Murray Rankin QC MP (born January 26, 1950) is a Canadian politician who is a member of Parliament for the New Democratic Party. Rankin is also a university professor and an expert in environmental and public law. Rankin has served as the Member of Parliament for Victoria since 2012. In 2017, Rankin was appointed by the Governor General, on the advice of the Prime Minister, to the newly formed National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians.
Murray Rankin speaking in Victoria, BC
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
|Assumed office |
November 26, 2012
|Preceded by||Denise Savoie|
|Member of the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians|
|Assumed office |
October 25, 2017
|NDP Justice and Attorney General Critic|
|Assumed office |
November 12, 2015
|NDP House Leader|
October 19, 2016 – October 25, 2017
|Preceded by||Peter Julian|
|Succeeded by||Position disestablished|
|Official Opposition Health Critic|
January 23, 2015 – November 12, 2015
|Official Opposition Pensions Critic|
August 9, 2013 – January 23, 2015
|Official Opposition National Revenue Critic|
January 17, 2013 – January 23, 2015
|Born||January 26, 1950|
|Political party||New Democratic Party|
|Residence||Victoria, British Columbia|
|Alma mater||Queen's University|
Université de Montréal
University of Toronto
|Profession||Lawyer, Law Professor|
Rankin was born in Belleville, Ontario, the only male of five children, to Eleanore, a school teacher, and McKinley Rankin, a teacher and insurance agent. He went on to university on scholarships, grants and loans, completing his undergrad at Queen's University and the Université de Montréal and law degrees from the University of Toronto and Harvard University where he graduated summa cum laude with a master's degree in law.
Rankin is a founding member and former president of the British Columbia Public Interest Advocacy Centre, an NGO that provides legal services to marginalized groups in British Columbia. He is also former president of West Coast Environmental Law, past chairman of The Land Conservancy of British Columbia where he helped protect the Sooke Potholes, and co-chair of the Environmental Law Centre at the University of Victoria, a student-run legal clinic doing public interest work in environmental law.
Rankin is a vegetarian, lives in Victoria, British Columbia, and is married to Linda Hannah, whom he met at a founding board meeting of the Western Canada Wilderness Committee. They have two children, Benjamin and Mark.
Academic and legal careerEdit
According to the Vancouver Sun, Rankin "has fought for gay marriage rights in B.C., acted for governments, industry and First Nations on aboriginal land issues, and has taken a lead role on major environmental court cases in areas like sewage treatment, contaminated sites and environmental assessment." Rankin has appeared before all levels of court in British Columbia and in the Supreme Court of Canada. Rankin was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1999.
After finishing graduate school at Harvard Law School, Rankin taught the at the University of Victoria as a professor of law until 1990. Rankin returned to the law school in 2004 to teach part-time as an adjunct professor of law, donating his salary to charity.
National Security & Access to InformationEdit
While at Harvard Law School Rankin did his graduate thesis on freedom of information and national security matters and in the 1980s worked at the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris on Transborder Information Flows. Rankin was later integrally involved in the consultations leading up to the enactment of the federal Access to Information Act and Privacy Act (Canada). For his efforts, Rankin received the House of Commons Award of Merit for his contributions to the development of freedom of information and privacy.
Rankin was later retained as a special advisor to Colin Gabelmann, the former Attorney General of British Columbia and was a key architect of BC's own Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
Rankin is designated a Special Advocate, appointed by the federal Minister of Justice to protect the interests of people named in security certificates during hearings from which they and their own lawyers are excluded due to national security concerns. Rankin, an expert on national security issues, is the only Special Advocate in Canada residing in British Columbia. Rankin is also former legal counsel with the Security Intelligence Review Committee, an independent agency of the government of Canada empowered to oversee and review the operations of Canada's security service, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service. He has been regional editor of the Canadian Journal of Administrative Law and Practice since its inception.
In 1990, Rankin joined up with his friends Joseph Arvay to become managing partner for the boutique law firm Arvay Finlay. In 1994, Murray Rankin was appointed by Premier Mike Harcourt as the lead treaty negotiator for the province of British Columbia.
As treaty negotiator for the Province of British Columbia Rankin negotiated the first agreement in principle under the auspices of the British Columbia Treaty Commission with the Sechelt Indian Band. He also represented the Blueberry River First Nations in the negotiation of the first economic benefits agreement relating to natural resources revenues in British Columbia. He also advised BC Hydro in the landmark agreement with two tribal councils related to the construction of the Lower Mainland Transmission Project. Rankin also successfully defended B.C. Forest Appeals Commission's jurisdiction in aboriginal rights case before Supreme Court of Canada (2003).
Rankin joined the national firm of Heenan Blaikie in 2006 as a partner in their Victoria office. He left the law firm in 2011 in order to pursue an independent practice that focused on environmental, aboriginal and public law.
Rankin's first entry into politics was as a volunteer for Stephen Lewis, former leader of the Ontario NDP. Rankin has since acted as an advisor to successive leaders of the BC NDP. When the BC NDP was in power in the 1990s, he helped shape public policy initiatives on access to information, treaty negotiations, land use, environmental policy, and justice. Rankin also advised BC NDP Opposition Leaders on public policy. Rankin led the NDP legal team to oppose the proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines. He argued that British Columbia should withdraw from the federal government's review process and set up a "made-in-B.C." environmental assessment that ensures BC's economic, social, environmental, and aboriginal interests are fully addressed. In the early 2000s Rankin was asked to seek the BC NDP leadership. Rankin never entered the race, because of the young age of his two sons, and the contest was eventually won by Carole James.
First term as Member of ParliamentEdit
On September 9, 2012 Rankin announced his intention to seek the NDP nomination to become the federal Member of Parliament for Victoria following Denise Savoie's retirement. On November 26, 2012 Rankin was elected to Parliament with over 37% of the vote.
Rankin was first sworn into office on December 11, 2012. NDP Leader Tom Mulcair immediately named Rankin to a senior role in his shadow cabinet as National Revenue Critic. On January 28, 2013 Rankin was appointed to the Standing Committee on Finance, which reviews fiscal and monetary policy. Mulcair later added responsibility for Pensions to Rankin's critic portfolio. In 2014 Rankin was elected as Chair of the British Columbia Caucus. On February 23, 2015 Rankin became Official Opposition Health Critic  and Vice-Chair of the Standing Committee on Health. Rankin was recognised as a "rising star", one of the NDP's top recruits, and "one of Parliament's sharpest legal minds".
In his role as National Revenue Critic, Rankin was an outspoken on the Conservative government's failure to tackle the issue of tax havens and tax evasion, which he argues puts an unfair burden on honest Canadians. Rankin criticized layoffs at the Canada Revenue Agency which investigates tax fraud and supported the efforts of Parliamentary Budget Officer Kevin Page to measure the tax gap. A CBC and ICIJ investigation later revealed a massive data leak which proved that hundreds of Canadians were exploiting tax havens, including Liberal Senator Pana Merchant.
Rankin also raised concerns over the federal government's crackdown on charities. In 2012, the Government ordered special audits of charities for political activities, and eventually provided $13.4 million for the initiative. The audits targeted environmental groups who have opposed the government's energy and pipeline policies, fight poverty, provide international aid and promote human rights, as well as a group of birdwatchers which were targeted for political activity. Rankin said he respected the need for audits to ensure charities comply with the rules, but he noted that many charities are now being tied up in paperwork over the audits, instead of being able to fulfil their charitable mandates. Rankin called for public hearings before the finance committee.
In his role as Health Critic, Rankin was recognised for securing federal support for Canadian thalidomide victims. The victims, whose mothers were prescribed the federally approved drug for insomnia and morning sickness, were born with partial or missing limbs, blindness, deafness and internal organ damage. "I'm trying to do my very best for these people because I find their situation so poignant, so heart-wrenching," Rankin said. "They have been suffering from their disabilities for their whole lives. The Canadian government told their mothers that thalidomide was safe. That means we have a moral responsibility to provide them with support now." In May 2015, the Government agreed to provide victims of the drug annual payments of up to $100,000, depending on the severity of their disability, roughly on par with existing compensation levels in Germany and Britain. Taskforce representing Canada's living victims of Thalidomide thanked Rankin for his "tireless championing of our cause".
Rankin has been an outspoken advocate for environmental protection. Speaking at the 2013 NDP Convention, Rankin told delegates that "the NDP's leadership on the environment has always been a beacon to those of us who have fought to protect our environment and tackle the climate crisis head on." Weeks after being sworn in as Member of Parliament, Rankin was barred from entering the Federal government's "public hearing" on the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines in his Victoria constituency. Speaking to press outside the hearing Rankin said, "I wanted to observe on behalf of my constituents... I've never heard of a public hearing that was not open to the public ... It's Kafkaesque." He added, "I'm opposed to the pipeline and I don't mind admitting it."
Rankin has also championed democratic reform. He has called for proportional representation electoral reform. In an op-ed to the Times Colonist Rankin argued, "Consensual political institutions involve and empower more citizens. They respond to — and represent — a deeper pool of interests and people. The policies they enact aren't just more representative of the average voter, they're more credible and more stable. Those qualities make consensual politics better for people, better for business, and better for the planet." While he acknowledged that under a proportional representation electoral system the New Democrats would have had slightly fewer seats in Parliament today, he wrote "It's a matter of principle. And the principle is simple: Every Canadian deserves fair representation, every voice should be equal and every vote should be counted."
Rankin gained recognition as a strong opponent of the Government's C-51 "Anti-Terrorism Act". Rankin was former legal counsel to the Security Intelligence Review Committee, received a top-secret clearance, and conducted terrorism hearings. He was later appointed by the Justice Minister as a special advocate to do national security work under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act where national security issues arise. Speaking in the House of Commons on C-51 Rankin argued, "The government has failed to make the case for the new powers it seeks. This is another omnibus bill by the Conservatives that would expand the powers of CSIS dramatically but would fail to strengthen oversight and review powers." He argued that the bill violated constitutional rights and would not protect Canadians.
Second term as Member of ParliamentEdit
On October 19, 2015, Rankin was re-elected to Parliament with an increased margin and over 42% of the vote. Rankin received the most votes of any NDP candidate in the 2015 election. The runnerup Green Party was later sanctioned by Elections Canada for violating the Canada Elections Act and "deliberately misleading voters" with "flawed and dated polling data in a bid to get voters to side with [the Green Party] candidate." On July 26, 2016, the Green Party executive director signed a compliance agreement admitting guilt.
On November 12, 2016 Rankin was named Justice and Attorney General critic for the NDP. On December 11, 2016, Rankin was elected Vice-Chair of the Special Joint Committee on Physician-Assisted Dying. The all-party House and Senate committee was struck to advise on the government's response to the Supreme Court's unanimous decision in Carter vs. Canada. On February 16, 2016, Rankin was elected Vice-Chair of Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights.
In October 2017, Rankin resumed his responsibilities as Justice and Attorney General critic for the NDP and was re-elected Vice-Chair of Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights. On November 6, 2017, Rankin was appointed by the Governor General, on the advice of the Prime Minister, to the newly formed National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians.
In October 2018, Rankin was nominated by his colleagues from all parties as a finalist for Maclean's "Hardest Working Member of Parliament," alongside Minister of Foreign Affairs Chrystia Freeland and Conservative Party Leader Andrew Sheer.
|Canadian federal election, 2015: Victoria|
|New Democratic||Murray Rankin||30,397||42.28||-8.50||$222,151.95|
|Animal Alliance||Jordan Reichert||200||0.28||–||$10,110.17|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||71,895||100.00||$234,268.29|
|Total rejected ballots||241||0.33|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||-14.90|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|VictoriaCanadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012: |
On the resignation of Denise Savoie
|New Democratic||Murray Rankin||14,507||37.17||−13.61||$95,540|
|Christian Heritage||Philip Ney||192||0.49||–||$3,499|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||39,032||100.00||$97,992.97|
|Total rejected ballots||98||0.25|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||−12.1|
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- "Canadians For Tax Fairness: Tax Havens: Put Politics Aside". Taxfairness.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
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