Open main menu

By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament

By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament were held to fill vacancies in the House of Commons of Canada between the 2015 and the 2019 federal elections. The 42nd Canadian Parliament has existed since 2015 with the membership of its House of Commons having been determined by the results of the Canadian federal election held on October 19, 2015. The Liberal Party of Canada has a majority government during this Parliament.

By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament


By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament results by riding.svg
Map of relevant by-election results by riding. Ridings shaded in gray did not hold a by-election.

A by-election was held on October 24, 2016, following the death of Jim Hillyer (Conservative, Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner) on March 23, 2016.[1]

Five by-elections were held on April 3, 2017:

One was held following the death of Mauril Bélanger (Liberal, Ottawa—Vanier) on August 16, 2016.[2] A second was called due to the resignation from the House of Commons of former prime minister Stephen Harper (Conservative, Calgary Heritage) on August 26.[3] A third was held due to the resignation of Jason Kenney (Conservative, Calgary Midnapore), on September 23,[4] to enter provincial politics and pursue the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta.[5][6] A fourth by-election was called for the constituency of Markham—Thornhill following the appointment of John McCallum (Liberal) as Ambassador to China;[7] and a fifth was called for the constituency of Saint-Laurent following the appointment of Stéphane Dion (Liberal) as Ambassador to Germany.[8] They officially resigned their seats in the House of Commons on January 31, 2017.[9][10]

Two further by-elections were held on October 23, 2017, in Sturgeon River—Parkland and Lac-Saint-Jean, following the resignations of former interim Conservative leader Rona Ambrose on July 4, 2017, and former Conservative deputy leader Denis Lebel on August 9.[11][12][13]

Four by-elections were held on December 11, 2017,[14] due to the death on September 14, 2017, of Arnold Chan (Liberal, Scarborough—Agincourt),[15] the resignations effective September 30, of former cabinet minister Judy Foote (Liberal, Bonavista—Burin—Trinity),[16] and Dianne Watts (Conservative, South Surrey—White Rock) to enter provincial politics and pursue the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party,[17] and in Battlefords—Lloydminster due to the resignation of Conservative MP Gerry Ritz on October 2.[18]

One by-election was held on June 18, 2018 following the resignation of Denis Lemieux (Liberal, Chicoutimi—Le Fjord)[19] on December 1, 2017.[20][21]

One by-election was held on December 3, 2018 following the death of Gord Brown (Conservative, Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes) on May 2, 2018.[22]

Three additional by-elections were held on February 25, 2019 due to the announcement by former New Democratic Party leader Tom Mulcair of his resignation of the seat of Outremont on August 3, 2018 to accept an academic position,[23][24] the announcement by NDP MP Kennedy Stewart of his resignation of the seat of Burnaby South on September 17 to run for Mayor of Vancouver,[25][26] and the announcement by Conservative MP Peter Van Loan of his resignation of the seat of York—Simcoe on September 30, 2018.[27][28]

A further vacancy occurred due to the resignation on January 2, 2019, of Sheila Malcolmson (NDP, Nanaimo—Ladysmith) to enter provincial politics.[29] However, the government has announced that no federal by-election will be called in the riding before the provincial by-election is held on January 30, 2019, in order to avoid an "overlap".[30]

The writ for a by-election must be dropped no sooner than 11 days and no later than 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer is officially notified of a vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker. Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[31]

Due to the passage of Bill C-76 which made an amendment[32] to the Parliament of Canada Act that took effect January 19, 2019[33] no writ for the election of a member of the House shall be issued if the vacancy occurs less than nine months before the date fixed under the Canada Elections Act for the next general election. As a result, the cut-off date for a vacancy to cause a by-election for the 42nd Parliament is January 21, 2019. Any vacancies that occur after that date will not be filled until the next federal election scheduled for October 21, 2019.[34][35]

Nicola Di Iorio (Liberal, Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel) resigned on January 29, 2019,[36][37][38][39][35] eight days after the deadline for a vacancy to occur and cause a by-election. Raj Grewal (Brampton East) had announced on November 23, 2018 that he intended to resign his seat due to a gambling addiction but later announced, on November 30, that he was resigning from the Liberal caucus but would keep his seat as an Independent for the time being.[40] On January 25, 2019, he announced that he would keep his seat in parliament until the next federal election in October.[41]

Contents

OverviewEdit

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Calgary Forest Lawn Vacant until general election[34] Deepak Obhrai Conservative N/A N/A Death (liver cancer) N/A
Langley—Aldergrove Vacant until general election[34] Mark Warawa Conservative N/A N/A Death (cancer) N/A
Kings—Hants Vacant until general election[34] Scott Brison Liberal N/A N/A Resigned N/A
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel Vacant until general election[34] Nicola Di Iorio Liberal N/A N/A Resigned N/A
Nanaimo—Ladysmith May 6, 2019 Sheila Malcolmson New Democratic Paul Manly Green Resigned to enter provincial politics No
York—Simcoe February 25, 2019 Peter Van Loan Conservative Scot Davidson Conservative Resigned Yes
Burnaby South February 25, 2019 Kennedy Stewart New Democratic Jagmeet Singh New Democratic Resigned to run for Mayor of Vancouver Yes
Outremont February 25, 2019 Tom Mulcair New Democratic Rachel Bendayan Liberal Resigned to accept an academic appointment No
Leeds—Grenville—
Thousand Islands
and Rideau Lakes
December 3, 2018 Gord Brown Conservative Michael Barrett Conservative Death (heart attack) Yes
Chicoutimi—Le Fjord June 18, 2018 Denis Lemieux Liberal Richard Martel Conservative Resigned No
Battlefords—Lloydminster December 11, 2017 Gerry Ritz Conservative Rosemarie Falk Conservative Resigned Yes
South Surrey—White Rock December 11, 2017 Dianne Watts Conservative Gordie Hogg Liberal Resigned to seek the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party No
Bonavista—Burin—Trinity December 11, 2017 Judy Foote Liberal Churence Rogers Liberal Resigned Yes
Scarborough—Agincourt December 11, 2017 Arnold Chan Liberal Jean Yip Liberal Death (nasopharyngeal cancer) Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean October 23, 2017 Denis Lebel Conservative Richard Hébert Liberal Resigned to accept a position in the private sector No
Sturgeon River—Parkland October 23, 2017 Rona Ambrose Conservative Dane Lloyd Conservative Resigned to accept an academic appointment Yes
Saint-Laurent April 3, 2017 Stéphane Dion Liberal Emmanuella Lambropoulos Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Canadian Ambassador to Germany Yes
Markham—Thornhill April 3, 2017 John McCallum Liberal Mary Ng Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Canadian Ambassador to China Yes
Calgary Midnapore April 3, 2017 Jason Kenney Conservative Stephanie Kusie Conservative Resigned to seek the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta Yes
Calgary Heritage April 3, 2017 Stephen Harper Conservative Bob Benzen Conservative Resigned Yes
Ottawa—Vanier April 3, 2017 Mauril Bélanger Liberal Mona Fortier Liberal Death (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) Yes
Medicine Hat—
Cardston—Warner
October 24, 2016 Jim Hillyer Conservative Glen Motz Conservative Death (heart attack) Yes


October 24, 2016 by-electionEdit

Medicine Hat—Cardston—WarnerEdit

A by-election was held on October 24, 2016,[1] in the riding of Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner, which had been vacant since March 23, 2016, when Conservative Party of Canada MP Jim Hillyer died in his office following a heart attack.[42] The riding has been held by centre-right parties since Bert Hargrave defeated Liberal incumbent Bud Olson, himself a former Social Credit MP, in 1972.[1] This was the first by-election in the 108-year history of the Medicine Hat constituency. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on March 24, 2016.

Retired Medicine Hat Police inspector Glen Motz[1] defeated businessman Brian Benoit, former Cardston-Taber-Warner and Calgary-Glenmore MLA Paul Hinman, lawyer Michael W. Jones, and party worker Joe Schow for the Conservative nomination, which was held in late June.[43] Cypress-Medicine Hat MLA Drew Barnes, former Medicine Hat MLA Blake Pedersen, and Dan Hein, Hillyer's closest competitor for the nomination in 2015, all declined to run for the Conservative nomination despite speculation to the contrary.[44]

Well-known Medicine Hat businessman Stan Sakamoto was the Liberal candidate.[1]

The Libertarian Party of Canada nominated Sheldon Johnston as its candidate.[45] The Libertarians and the Rhinoceros Party nominated candidates for the first time in Medicine Hat.

Canadian federal by-election, October 24, 2016: Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner
Death of Jim Hillyer
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Glen Motz 23,932 69.85 +1.05
Liberal Stan Sakamoto 8,778 25.62 +7.68
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 702 2.05
New Democratic Beverly Ann Waege 353 1.03 −8.64
Libertarian Sheldon Johnston 284 0.83
Rhinoceros Kayne Cooper 211 0.62
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,260 100.00 –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout 44.54
Eligible voters 76,911
Conservative hold Swing −3.32
Sources: Elections Canada[46]

April 3, 2017 by-electionsEdit

Ottawa—VanierEdit

A by-election was held on April 3, 2017,[2] in the riding of Ottawa—Vanier, which had been vacant since the death of Mauril Bélanger on August 16, 2016, from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease). The riding was one of the most solidly Liberal in the country, having elected Liberals both federally and provincially in every election since its creation in 1935.[47] The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on August 23, 2016.

After several prominent potential candidates, including Bélanger's widow Catherine Bélanger, Ottawa councillors Tobi Nussbaum and Tim Tierney, and 2014 council candidate Catherine Fortin LeFaivre[48][49] declined to run, eight candidates sought the Liberal nomination: Senate staffer Khatera Akbari, lawyer Jean Claude Dubuisson, communications consultant Mona Fortier, Liberal staffer Eric Khaiat, former Cape Breton Highlands—Canso MP Francis LeBlanc, public servant Ainsley Malhotra, former executive director of The Humanitarian Coalition Nicolas Moyer, and Unique FM executive director Véronique Soucy. Up to 6,500 party members were eligible to vote in the nomination contest. Mona Fortier won the nomination on February 5, 2017.[50][51]

Unsuccessful 2015 candidate Emilie Taman, a University of Ottawa law professor and daughter of former Supreme Court Justice Louise Arbour, ran again for the NDP.[48]

Parliament Hill staffer Adrian Papara defeated former New Brunswick MLA Joel Bernard for the Conservative Party nomination, decided on February 16.[52]

Educator and community activist Nira Dookeran was the Green candidate.[53]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Ottawa—Vanier
Death of Mauril Bélanger
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mona Fortier 15,190 51.20 −6.37
New Democratic Emilie Taman 8,523 28.73 +9.48
Conservative Adrian Paul Papara 4,578 15.43 −3.68
Green Nira Dookeran 987 3.33 +0.26
Independent John Turmel 153 0.52
Libertarian Damien Wilson 137 0.46 −0.33
Independent Christina Wilson 99 0.33
Total valid votes/Expense limit 29,667 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout
Eligible voters 86,998
Liberal hold Swing −7.91

Calgary HeritageEdit

The riding of Calgary Heritage became vacant when former Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper resigned his seat on August 26, 2016, to return to private life, including accepting directorships on corporate boards and establishing a consultancy firm.[3] The electoral district was created for the 2015 federal election and has had Harper as its only MP; however, it is largely composed of the former riding of Calgary Southwest which was held by conservative parties throughout its existence.

Bob Benzen, a small business owner and member of the Calgary Heritage Conservative Association[54] defeated Rick Billington, a lawyer and the former president of the Calgary Heritage Conservative Association, and city prosecutor Paul Frank for the Conservative nomination, which was decided on October 23.[55] Former Calgary Centre MP Joan Crockatt, party insider Alan Hallman, former Medicine Hat MP Monte Solberg, and Dan Williams, a former staffer to Calgary Midnapore MP Jason Kenney, all declined to run for the nomination despite speculation to the contrary.[3] Ric McIver, leader of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta and MLA for Calgary-Hays, stated that he would not run.[3]

Rumoured candidates for the Liberal nomination included physician Brendan Miles, the 2015 candidate in this riding, Chima Nkemdirim, the chief of staff to Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi, and former Conservative MP Lee Richardson.[3] On February 8, 2017, the Liberal nomination was won by physician Scott Forsyth,[56] defeating Steven Turner and Kanwar Gill.[57][58]

Khalis Ahmed won the uncontested NDP nomination.[59]

Taryn Knorren defeated Brennan Wauters for the Green Party of Canada nomination.[60]

The Libertarian candidate was Darcy Gerow.[58]

Businesswoman and former Dragons' Den star Arlene Dickinson was considered a potential candidate until she declined interest on January 22. Dickinson stated she had supported parts of both Conservative and Liberal platforms in the past, but considers herself non-partisan.[61]

The by-election was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on August 29, 2016. The last day a by-election could have been announced was February 25, 2017, with an election held at least 36 days after being announced.[62]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Calgary Heritage
Resignation of Stephen Harper
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bob Benzen 19,389 71.49 +7.72
Liberal Scott Forsyth 5,889 21.71 −4.26
New Democratic Khalis Ahmed 784 2.89 −4.39
Green Taryn Knorren 484 1.78 −0.35
Christian Heritage Jeff Willerton 383 1.41
Libertarian Darcy Gerow 113 0.42
National Advancement Stephen J. Garvey 79 0.29
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,121 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout
Eligible voters 81,036
Conservative hold Swing +4.70

Calgary MidnaporeEdit

The riding of Calgary Midnapore was vacated by Conservative MP Jason Kenney who resigned his seat effective September 23, 2016,[4] to seek the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta.[6][5] The electoral district was created for the 2015 federal election and has had Kenney as its only MP, however predecessor ridings from which Calgary Midnapore was created had, since the 1993 federal election, successively elected Reform, Canadian Alliance and Conservative MPs.

Former diplomat Stephanie Kusie[63] defeated entrepreneur Myles McDougall[64] and local federal riding association president Jack Redekop[65] for the Conservative nomination, held on January 14, 2017.[63]

Haley Brown was acclaimed as the Liberal candidate on January 22.[66]

Holly Heffernan was acclaimed as the NDP candidate on February 6.[67]

Ryan Zedic was acclaimed as the Green Party of Canada candidate on December 8, 2016.[68]

The by-election, held on April 3, 2017, was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on September 23, 2016. The last day a by-election could have been announced was March 22, 2017, with an election held at least 36 days afterwards.[62]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Calgary Midnapore
Resignation of Jason Kenney
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Stephanie Kusie 22,454 77.17 +10.44
Liberal Haley Brown 4,950 17.01 −5.64
New Democratic Holly Heffernan 735 2.53 −5.20
Green Ryan Zedic 625 2.15 −0.51
Christian Heritage Larry R. Heather 251 0.86
National Advancement Kulbir Singh Chawla 81 0.28
Total valid votes/Expense limit 29,096 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout
Eligible voters 89,436
Conservative hold Swing +8.08

Markham—ThornhillEdit

The riding of Markham—Thornhill was vacated on February 1, 2017,[9][8] following the appointment of Liberal MP and Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship John McCallum as Ambassador to China.[7] The electoral district was created for the 2015 federal election and has had McCallum as its only MP, however McCallum had represented predecessor ridings from which Markham—Thornhill was created since the 2000 federal election.

Justin Trudeau's director of appointments and former senior Queen's Park staffer Mary Ng,[69] defeated small business owner Nadeem Quereshi[64] and technology entrepreneur Afraj Gill[64] for the Liberal nomination on March 4, 2017.[70] Ontario cabinet minister and Markham—Unionville MPP Michael Chan, 2015 Markham—Unionville Liberal candidate Bang-Gu Jiang,[71] businesswoman Sofia Sun,[71] and former city councillor Khalid Usman were rumoured to be possible candidates but all of them ultimately endorsed Ng.[69][71] Other speculated candidates for the Liberal nomination who did not run included Markham Regional councillor Jack Heath and Markham Mayor Frank Scarpitti.[72]

Liberal nomination contestant and school trustee Juanita Nathan initially ran for her party's nomination but withdrew in protest of the Liberal Party's handling of the nomination process.[73][74]

Radio host and newspaper columnist Gavan Paranchothy defeated CIBC economist Theodore Antony,[64] former senior Queen's Park staffer Lara Coombs,[64] former Don Valley East MP Joe Daniel,[64] and parental rights advocate John Himanen[64] for the Conservative Party nomination on March 8.[75] Paranchothy previously ran for the party in 2011 in Scarborough Southwest.

Small business owner Gregory Hines defeated insurance broker Marco Coletta for the NDP nomination.[64] Hines previously ran for the party in Markham—Stouffville in 2015.

Independent candidate Above Znoneofthe is a resident of Oshawa, formerly named Sheldon Bergson, who legally changed his name in 2015 so that he could register as a "none of the above" protest candidate in the 2015 federal election;[76] although he did not complete the process in time to register for that election, he first ran in the provincial Whitby—Oshawa by-election of 2016. He has since registered as a candidate in several other provincial and federal by-elections.[77]

The by-election, held on April 3, 2017, was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on February 6, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for the by-election had to be issued no earlier than February 17, 2017, and no later than August 5, 2017. The election date must be set to be a Monday at least 36 days after the writ is issued.[78]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Markham—Thornhill
Resignation of John McCallum
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mary Ng 9,856 51.53 −4.19
Conservative Ragavan Paranchothy 7,501 39.22 +6.91
New Democratic Gregory Hines 671 3.51 −7.21
Progressive Canadian Dorian Baxter 566 2.96
Green Caryn Bergmann 426 2.23 +0.98
Libertarian Brendan Thomas Reilly 118 0.62
Independent Above Znoneofthe 77 0.40
Total valid votes/Expense limit 19,125 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout 27.51
Eligible voters 69,838
Liberal hold Swing −5.55

Saint-LaurentEdit

The riding of Saint-Laurent was vacated on February 6, 2017,[10][8] following the appointment of Liberal MP and former Minister of Foreign Affairs Stéphane Dion as Canada's Ambassador to the European Union and Germany.[8] The riding (previously called Saint-Laurent—Cartierville) has been represented by Dion since 1996, and has been held by the Liberals since its creation in 1988.[47]

Candidates for the Liberal nomination included former Nelligan MNA and provincial cabinet minister Yolande James, and tax law professor Marwah Rizqy, the 2015 Liberal candidate in Hochelaga. Saint-Laurent Borough Mayor and Montreal City Councillor Alan DeSousa intended to run for the nomination but was rejected by the party's nomination committee.[79][80] In what was seen as a surprising result, both James and Rizqy were defeated for the Liberal nomination by local educator Emmanuella Lambropoulos.

Jimmy Yu, a Conservative Party national councillor, was named the Conservative candidate on March 8.[81] Yu previously ran for the party in the same riding in 2015. Conservative leadership candidate and venture capitalist Rick Peterson had expressed interest in running for the nomination, but declined on March 7.[82]

Mathieu Auclair was named the New Democratic Party's candidate.[64]

William Fayad was named the Bloc Québécois candidate.[64]

Deputy Leader Daniel Green was named the Green Party candidate.[83]

The by-election, held on April 3, 2017, was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on February 8, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for the by-election had to be issued no earlier than February 19, 2017, and no later than August 7, 2017. The election date must be set to be a Monday at least 36 days after the writ is issued.[84]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Saint-Laurent
Resignation of Stéphane Dion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Emmanuella Lambropoulos 11,461 59.13 −2.44
Conservative Jimmy Yu 3,784 19.52 +0.01
Green Daniel Green 7.99 +5.57
New Democratic Mathieu Auclair 1,511 7.80 −3.72
Bloc Québécois William Fayad 951 4.91 +0.25
Rhinoceros Chinook Blais-Leduc 129 0.67
Total valid votes/Expense limit 19,384 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots 255 1.30 +0.30
Turnout 19,639 28.33 −30.65
Eligible voters 69,302
Liberal hold Swing −1.24

October 23, 2017 by-electionsEdit

Sturgeon River—ParklandEdit

The riding of Sturgeon River—Parkland was vacated on July 4, 2017, due to the resignation of Rona Ambrose whose term as interim Conservative Party of Canada leader ended with the election of her successor on May 27, 2017.[85] Ambrose announced her decision to resign to the Conservative Party caucus on May 12, 2017, and her decision was made public on May 15.[85] The suburban Edmonton riding was created for the 2015 federal election and has had Ambrose as its sole MP. It was created predominantly out of the former electoral district of Edmonton—Spruce Grove – for which Ambrose was the MP since its inception at the 2004 federal election – as well as Westlock—St. Paul which was held only by Conservatives from its creation in 2004 until it was abolished in 2015, as well as a small portion from the Yellowhead constituency which has been Conservative since 2003, and was previously held successively by the Progressive Conservatives, Reform Party and Canadian Alliance.

Former parliamentary staffer Dane Lloyd[86][87] defeated businessman and former 2017 Conservative leadership contestant Rick Peterson,[88] Ambrose constituency staffer Luke Inberg[89] and former Prime Minister's Office staffer Jamie Mozeson[90] for the Conservative nomination. A rumoured candidate for the Conservative nomination was Garry Keller, who served as Ambrose's chief of staff.[91] On August 25, Keller declared he would not run for the nomination.[92] The nomination to choose a Conservative candidate was held over two days, September 23 and 24.[93]

University of Alberta professor Brian Gold was acclaimed the Liberal Party candidate.[94] Gold previously ran for the party in 2015 in Edmonton Griesbach.

Medical laboratory technologist Shawna Gawreluck was selected as the NDP candidate.[94]

Educator Ernest Chauvet defeated businessman Kevin Schulthies for the Christian Heritage Party nomination on September 14.[95]

The warrant issued by the Speaker regarding the vacancy was received by the Chief Electoral Officer on July 4, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no sooner than August 21, 2017, and no later than December 31, 2017 (11 and 180 days, respectively, from the warrant receipt date).[62] On September 17, 2017, the writ was dropped for a by-election held on October 23, 2017.[13]

Canadian federal by-election, October 23, 2017: Sturgeon River—Parkland
Resignation of Rona Ambrose
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Dane Lloyd 16,125 77.36 +7.13
Liberal Brian Gold 2,508 12.03 −3.55
New Democratic Shawna Gawreluck 1,606 7.70 −2.32
Christian Heritage Ernest Chauvet 605 2.90 +1.78
Total valid votes/Expense limit 20,844  
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters
Conservative hold Swing +5.34
Source: Elections Canada

Lac-Saint-JeanEdit

The riding of Lac-Saint-Jean was vacated on August 9, 2017, due to the resignation of former Conservative cabinet minister and deputy leader of the Conservative Party, Denis Lebel.[12] Lebel announced his decision to resign on June 19, 2017, saying that his resignation would take effect prior to the beginning of the fall session of parliament. He had been an MP for 10 years, representing Lac-Saint-Jean since its creation in 2015 and the former riding of Roberval—Lac-Saint-Jean from 2007 until 2015.[12] What is now Lac-Saint-Jean was previously represented by the Bloc Québécois from 1993 to 2007 and, provincially, three of the area's five seats are held by the Parti Québécois, while the New Democratic Party was the runner-up in the riding in the past two elections.[12]

Former Roberval city councillor Rémy Leclerc was acclaimed as the Conservative candidate on September 5.[96] Saguenay Mayor Jean Tremblay was speculated to be a candidate for the Conservative nomination, but did not run as the nomination took place before his term as mayor was completed in November 2017.[97]

Psychologist Gisèle Dallaire, the NDP's candidate in this riding in the 2015 election, was acclaimed as her party's candidate on September 25.[98][99]

Dolbeau-Mistassini Mayor Richard Hébert defeated former Mashteuiatsh vice-chief Marjolaine Étienne for the Liberal nomination on September 7.[100][101] Desbiens Mayor Nicolas Martel toyed with seeking the Liberal nomination, but ended up declining.[102]

Union official Marc Maltais was named the Bloc Québécois candidate on September 26.[103] Bloc leader Martine Ouellet, who does not have a seat in the House of Commons, ruled out standing as a candidate in the by-election as she is not from the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region.[104]

Pianist Yves Laporte was named the Green Party candidate on September 28.[105]

The warrant issued by the Speaker regarding the vacancy was received by the Chief Electoral Officer on August 9, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no sooner than August 20, 2017, and no later than February 5, 2018 (11 and 180 days, respectively, from the warrant receipt date).[106] On September 17, 2017, the writ was dropped for a by-election held on October 23, 2017.[13]

Canadian federal by-election, October 23, 2017: Lac-Saint-Jean
Resignation of Denis Lebel
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Richard Hébert 13,442 38.59 +20.15
Conservative Rémy Leclerc 8,710 25.01 −8.26
Bloc Québécois Marc Maltais 8,141 23.37 +5.00
New Democratic Gisèle Dallaire 4,079 11.71 −16.75
Green Yves Laporte 457 1.31 −0.15
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,829 98.67   $133,786.71
Total rejected ballots 469 1.33
Turnout 35,298 41.61
Eligible voters 84,829
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +14.20
Source: Elections Canada

December 11, 2017 by-electionsEdit

Writs were dropped on November 5, 2017, for four by-elections that were subsequently held on December 11, 2017:[14]

Scarborough—AgincourtEdit

A by-election was held in Scarborough—Agincourt as a result of the death of Liberal MP Arnold Chan from nasopharyngeal cancer on September 14, 2017.[15] Chan was first elected in a 2014 by-election and was re-elected in the 2015 general election with 51.9% of the vote. The riding of Scarborough—Agincourt has been held by the Liberals since it was first created for the 1988 federal election with Jim Karygiannis serving as its MP until his retirement in 2014.

Jean Yip, Chan's widow, defeated[107] Gordon Lam[64] for the Liberal nomination on November 12.[108][109] Ward 39 (Scarborough Agincourt – North) city councillor and former Scarborough—Agincourt MP Jim Karygiannis declined to run for the nomination, but threw his support to Yip.[109]

Investment banker Dasong Zou[64] defeated[110] the riding's Conservative candidate in the 2008 federal election, physician Benson Lau[111] for the Conservative nomination. York Region District School Board Trustee Allan Tam as well as former teacher and immigration officer Sarah Chung[112] were both rejected by the party. Tam did not apply before the deadline and Chung was disqualified on two different occasions.[113]

Scarborough-born federal NDP leader and former GTA MPP Jagmeet Singh, who does not have a seat in the House of Commons, ruled out standing as a candidate in the by-election.[114] On November 19, reporter Brian Chang was acclaimed the NDP candidate.[115]

Rumoured candidates for the Liberal nomination who ultimately did not run included Liberal Scarborough Centre MPP Brad Duguid,[116] Toronto City Council staffer Nick Mantas, Ontario Progressive Conservative staffer Hratch Aynedijan, Ward 36 (Scarborough Southwest – South) city councillor and former provincial Progressive Conservative candidate Gary Crawford, and Liberal Scarborough—Agincourt MPP Soo Wong.[109]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on September 19, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than March 18, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: Scarborough—Agincourt
Death of Arnold Chan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Jean Yip 9,091 49.44 −2.50
Conservative Dasong Zou 7,448 40.51 +2.48
New Democratic Brian Chang 931 5.06 −2.79
Christian Heritage Jude Coutinho 371 2.02 +1.21
Green Michael DiPasquale 253 1.38 +0.00
Independent Tom Zhu 148 0.80
Independent John Turmel 145 0.79
Total valid votes/Expense limit 18,387 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 18,387 26.74 −32.68
Eligible voters 68,775
Liberal hold Swing −2.49

Bonavista—Burin—TrinityEdit

The riding of Bonavista—Burin—Trinity was vacated effective September 30, 2017, following the resignation of Judy Foote, Minister of Public Services and Procurement, from cabinet on August 24, 2017, and her resignation from parliament due to an illness in her family on September 30.[16]

Centreville-Wareham-Trinity Mayor and former president of the Federation of Municipalities in Newfoundland and Labrador Churence Rogers[117] defeated[118] comedian Pete Soucy,[119][120] provincial and federal Liberal party organizer Larry Guinchard,[121] RCMP officer Dale Foote,[122] and North Harbour farmer, former search and rescue coordinator, and 2008 Conservative Party candidate in St. John's South—Mount Pearl Merv Wiseman[123][124] for the Liberal nomination.

Teacher and guidance counselor Mike Windsor was named the Conservative candidate.[110] Windsor previously ran for the party in 2015 in the riding.

Tyler James Downey was named the NDP candidate.[125]

Rumoured candidates for the Liberal nomination who ultimately did not run included former Progressive Conservative MHA Darin King[126] and current Liberal MHAs Steve Crocker,[127] Carol Anne Haley, and Dale Kirby.[126] On September 22, 2017, MHA Mark Browne announced he would not be seeking the nomination.[127] Lawyer Stacy MacDonald initially sought the Liberal nomination[128] but withdrew on September 28.[129]

In the 2015 federal election, Foote won the newly created riding with 81% of the vote, the highest percentage of vote taken by a candidate nationally in that election.[130]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on October 3, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than April 1, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: Bonavista—Burin—Trinity
Resignation of Judy Foote
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Churence Rogers 8,717 69.22 −12.58
Conservative Mike Windsor 2,878 22.85 +12.78
New Democratic Tyler James Downey 598 4.75 −2.54
Libertarian Shane Stapleton 262 2.08 N/A
Green Tyler Colbourne 138 1.10 +0.25
Total valid votes/Expense limit 12,593 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 12,593 21.43 −35.94
Eligible voters 58,771
Liberal hold Swing −12.68

South Surrey—White RockEdit

The riding of South Surrey—White Rock was vacated on September 30, 2017, after Conservative MP Dianne Watts announced on September 24, 2017, that she would be resigning her seat to enter provincial politics and seek the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party.[17]

Former federal cabinet minister and Delta—Richmond East MP Kerry-Lynne Findlay[131] defeated[110] Fraser Institute policy analyst and former BC Liberal staffer David Hunt[132] and police officer Bryan Tepper for the Conservative Party nomination.

Former White Rock Mayor and Surrey-White Rock MLA Gordie Hogg was acclaimed[133] as the Liberal Party candidate. A rumoured candidate for the nomination was Judith Higginbotham, a former Surrey city councillor and the riding's Liberal candidate in the 2015 federal election.[134]

Mortgage broker Jonathan Silveira was acclaimed the NDP candidate on November 19.[135]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on October 3, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than April 1, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: South Surrey—White Rock
Resignation of Dianne Watts
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Gordie Hogg 14,369 47.49 +6.00
Conservative Kerry-Lynne Findlay 12,752 42.14 −1.89
New Democratic Jonathan Silveira 1,478 4.88 −5.53
Green Larry Colero 1,247 4.12 +0.70
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 238 0.79
Libertarian Donald Wilson 89 0.29 −0.17
Progressive Canadian Michael Huenefeld 86 0.28 +0.09
Total valid votes/Expense limit 30,259 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 30,259 38.13 −36.60
Eligible voters 79,359
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.40

Battlefords—LloydminsterEdit

On August 30, 2017, it was reported that Battlefords—Lloydminster MP Gerry Ritz had asked not to be included in the reshuffled Conservative shadow cabinet. Ritz confirmed the next day that he would resign from parliament.[18] The seat was vacated on October 2, 2017.

Ritz has been Battlefords—Lloydminster's only Member of Parliament, holding the riding since its creation for the 1997 election, first as a Reform Party of Canada MP, then on behalf of the Canadian Alliance and since 2003 as a Conservative. He served as Agriculture Minister in Stephen Harper's cabinet from 2007 to 2015.

Former parliamentary staffer Rosemarie Falk defeated[136] Langham Mayor John Hildebrand, small business owner Aron Klassen, Kindersley CAO Bernie Morton, and farmer Richard Nelson to win the Conservative nomination.[137] Meadow Lake MLA and former Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River MP Jeremy Harrison was rumoured to be a candidate for the Conservative nomination,[138] but did not make his intentions known before the cut-off date to join the race.[137]

Rodeo cowboy and rancher Ken Finlayson's bid for the Conservative nomination[137] was rejected by the party over concern that he was not a "team player".[139] Finlayson ran as an independent.[140]

Professional MMA fighter and athlete Matt Fedler was named the NDP candidate.[141]

Contractor and former RM of Mervin councillor Larry Ingram was acclaimed as the Liberal Party candidate.[142] Ingram previously ran for the party in Battlefords—Lloydminster in 2015.

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on October 3, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than April 1, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: Battlefords—Lloydminster
Resignation of Gerry Ritz
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rosemarie Falk 8,965 69.56 +8.55
New Democratic Matt Fedler 1,698 13.17 −4.44
Liberal Larry Ingram 1,345 10.44 −6.04
Independent Ken Finlayson 681 5.28
Green Yvonne Potter-Pihach 200 1.55 −0.16
Total valid votes/Expense limit 12,889 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 12,889 27.05 −39.46
Eligible voters 47,651
Conservative hold Swing +6.49

June 18, 2018 by-electionEdit

Chicoutimi—Le FjordEdit

A by-election was held in Chicoutimi—Le Fjord following the announcement by Liberal MP Denis Lemieux on November 6, 2017, that he would be resigning his seat for family reasons;[19] his resignation took effect on December 1, 2017.[20] Lemieux was first elected in the 2015 federal election with 31.1% of the vote, narrowly defeating NDP incumbent Dany Morin.

Port Saguenay board member Lina Boivin, who was endorsed by Lemieux,[143][144] defeated former Saint-Charles de Bourget mayor Michel Ringuette[145] for the Liberal nomination,[146][147] held in May 2018. A rumoured candidate for the Liberal nomination was former Paralympic athlete and head of university sport at UQAC, Philippe Gagnon.[148] Former municipal councillor and former Quebec Liberal MNA candidate Joan Simard, local businessman Simon-Pierre Murdock, who later endorsed Boivin, and Chicoutimi-Nord Municipal Councillor Marc Pettersen declined to run for the nomination.[148][149][150] "Promotion Saguenay" Director of Industrial Development and Corporate Affairs Claude Bouchard had his candidacy rejected by the federal Liberal party.[148][146]

Éric Dubois, a union advisor at the CSN and former federal NDP candidate, was acclaimed as the NDP candidate on January 22, 2018.[151] Dany Morin and former Ontario MPP and federal NDP leader Jagmeet Singh both expressed interest in running for the nomination but decided against it.[152][153][154]

Catherine Bouchard-Tremblay was acclaimed as the candidate for the Bloc Québécois on May 18, 2018.[155] Former Dubuc PQ MNA Jean-Marie Claveau[156] and teacher Valérie Tremblay[156] were rumoured to be interested in running for the Bloc Québécois nomination. Former Chicoutimi—Le Fjord BQ MP Robert Bouchard, Saguenay firefighter Mario Gagnon,[157] and UQAC political science professor Michel Roche declined to run for the nomination.[156]

Two-time Ron Lapointe Trophy winning QMJHL coach Richard Martel was named the Conservative candidate on December 20, 2017.[158]

Lynda Youde was acclaimed as the candidate for the Green Party on May 22, 2018.[159]

The short-lived « Groupe parlementaire québécois » / « Québec debout », formed by seven Members of Parliament after they left the Bloc Québécois, considered nominating a candidate[147] but failed to do so.

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on December 4, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than June 2, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62] On May 13, 2018, the writ was dropped for a by-election for June 18, 2018.[21]

Canadian federal by-election, June 18, 2018: Chicoutimi—Le Fjord
Resignation of Denis Lemieux
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Martel 12,580 52.73 +36.13
Liberal Lina Boivin 7,032 29.48 -1.61
New Democratic Éric Dubois 2,065 8.66 -21.06
Bloc Québécois Catherine Bouchard-Tremblay 1,337 5.60 -14.92
Green Lynda Youde 736 3.09 +1.02
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 104 0.44
Total valid votes/Expense limit 23,854 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 36.06%
Eligible voters 66,152
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +18.87

December 3, 2018 by-electionEdit

Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau LakesEdit

The seat for the electoral district of Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes has been vacant since May 2, 2018 when Conservative MP Gord Brown died of a heart attack in his Parliament Hill office in Ottawa.[160]

Colin Brown, Brown's nephew, announced his candidacy for the Conservative nomination and was quickly endorsed by Doug Ford.[161] In addition, Edwardsburgh/Cardinal town councillor and federal riding association president Michael Barrett,[162] government-relations specialist Stephanie Mitton,[162] and Anne Johnston,[163] a former aide to Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes MPP Steve Clark also ran for the Conservative nomination. Former Canadian Senator and interim Leader of the Opposition in the Ontario Legislature Bob Runciman was rumoured to be interested in seeking the Conservative nomination[164] for the by-election but decided against it after his wife encountered some health issues.[165] Barrett won the nomination at a local party convention at the Brockville Memorial Centre on August 11 in a contest that ran to a fourth ballot.[166]

2015 Liberal candidate Mary Jean McFall – a lawyer, former Brockville city councillor and immediate former Chief of Staff to Agriculture Minister Lawrence MacAulay – won the Liberal nomination for this by-election unopposed.[167][168]

Michelle Taylor is the NDP candidate; Taylor ran for the Ontario NDP in Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes in the 2018 provincial election.[168]

Lorraine Rekmans, the Green candidate for this riding in 2015, will again run for the party.[22]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on May 3, 2018; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than October 30, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62] On October 28, 2018, the writ was dropped for a by-election for December 3, 2018.[22]

Canadian federal by-election, December 3, 2018: Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes
Death of Gord Brown
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Barrett 16,865 57.8 +10.45
Liberal Mary Jean McFall 10,443 35.8 -4.75
New Democratic Michelle Taylor 883 3.0 -5.34
Green Lorraine Rekmans 859 2.9 -0.75
Independent John Turmel 111 0.4
Total valid votes/Expense limit 29,161 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 35.89%
Eligible voters 81,247

February 25, 2019 by-electionsEdit

OutremontEdit

Former NDP leader Tom Mulcair announced on December 18, 2017, that he would be resigning his seat of Outremont, after the House of Commons rises for its summer break, to accept an appointment at an undisclosed university,[23] later revealed to be the Université de Montréal. Mulcair's resignation took effect on August 3, 2018.[24] Mulcair's resignation came after the rise of internal leadership and ideological differences within the NDP, following the release of the Leap Manifesto. Following these issues, Mulcair announced his intention to resign as party leader once a new leader had been chosen.

On July 25, 2018, humanitarian worker Julia Sánchez was effectively declared the NDP's candidate for the Outremont by-election.[169] Mulcair's constituency office manager Graham Carpenter was a rumoured candidate for the nomination,[170] but did not contest it. Carpenter ran unsuccessfully in 2017 to unseat Lionel Perez as the Montreal City Councillor for the borough of Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce in Darlington district. Federal NDP leader and former Ontario MPP Jagmeet Singh said in the press in April 2018 that "It's not a 'no'" about running in Outremont,[171] he ultimately did not run. Singh later announced his intention to run in Burnaby South.

Lawyer Rachel Bendayan won the Liberal nomination;[170][172] Bendayan was the party's nominee in Outremont in the 2015 federal election and then worked as chief of staff of the federal Minister of Small Business and Tourism Bardish Chagger. Principal of Concordia University's Simone de Beauvoir Institute Kimberley Manning had declared her intention to seek the Liberal nomination.[173] Former Notre-Dame-de-Grâce MNA and Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce borough Mayor Russell Copeman[174] and federal Liberal riding president David Marshall[175] were rumoured candidates for the nomination. Former MP Martin Cauchon, who represented Outremont from 1993 to 2004 and sought the Liberal leadership in 2013, declined to seek the nomination.[176]

Lawyer Jasmine Louras was named the Conservative candidate on August 6.[177]

Deputy Leader Daniel Green is the Green Party candidate.[178] Green previously ran in the Saint-Laurent April 3, 2017 by-election.

Laurent Aglat was announced as the candidate of the Rhinoceros Party,[179] but he did not register.

Michel Duchesne was named the candidate of the Bloc Québécois on January 24.[180]

James Seale was named the People's Party candidate on January 27, 2019.[181]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on August 3, 2018; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than January 30, 2019, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62] The by-election was called on January 9, 2019 to be held on February 25, 2019.[182]

Canadian federal by-election, February 25, 2019: Outremont
Resignation of Tom Mulcair
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rachel Bendayan 6,086 40.4  6.94
New Democratic Julia Sánchez 4,142 27.5  18.01
Green Daniel Green 1,946 12.9  8.89
Bloc Québécois Michel Duchesne 1,674 11.1  2.79
Conservative Jasmine Louras 925 6.1  2.23
People's James Seale 232 1.5 New
Independent William Barrett 48 0.3 New
Total valid votes 15,053 100.00    
Total rejected ballots 135 0.90
Turnout 15,188 21.57
Eligible voters 70,414
Liberal gain from New Democratic Swing  
Source: Elections Canada [183]

Burnaby SouthEdit

NDP MP Kennedy Stewart announced at a press conference at Vancouver's Harbour Centre on May 10, 2018, that he would be resigning during parliament's summer recess to run as an independent candidate for Mayor of Vancouver in the 2018 municipal election (since the incumbent mayor, Gregor Robertson, is not seeking another term).[25][26] On August 2, Stewart publicly released his letter to the Speaker of House, Geoff Regan, confirming his resignation, effective September 14, 2018.[26] At the May 10 press conference, Stewart expressed support for former Ontario MPP and federal NDP leader Jagmeet Singh to replace him.[184] Singh confirmed his candidacy on August 8.[185]

2015 Liberal candidate Adam Pankratz, a commercial banker with a local credit union, stated that he was undecided, but ultimately decided against running again.[186]

Biotechnology scientist Cyrus Eduljee and multiple daycare centre owner and operator Karen Wang both sought the Liberal nomination. On December 29, 2018, Wang won the Liberal Party nomination.[187] Wang resigned as the Liberal candidate on January 16, 2019 after it was reported that she had posted racist comments on the Chinese-language social media platform WeChat encouraging voters to vote for her as the "only Chinese candidate" while singling out Singh as being of "Indian descent."[188] Former Burnaby North MLA Richard Lee was named by the Liberals as their candidate on January 19.[189]

Corporate lawyer Jay Shin is the Conservative candidate.[190]

On August 16, the Green Party announced that they would not run a candidate in the by-election as a courtesy to Singh.[191]

The People's Party announced Laura-Lynn Tyler-Thompson as their candidate.[192]

Rex Brocki was announced as the candidate of the Libertarian Party,[193] but he did not register.

Valentine Wu has announced his intention of running as an independent candidate.[194][195]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on September 17, 2018; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than March 18, 2019, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62] The by-election was called on January 9, 2019 to be held on February 25, 2019.[182]

Canadian federal by-election, February 25, 2019: Burnaby South
Resignation of Kennedy Stewart
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Jagmeet Singh 8,848 38.90  3.83
Liberal Richard T. Lee 5,919 26.02  7.86
Conservative Jay Shin 5,147 22.63  4.48
People's Laura-Lynn Thompson 2,422 10.65 New
Independent Terry Grimwood 242 1.06 New
Independent Valentine Wu 168 0.74 New
Total valid votes/Expense limit 22,746 99.17
Total rejected ballots 190 0.83 +0.23
Turnout 22,936 30.10 -30.68
Eligible voters 76,204
New Democratic hold Swing +5.84
Source: Elections Canada[196]

York—SimcoeEdit

Conservative MP Peter Van Loan announced on July 29, 2018, that he would be resigning as MP for York—Simcoe effective September 30, 2018. Van Loan has held the seat since the riding's creation in 2004.[27]

Scot Davidson, Heather Fullerton, and Jason Verkaik sought the Conservative nomination.[197] In a nomination meeting on October 20, Scot Davidson was declared the Conservative candidate.[198]

Shaun Tanaka, a local professor and the riding's 2015 Liberal candidate, won the Liberal nomination.[199]

In a nomination meeting on December 6, Jessa McLean was acclaimed as the NDP candidate.[200]

The People's Party announced Robert Geurts as their candidate.[201]

Sébastien Corriveau, leader of the Rhinoceros Party, stated his intention to run in this by-election,[202] but he did not register.

The candidate of the Libertarian Party is Keith Komar.[193]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on October 1, 2018; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than March 30, 2019, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[62] The by-election was called on January 9, 2019 to be held on February 25, 2019.[182]

Canadian federal by-election, February 25, 2019: York—Simcoe
Resignation of Peter Van Loan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Scot Davidson 8,929 53.91  3.66
Liberal Shaun Tanaka 4,811 29.04  8.72
New Democratic Jessa McLean 1,244 7.51  1.38
Progressive Canadian Dorian Baxter 634 3.83 --
Green Mathew Lund 451 2.72  0.37
People's Robert Geurts 314 1.90 --
Libertarian Keith Dean Komar 95 0.57 --
Independent John The Engineer Turmel 64 0.39 --
National Citizens Alliance Adam Suhr 22 0.13 --
Total valid votes/Expense limit 16,564 99.43
Total rejected ballots 95 0.57 +0.09
Turnout 16,659 20.03 -43.23
Eligible voters 83,179
Conservative hold Swing +6.19
Source: Elections Canada[203]

May 6, 2019 by-electionEdit

Nanaimo—LadysmithEdit

NDP MP Sheila Malcolmson, first elected in 2015, resigned her seat of Nanaimo—Ladysmith, effective January 2, 2019, to enter provincial politics as a by-election candidate for the British Columbia New Democratic Party in the riding of Nanaimo following the resignation of MLA Leonard Krog.[29]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on January 7, 2019; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election has to be dropped no later than July 6, 2019, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[204][62] On March 24, 2019 the Prime Minister announced the by-election for May 6, 2019.[205]

The New Democratic Party candidate was selected at a nomination meeting on March 30, 2019. Candidates for the nomination were Kwikwasutʼinuxw Haxwaʼmis First Nation chief and Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs vice-president Bob Chamberlin, consultant Maeve O'Byrne, activist Lauren Semple, and outreach worker Fred Statham.[206][207] Bob Chamberlin won the nomination.[208]

The Liberal Party announced Michelle Corfield as their candidate on March 16, 2019.[209]

John Hirst won the Conservative nomination in November 2018. Hirst defeated Jennifer Clarke, who subsequently won the nomination for the People's Party of Canada.[210][211]

Paul Manly was acclaimed as the candidate of the Green Party in January 2019.[212] Manly was the Green candidate in this riding in the 2015 election, winning almost 20% of the vote in one of the party's best performances nationally.

The National Citizens Alliance ran Jakob Letkemann in the by-election.[citation needed]

The Progressive Canadian Party ran Brian Marlatt in the by-election.[213]

Canadian federal by-election, May 6, 2019: Nanaimo—Ladysmith
Resignation of Sheila Malcolmson
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Paul Manly 15,188 37.3%
Conservative John Hirst 10,093 24.8%
New Democratic Bob Chamberlin 9,392 23.1%
Liberal Michelle Corfield 4,478 11.0%
People's Jennifer Clarke 1,246 3.4%
Progressive Canadian Brian Marlatt 248 0.6%
National Citizens Alliance Jakob Letkemann 66 0.2%
Total valid votes/Expense limit 40,711 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 40,711 40.95%
Eligible voters 99,413
Green gain from New Democratic Swing  

Other vacanciesEdit

Under an amendment[32] to the Parliament of Canada Act which came into force on January 19, 2019,[33] no writ for the election of a member of the House shall be issued if the vacancy occurs less than nine months before the date fixed under the Canada Elections Act for the holding of a general election.[214] This amendment means that any seats becoming vacant after January 21, 2019 will remain vacant until the general election scheduled for October 21, 2019.

Saint-Léonard—Saint-MichelEdit

Nicola Di Iorio, Liberal MP for Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel, announced his plan to leave politics for unspecified family reasons on April 25, 2018.[38] His stated intent was to resign during the summer of 2018, but he rescinded his resignation after the Liberal Party denied his request to personally appoint the party's candidate for the ensuing by-election. After facing criticism for his absence from parliament, he again announced his intention to resign, this time effective January 22, 2019.[37] However, Di Iorio missed the deadline he set for himself and did not submit his resignation for another week, on January 29.[215][36] As Di Iorio's resignation became effective after the deadline, no by-election will be held in this riding.[35]

Kings—HantsEdit

Liberal MP Scott Brison resigned from cabinet in January 2019 and as MP for Kings—Hants effective February 10, 2019. As Brison's resignation became effective after the deadline, no by-election will be held in this riding.

Langley—AldergroveEdit

Conservative MP Mark Warawa (Langley—Aldergrove) died of cancer on June 20, 2019.[216] As Warawa's death occurred after the deadline for by-elections to be held, no by-election will be held in this riding.

Calgary Forest LawnEdit

Conservative MP Deepak Obhrai (Calgary Forest Lawn) died of liver cancer on August 2, 2019.[217] As Obhrai's death occurred after the deadline for by-elections to be held, no by-election will be held in this riding.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Byelection date set for Alberta following death of Conservative MP". Toronto Star. September 18, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Justin Trudeau sets byelection for Ottawa-Vanier for April 3". Global News. February 19, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e Levitz, Stephanie (August 26, 2016). "Stephen Harper gives up House of Commons seat". CBC News. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Calgary Tory MP Jason Kenney tweets resignation letter". Toronto Star. September 20, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  5. ^ a b David Cochrane (July 7, 2016). "Jason Kenney will resign as MP in October, not soon enough for taxpayer group". CBC News. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  6. ^ a b Fekete, Jason (August 22, 2016). "Quitting federal politics, Stephen Harper and Jason Kenney will get multimillion-dollar pensions". National Post. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  7. ^ a b Fife, Robert (January 10, 2017). "Trudeau cabinet shuffle: Freeland promoted, Dion out". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d "Stéphane Dion accepts role as ambassador to EU and Germany, as he and John McCallum depart House". CBC News. January 31, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  9. ^ a b "The Honourable John McCallum". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "The Honourable Stéphane Dion". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  11. ^ Levitz, Stephanie (May 15, 2017). "Interim Conservative Leader Rona Ambrose announces retirement from federal politics". Global Edmonton. The Canadian Press. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d "Denis Lebel's departure to put Andrew Scheer's Conservative leadership to tough electoral test". CBC News. June 20, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  13. ^ a b c "News Releases and Media Advisories". Elections.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Prime Minister of Canada announces by-elections". Prime Minister of Canada. November 5, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  15. ^ a b Wherry, Aaron (September 14, 2017). "Liberal MP Arnold Chan dies after battle with cancer". CBC News. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
  16. ^ a b Cochrane, David (August 23, 2017). "Judy Foote steps down from federal cabinet". CBC News. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Conservative MP Dianne Watts announces bid for B.C. Liberal leadership". CTV News Vancouver. The Canadian Press. September 24, 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  18. ^ a b The Canadian Press (August 30, 2017). "Conservative MP Gerry Ritz to announce his resignation, sources say". CBC News. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  19. ^ a b "Quebec member of Parliament Denis Lemieux resigns seat". CBC News. November 6, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  20. ^ a b "Profile - Lemieux, Denis". Lop.parl.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  21. ^ a b "Federal by-election to be held June 18 in Chicoutimi-Le Fjord". Montreal Gazette. 2018-05-13. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  22. ^ a b c Snowdon, Frazer (October 29, 2018). "Byelection called to fill vacant seat left by late Conservative MP Gord Brown - Kingston". Global Toronto. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  23. ^ a b Tasker, John Paul (December 18, 2017). "Former NDP leader Tom Mulcair leaving federal politics in June". CBC News. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  24. ^ a b "Mulcair resigns as an MP, putting Montreal seat up for grabs". CTV News. August 3, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  25. ^ a b Zussman, Richard (May 10, 2018). "Kennedy Stewart to run for Vancouver mayor, will resign as MP". Global News. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  26. ^ a b c Stewart, Kennedy [@kennedystewart] (August 2, 2018). "As promised, I've submitted my resignation letter. I'll continue my MP duties until Sept 14 when I officially file as a #Vancouver mayoral candidate. It's been a great honour to serve my constituents for the last seven years. #ndp #vanpoli" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  27. ^ a b "Peter Van Loan, former House Leader under Stephen Harper, retiring". Toronto Star. Canadian Press. July 29, 2018. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  28. ^ Tunney, Catherine (January 9, 2019). "Trudeau calls byelections for 3 seats, including B.C. riding sought by NDP's Singh". CBC News. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  29. ^ a b Harris, Kathleen (October 24, 2018). "B.C. MP Sheila Malcolmson to leave federal NDP to seek provincial seat". CBC News. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  30. ^ https://www.timescolonist.com/news/local/no-federal-byelection-in-nanaimo-ladysmith-until-provincial-vote-done-1.23588526
  31. ^ "Journalists vying for seat in Commons shows politics changing: Spector". The Hill Times. August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  32. ^ a b "Section 378 of the Elections Modernization Act (S.C. 2018, c. 31)". Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  33. ^ a b Per "section 401 of the Elections Modernization Act (S.C. 2018, c. 31)". Retrieved 21 January 2019. and the notice of coming into force published by the Chief Electoral Officer in the January 19, 2019 issue of the "Canada Gazette, Part I, Volume 153, Number 3: Parliament". 19 January 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2019. See also "Bringing Bill C-76 into Force". Elections Canada. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  34. ^ a b c d e "NDP MP's resignation leaves fourth federal riding vacant as Trudeau set to call three byelections". National Post. Canadian Press. January 2, 2018. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  35. ^ a b c https://m.huffingtonpost.ca/2019/01/03/bill-c-76-byelections_a_23632806/?ec_carp=1600455078520327697
  36. ^ a b https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/nicola-di-iorio-resigns-1.4997514
  37. ^ a b https://globalnews.ca/news/4635374/liberal-mp-nicola-di-iorio-resignation/
  38. ^ a b Cossette, Marc-André (April 25, 2018). "Liberal MP Nicola Di Iorio resigns, citing family reasons". CBC News. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  39. ^ Parisis, Quentin (September 18, 2018). "Le député Di Iorio change d'idée et terminera son mandat". Journal Metro (in French). Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  40. ^ "MP Raj Grewal remaining MP for now, addresses allegations of ethical breaches". CBC News. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  41. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/former-liberal-raj-grewal-says-he-s-staying-on-as-mp-following-gambling-debt-admission-1.4994247
  42. ^ Levitz, Stephanie (March 23, 2016). "Alberta Conservative MP Jim Hillyer dead at age 41". Toronto Star. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  43. ^ Gallant, Collin (May 20, 2016). "Tories will choose Medicine Hat-Cardston-Warner byelection candidate in late June". Prairie Post. Archived from the original on August 4, 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
  44. ^ Kuhl, Nick (April 13, 2016). "Interest strong to become Hat-Cardston-Warner MP". Lethbridge Herald. Archived from the original on 2016-04-16. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
  45. ^ Cournoyer, Dave (August 17, 2016). "40 days until the Medicine Hat-Cardston-Warner by-election needs to be called". Daveberta.ca. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  46. ^ "List of candidates Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner (Alberta)".
  47. ^ a b "Trudeau calls five by-elections for April 3". The Globe and Mail, February 22, 2017.
  48. ^ a b Mohamed, Amin (November 29, 2016). "Emilie Taman candidate du NPD dans Ottawa-Vanier". La Presse. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  49. ^ Fagan, Laurie (September 1, 2016). "Political vacancies in Ottawa—Vanier have candidates mulling a run". CBC News. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
  50. ^ Rana, Abbas (January 30, 2017). "Free Liberal memberships attract thousands of new members ahead of hotly-contested Ottawa-Vanier nomination". The Hill Times. Ottawa. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  51. ^ Laucius, Joanne (February 5, 2017). "Mona Fortier wins Liberal nomination for Ottawa-Vanier byelection". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  52. ^ Rana, Abbas (February 13, 2017). "Conservatives to nominate candidate in Ottawa-Vanier this week, riding has elected Liberals since 1935". The Hill Times. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  53. ^ "Federal Ottawa-Vanier byelection happening April 3". CBC News. February 19, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  54. ^ "Conservatives in Calgary-Heritage choose candidate to replace Stephen Harper". Global Calgary. The Canadian Press. October 23, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  55. ^ Cournoyer, Dave (September 18, 2016). "Medicine Hat-Cardston-Warner by-election set for October 24, 2016". Daveberta.ca. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  56. ^ "Liberals nominate Scott Forsyth in fight for Stephen Harper's old seat". CBC News. February 9, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  57. ^ Wood, James (January 31, 2017). "Lee Richardson bows out of Liberal nomination race in Calgary Heritage". Calgary Herald. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  58. ^ a b Cournoyer, Dave (February 5, 2017). "Updates: Calgary-Heritage and Calgary-Midnapore by-elections". Daveberta.ca. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  59. ^ Rumbolt, Ryan (January 15, 2017). "Khalis Ahmed named NDP candidate in Calgary Heritage byelection". Calgary Herald. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  60. ^ "Nomination updates: Calgary-Heritage and Calgary-Midnapore by-elections | daveberta.ca – Alberta Politics". Daveberta.ca. January 24, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  61. ^ Davidson, Terry (January 21, 2017). "Ex-Dragons' Den star Arlene Dickinson addresses political aspirations". Toronto Sun. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  62. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Vacant Seats in the House of Commons Since the 2015 General Election". Elections Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  63. ^ a b Rumbolt, Ryan (January 14, 2017). "Stephanie Kusie voted Calgary Midnapore CPC candidate in byelection". Calgary Sun. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  64. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Elections Canada Nominations Database". Elections Canada. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
  65. ^ Dormer, Dave (September 26, 2016). "2 candidates seek nomination for seat vacated by Jason Kenney". CBC Calgary. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  66. ^ "Haley Brown named Liberal candidate in Calgary Midnapore byelection". CBC News. January 21, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  67. ^ "Updates: Calgary-Heritage and Calgary-Midnapore by-elections | daveberta.ca – Alberta Politics". Daveberta.ca. February 5, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  68. ^ "Political Participants Registration: Nomination Contests Database". Elections Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  69. ^ a b "Trudeau aide Mary Ng, vying to run in by-election, highlights her relationship with China". The Globe and Mail. February 15, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  70. ^ "Markham-Thornhill Liberal nominees push for support at meeting; in hands of voters". Markham Economist and Sun. March 4, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  71. ^ a b c Rana, Abbas (February 6, 2017). "Ontario Trade minister Chan won't run for McCallum's seat, Markham mayor might". The Hill Times. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  72. ^ "Markham Mayor Scarpitti won't completely rule out a run at federal politics". Markham Economist and Sun. January 31, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  73. ^ Rana, Abbas (February 27, 2017). "Liberal candidates revolt in Markham-Thornhill as retroactive deadline seen as favouring top Trudeau aide Ng". The Hill Times. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  74. ^ "Candidate withdraws from Liberal nomination for Ontario byelection race". National Newswatch. March 2, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  75. ^ "Markham Thornhill CPC Nomination 2017". Elections Canada. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  76. ^ "Voters can pick 'none of the above' thanks to this Whitby-Oshawa byelection candidate". CBC News Toronto, January 29, 2016.
  77. ^ "Meet Above Znoneofthe, the fringe candidate who keeps running in Ontario by-elections". National Post, November 21, 2016.
  78. ^ "Elections Canada Online | News Releases and Media Advisories". Elections Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  79. ^ "Liberals reject local mayor in Montreal by-election, clearing way for rival". The Globe and Mail. February 28, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  80. ^ McKenna, Kate (February 12, 2017). "Former Quebec cabinet minister Yolande James confirms jump to federal politics". CBC News. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  81. ^ "Tories announce candidate Jimmy Yu in Saint-Laurent riding". CTV News Montreal. March 7, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  82. ^ "Le conservateur Rick Peterson veut ravir l'ancienne circonscription de Stéphane Dion". La Presse (in French). Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  83. ^ "Trudeau keeps breaking open nominations promise: Cullen". iPolitics. February 28, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  84. ^ "Elections Canada Online | News Releases and Media Advisories". Elections Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  85. ^ a b "'It's been an amazing experience': Rona Ambrose set to leave federal politics". CBC News, May 15, 2017.
  86. ^ "Dane Lloyd" (profile)[permanent dead link]. LinkedIn, August 17, 2017.
  87. ^ "Meet Dane" Dane Lloyd Campaign Website, August 17, 2017.
  88. ^ Wray, Jake (August 14, 2017). "New candidate enters federal by-election". Spruce Grove Examiner. Spruce Grove. Archived from the original on August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  89. ^ "Former Morinville resident seeking Conservative nomination". Morinville News, August 22, 2017.
  90. ^ "Dane Lloyd named as Conservative candidate". Spruce Grove Examiner. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  91. ^ McGregor, Janyce (July 5, 2017). "Rick Peterson mulls running in Rona Ambrose's former Edmonton seat". CBC Politics. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  92. ^ [1][dead link]
  93. ^ "Nomination Information". Sturgeonriver.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  94. ^ a b "Federal byelection called for Sturgeon River-Parkland". St. Albert Gazette. 20 September 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  95. ^ "Christian Heritage Party nominates Ernest Chauvet". Stony Plain Reporter. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  96. ^ "Rémy Leclerc se lance dans la course conservatrice dans Lac-Saint-Jean". Le Quotidien, August 24, 2017.
  97. ^ "Le Parti conservateur du Canada ouvre la porte à Jean Tremblay". Le Journal de Québec, June 26, 2017.
  98. ^ ICI.Radio-Canada.ca, Zone Politique -. "Gisèle Dallaire lance sa campagne dans Lac-Saint-Jean avec Thomas Mulcair". Radio-Canada.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  99. ^ "Gisèle Dallaire se présente pour le NPD dans Lac-Saint-Jean" [Gisèle Dallaire stands for the NDP in Lac-Saint-Jean]. Radio-Canada (in French). Saguenay, Quebec. August 22, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  100. ^ "Conservatives contemplate Quebec byelection, impact of NDP leadership - National Newswatch". Nationalnewswatch.com. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  101. ^ "Marjolaine Étienne brigue l'investiture libérale dans Lac-Saint-Jean" [Marjolaine Étienne seeks the Liberal nomination in Lac-Saint-Jean] (in French). Saguenay, Quebec: Radio-Canada. August 18, 2017. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  102. ^ "Nicolas Martel ne sera pas candidat dans Lac-Saint-Jean" [Nicolas Martel will not be a candidate in Lac-Saint-Jean]. Radio-Canada (in French). Saguenay, Quebec. August 18, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  103. ^ Maltais, Pierre-Alexandre (September 26, 2017). "Marc Maltais représentera le Bloc québécois dans Lac-Saint-Jean". TVA Nouvelles (in French). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  104. ^ "Longtime Conservative MP Denis Lebel quitting politics". Montreal Gazette. June 20, 2017. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  105. ^ "Greens announce candidate for Lac-Saint-Jean byelection - Green Party of Canada". Green Party of Canada. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  106. ^ "A by-election will take place in Lac-Saint-Jean". Elections Canada, August 10, 2017.
  107. ^ "SCARBOROUGH—AGINCOURT LIBERALS NOMINATE JEAN YIP AS NEW TEAM TRUDEAU CANDIDATE". liberal.ca. 12 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  108. ^ Delacourt, Susan (28 October 2017). "Jean Yip to vie for late husband Arnold Chan's seat". Thestar.com. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  109. ^ a b c "Potential Liberal candidates in Scarborough-Agincourt waiting to see if Chan's widow will run for nomination - The Hill Times". Hilltimes.com. 25 September 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  110. ^ a b c Holmes, Tracy (November 13, 2017). "Conservatives choose Findlay for South Surrey-White Rock run". Peace Arch News. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  111. ^ "保守党党魁谢尔联同刘秉纯医生与长者畅聚". EasyCA. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  112. ^ "Vote for Sarah Chung – About". votesarahchung.ca. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  113. ^ "'Frame job': CPC attacked over rejection of pro-life nomination candidates - iPolitics". iPolitics. 2017-11-22. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  114. ^ "Jagmeet Singh on taking on Trudeau, winning over Quebec and now being 'sufficiently electable'". National Post. September 19, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  115. ^ "Scarborough—Agincourt NDP source". Ndp.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  116. ^ "Two hard decisions for two prominent Liberals". TVO. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  117. ^ "Three more seeking Liberal nomination for Bonavista-Burin-Trinity - The Telegram". Thetelegram.com. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  118. ^ "Churence Rogers Wins Liberal Nom for Bonavista-Trinity-Burin". VOCM. 2017-11-16. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  119. ^ Cowan, Peter (September 5, 2017). "Pete Soucy eyes Liberal nomination for Bonavista-Burin-Trinity". CBC News. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  120. ^ "Pete Soucy to say 'so long, Snook' — if elected as MP". CBC News. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  121. ^ "Larry Guinchard latest to announce bid for Liberal nomination in Bonavista–Burin-Trinity - The Packet". Thepacket.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  122. ^ "VOCM - Dale Foote Steps Up for Liberal Nomination in Bonavista-Burin-Trinity". VOCM. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  123. ^ "Search and rescue advocate Merv Wiseman announces candidacy for federal Liberal nomination". CBC News. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  124. ^ "Merv Wiseman interested in Judy Foote's position - The Packet". Thepacket.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  125. ^ "Elections Canada — Bonavista—Burin—Trinity". Elections.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  126. ^ a b Roberts, Terry (August 25, 2017). "Who wants Judy Foote's seat? A former Tory and some of her protégés hedge their bets". CBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  127. ^ a b McLeod, James (September 22, 2017). "Browne not seeking federal nomination". The Telegram. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  128. ^ "Stacy MacDonald seeking Bonavista-Burin-Trinity Liberal nomination - The Southern Gazette". Southerngazette.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  129. ^ "The Packet". Thepacket.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  130. ^ "How new voters tipped the scales for Liberals". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  131. ^ Browne, Alex (October 31, 2017). "Federal parties coy on South Surrey-White Rock candidates". Peace Arch News. Black Press. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  132. ^ "Home-David Hunt". Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  133. ^ Bailey, Ian (November 8, 2017). "Federal parties set sights on B.C.'s December by-election". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  134. ^ Browne, Alex (September 27, 2017). "Watts' provincial bid to trigger federal byelection". Peace Arch News. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  135. ^ "South Surrey—White Rock NDP source". Ndp.ca. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  136. ^ Cairns, John (November 11, 2017). "Rosemarie Falk wins Conservative nomination in Battlefords-Lloydminster". Battlefords News-Optimist. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  137. ^ a b c "Scramble is on to nominate by-election candidates". Battlefords News-Optimist. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  138. ^ Mandryk, Murray (September 9, 2017). "City byelection won't tell change NDP fortunes". Regina Leader Post. PostMedia. Retrieved September 17, 2017. With former economy minister Jeremy Harrison abandoning cabinet and now his Sask. Party leadership hopes, the speculation is that he may now resign the provincial seat he has held since 2007 to run in Gerry Ritz's now vacant Battlefords-Lloydminster seat.
  139. ^ Cairns, John. "Ken Finlayson's Conservative bid vetoed by party". Battlefords News-Optimist. Retrieved 2017-11-13.
  140. ^ Cairns, John. "Ken Finlayson running as independent". Battlefords News-Optimist. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  141. ^ Cairns, John (November 17, 2017). "Matt Fedler running for the NDP". Battlefords News-Optimist. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  142. ^ Cairns, John (November 14, 2017). "Larry Ingram running again for the Liberals". Battlefords News-Optimist. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  143. ^ "Investiture libérale dans Chicoutimi-Le Fjord : Lina Boivin en réflexion". Le Quotidien (in French). 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2018-03-20.
  144. ^ Plamondon, Priscilla (April 26, 2018). "L'ex-député fédéral Denis Lemieux appuie la femme d'affaires Lina Boivin". Ici.Radio-Canada.ca (in French). Société Radio-Canada. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  145. ^ "Un 2e candidat intéressé par l'investiture libérale dans Chicoutimi-Le Fjord". Radio-Canada.ca (in French). Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  146. ^ a b "Lutte à deux à l'investiture libérale". Le Quotidien (in French). 2018-05-04. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  147. ^ a b "Chicoutimi-Le Fjord: Lina Boivin représentera le PLC à la partielle | Politique canadienne". La Presse (in French). 2018-05-07. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  148. ^ a b c Gagnon, Mélyssa (January 13, 2018). "Claude Bouchard confirme son intérêt pour le PLC". Le Quotidien (in French). Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  149. ^ Brisson, Anne-Claude; Gagnon, Mélyssa (January 27, 2018). "Marc Pettersen renonce". Le Quotidien (in French). Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  150. ^ Gauthier, Myriam (April 9, 2018). "Simon-Pierre Murdock ne se lancera pas". Le Quotidien (in French). Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  151. ^ Gauthier, Myriam (January 22, 2018). "Éric Dubois souhaite être candidat du NPD". Le Quotidien (in French). Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  152. ^ Girard, Pascal (November 7, 2017). "Dany Morin sonde le terrain". Le Quotidien (in French). Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  153. ^ Wright Allen, Samantha (April 4, 2018). "NDP discord shows lack of focus, poor caucus management from Singh, say insiders". Hill Times. Ottawa. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  154. ^ "Jagmeet Singh ne serait pas candidat". Le Quotidien (in French). 2018-04-05. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
  155. ^ "Catherine Bouchard-Tremblay running for Bloc in Chicoutimi-Le Fjord by-election". Montreal Gazette. The Canadian Press. May 18, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  156. ^ a b c Gauthier, Myriam (18 February 2018). "Le Bloc québécois a son candidat dans Chicoutimi-Le Fjord". Le Quotidien. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  157. ^ "Le Parti conservateur du Canada confirme la candidature de Richard Martel". Ici.Radio-Canada.ca (in French). Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  158. ^ Houle, Jean (December 20, 2017). "L'ex-entraîneur Richard Martel officiellement candidat pour le Parti conservateur". Journal de Quebec (in French). Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  159. ^ "Élection partielle : le Parti vert présente sa candidate". Ici.Radio-Canada.ca (in French). May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
  160. ^ Zajac, Ronald (May 2, 2018). "Shock, sadness at MP Brown's death". The Recorder and Times. PostMedia. Archived from the original on May 3, 2018. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  161. ^ "Ford backs Colin Brown bid". The Recorder and Times. June 12, 2018. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  162. ^ a b "Tory nomination now a race". The Recorder and Times. June 20, 2018. Archived from the original on June 24, 2018. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  163. ^ "Johnston enters Tory race". The Recorder and Times. June 26, 2018. Archived from the original on July 17, 2018. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  164. ^ Paikin, Steve [@spaikin] (May 23, 2018). "i'm hearing former sen. bob runciman wants to run in the by-election to replace @gordbrown, who unexpectedly died may 2. brown's riding is the same part of ontario runciman represented at queen's park from 1981-2010. he'd be just the 3rd senator to become an MP if he won" (Tweet). Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via Twitter.
  165. ^ Paikin, Steve [@spaikin] (June 13, 2018). "Former senator bob runciman has decided to stand down from seeking the nomination to fill the remainder of the late gord brown's term as MP. The nomination is being contested and runciman had little appetite for that. His wife is recovering from surgery. #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved June 15, 2018 – via Twitter.
  166. ^ Mazur, Alexandra (August 13, 2018). "Michael Barrett wins Conservative nomination in riding held by late Gord Brown - Kingston". Global Toronto. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  167. ^ Zajac, Ronald (July 19, 2018). "McFall to seek Grit nomination". The Recorder and Times. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  168. ^ a b Lowrie, Wayne (October 15, 2018). "McFall to get Liberal nod; Taylor in for NDP". The Recorder and Times. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  169. ^ Blouin, Louis (July 26, 2018). "Julia Sanchez to carry NDP banner in Tom Mulcair's Outremont seat". CBC News. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  170. ^ a b "Mulcair Démissionnerait Au Printemps. La Course À La Succession Est Ouverte". Les Actualities (in French). December 19, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  171. ^ Ballingall, Alex (April 3, 2018). "Jagmeet Singh could run for election in 'any' riding — including Quebec". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  172. ^ "New Liberal Party president says Grits have to fundraise hard to secure win in 2019". The Hill Times. 2018-04-22. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  173. ^ Litwin, Kelsey (February 26, 2018). "Principal of Concordia's Simone de Beauvoir Institute Running For Liberal Party of Canada". The Link. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  174. ^ With Mulcair to retire, will Outremont elect a Jewish Member of Parliament?. B'nai Brith Canada.
  175. ^ Cohen, Mike (March 21, 2018). "Bendayan may face Liberal challenge in Outremont". The Suburban. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  176. ^ Wright Allen, Samantha (February 7, 2018). "Itching to regain Mulcair's 'symbolic' Montreal riding, Hill staffer is first in expected crowded Liberal nomination race". The Hill Times. Ottawa. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  177. ^ Louras, Jasmine [@JasmineLouras] (August 6, 2018). "Very honored to be the @CPC_HQ candidate for the #Outremont by-election. I am already at work to represent the interests of my constituents. Let's send a strong message to the Liberals: people must come before the government! #cdnpoli #pccqc" (Tweet). Retrieved August 6, 2018 – via Twitter.
  178. ^ "Daniel Green candidate in the Outremont by-election". Green Party of Canada. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  179. ^ Corriveau, Sébastien «CoRhino» [@CorRhino] (October 16, 2018). "Laurent Aglat dans Outremont!" (Tweet). Retrieved January 12, 2019 – via Twitter.
  180. ^ Foisy, Philippe-Vincent (24 January 2019). "L'artiste Michel Duchesne se présente pour le Bloc québécois dans Outremont". Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  181. ^ January 27; 2019. "Media release - The People's Party of Canada Nominates Accomplished Canadian Armed Forces Veteran for Outremont By-Election". People's Party of Canada. Retrieved 2019-01-27.
  182. ^ a b c Tunney, Catharine (9 January 2019). "Trudeau calls byelections for 3 seats, including B.C. riding sought by NDP's Singh". CBC. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  183. ^ "February 25, 2019 By-elections Election Results". Elections Canada. February 27, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  184. ^ Johnston, Patrick (May 9, 2018). "MP Kennedy Stewart to make an announcement about Vancouver mayoral election Thursday". The Vancouver Sun. PostMedia. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  185. ^ Kane, Laura (August 8, 2018). "Federal NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh to run in Burnaby, B.C., byelection". CTV News. The Canadian Press. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  186. ^ Zussman, Richard (August 6, 2018). "Jagmeet Singh facing questions over possible run in Burnaby South". Global News. Retrieved August 7, 2018. Pankratz has not decided yet on whether he will seek the nomination to represent the Liberals against Singh in the byelection
  187. ^ "Karen Wang wins Liberal nomination to take on NDP's Singh in byelection". CBC News. December 29, 2018. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  188. ^ Green, Melanie; Ballingall, Alex; Peng, Jenny (January 16, 2019). "Snap resignation of Karen Wang gives Liberals just weeks to find new byelection rival for Jagmeet Singh". The Star Vancouver. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  189. ^ Zussman, Richard; Boynton, Sean (January 19, 2019). "Federal Liberals tap former B.C. MLA Richard Lee as new candidate in Burnaby South". Global News. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  190. ^ Thibedeau, Hannah (October 11, 2018). "NDP's Jagmeet Singh faces crucial test in Burnaby South byelection". CBC News. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  191. ^ Harnett, Cindy E. (August 6, 2018). "May says Greens won't run against NDP's Singh in byelection". Times Colonist. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  192. ^ "Bernier says name recognition his new party's biggest hurdle in 2019". ctvnews.ca. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  193. ^ a b "Upcoming by-elections update". Libertarian Party of Canada. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  194. ^ Campbell, Chris (18 January 2019). "Ex-B.C. Green candidate says he's running as a Burnaby South independent". Burnaby NOW. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  195. ^ Seucharan, Cherise (18 January 2019). "Former B.C. Green candidate steps up to face Jagmeet Singh in Burnaby South byelection". The Star. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  196. ^ "February 25, 2019 By-elections Election Results". Elections Canada. February 27, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  197. ^ Heidi, Riedner (September 12, 2018). "York-Simcoe Tory nomination garners 3 bids for federal riding". Georgina Advocate. YorkRegion.com. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  198. ^ King, Miriam (October 24, 2018). "Conservative Party votes in new York-Simcoe representative". BarrieToday.com. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  199. ^ Riedner, Heidi (2019-01-14). "Shaun Tanaka gets Liberal nod to run in York-Simcoe federal byelection". YorkRegion.com. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  200. ^ Champion, Kim (December 10, 2018). "York-Simcoe acclaimed NDP candidate undaunted by challenges ahead". NewmarketToday.ca. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  201. ^ "Media release - The People's Party of Canada Nominates Prominent Toronto Lawyer for York-Simcoe By-Election". People's Party of Canada. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  202. ^ @CorRhino (21 January 2019). "I launch my campaign in the York Simcoe by-election" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  203. ^ "February 25, 2019 By-elections Election Results". Elections Canada. February 28, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  204. ^ "A By-election Will Take Place in Nanaimo–Ladysmith". Elections Canada. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  205. ^ "Prime Minister announces a by-election in Nanaimo–Ladysmith". Official website of the Prime Minister of Canada. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  206. ^ Sakaki, Greg (March 26, 2019). "Nanaimo-Ladysmith NDP to choose a candidate this week". Nanaimo Bulletin. Nanaimo. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  207. ^ "Byelection 2017 candidate: Fred Statham". Nanaimo Bulletin. Nanaimo. July 4, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  208. ^ "NDP nominate Chief Bob Chamberlin as Nanaimo-Ladysmith candidate". CBC News. March 30, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  209. ^ "Liberals nominate Michelle Corfield as new Team Trudeau candidate for Nanaimo—Ladysmith" (Press release). Liberal Party of Canada. 16 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  210. ^ Sakaki, Greg (22 November 2018). "Federal Conservative candidate chosen for Nanaimo-Ladysmith". Nanaimo News Bulletin. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  211. ^ "Media release - The People's Party of Canada Nominates Strong Candidates for BC By-Elections". People's Party of Canada. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  212. ^ @paulmanly (20 January 2019). "It's official, I will be the Nanaimo-Ladysmith candidate for the Green Party in the next federal election (or by-election)" (Tweet). Retrieved 22 January 2019 – via Twitter.
  213. ^ "Media release - Progressive Canadian Party candidate Brian Marlatt confirmed in Nanamio-Ladysmith". Progressive Canadian Party. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  214. ^ https://www.journaldemontreal.com/lex-depute-nicola-di-iorio-donne-100-000--contre-la-conduite-avec-les-facultes-affaiblies
  215. ^ https://m.huffingtonpost.ca/2019/01/23/liberal-mp-nicola-di-iorio-resigns_a_23650957/?ec_carp=6572937482736138508
  216. ^ "B.C. MP Mark Warawa dies after 'valiant battle' with cancer". CBC News, June 20, 2019.
  217. ^ "Long-time Conservative MP Deepak Obhrai has died at age 69". CBC News. August 3, 2019. Retrieved August 3, 2019.