18th Canadian Parliament
The 18th Canadian Parliament was in session from February 6, 1936, until January 25, 1940. The membership was set by the 1935 federal election on October 14, 1935, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1940 election.
|18th Parliament of Canada|
|William Lyon Mackenzie King|
(16th Canadian Ministry)
|Leader of the|
|R. B. Bennett|
|Third parties||Social Credit Party|
|Co-operative Commonwealth Federation|
|House of Commons|
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
|Speaker of the|
|Members||245 MP seats|
List of members
|Speaker of the|
|Walter Edward Foster|
|Senators||96 senator seats|
List of senators
20 January 1936 – 11 December 1936
11 December 1936 – 6 February 1952
6 February 1936 – 23 June 1936
14 January 1937 – 10 April 1937
27 January 1938 – 1 July 1938
12 January 1939 – 3 June 1939
7 September 1939 – 13 September 1939
25 January 1940 – 25 January 1940
It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and the 16th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Conservative Party, led first by Richard Bedford Bennett, and later by Robert Manion.
The Social Credit Party led by J. H. Blackmore made their first federal appearance in this parliament. It would be an important third party until 1980. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation led by J.S. Woodsworth also made their first appearance. It, and its successor party, the New Democratic Party, would become a major source of policies that would change the fabric of Canada.
There were six sessions of the 18th Parliament, though the last two were extremely short:
|1st||February 6, 1936||June 23, 1936|
|2nd||January 14, 1937||April 10, 1937|
|3rd||January 27, 1938||July 1, 1938|
|4th||January 12, 1939||June 3, 1939|
|5th||September 7, 1939||September 13, 1939|
|6th||January 25, 1940||January 25, 1940|
List of membersEdit
Following is a full list of members of the eighteenth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.
Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.
|Acadia||Victor Quelch||Social Credit|
|Athabaska||Percy John Rowe||Social Credit|
|Battle River||Robert Fair||Social Credit|
|Bow River||Charles Edward Johnston||Social Credit|
|Calgary East||John Landeryou||Social Credit|
|Calgary West||Richard Bedford Bennett (resigned 28 January 1939)||Conservative|
|Douglas Cunnington (by-election of 18 September 1939)||Conservative|
|Camrose||James Alexander Marshall||Social Credit|
|Edmonton East||William Samuel Hall (died 26 January 1938)||Social Credit|
|Orvis A. Kennedy (by-election of 21 March 1938)||Social Credit|
|Edmonton West||James Angus MacKinnon||Liberal|
|Jasper—Edson||Walter Frederick Kuhl||Social Credit|
|Lethbridge||John Horne Blackmore||Social Credit|
|Macleod||Ernest George Hansell||Social Credit|
|Medicine Hat||Archibald Hugh Mitchell||Social Credit|
|Peace River||René-Antoine Pelletier||Social Credit|
|Red Deer||Eric Joseph Poole||Social Credit|
|Vegreville||William Hayhurst||Social Credit|
|Wetaskiwin||Norman Jaques||Social Credit|
|Cariboo||James Gray Turgeon||Liberal|
|Comox—Alberni||Alan Webster Neill||Independent|
|Fraser Valley||Harry James Barber||Conservative|
|Kootenay East||Henry Herbert Stevens||Reconstruction|
|Kootenay West||William Esling||Conservative|
|Nanaimo||James Samuel Taylor||C.C.F.|
|New Westminster||Thomas Reid||Liberal|
|Vancouver Centre||Ian Alistair Mackenzie||Liberal|
|Vancouver East||Angus MacInnis||C.C.F.|
|Vancouver North||Charles Grant MacNeil||C.C.F.|
|Vancouver South||Howard Charles Green||Conservative|
|Victoria||D'Arcy Plunkett (died 3 May 1936)||Conservative|
|Simon Fraser Tolmie (by-election of 8 June 1936, died 13 October 1937)||Conservative|
|Robert Mayhew (by-election of 29 November 1937)||Liberal|
|Gloucester||Peter Veniot (died 6 July 1936)||Liberal|
|Clarence Joseph Veniot (by-election of 17 August 1936)||Liberal|
|Northumberland||John Patrick Barry||Liberal|
|Royal||Alfred Johnson Brooks||Conservative|
|St. John—Albert||William Ryan (died 1 April 1938)||Liberal|
|Allan McAvity (by-election of 21 February 1938)||Liberal|
|Westmorland||Henry Read Emmerson||Liberal|
|York—Sunbury||William George Clark||Liberal|
|J. Ralph Kirk (by-election of 16 March 1936)||Liberal|
|Cape Breton North and Victoria||Daniel Alexander Cameron (died 4 September 1937)||Liberal|
|Matthew MacLean (by-election of 18 October 1937)||Liberal|
|Cape Breton South||David James Hartigan||Liberal|
|Cumberland||Kenneth Judson Cochrane||Liberal|
|Digby—Annapolis—Kings||James Lorimer Ilsley||Liberal|
|Halifax*||Robert Emmett Finn||Liberal|
|Gordon Benjamin Isnor||Liberal|
|Pictou||Henry Byron McCulloch||Liberal|
|Queens—Lunenburg||John James Kinley||Liberal|
|King's||Thomas Vincent Grant||Liberal|
|Prince||Alfred Edgar MacLean (died 28 October 1939)||Liberal|
|James Ralston (by-election of 2 January 1940)||Liberal|
|Queen's*||James Larabee (until 18 December 1935 fisheries appointment)||Liberal|
|Charles Avery Dunning (by-election of 30 December 1935)||Liberal|
|Yukon||Martha Black||Independent Conservative|
- Government of Canada. "16th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
- Government of Canada. "18th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
- Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2006-05-12.