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The 42nd Canadian Parliament is the current Parliament of Canada, with the membership of its Lower House, the House of Commons of Canada, having been determined by the results of the 2015 federal election held on October 19, 2015, and with at least seven new appointees to its Upper House, the Senate of Canada, on the Constitutional advice of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to Governor General David Johnston.[1] Parliament officially resumed on December 3, 2015 with the election of a new Speaker, Geoff Regan, followed by a Speech from the Throne the following day. The current Speaker of the Senate of Canada is George Furey, who was appointed Speaker of the Canadian Senate on the Constitutional advice of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, to replace Leo Housakos, on December 3, 2015.[2]

42nd Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
December 3, 2015 – present
Parliament leaders
Prime
Minister

(cabinet)
Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau
(29th Canadian Ministry)
4 November 2015 – present
Leader of the
Opposition
Hon. Rona Ambrose
5 November 2015 – 27 May 2017
Hon. Andrew Scheer
27 May 2017 – present
Party caucuses
Government Liberal Party*
Opposition Conservative Party
Third party New Democratic Party
Unrecognized Québec debout (June – September 2018)
Bloc Québécois
Green Party
Co-operative Commonwealth
People's Party
* House members and Senators sit in separate caucuses.
House of Commons
Parliament Of Canada Seating Plan 2015 (With Speaker Included).svg
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Commons
Hon. Geoff Regan
3 December 2015 – present
Government
House Leader
Hon. Dominic LeBlanc
4 November 2015 – 19 August 2016
Hon. Bardish Chagger
19 August 2016 – present
Opposition
House Leader
Hon. Andrew Scheer
18 November 2015 – 15 September 2016
Hon. Candice Bergen
15 September 2016 – present
Members 338 MP seats
List of members
Senate
Senate of Canada - Seating Plan (42nd Parliament).svg
Seating arrangements of the Senate
Speaker of the
Senate
Hon. George Furey
3 December 2015 – present
Government
Senate Representative
Hon. Peter Harder
18 March 2016 – present
Opposition
Senate Leader
Hon. Claude Carignan
4 November 2015 – 31 March 2017
Hon. Larry Smith
1 April 2017 – present
Senators 105 senator seats
List of senators
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
6 February 1952 – present
Governor
General
HE Rt. Hon. David Johnston
1 October 2010 – 2 October 2017
HE Rt. Hon. Julie Payette
2 October 2017 - present
Sessions
1st Session
3 December 2015 – Present
<41st 43rd>

Contents

Party standingsEdit

Standings in the 42nd Canadian Parliament
Affiliation House Members Senate Members
2015 Election Results As of 17 September 2018 On Election Day 2015 As of 17 September 2018
Liberal 184 182
Conservative 99 97 47 31
New Democratic 44 41
Bloc Québécois 10 10
Green 1 1
Co-operative Commonwealth 1
People's 1
Senate Liberal Caucus 29 11
Independent 2 6[a] 8
Independent Senators Group 45
Total members 338 335 83 95
Vacant 3 22 10
Total seats 338 105


LegislationEdit

Among the more significant pieces of legislation adopted in the first session was Bill C-14, the government's response to Carter v Canada (Attorney General), which inserted the term "medical assistance in dying" into the Criminal Code and made provisions for adult Canadians to engage in the practice.[3] Introduced by the Minister of Justice, Bill C-14 was passed with a free vote for both Liberal and Conservative party members. The Minister of Justice also introduced Bill C-16 which added "gender identity or expression" to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination in the Canadian Human Rights Act and the list of characteristics of identifiable groups protected from hate propaganda in the Criminal Code - only 40 members opposed the bill, all from the Conservative Party who were granted a free vote. Bill C-45, the Cannabis Act, created a legal framework that allows for recreational use of cannabis by adults and Bill C-46 inserted new provisions into the Criminal Code regarding drug–impaired driving and the ability of peace officers to use drug screening equipment and random breath testing.

Responding to legislation adopted during the previous parliament, Bill C-37, sponsored by the Minister of Health and opposed only by the Conservative Party, removed some of the obstacles to supervised injection sites that the previous parliament's Respect for Communities Act had put in place and the bill replaced the previous government's National Anti-Drug Strategy with the new Canadian Drugs and Substances Strategy, mostly centered on the opioid epidemic.[4] The Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship's Bill C-6 amended or repealed parts of the previous parliament's Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act including the ability to revoke citizenship based on national security, the requirement that applicants for citizenship aged 14 to 18 and 55 to 64 to prove adequate knowledge Canada and of an official language, the residency requirement increase from 3 years to 4 years, the disallowance of time spent as temporary resident as contributing to the residency requirement, and the condition of citizenship that the applicant must intend to reside in Canada. Bill C-6 kept, but modified or expanded, Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act's prohibition that time spent imprisoned does not contribute to the residency requirement, that an imprisoned applicant may not be granted citizenship, and that citizenship applicants must file tax returns during their residency requirement. Bill C-4 repealed two private member bills adopted in the last parliament concerning union voting and financial reporting. Preparing for the 2016 Census, and in response to the previous government's involvement in the 2011 Census, Bill C-36 amended the Statistics Act to provide more independence to the Chief Statistician, remove imprisonment as a penalty for not responding to a census, and replacing the National Statistics Council with the Canadian Statistics Advisory Council. Bill C-17 made amendments to the Yukon Environmental and Socio-economic Assessment Act to address the previous parliament's Yukon and Nunavut Regulatory Improvement Act and the subsequent court case that ensued.

The Preclearance Act, 2016 (Bill C-23) repealed and replaced the Preclearance Act, 1999 with a modernized version based on the Canada—U.S. Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness.[5] The Transportation Modernization Act (Bill C-49) made numerous changes resulting from the review launched in 2014 of the Canada Transportation Act and the subsequent "Transportation 2030" plan, as well as the results of the previous parliament's Fair Rail for Grain Farmers Act, and the changes included implementing long-haul interswitching as a permanent mechanism in the rail industry; excluding revenue from interswitching and from movement of grain in containers on flat cars from Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway's maximum revenue entitlement; requiring the railway companies to keep up-to-date plans for each of their railway lines and to publicly report on their abilities to move a given summer's grain crop along with a winter contingency plans; installation of locomotive voice and video recorders onto trains; increasing the individual ownership limit in Canadian National Railway from 15% to 25%; raising the foreign ownership limits for Canadian airlines from 25% to 49% of an airlines' voting interest with the new rule that no single foreign investor may own more than 25%; expanding the review of joint ventures in the airline industry to also include the public interest, as well as fair competition practices.[6] The Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development introduced Bill C-25 which amended the Canada Business Corporations Act and Canada Cooperatives Act to allow more online tools to be used to disseminate required information to shareholders in their notice and access systems, to require certain types of corporations to disclose to shareholders the composition of their boards and senior management, as well as their diversity policies or the statement that they do not have a diversity policy. The bill also prohibited from issuing share certificates and share warrants in bearer form and modified how directors of certain corporations and cooperatives are elected: that they must be elected individually, not as a slate or a group of candidates, and reduce maximum term lengths from 3 to 1 years.

Following through with international agreements, Bill C-11 implemented the Marrakesh VIP Treaty,[7] Bill C-13 implemented the Bali Package and Bill C-31 implemented the Canada–Ukraine Free Trade Agreement, all with unanimous consent, while Bill C-30 implemented the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement with only the Liberal and Conservative parties supporting. The Expungement of Historically Unjust Convictions Act (Bill C-66) allows the Parole Board of Canada to expunge historical convictions related to gross indecency, buggery or anal intercourse.[8] With only Liberal Party support, Bill C-7 was adopted as the government's response to the Supreme Court's ruling in Mounted Police Association of Ontario v. Canada (Attorney General), allowing RCMP members to have certain collective bargaining rights. Bill C-22 created the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians.[9] The Minister of Transport introduced Bill C-10 which amended the Air Canada Public Participation Act to expand where Air Canada's maintenance centres may be located to the general provinces of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec, rather than the specific cities of Winnipeg, Mississauga and Montreal, as well as clarifying what constitutes "maintenance".

Financial measuresEdit

Regarding financial measures, Bill C-2 amended the Income Tax Act to lower federal tax paid on income between $45,283 and $90,563 from 22% to 20.5% and introduce a new top tax bracket that applies a rate of 33% to a person's income in excess of $200,000.[10] The bill also re-instated the $5,500 annual limit to Tax-Free Savings Account contributions which the previous parliament had raised to $10,000. Bill C-26 amended the Canada Pension Plan to create the Additional Canada Pension Plan Account and to increase the maximum level of pensionable earnings.

The legislative changes resulting from the 2016 budget were implemented in Bill C-15 and Bill C-29 and included replacing the Canada Child Tax Benefit and Universal Child Care Benefit with the Canada Child Benefit, repealing the Family Tax Cut (income splitting) Credit, Education Tax Credit, Textbook Tax Credit, Children's Arts Tax Credit, Child Fitness Tax Credit, creating the School Supplies Tax Credit, exempting insulin pens, intermittent urinary catheters and feminine hygiene products from GST/HST, allowing a charity or athletic association to hold up to 20% interest in a limited partnership business, and expanding the definition of "Canadian exploration expense" to include environmental studies and community consultations conducted as a condition of obtaining a licence or permit. The Canadian Forces disability award and death benefit were raised to $360,000; the rates for Northern Residents Deduction were increased by 33%; and employment insurance benefits were temporarily extended for high unemployment areas (e.g. the northern areas of the provinces of Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and BC, the cities of Sudbury and Whitehorse, and most of the provinces of Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador). Bill C-15 also repealed the previous parliament's Federal Balanced Budget Act and rolled back its age eligibility for the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement from 67 to 65 years old.

The legislative changes resulting from the 2017 budget were implemented in Bill C-44 and Bill C-63. Among the changes was the phasing out of the Canada Savings Bond program, making commercial ride-sharing services subject to GST/HST, exempting naloxone from GST/HST, eliminating of the Public Transit Tax Credit and Investment Tax Credit for Child Care Spaces but extending the Mineral Exploration Tax Credit by one year, eliminating the GST/HST rebate for non-residents using Canadian accommodations as part of a tour package, increasing the excise tax on tobacco products and tying increases of the excise tax on alcoholic products to the consumer price index, and allowing mark-to-market accounting to be used for income tax calculations in forward rate and swap agreements.[11] Bill C-44 included, within it, the Canada Infrastructure Bank Act to invest directly or attract private investment in infrastructure projects that are anticipated to generate revenue and be in the public interest, and the Invest in Canada Act which created the new crown corporation called Invest in Canada Hub to promote foreign direct investment and created the Service Fees Act to replace the User Fees Act.[12] Bill C-63 included, within it, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Agreement Act so Canada could join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, repealed the Timber Marking Act, and created the Canadian Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act to replace the Agreement on Internal Trade Implementation Act.

Private member billsEdit

Nine private member bills received royal assent, with only Bill C-210 not receiving unanimous support:

Senate billsEdit

On behalf of the government, senate government bills included the Strengthening Motor Vehicle Safety for Canadians Act (Bill S-2) which amended the Motor Vehicle Safety Act to allow the Minister of Transport to order a motor vehicle company to issue a recall, rather than allow the process to be at the manufacturer's discretion; Bill S-3 which amended the Indian Act as the government's response to a Quebec Superior Court ruling finding sex-based inequities in the Indian Register to be contrary to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms; Bill S-4 which implemented conventions with Israel and Taiwan regarding the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of income tax evasion; and Bill S-5 renamed the Tobacco Act to the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act[13] and introduced provisions relating to vaping products, such as a prohibition to selling or marketing to minors, plain packaging requirements and restrictions on advertising. Among the other bills initiated in the senate that were adopted by the parliament, Bill S-208 made May 20 of each year National Seal Products Day,[14] Bill S-211 made June 19 of each year National Sickle Cell Awareness Day, Bill S-218 made October of every year Latin American Heritage Month, Bill S-232 made May of every year Canadian Jewish Heritage Month, and Bill S-236 simply states Charlottetown is the birthplace of Confederation. Other senate public bills included the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law) (Bill S-226) which allows the Governor-in-Council to seize property situated in Canada of a foreign national believed to be involved in extrajudicial killings or violations of internationally recognized human rights, and the Journalistic Sources Protection Act (Bill S-231) which allows journalists to object to an order to reveal a source of information and have the objection weighed by a court judge in light of public interest and rights to privacy. The Genetic Non-Discrimination Act (Bill S-201) was adopted with the Conservative Party, NDP and Green Party in favour; Liberal Party members were granted a free vote though the prime-minister urged members to oppose the bill, as presented, based on concerns of inconsistency with the constitution.[15] The act makes it a criminal offence to require an individual to undergo a genetic test, or to disclose the results of such a test, as a condition of providing goods or services, with exceptions for health care practitioners and researchers.

Canadian MinistryEdit

The 29th Canadian Ministry began with the 42nd Parliament and was sworn in by Gov. Gen. David Johnston on November 4, 2015. It was the first Cabinet of Canada to have an equal number of men and women. Prime Minister Trudeau appointed Bill Morneau to be Minister of Finance, Jody Wilson-Raybould as Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, Jane Philpott as Minister of Health, Catherine McKenna as Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Harjit Sajjan as Minister of National Defence, and Ralph Goodale as Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

The first change to the membership of the 29th Ministry occurred with the May 31, 2016, resignation of Hunter Tootoo as Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard so that he can sit as an independent MP; he was replaced by Dominic LeBlanc. The second change in membership came with the January 10, 2017, retirements of Foreign Affairs Minister Stéphane Dion and Immigration Minister John McCallum. The Prime Minister promoted Ahmed Hussen to replace McCallum at Immigration, and moved Chrystia Freeland from Minister of International Trade to Foreign Affairs, with François-Philippe Champagne being promoted to replace Freeland at International Trade. In that same cabinet shuffle MaryAnn Mihychuk was removed from cabinet and Karina Gould promoted to cabinet, with Patty Hajdu replacing Mihychuk as Minister of Employment, Workforce, and Labour, Maryam Monsef replacing Hajdu as Minister of Status of Women, and Gould taking over Monsef's role as Minister of Democratic Institutions.

An August 28, 2017, cabinet shuffle instigated by Judy Foote, Minister of Public Services and Procurement, resigning as an MP due to health concerns, saw Foote replaced by Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities Carla Qualtrough, with Kent Hehr becoming Sports minister and Seamus O'Regan being promoted to take over Hehr's role as Minister of Veterans Affairs. In that same cabinet shuffle Philpott moved to the newly created Minister of Indigenous Services with Ginette Petitpas Taylor being promoted to replace Philpott as Health minister. On January 25, 2018, Hehr resigned from cabinet following accusations of inappropriate behaviour[16] and was replaced by Kirsty Duncan who added Hehr's role as Sports minister to her existing duties as Minister of Science.

A major cabinet shuffle on July 18, 2018, saw the promotion of five MPs to cabinet with duties within several ministries shifted around. Bill Blair had the Ministry of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction created for him from duties split off of Ahmed Hussen's portfolio. Jonathan Wilkinson took over the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard role from Dominic LeBlanc who became Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Northern Affairs and Internal Trade, with Intergovernmental Affairs coming from Trudeau's own portfolio and Northern Affairs from Carolyn Bennett's. Pablo Rodríguez took over the Ministry of Canadian Heritage from Mélanie Joly who had the role of Minister of Tourism, Official Languages and La Francophonie created for her, taking La Francophonie from Marie-Claude Bibeau and Tourism from Bardish Chagger's portfolio. While Chagger remained Leader of the Government in the House of Commons her responsibility for Small Business went to Mary Ng who became Minister of Small Business and Export Promotion. Filomena Tassi became the Minister of Seniors, split out of Jean-Yves Duclos portfolio. Jim Carr took over Minister of International Trade Diversification from François-Philippe Champagne who took over as Minister of Infrastructure and Communities from Amarjeet Sohi who took over Carr's role as Minister of Natural Resources.

MembersEdit

For full lists of members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada and List of senators in the 42nd Parliament of Canada.

OfficeholdersEdit

The current officers of Parliament during the 42nd Parliament are set out below.

SpeakersEdit

Other Chair occupantsEdit

Senate

House of Commons

Party LeadersEdit

Floor leadersEdit

Senate

House of Commons

WhipsEdit

Senate

House of Commons

Caucus ChairsEdit

Shadow cabinetsEdit

CommitteesEdit

Changes to party standingsEdit

House of CommonsEdit

Membership ChangesEdit

Membership changes in the House of Commons of the 42nd Parliament
Party Date Name District Reason
  October 19, 2015 See list of members Election day of the 2015 Canadian federal election
Independent May 31, 2016 Hon. Hunter Tootoo Nunavut Resigned from Liberal caucus[23]
Independent August 31, 2017 Darshan Kang Calgary Skyview Resigned from Liberal caucus[24]
  Groupe parlementaire québécois February 28, 2018 Michel Boudrias Terrebonne Resigned from Bloc Québécois caucus and formed the Groupe parlementaire québécois.[25]
Rhéal Fortin Rivière-du-Nord
Simon Marcil Mirabel
Monique Pauzé Repentigny
Louis Plamondon Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel
Gabriel Ste-Marie Joliette
Luc Thériault Montcalm
Independent May 3, 2018 Erin Weir Regina—Lewvan Removed from NDP caucus[26]
Co-operative Commonwealth May 11, 2018 Sat as a member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation.
  Bloc Québécois June 6, 2018 Michel Boudrias Terrebonne Rejoined Bloc Québécois caucus.
Simon Marcil Mirabel
Independent May 3, 2018 Maxime Bernier Beauce Resigned from Conservative caucus.
People's September 14, 2018 Founded People's Party of Canada.
Conservative September 17, 2018 Leona Alleslev Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill Crossed the floor from the Liberal caucus.[27]
  Bloc Québécois Rhéal Fortin Rivière-du-Nord Rejoined Bloc Québécois caucus.
Monique Pauzé Repentigny
Louis Plamondon Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel
Gabriel Ste-Marie Joliette
Luc Thériault Montcalm

The party standings in the House of Commons have changed as follows:

October 19, 2015 – December 11, 2017
Number of members
per party by date
2015 2016 2017
Oct 19 Mar 23 May 31 Aug 16 Aug 26 Sep 23 Oct 24 Jan 31 Apr 3 Jul 4 Aug 9 Aug 31 Sep 14 Sep 30 Oct 2 Oct 23 Dec 1 Dec 11
Liberal 184 183 182 180 183 182 181 180 181 180 183
Conservative 99 98 97 96 97 99 98 97 96 95 96 97
New Democratic 44
Bloc Québécois 10
Green 1
Independent 0 1 2
  Total members 338 337 336 335 334 335 333 338 337 336 335 333 332 334 333 337
Government Majority 30 31 29 28 29 30 29 27 28 29 30 29 28 28 29 30 27 30
Vacant 0 1 2 3 4 3 5 0 1 2 3 5 6 4 5 1
February 28, 2018 – present
Number of members
per party by date
2018
Feb 28 May 2 May 3 May 11 Jun 6 Jun 18 Aug 3 Aug 23 Sep 14 Sep 17
Liberal 183 182
Conservative 97 96 97 96 97
New Democratic 44 43 42 41
Bloc Québécois 3 5 10
  Québec debout 7 5
Green 1
Co-operative Commonwealth 1
People's 1
Independent 2 3 2 3 2
  Total members 337 336 337 336 335
Government Majority 30 31 30 31 30
Vacant 1 2 1 2 3

By-electionsEdit

The following by-elections have been held during the 42nd Canadian Parliament:

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
York—Simcoe TBA Peter Van Loan      Conservative Resigning effective September 30, 2018
Burnaby South TBA by March 18, 2019 Kennedy Stewart      New Democratic Resigned to run for Mayor of Vancouver
Outremont TBA by January 30, 2019 Tom Mulcair      New Democratic Resigned to accept an academic appointment
Leeds—Grenville—
Thousand Islands
and Rideau Lakes
TBA by October 30, 2018 Gord Brown      Conservative Death (heart attack)
Chicoutimi—
Le Fjord
June 18, 2018 Denis Lemieux      Liberal Richard Martel      Conservative Resigned No
Battlefords—
Lloydminster
December 11, 2017 Gerry Ritz      Conservative Rosemarie Falk      Conservative Resigned Yes
South Surrey—
White Rock
December 11, 2017 Dianne Watts      Conservative Gordie Hogg      Liberal Resigned to seek the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party No
Bonavista—
Burin—Trinity
December 11, 2017 Judy Foote      Liberal Churence Rogers      Liberal Resigned Yes
Scarborough—
Agincourt
December 11, 2017 Arnold Chan      Liberal Jean Yip      Liberal Death (nasopharyngeal cancer) Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean October 23, 2017 Denis Lebel      Conservative Richard Hébert      Liberal Resigned to accept a position in the private sector No
Sturgeon River—
Parkland
October 23, 2017 Rona Ambrose      Conservative Dane Lloyd      Conservative Resigned to accept an academic appointment Yes
Saint-Laurent April 3, 2017 Stéphane Dion      Liberal Emmanuella Lambropoulos      Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Canadian Ambassador to Germany Yes
Markham—
Thornhill
April 3, 2017 John McCallum      Liberal Mary Ng      Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Canadian Ambassador to China Yes
Calgary Midnapore April 3, 2017 Jason Kenney      Conservative Stephanie Kusie      Conservative Resigned to seek the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta Yes
Calgary Heritage April 3, 2017 Stephen Harper      Conservative Bob Benzen      Conservative Resigned Yes
Ottawa—Vanier April 3, 2017 Mauril Bélanger      Liberal Mona Fortier      Liberal Death (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) Yes
Medicine Hat—
Cardston—Warner
October 24, 2016 Jim Hillyer      Conservative Glen Motz      Conservative Death (heart attack) Yes


SenateEdit

Affiliation changesEdit

Political affiliation changes in the Senate of the 42nd Parliament
Party Date Name Province Reason
Non-affiliated November 19, 2015 John Wallace New Brunswick Resigned from Conservative caucus
Non-affiliated December 3, 2015 Jacques Demers Quebec Resigned from Conservative caucus
Non-affiliated December 7, 2015 George Furey Newfoundland and Labrador Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
Non-affiliated February 2, 2016 Pierrette Ringuette New Brunswick Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
Non-affiliated February 17, 2016 Elaine McCoy Alberta Redesignated from Independent Progressive Conservative
Non-affiliated March 7, 2016 Michel Rivard Quebec Resigned from Conservative caucus
Non-affiliated March 8, 2016 Diane Bellemare Quebec Resigned from Conservative caucus
Non-affiliated April 6, 2016 Larry Campbell British Columbia Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
Non-affiliated May 2, 2016 Grant Mitchell Alberta Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
Non-affiliated May 5, 2016 Nick Sibbeston Northwest Territories Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
Non-affiliated July 14, 2016 Doug Black Alberta Resigned from Conservative caucus
Conservative November 22, 2016 Pierre-Hugues Boisvenu Quebec Rejoined Conservative caucus
Independent Senators Group December 2, 2016 33 Non-affiliated senators Various Formation of Independent Senators Group
Non-affiliated January 31, 2017 Josée Verner Quebec Resigned from Conservative caucus
Non-affiliated March 10, 2017 Don Meredith Ontario Resigned from Independent Senators Group
Independent Senators Group Anne Cools Redesignated from non-affiliated
Independent Senators Group March 30, 2017 Wanda Bernard Nova Scotia Redesignated from non-affiliated
Non-affiliated May 16, 2017 Stephen Greene Nova Scotia Removed from Conservative caucus
Independent Senators Group September 28, 2017 David Adams Richards New Brunswick Redesignated from non-affiliated
Independent Senators Group October 17, 2017 Josée Verner Quebec Redesignated from non-affiliated
Independent Senators Group October 24, 2017 Stephen Greene Nova Scotia Redesignated from non-affiliated
Independent Senators Group October 30, 2017 Paul Massicotte Quebec Redesignated from Senate Liberal caucus
Non-affiliated January 4, 2018 Lynn Beyak Ontario Removed from Conservative caucus
Independent Senators Group February 7, 2018 Mary Coyle Nova Scotia Redesignated from non-affiliated
Independent Senators Group Mary Jane McCallum Manitoba
Independent Senators Group February 28, 2018 Robert Black Ontario Redesignated from non-affiliated
Independent Senators Group Martha Deacon Ontario
Independent Senators Group March 28, 2018 Yvonne Boyer Ontario Redesignated from non-affiliated
Non-affiliated April 24, 2018 David Adams Richards New Brunswick Redesignated from Independent Senators Group

The party standings in the Senate have changed during the 42nd Canadian Parliament as follows:

Number of members
per party by date
2015 2016
Oct 19 Nov 19 Dec 3 Dec 7 Feb 2 Feb 10 Feb 17 Mar 1 Mar 7 Mar 8 Mar 23 Apr 1 Apr 2 Apr 6 Apr 22 May 2 May 5 May 16 Jul 14 Aug 7 Sep 27 Nov 10 Nov 21 Nov 22 Nov 25 Dec 2 Dec 6
Conservative 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 41
Independent Senators Group - 33 35
Senate Liberal Caucus 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21
Non-affiliated 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 19 20 21 22 23 24 23 37 38 37 40 7
Independent PC 1 -
Vacant 22 23 24 23 18 17 18 19 20 21 7 6 3 1
Number of members
per party by date
2017 2018
Jan 6 Jan 14 Jan 22 Jan 31 Feb 1 Mar 30 Mar 31 May 10 May 16 Aug 10 Aug 15 Aug 30 Sep 4 Sep 8 Sep 28 Oct 17 Oct 24 Oct 30 Nov 6 Nov 16 Nov 21 Dec 4 Jan 4 Feb 2 Feb 7 Feb 15 Feb 28
Independent Senators Group 35 34 35 36 37 38 39 41 43
Conservative 40 39 38 37 36 36 35 34 33
Senate Liberal Caucus 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 12
Non-affiliated 7 8 7 6 7 8 7 6 5 4 6 7 5 7 5
Vacant 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 9 10 11 12 13 11 14 12
Number of members
per party by date
2018
Mar 15 Mar 16 Mar 28 Apr 24 May 11 Jun 1 Jun 6 Jun 7 Jun 8 Jun 15 Jun 20 Aug 12 Aug 20 Sep 19
Independent Senators Group 43 44 43 44 46 45 46
Conservative 33 32 31
Senate Liberal Caucus 11
Non-affiliated 6 5 6 7 9 8 6 7 8 7
Vacant 11 12 13 12 10 9 8 9 10

Vacancies and pending appointmentsEdit

Name Party Province (Division) Nominated by Seat Last Held By Party Reason for Vacancy Vacant since
  Vacant Saskatchewan Pana Merchant Senate Liberal Caucus Resignation March 31, 2017 540 days
  Vacant Yukon Daniel Lang Conservative Resignation August 15, 2017 403 days
  Vacant Prince Edward Island Elizabeth Hubley Senate Liberal Caucus Mandatory Retirement September 8, 2017 379 days
  Vacant Nova Scotia Kelvin Ogilvie Conservative Mandatory Retirement November 6, 2017 320 days
  Vacant Northwest Territories Nick Sibbeston Non-affiliated Resignation November 21, 2017 305 days
  Vacant Ontario Colin Kenny Senate Liberal Caucus Resignation February 2, 2018 232 days
  Vacant Alberta Claudette Tardif Senate Liberal Caucus Resignation February 2, 2018 232 days
  Vacant British Columbia Nancy Greene Raine Conservative Mandatory Retirement May 11, 2018 134 days
  Vacant Ontario Anne Cools Independent Senators Group Mandatory Retirement August 12, 2018 41 days
  Vacant Alberta Betty Unger Conservative Mandatory Retirement August 20, 2018 33 days

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Includes Elaine McCoy, who was designated as Independent Progressive Conservative.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Joanna Smith (18 March 2016). "Justin Trudeau names seven new senators". Toronto Star. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Leslie Young (3 December 2015). "George Furey named new Speaker of the Senate". Global Television Network. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Picard, Andre (September 13, 2016). "We can't debate the new law without data". The Globe and Mail. p. A13. 
  4. ^ Woo, Andrea (May 18, 2017). "Streamlined injection-site conditions become law". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 19, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Protesters say new border law is 'draconian'". CBC News. December 16, 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2018. 
  6. ^ Marowits, Ross (May 23, 2018). "CN Rail to buy hundreds of grain cars as new transportation bill becomes law". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 29, 2018. 
  7. ^ "CNIB applauds Government of Canada's push to ratify Marrakesh Treaty". CNIB. March 24, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  8. ^ Maynard, Steven (December 12, 2017). "Bill C-66: Political expediency is producing a flawed bill". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 
  9. ^ Aiello, Rachel (November 6, 2017). "Members of national security committee of parliamentarians unveiled". CTV News. Retrieved June 12, 2018. 
  10. ^ Curry, Bill (November 22, 2016). "Conservative senators move to rewrite the tax code". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  11. ^ Beeby, Dean (March 22, 2017). "Budget 2017: Hello Uber tax, goodbye transit credit". CBC News. Retrieved June 27, 2018. 
  12. ^ Curry, Bill (June 15, 2017). "Bill Morneau digs in for standoff with Senate over budget bill". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 5, 2018. 
  13. ^ Tasker, John Paul (May 16, 2018). "Parliament passes plain tobacco packaging law, regulates vaping". CBC News. Retrieved June 3, 2018. 
  14. ^ Frizzell, Sara (May 17, 2017). "Canada will celebrate its first National Seal Products Day this Saturday". CBC News. Retrieved May 19, 2018. 
  15. ^ Kondro, Wayne (March 10, 2017). "Canada's new genetic privacy law is causing huge headaches for Justin Trudeau". American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  16. ^ Markusoff, Jason (January 25, 2018). "Why Kent Hehr had to go". Maclean's. Retrieved June 3, 2018. 
  17. ^ "Officers and Officials of Parliament". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  18. ^ "Officers and Officials of Parliament". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  19. ^ "Officers and Officials of Parliament". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  20. ^ "Officers and Officials of Parliament". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  21. ^ "Officers and Officials of Parliament". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  22. ^ "Officers and Officials of Parliament". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  23. ^ "Hunter Tootoo resigns as Fisheries minister, leaves Liberal caucus". CBC News. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  24. ^ Ballingall, Alex (August 31, 2017). "Calgary MP Darshan Kang resigns from Liberal caucus amid sexual harassment allegations". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 1, 2017. 
  25. ^ Allard, Clement (February 28, 2018). "Seven of 10 Bloc Quebecois MPs quit over Martine Ouellet's leadership". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  26. ^ "NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh removes Saskatchewan MP Erin Weir from caucus". CTV News. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  27. ^ Tasker, John Paul (September 17, 2018). "Toronto-area Liberal MP Leona Alleslev crosses the floor to join Conservatives". CBC News. Retrieved September 17, 2018.