 24, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  60. ^ a b Kan, Alan (May 11, 2017). "Brampton MPP Jagmeet Singh Set to Run for Federal NDP Leadership". Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  61. ^ Csanady, Ashley (April 20, 2016). "NDP leadership poll: Avi Lewis, Jagmeet Singh and Nathan Cullen are favourites to take party helm". National Post. Archived from the original on April 23, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  62. ^ Cohn, Martin Regg (October 8, 2016). "Leaderless NDP looks to rising star Jagmeet Singh: Cohn". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  63. ^ Hong, Jackie (May 15, 2017). "Peel Region MPP Jagmeet Singh jumps into federal NDP leadership". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on May 15, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  64. ^ "Jagmeet Singh needed thousands of new members to win NDP leadership race – he might have them". CBC News. Archived from the original on September 11, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  65. ^ "Jagmeet Singh accused of inflating party membership signups". National Post. August 30, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  66. ^ "Singh takes slim lead over Angus: Mainstreet NDP leadership poll". Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  67. ^ "A Sikh becomes leader of Canada's left-leaning opposition party". The Economist. October 7, 2017. Archived from the original on October 6, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  68. ^ "This is how to handle a heckler". BBC News. Archived from the original on September 13, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  69. ^ "Heckler who hurled racist comments at Canadian Sikh politician swears she's not racist". VICE News. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  70. ^ "Stand united against hate, says Jagmeet Singh after heckling video goes viral". Hindustan Times. September 10, 2017. Archived from the original on September 11, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  71. ^ Galloway, Gloria (October 1, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh chosen as new federal NDP leader". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  72. ^ a b "Jagmeet Singh names Quebec MP Guy Caron as parliamentary leader". CBC News. October 4, 2017. Archived from the original on February 28, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  73. ^ Grenier, Éric (January 9, 2018). "No seat likely to come Jagmeet Singh's way before 2019 unless one is offered to him". CBC News. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  74. ^ Tasker, John Paul (March 18, 2018). "Jagmeet Singh now rejects glorification of Air India bombing mastermind". CBC News. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  75. ^ "Oops! CBC Host Mistakes Sikh Politician For Another Sikh Politician". Huffington Post Canada. October 2, 2017. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  76. ^ "Trudeau vs. Singh Is Next Battle for Hearts of Canada's Left". Bloomberg.com. December 19, 2017. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  77. ^ Tunney, Catharine (May 3, 2018). "MP Erin Weir expelled from NDP caucus after harassment investigation". CBC News. Archived from the original on May 4, 2018. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  78. ^ a b "Sask. NDPers blast Singh's refusal to reinstate Erin Weir into caucus". CBC News. September 6, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  79. ^ a b Scotti, Monique (April 26, 2018). "In awkward moment, Singh seems unsure about caucus support for gun control bill". Global News. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  80. ^ Ballingall, Alex (August 8, 2018). "NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh to run in B.C. byelection". StarMetro Ottawa. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  81. ^ CBC News (August 8, 2018). "NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh to run in Burnaby South byelection". CBC News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  82. ^ "Jagmeet Singh wins seat in BC's Burnaby South riding | News". dailyhive.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  83. ^ "Left behind: Why do Jagmeet Singh and the NDP seem so happy about the party's crushing defeat?". The Globe and Mail. October 25, 2019. Archived from the original on December 17, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  84. ^ "NDP bleeds seats in Quebec as party sinks to fourth place". CTV News. October 22, 2019. Archived from the original on December 16, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  85. ^ "Was Jagmeet Singh's race a factor in NDP loss in Quebec? Tough to tell, say Vancouver observers". The Georgia Straight. October 24, 2019. Archived from the original on December 17, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  86. ^ "Singh stands by calling Bloc MP a racist after being removed from House". ctvnews.ca. Archived from the original on June 18, 2020. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  87. ^ "Jagmeet Singh: the ex-lawyer and TikTok star who could topple Trudeau". the Guardian. September 12, 2021. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
  88. ^ "Income Security Agenda For Canadians". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  89. ^ "A Tax Fairness Agenda For Canadians". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  90. ^ "As Jagmeet Singh emerges as front-runner, NDP race gets chippy". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  91. ^ "Singh releases tax and income security agenda ahead of debate". Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  92. ^ "Jagmeet Singh's NDP would impose sales tax on Netflix". The Globe and Mail. October 10, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  93. ^ "Federal Budget 2018: NDP concerned over income equality, pharmacare". Global News. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  94. ^ Li, Waynee; Peg, Jenny (January 21, 2019). "NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh promises 500,000 affordable housing units if elected prime minister". StarMetro Vancouver. Archived from the original on January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  95. ^ "Green Economy & Climate Agenda". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  96. ^ "Strengthening Climate Change Accountability". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  97. ^ Zimonjic, Peter; Kapelos, Vassy (October 24, 2019). "Singh hasn't done his 'research' on value of Trans Mountain to Canada, says Notley". CBC News. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  98. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 6, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  99. ^ Politics, Canadian (May 13, 2019). "One week after losing B.C. seat to Green Party, NDP leader Singh now opposes fracking | National Post". Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  100. ^ "Singh Suggests He'd Be Comfortable If Quebec Voted To Separate". HuffPost Canada. October 10, 2017. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  101. ^ "Jagmeet Singh hopes to change Quebecers' views on religious symbols". CBC News. September 23, 2019. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  102. ^ Lao, David (September 15, 2019). "Jagmeet Singh wanted to 'show an openness' to Quebec with ad displaying him without a turban". Global News. Corus Entertainment. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  103. ^ The Canadian Press (October 2, 2019). "Jagmeet Singh talks discrimination in Quebec as he's told to 'cut his turban off'". Toronto Star. Torstar. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  104. ^ "Jagmeet Singh says carding is a form of systemic racism, should be banned". Global News. April 5, 2018. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  105. ^ "Jagmeet Singh Steps Up Call To Ban Police Carding, Recounts Personal Experience With Issue". The Huffington Post. April 5, 2018. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  106. ^ Raj, Althia (July 12, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh Is Acting Like A Liberal, Charlie Angus Says". HuffPo Canada. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  107. ^ "Huffington Post". Jagmeet Singh Pushes Trudeau To Let Cities Ban Handguns Right Now. August 2, 2018. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  108. ^ Duggan, Kyle (August 3, 2017). "NDP leadership candidates throw barbs over sex-ed, old age security". iPolitics. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  109. ^ Smith Cross, Jessica (August 3, 2017). "Questions about Jagmeet Singh's stance on Ontario's sex-ed curriculum a flash point in NDP leadership debate". QP Briefing. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  110. ^ "LGBTQI2S+ Initiatives". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  111. ^ "LGBTQI2S+ Youth Housing Initiative". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  112. ^ "Health Canada". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  113. ^ "Repeal the Blood Ban". Jagmeet Singh For Leader. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  114. ^ "WSO's 2012 List of Honorees". World Sikh Organization of Canada. Archived from the original on June 23, 2012.
  115. ^ Jain, Ajit (June 27, 2014). "Ontario MPP Jagmeet Singh denied visa to visit India for raising "the issue of the killing of Sikhs in New Delhi". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on February 23, 2018. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  116. ^ Delhi Press (2018). The Caravan: February 2018. Delhi Press. p. 28. GGKEY:GLXX3B0HBWK.
  117. ^ "What happens when Doug Ford and Jagmeet Singh go on a blind date? | The Star". thestar.com. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  118. ^ "'He cycled on our date and then hopped into his BMW': Doug Ford and Jagmeet Singh rate their blind date | The Star". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  119. ^ February 14, Luis Mora |; 2018 (February 14, 2018). "Behind the scenes with Jagmeet Singh, the left's greatest showman". Toronto Life. Retrieved April 25, 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  120. ^ Jeffords, Shawn (January 16, 2018). "Federal NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh pops the question and Gurkiran Kaur Sidhu says yes!". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  121. ^ "NDP leader marries clothing designer Gurkiran Kaur". Cbc.ca. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  122. ^ Blackwell, Tom (March 11, 2021). "NDP leader's brother-in-law in altercation under police probe as south-Asian Canadian factions clash over India unrest". National Post. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  123. ^ Frisk, Adam (August 12, 2021). "NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh, spouse Gurkiran Kaur Sidhu expecting first child". CTV News. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  124. ^ Baccari, Ava (September 10, 2017). "Ontario's Jagmeet Singh Responds to Racist Accusations with "Love and Courage"". Flare. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  125. ^ "Official Voting Results". Elections Canada. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  126. ^ "Official Voting Results". Elections Canada. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  127. ^ "February 25, 2019 By-elections Election Results". Elections Canada. February 27, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  128. ^ Elections Ontario (2014). "Official return from the records, 006 Bramalea-Gore-Malton" (PDF). Retrieved June 27, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  129. ^ Elections Ontario (2011). "Official return from the records / Rapport des registres officiels - Bramalea—Gore—Malton" (PDF). Retrieved June 3, 2014.[permanent dead link]

Further reading

External links