1949 Canadian federal election
The 1949 Canadian federal election was the 21st general election in Canadian history. It was held June 27, 1949 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 21st Parliament of Canada and was the first election in almost thirty years in which the Liberal Party of Canada was not led by William Lyon Mackenzie King. King had retired in 1948, and was replaced as Liberal leader and Prime Minister by Louis St. Laurent. It was also the first federal election with Newfoundland voting, having joined Canada in March of that year, and the first election since 1904 in which the parts of the Northwest Territories were granted representation. The Liberal Party was re-elected with its fourth consecutive government, winning just under 50% of the vote. This victory was the largest majority in Canadian history to that point. As of 2020, it remains the third largest majority government in Canadian history.
262 seats in the House of Commons
132 seats needed for a majority
Smaller parties, such as the social democratic Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, and Social Credit, a party that advocated monetary reform, lost support to the Liberals, and to a lesser extent, the Conservatives.
|Party||Party leader||# of
|Liberal||Louis St. Laurent||258||117||191||+63.2%||2,874,813||49.15%||+9.37pp|
|Progressive Conservative||George Drew||249||65||41||-21.5%||1,734,261||29.65%||+2.03pp|
|Co-operative Commonwealth||M.J. Coldwell||180||28||13||-53.6%||784,770||13.42%||-2.13pp|
|Social Credit||Solon Low||28||13||10||-23.1%||135,217||2.31%||-1.74pp|
|Union of Electors||Réal Caouette||56||-||-||-||86,087||1.47%||+1.46pp|
|National Unity||Adrien Arcand||1||*||-||*||5,590||0.10%||*|
|Independent Social Credit||2||*||-||*||4,598||0.08%||*|
|Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867|
* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.
x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote
Vote and seat summariesEdit
Results by provinceEdit
|Parties that won no seats:|
|Union of Electors||Vote:||0.1||5.1||1.0||1.5|
|Independent Social Credit||Vote:||1.4||0.1|
- xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote
- "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Retrieved 10 March 2019.