William Earl Rowe
William Earl Rowe
|20th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario|
May 1, 1963 – July 4, 1968
|Governor General||Georges Vanier|
|Preceded by||John Keiller MacKay|
|Succeeded by||William Ross Macdonald|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
October 29, 1925 – April 8, 1963
|Preceded by||riding created|
|Succeeded by||Ellwood Madill|
|Preceded by||Edgar James Evans|
|Succeeded by||Riding abolished|
|Born||May 13, 1894|
Hull, Iowa, United States
|Died||February 9, 1984 (aged 89)|
Newton Robinson, Ontario, Canada
|Political party||Progressive Conservative|
Treva Alda Lillian Lennox (m. 1917)
|Relations||Arza Clair Casselman(son-in law)|
|Children||Howard, William, Jean|
Rowe was born in Hull, Iowa of Canadian parents in 1894. He moved to Ontario with his family at the age of two and grew up to become a farmer and cattle breeder. In 1917, he married Treva Alda Lillian Lennox. Together they had four children, one of which died during labour.
He was reeve of the township of West Gwillimbury from 1919 to 1923. Rowe served as a Member of Provincial Parliament from 1923 to 1925, and was then elected to the House of Commons, where he served until 1935.
In the public mind, the cause of labour was identified with the American Congress of Industrial Organizations and communism. During the 1937 provincial election when Liberal premier Mitchell Hepburn was railing against the C.I.O's attempt to unionize General Motors and the supposed threat posed by organized labour, Rowe refused to take a stand against the C.I.O. and repeatedly asserted that: "the issue was not law and order but the right of free association." At the time the Conservatives were strongly associated with the Orange Order which had long held a pro-labour position. Rowe's stance resulted in George A. Drew breaking with the party in order to run as an "Independent Conservative" in the 1937 election in opposition to Rowe's position.
Rowe failed to win his seat in the 1937 provincial election and successfully ran in a by-election held in November 1937 to regain the seat in the federal House of Commons he had resigned from two months earlier to run in the provincial election. He was succeeded as leader by former rival Drew. Drew went on to serve as Premier of Ontario in the 1940s before moving to federal politics.
Rowe served in the House of Commons until 1962. On two occasions (1954–1955 and 1956) when George Drew, who had by this point become federal PC leader, was unable to perform his duties due to ill health, Rowe served as acting leader of the official opposition.
From 1958 to 1962, he and his daughter, Jean Casselman Wadds, were the only father and daughter to ever sit together in Parliament.
Rowe was lieutenant governor of Ontario from 1963 to 1968. A champion and supporter of agriculture and rural affairs, particularly harness horse racing, he died in 1984 at Newton Robinson, Ontario.