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|Senator from British Columbia|
|Assumed office |
August 2, 2005
|Nominated by||Paul Martin|
|Appointed by||Adrienne Clarkson|
|37th Mayor of Vancouver|
2002 – December 5, 2005
|Preceded by||Philip Owen|
|Succeeded by||Sam Sullivan|
Larry W. Campbell
February 28, 1948
Brantford, Ontario, Canada
|Political party||Canadian Senators Group|
Vision Vancouver (2005), Liberal (2005–2014), Senate Liberal Caucus (2014–2016), Independent Senators Group (2017–2019)
|Occupation||Politician, RCMP, BC Coroner's Service|
Starting in 1981, Campbell worked for the Vancouver District Coroner's office and in 1996 was appointed BC Chief Coroner, a post in which he served until 2000.
Originally from Ontario and of Scottish descent, after high school Campbell's grandfather found him a job digging ditches for coaxial cable. Later he was a steel worker as a hand riveter in a boxcar plant in Hamilton. He joined the RCMP on a bet with a Hamilton municipal police officer. He spent about three years in uniform, but did not like to issue traffic tickets. He was transferred to the drug squad in Vancouver where he worked in street enforcement mainly regarding heroin, including undercover work. He started a drug squad in Langley. Throughout his RCMP tenure, he never laid a single marijuana charge.
After serving in the RCMP for 12 years, the provincial chief coroner told him that the new Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms would negatively impact his drug enforcement efforts and convinced him to become Vancouver's coroner. During the emerging AIDS pandemic, he became a strong advocate for progressive harm reduction policies, quipping that needle exchanges causing drug addiction "is like flies causing garbage". He served for 20 years, retiring as chief coroner for the province.
As the city's former chief coroner, his life inspired a popular CBC Television drama called Da Vinci's Inquest. The show was later followed by a spinoff, Da Vinci's City Hall, in which the Da Vinci character followed his real-life counterpart into politics.
Shortly after Campbell's election, divisions began to emerge within his COPE party between a centrist group, led by Campbell and a more left-wing group. On December 14, 2004, Campbell and councillors Jim Green, Raymond Louie and Tim Stevenson announced that they would form an independent caucus within COPE. The media quickly dubbed the bloc the "COPE Light" councillors (in contrast to the "COPE Classic" councillors). In 2005, the moderate group formed the centre-left Vision Vancouver party, but Campbell announced he would not run for re-election.
Campbell also sometimes clashed with the provincial government, led by BC premier Gordon Campbell (no relation). He pushed for the city to have a say on whether or not to host the 2010 Winter Olympics. Vancouver was only allowed to hold a non-binding, citywide plebiscite. Although Mayor Campbell had originally portrayed himself as critical of the bid, he eventually joined the "yes" side and began actively campaigning for it.
Campbell's two main projects in office were the Woodward's building redevelopment designed by architect Gregory Henriquez and the establishment of a safe injection site to help curb Vancouver's injection drug problem. He had championed the idea of a "four pillars" approach to ending drug addiction. With the 1999 signing of the Vancouver Agreement, the Four Pillars was characterized as "Prevention, Treatment, Law Enforcement and Harm Reduction." Campbell promoted the implementation of the safe injection site (opened in September 2003), and the Vancouver Police Department assigned 60 officers to the Downtown Eastside in April 2003.
On August 2, 2005, Prime Minister Paul Martin announced Campbell's appointment by Governor General Adrienne Clarkson as a Liberal senator. Campbell completed his term as mayor before taking up his seat in the Canadian Senate.
On January 29, 2014, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau announced all Liberal senators, including Campbell, were removed from the Liberal caucus, and would continue sitting as Independents. According to Senate Opposition leader James Cowan, the senators will still refer to themselves as Liberals even if they are no longer members of the parliamentary Liberal caucus.
- Biography, larrycampbell.coa
- "The War on Drugs Has Failed. Is Legalization the Answer? -- Closing Plenary". Rice University's Baker Institute. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Lay summary.
- "Da Vinci's City Hall - IMDB". imdb.com. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- Bula, Frances. "Campbell stakes out centre: Jim Green aims subtle threat, invitation at diverse group at dinner," Vancouver Sun, March 31, 2005, pp. B1.
- Bula, Frances. "Mayor Campbell, councillors will form their own caucus," Vancouver Sun, December 15, 2004, pp. A1.
- Paulsen, Monte (3 April 2008). "Vision's Three Would-Be Kings". The Tyee. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- Smith, Charlie (9 March 2018). "COPE Classic, COPE Lite, and the 2018 Vancouver civic election". Georgia Straight. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- Cudmore, James (29 January 2014). "Liberal leader says senators not welcome in caucus | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Trudeau's expulsion catches Liberal senators by surprise". Globe and Mail. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Senators List". Senate of Canada. Retrieved 5 November 2019.