19th Canadian Parliament

The 19th Canadian Parliament was in session from 16 May 1940, until 16 April 1945. The membership was set by the 1940 federal election on 26 March 1940, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1945 election.

19th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
16 May 1940 – 16 April 1945
Coat of arms of Canada (1921-1957).svg
Parliament leaders
William Lyon Mackenzie King
23 October 1935 – 15 November 1948
Cabinet16th Canadian Ministry
Leader of the
Richard Hanson
14 May 1940 – 1 January 1943
Gordon Graydon
1 January 1943 – 10 June 1945
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionNational Government (Canada)
& Conservative Party
CrossbenchCo-operative Commonwealth Federation
Social Credit Party
House of Commons
Chambre des Communes 1940.png
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
James Allison Glen
16 May 1940 – 5 September 1945
Members245 MP seats
List of members
Speaker of the
Georges Parent
9 May 1940 – 14 December 1942
Thomas Vien
23 January 1943 – 23 August 1945
Senate Leader
Raoul Dandurand
23 October 1935 – 11 March 1942
James Horace King
26 May 1942 – 24 August 1945
Senate Leader
Arthur Meighen
22 October 1935 – 16 January 1942
Charles Colquhoun Ballantyne
16 January 1942 – 11 September 1945
MonarchGeorge VI
11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952
Alexander Cambridge
21 June 1940 – 12 April 1946
1st Session
16 May 1940 – 5 November 1940
2nd Session
7 November 1940 – 21 January 1942
3rd Session
22 January 1942 – 27 January 1943
4th Session
28 January 1943 – 26 January 1944
5th Session
27 January 1944 – 31 January 1945
6th Session
19 March 1945 – 16 April 1945
<18th 20th>
William Lyon Mackenzie King was Prime Minister during the 18th Canadian Parliament.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and the 16th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the so-called "National Government" party (the name which the Conservatives ran under in the 1940 election), led in the House by Richard Hanson and Gordon Graydon consecutively as the three successive national leaders of the party, Robert Manion, Arthur Meighen and John Bracken did not have seats in the House of Commons. With the selection of Bracken as national leader in December 1942, the party became known as the Progressive Conservatives.

The Speaker was James Allison Glen. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1933-1947 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were six sessions of the 19th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st 16 May 1940 5 November 1940
2nd 7 November 1940 21 January 1942
3rd 22 January 1942 27 January 1943
4th 28 January 1943 26 January 1944
5th 27 January 1944 31 January 1945
6th 19 March 1945 16 April 1945

List of membersEdit

Following is a full list of members of the nineteenth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.


Electoral district Name Party
Acadia Victor Quelch Social Credit
Athabaska Joseph Miville Dechene Liberal
Battle River Robert Fair Social Credit
Bow River Charles Edward Johnston Social Credit
Calgary East George Henry Ross Liberal
Calgary West Manley Justin Edwards Liberal
Camrose James Alexander Marshall Social Credit
Edmonton East Frederick Clayton Casselman (died 20 March 1941) Liberal
Cora Taylor Casselman (by-election of 1941-06-02) Liberal
Edmonton West James Angus MacKinnon Liberal
Jasper—Edson Walter Frederick Kuhl New Democracy
Lethbridge John Horne Blackmore Social Credit
Macleod Ernest George Hansell Social Credit
Medicine Hat Frederick William Gershaw Liberal
Peace River John Sissons Liberal
Red Deer Frederick Davis Shaw Social Credit
Vegreville Anthony Hlynka Social Credit
Wetaskiwin Norman Jaques Social Credit

British ColumbiaEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Cariboo James Gray Turgeon Liberal
Comox—Alberni Alan Webster Neill Independent
Fraser Valley George Alexander Cruickshank Liberal
Kamloops Thomas James O'Neill Liberal
Kootenay East George Ernest Lawson Mackinnon National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Kootenay West William Kemble Esling National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Nanaimo Alan Chambers Liberal
New Westminster Thomas Reid Liberal
Skeena Olof Hanson Liberal
Vancouver—Burrard Gerald Grattan McGeer Liberal
Vancouver Centre Ian Alistair Mackenzie Liberal
Vancouver East Angus MacInnis C.C.F.
Vancouver North James Sinclair Liberal
Vancouver South Howard Charles Green National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Victoria Robert Wellington Mayhew Liberal
Yale Grote Stirling National Government
  Progressive Conservative


Electoral district Name Party
Brandon James Ewen Matthews Liberal
Churchill Thomas Crerar Liberal
Dauphin William John Ward Liberal
Lisgar Howard Winkler Liberal
Macdonald William Gilbert Weir Liberal-Progressive
Marquette James Allison Glen Liberal-Progressive
Neepawa Frederick Donald Mackenzie Liberal
Portage la Prairie Harry Leader Liberal
Provencher René Jutras Liberal
Selkirk Joseph Thorarinn Thorson (until 6 October 1942 emoulment appointment) Liberal
William Bryce (by-election of 9 August 1943) C.C.F.
Souris James Arthur Ross National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Springfield John Mouat Turner Liberal
St. Boniface John Power Howden Liberal
Winnipeg North Centre James Shaver Woodsworth (died 21 March 1942) C.C.F.
Stanley Knowles (by-election of 1942-11-30) C.C.F.
Winnipeg North Charles Stephen Booth Liberal
Winnipeg South Leslie Alexander Mutch Liberal
Winnipeg South Centre Ralph Maybank Liberal

New BrunswickEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte Burton Hill Liberal
Gloucester Clarence Joseph Veniot Liberal
Kent Aurel D. Léger Liberal
Northumberland Joseph Leonard O'Brien National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Restigouche—Madawaska Joseph Enoil Michaud Liberal
Royal Alfred Johnson Brooks National Government
  Progressive Conservative
St. John—Albert King Hazen National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Victoria—Carleton Heber Harold Hatfield National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Westmorland Henry Read Emmerson Liberal
York—Sunbury Richard Hanson National Government
  Progressive Conservative

Nova ScotiaEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough J. Ralph Kirk Liberal
Cape Breton North and Victoria Matthew Maclean Liberal
Cape Breton South Clarence Gillis C.C.F.
Colchester—Hants Gordon Purdy Liberal
Cumberland Percy Chapman Black National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Digby—Annapolis—Kings James Lorimer Ilsley Liberal
Halifax* Gordon Benjamin Isnor Liberal
William Chisholm Macdonald Liberal
Inverness—Richmond Moses Elijah McGarry Liberal
Pictou Henry Byron McCulloch Liberal
Queens—Lunenburg John James Kinley Liberal
Shelburne—Yarmouth—Clare Vincent-Joseph Pottier Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East Thomas Farquhar Liberal
Algoma West George Ewart Nixon Liberal
Brantford City William Ross Macdonald Liberal
Brant George Ernest Wood Liberal
Broadview Thomas Langton Church National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Bruce William Rae Tomlinson Liberal
Carleton Alonzo Hyndman (died 9 April 1940) National Government
George Russell Boucher (by-election of 1940-08-19) Conservative
  Progressive Conservative
Cochrane Joseph-Arthur Bradette Liberal
Danforth Joseph Henry Harris Conservative
  Progressive Conservative
Davenport John Ritchie MacNicol National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Dufferin—Simcoe William Earl Rowe National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Durham Wilbert Franklin Rickard Liberal
Eglinton Frederick George Hoblitzell Liberal
Elgin Wilson Henry Mills Liberal
Essex East Paul Martin Sr. Liberal
Essex South Stuart Murray Clark Liberal
Essex West Norman Alexander McLarty Liberal
Fort William Daniel McIvor Liberal
Frontenac—Addington Wilbert Ross Aylesworth National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Glengarry William Burton Macdiarmid Liberal
Greenwood Denton Massey National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Grenville—Dundas Arza Clair Casselman National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Grey—Bruce Walter Harris Liberal
Grey North William Pattison Telford, Jr. (resigned 9 December 1944 to allow Andrew McNaughton to campaign for seat, albeit unsuccessfully) Liberal
Wilfrid Garfield Case (by-election of 1945-02-05) Progressive Conservative
Haldimand Mark Cecil Senn Conservative
  Progressive Conservative
Halton Hughes Cleaver Liberal
Hamilton East Thomas Hambly Ross Liberal
Hamilton West Colin Gibson Liberal
Hastings—Peterborough George Stanley White National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Hastings South George Henry Stokes National Government
  Progressive Conservative
High Park Alexander James Anderson National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Huron North Lewis Elston Cardiff National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Huron—Perth William Henry Golding Liberal
Kenora—Rainy River Hugh Bathgate McKinnon Liberal
Kent Clayton Earl Desmond National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Kingston City Norman McLeod Rogers (died 10 June 1940) Liberal
Angus Lewis Macdonald (by-election of 1940-08-12) Liberal
Lambton—Kent Hugh Alexander Mackenzie Liberal-Progressive
Lambton West Ross Wilfred Gray Liberal
Lanark Bert H. Soper Liberal
Leeds George Taylor Fulford Liberal
Lincoln Norman James Macdonald Lockhart Conservative
  Progressive Conservative
London Allan Johnston Liberal
Middlesex East Duncan Graham Ross Liberal
Middlesex West Robert McCubbin Liberal
Muskoka—Ontario Stephen Joseph Furniss Liberal
Nipissing Raoul Hurtubise Liberal
Norfolk William Horace Taylor Liberal
Northumberland William Alexander Fraser Liberal
Ontario William Henry Moore Liberal
Ottawa East Joseph Albert Pinard Liberal
Ottawa West George McIlraith Liberal
Oxford Almon Secord Rennie Liberal
Parkdale Herbert Alexander Bruce National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Parry Sound Arthur Graeme Slaght Liberal
Peel Gordon Graydon National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Perth Frederick George Sanderson Liberal
Peterborough West Gordon Knapman Fraser National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Port Arthur Clarence Decatur Howe Liberal
Prescott Elie-Oscar Bertrand Liberal
Prince Edward—Lennox George James Tustin National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Renfrew North Ralph Melville Warren Liberal
Renfrew South James Joseph McCann Liberal
Rosedale Harry Jackman National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Russell Alfred Goulet Liberal
Simcoe East George Alexander McLean Liberal
Simcoe North Duncan Fletcher McCuaig Liberal
Spadina Samuel Factor Liberal
Stormont Lionel Chevrier Liberal
St. Paul's Douglas Ross National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Timiskaming Walter Little Liberal
Trinity Arthur Roebuck Liberal
Victoria Thomas Bruce McNevin Liberal
Waterloo North William Daum Euler (until Senate appointment) Liberal
Louis Orville Breithaupt (by-election of 1940-08-19) Liberal
Waterloo South Karl Kenneth Homuth National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Welland Arthur Byron Damude (died 15 September 1941) Liberal
Humphrey Mitchell (by-election of 1942-02-09) Liberal
Wellington North John Knox Blair Liberal
Wellington South Robert William Gladstone Liberal
Wentworth Ellis Hopkins Corman Liberal
York East Robert Henry McGregor National Government
  Progressive Conservative
York North William Pate Mulock Liberal
York South Alan Cockeram (resigned to allow Arthur Meighen to campaign for seat, albeit unsuccessfully) National Government
Joseph William Noseworthy (by-election of 1942-02-09) C.C.F.
York West Agar Rodney Adamson Conservative
  Progressive Conservative

Prince Edward IslandEdit

Electoral district Name Party
King's Thomas Vincent Grant Liberal
Prince James Layton Ralston Liberal
Queen's* James Lester Douglas Liberal
Cyrus Macmillan Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil James Wright McGibbon Liberal
Beauce Édouard Lacroix Liberal
Beauharnois—Laprairie Maxime Raymond Liberal
Bloc populaire canadien
Bellechasse Louis-Philippe Picard Liberal
Berthier—Maskinongé J. Émile Ferron Liberal
Bonaventure Joseph Alphée Poirier Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi Maurice Hallé Liberal
Cartier Peter Bercovitch (died 26 December 1942) Liberal
Fred Rose (by-election of 1943-08-09) Labor Progressive
Chambly—Rouville Vincent Dupuis Liberal
Champlain Hervé-Edgar Brunelle Liberal
Chapleau Hector Authier Liberal
Charlevoix—Saguenay Pierre-François Casgrain (until 15 December 1941 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Frédéric Dorion (by-election of 1942-11-30) Independent
Châteauguay—Huntingdon Donald Elmer Black Liberal
Chicoutimi Julien-Édouard-Alfred Dubuc Liberal
Compton Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette Liberal
Dorchester Léonard-David Sweezey Tremblay Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Armand Cloutier Liberal
Gaspé Joseph Sasseville Roy Independent Conservative
Hochelaga Raymond Eudes Liberal
Hull Alphonse Fournier Liberal
Jacques Cartier Elphège Marier Liberal
Joliette—l'Assomption—Montcalm Charles-Édouard Ferland Liberal
Kamouraska Louis Philippe Lizotte Liberal
Labelle Maurice Lalonde (politician) Liberal
Lake St-John—Roberval Armand Sylvestre Liberal
Laurier Ernest Bertrand Liberal
Laval—Two Mountains Liguori Lacombe Independent Liberal
Lévis Maurice Bourget Liberal
Lotbinière Hugues Lapointe Liberal
Maisonneuve—Rosemont Sarto Fournier Liberal
Matapédia—Matane Arthur-Joseph Lapointe Liberal
Mégantic—Frontenac Joseph Lafontaine Liberal
Mercier Joseph Jean Liberal
Montmagny—L'Islet Leo Kemner Laflamme Liberal
Mount Royal Frederick Primrose Whitman Liberal
Nicolet—Yamaska Lucien Dubois Liberal
Outremont Thomas Vien (resigned 5 October 1942) Liberal
Léo Richer Laflèche (by-election of 1942-11-30) Liberal
Pontiac Wallace Reginald McDonald Liberal
Portneuf Pierre Gauthier Liberal
Bloc populaire canadien
Québec—Montmorency Wilfrid Lacroix Liberal
  Independent Liberal
Quebec East Ernest Lapointe (died 26 November 1941) Liberal
Louis St. Laurent (by-election of 1942-02-09) Liberal
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power Liberal
Quebec West and South Charles Eugène Parent Liberal
  Independent Liberal
Richelieu—Verchères Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe James Patrick Mullins Liberal
Rimouski Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou Liberal
St. Ann Thomas Patrick Healy Liberal
St. Antoine—Westmount Douglas Abbott Liberal
St. Denis Azellus Denis Liberal
St. Henry Joseph-Arsène Bonnier Liberal
St. Hyacinthe—Bagot Joseph-Théophile-Adélard Fontaine Liberal
St. James Eugène Durocher Liberal
St. Johns—Iberville—Napierville Pierre Auguste Martial Rhéaume Liberal
St. Lawrence—St. George Brooke Claxton Liberal
St. Mary Hermas Deslauriers (died 28 May 1941) Liberal
Gaspard Fauteux (by-election of 1942-02-09) Liberal
St-Maurice—Laflèche Joseph-Alphida Crête Liberal
Shefford Joseph-Hermas Leclerc Liberal
Sherbrooke Maurice Gingues Liberal
Stanstead Robert Greig Davidson (until election voided 24 May 1943) Liberal
Joseph Armand Choquette (by-election of 1943-08-09) Bloc populaire canadien
Terrebonne Lionel Bertrand Independent Liberal
Trois-Rivières Robert Ryan Liberal
Témiscouata Jean-François Pouliot Liberal
  Independent Liberal
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Joseph Thauvette Liberal
Verdun Paul-Émile Côté Liberal
Wright Rodolphe Leduc Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Jesse Pickard Tripp Liberal
Humboldt Harry Raymond Fleming (died 5 November 1942) Liberal
Joseph William Burton (by-election of 1943-08-09) C.C.F.
Kindersley Charles Albert Henderson Liberal
Lake Centre John Diefenbaker National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Mackenzie Alexander Malcolm Nicholson C.C.F.
Maple Creek Charles Robert Evans Liberal
Melfort Percy Ellis Wright C.C.F.
Melville James Garfield Gardiner Liberal
Moose Jaw John Gordon Ross Liberal
North Battleford Dorise Nielsen Unity
Prince Albert William Lyon Mackenzie King Liberal
Qu'Appelle Ernest Perley National Government
  Progressive Conservative
Regina City Donald Alexander McNiven Liberal
Rosetown—Biggar Major James Coldwell C.C.F.
Rosthern Walter Adam Tucker Liberal
Saskatoon City Walter George Brown (died 1 April 1940) United Reform
Alfred Henry Bence (by-election of 1940-08-19) Conservative
  Progressive Conservative
Swift Current Roy Theodore Graham Liberal
The Battlefords John Albert Gregory Liberal
Weyburn Tommy Douglas C.C.F.
Wood Mountain Thomas F. Donnelly Liberal
Yorkton George Hugh Castleden C.C.F.


Electoral district Name Party
Yukon George Black National Government
  Progressive Conservative


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Grey North February 5, 1945 William Pattison Telford, Jr.      Liberal W. Garfield Case      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Andrew McNaughton No
Cartier August 9, 1943 Peter Bercovitch      Liberal Fred Rose      Labor Progressive Death No
Stanstead August 9, 1943 Robert Greig Davidson      Liberal Joseph-Armand Choquette      Bloc populaire Canadien Election declared void No
Humboldt August 9, 1943 Harry Raymond Fleming      Liberal Joseph William Burton      C. C. F. Death No
Selkirk August 9, 1943 Joseph Thorarinn Thorson      Liberal William Bryce      C. C. F. Appointed President of the Exchequer Court of Canada No
Charlevoix—Saguenay November 30, 1942 Pierre-François Casgrain      Liberal Frédéric Dorion      Independent Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No
Winnipeg North Centre November 30, 1942 J. S. Woodsworth      C. C. F. Stanley Knowles      C. C. F. Death Yes
Outremont November 30, 1942 Thomas Vien      Liberal Léo Richer Laflèche      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
St. Mary February 9, 1942 Hermas Deslauriers      Liberal Gaspard Fauteux      Liberal Death Yes
Welland February 9, 1942 Arthur Damude      Liberal Humphrey Mitchell      Liberal Death Yes
York South February 9, 1942 Alan Cockeram      National Government Joseph W. Noseworthy      C. C. F. Resignation to provide a seat for Arthur Meighen No
Quebec East February 9, 1942 Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Louis St. Laurent      Liberal Death Yes
Edmonton East June 2, 1941 Frederick Clayton Casselman      Liberal Cora Taylor Casselman      Liberal Death Yes
Saskatoon City August 19, 1940 Walter George Brown      United Reform Movement Alfred Henry Bence      Conservative Death No
Carleton August 19, 1940 Alonzo Hyndman      National Government George Russell Boucher      Conservative Death Yes
Waterloo North August 19, 1940 William Daum Euler      Liberal Louis Orville Breithaupt      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Kingston City August 12, 1940 Norman McLeod Rogers      Liberal Angus Lewis Macdonald      Liberal Death Yes


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