Raymond was born in Saint-Stanislas-de-Kostka, Quebec. In the 1925 Canadian federal election he ran as a Liberal candidate in the district of Beauharnois, and won. He was re-elected in 1926 and 1930. In 1935 and 1940 he was elected in the district of Beauharnois—Laprairie. Raymond was one of three Liberal MPs who broke with the party to oppose Canada's entry into World War II in 1939, arguing that Canada should restrict its efforts to home defence and not send its troops abroad.
He formally left the Liberals over the issue of conscription and became the Leader of the Bloc populaire canadien on February 10, 1943. Raymond was re-elected in 1945 as a Bloc populaire MP but did not run for re-election in 1949.
- Maxime Raymond – Parliament of Canada biography
- The Canadian Press (11 September 1939). "Doubt and Speculation on Dominion Status Come to End / Must Raise Revenue / Quebec Liberals Stand Against Government on War Entry" (pdf). Hamilton Spectator. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
|publisher=(help) Archived via Canadian Museum of Civilization.
|Parliament of Canada|
Louis-Joseph Papineau (Liberal)
| MP for Beauharnois—Laprairie
Robert Cauchon (Liberal)
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