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Compton (electoral district)

Compton (also known as Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead) was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1949, and again from 1968 to 1997.

Compton
Quebec electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
District created1966
District abolished1996
First contested1968
Last contested1993

HistoryEdit

Compton was created by the British North America Act of 1867. It consisted of the Townships of Compton, Westbury, Eaton, Clifton, Hereford, and Augmentation, Bury, Newport, Auckland, Lingwick, Hampden, Ditton, Winslow, Whitton, Marston, Chesham and part of the Township of Clinton.

In 1924, it was re-defined to consist of:

  • the County of Compton;
  • in the County of Stanstead: the township of Hereford;
  • in the County of Sherbrooke: the municipalities of Compton (township and village) and Waterville; and
  • in the County of Frontenac: the municipalities of Marston South, Ste. Cécile de Whitton, Chesham, Winslow South, Clinton, St. Léon de Marston, Winslow North and the town of Mégantic.

In 1933, it was expanded to include the townships of Eaton and Westbury in the village of Ascot Corner.

It was abolished in 1947 when it was redistributed into the Compton—Frontenac and Sherbrooke electoral districts.

It was re-created in 1966 from parts of Compton—Frontenac, Mégantic and Stanstead ridings. The new riding was defined to consist of:

  • the Towns of Coaticook, Cookshire, East Angus, Lac-Mégantic, Rock Island, Scotstown and Waterville;
  • the County of Compton;
  • parts of the County of Frontenac;
  • the county of Stanstead (except the village municipality of Omerville and the township municipality of Magog); and
  • in the County of Sherbrooke: the village municipality of Compton; the township municipality of Compton; and the municipalities of Ascot Corner and Compton Station.

In 1976, it was expanded to include in the County of Stanstead: the village municipalities of Ayer's Cliff, Beebe Plain, Dixville, Hatley, North Hatley, Saint-Herménégilde and Stanstead Plain; the township municipalities of Barford, Barnston, Hatley, Hatley (West part) and Stanstead; the municipalities of Barnston West, Ogden, Sainte-Catherine-de-Hatley, Saint-Herménégilde, Saint-Mathieu-de-Dixville and Stanstead East.

It was renamed "Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead" in 1978.

In 1987, it was redefined to consist of:

  • the Towns of Coaticook, Cookshire, East Angus, Lac-Mégantic, Rock Island, Scotstown and Waterville;
  • the County of Compton;
  • in the County of Frontenac: the parish municipalities of Courcelles, Saint-Augustin-de-Woburn and Val-Racine; the Township municipality of Marston; the municipalities of Audet, Frontenac, Lac-Drolet, Milan, Nantes, Notre-Dames-des-Bois, Piopolis, Sainte-Cécile-de-Whitton, Saint-Romain, Saint-Sébastien and Stornoway;
  • in the County of Sherbrooke: the Township Municipality of Ascot; the Municipality of Ascot Corner;
  • in the County of Stanstead excluding the following: the Town of Magog; the Village Municipality of Omerville; the Township Municipality of Magog;
  • in the County of Wolfe: the village municipalities of Bishopton, Marbleton, Saint-Gérard and Weedon-Centre; the township municipalities of Dudswell, Stratford and Weedon; the municipality of Fontainebleau.

It was abolished in 1996 when it was merged into Compton—Stanstead riding.

Members of ParliamentEdit

This riding elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Compton
1st  1867–1871     John Henry Pope Liberal–Conservative
 1871–1872
2nd  1872–1874
3rd  1874–1878
4th  1878–1878
 1878–1882
5th  1882–1887
6th  1887–1889
 1889–1891     Rufus Henry Pope Conservative
7th  1891–1896
8th  1896–1900
9th  1900–1904
10th  1904–1905     Aylmer Byron Hunt Liberal
 1906–1908
11th  1908–1911
12th  1911–1917     Frederick Robert Cromwell Conservative
13th  1917–1921     Aylmer Byron Hunt Liberal
14th  1921–1925
15th  1925–1926 Joseph-Étienne Letellier de Saint-Just
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935     Samuel Gobeil Conservative
18th  1935–1940     Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette Liberal
19th  1940–1945
20th  1945–1949
Riding dissolved into Compton—Frontenac and Sherbrooke
Riding re-created from Compton—Frontenac, Mégantic and Stanstead
28th  1968–1971     Henry Latulippe Ralliement créditiste
 1971–1972     Social Credit
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1979     Claude Tessier Liberal
Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead
31st  1979–1980     Claude Tessier Liberal
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988     François Gérin Progressive Conservative
34th  1988–1993
35th  1993–1997     Maurice Bernier Bloc Québécois
Riding dissolved into Compton—Stanstead

Election resultsEdit

Compton, 1867–1949Edit

1867 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope acclaimed

By-election: On Mr. Pope's appointment as Minister of Agriculture, 25 October 1871

By-election on 11 November 1871
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope acclaimed
1872 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope acclaimed
1874 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope 1,387
Unknown H. E. Cairns 535
1878 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope 1,464
Unknown H. Leonard 796

By-election: On Mr. Pope's appointment as Minister of Agriculture, 17 October 1878

By-election on 4 November 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope acclaimed
1882 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope 1,612
Unknown H. E. Cairns 823
1887 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Henry Pope 2,157
Unknown T. B. Munro 1,333

By-election: On Mr. Pope's death, 1 April 1889

By-election on 16 May 1889
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Rufus Henry Pope acclaimed
1891 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Rufus Henry Pope 2,004
Liberal S. P. Leet 938
1896 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Rufus Henry Pope 1,948
Patrons of Industry Francis F. Wellard 1,485
1900 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Rufus Henry Pope 2,438
Liberal Geo. B. Cleveland 2,190
1904 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Aylmer Byron Hunt 2,735
Conservative Rufus Henry Pope 2,440

By-election: On election being declared void, Nov. 22, 1905

By-election on 4 January 1906
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Aylmer Byron Hunt 2,935
Conservative Rufus Henry Pope 2,585
1908 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Aylmer Byron Hunt 3,175
Conservative Rufus Henry Pope 2,781
1911 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Frederick Robert Cromwell 2,953
Liberal Aylmer Byron Hunt 2,877
1917 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Aylmer Byron Hunt 4,418
Government (Unionist) Kenneth Nicholson McIver 2,515
1921 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Aylmer Byron Hunt 7,866
Conservative Frederick Robert Cromwell 3,961
1925 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Étienne Letellier de Saint-Just 6,497
Conservative Samuel Gobeil 4,262
1926 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Étienne Letellier de Saint-Just 7,125
Conservative Samuel Gobeil 4,979
1930 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Samuel Gobeil 6,701
Liberal Joseph-Étienne Letellier de Saint-Just 6,393
1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette 7,388
Conservative Samuel Gobeil 6,374
1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette 8,012
National Government Joseph-Alfred Laforest 1,623
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette 8,007
Progressive Conservative Samuel Gobeil 3,506
Bloc populaire Aurélien Quintin 1,622
Social Credit Gérard Houle 1,065
Co-operative Commonwealth R. Barton Carr 486

Compton, 1968–1979Edit

1968 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Ralliement créditiste Henry Latulippe 11,961
Liberal Léger Cameron 8,615
Progressive Conservative Luc Bourque 3,987
New Democratic Curtis Lowry 851
1972 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Social Credit Henry Latulippe 11,636
New Democratic Duncan J. M. Graham 10,982
Liberal Claude Tessier 10,656
Progressive Conservative Guy-C. Gauvin 4,142
Independent Conrad Descoteaux 182
1974 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Claude Tessier 11,474
Social Credit Henry Latulippe 9,917
Progressive Conservative Guy Lapointe 4,407
New Democratic Duncan J. M. Graham 858

Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead, 1979–1997Edit

1979 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Claude Tessier 19,309
Social Credit Henry Latulippe 9,047
Progressive Conservative Claude G. Gosselin 7,463
New Democratic Murray Dale Powell 1,316
Union populaire Robert Huberdeau 281
1980 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Claude Tessier 21,562
Progressive Conservative Fernand Grenier 10,336
Social Credit Léonel Drouin 3,023
New Democratic Keith Taylor 1,769
Rhinoceros D. Gavroche Gosselin 1,002
1984 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative François Gérin 25,679
Liberal Claude Tessier 13,123
New Democratic Jean-Pierre Walsh 2,690
Green Andrew McCammon 454
Parti nationaliste Michel Houde 427
Social Credit Robert Bélanger 399
Commonwealth of Canada Ronald A. Javitch 51
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative François Gérin 23,246
Liberal Jean-Guy Landry 11,566
New Democratic Jean-Pierre Walsh 3,195
Social Credit Yvan Lanctot 550
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes
Bloc Québécois Maurice Bernier 17,317
Liberal Eugene Naylor 13,538
Progressive Conservative Gilles Goddard 6,042
Natural Law Jacqueline Benoît 767
New Democratic Martine Simard 495
Abolitionist Marco Bissonnette 215
National James Stewart 198

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit