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Abraham Albert Heaps (December 24, 1885 – April 4, 1954), known as A. A. Heaps, was a Canadian politician and labour leader.

A. A. Heaps
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Winnipeg North
In office
Preceded byEdward James McMurray
Succeeded byCharles Stephen Booth
Personal details
Abraham Albert Heaps

(1885-12-24)December 24, 1885
Leeds, England
DiedApril 4, 1954(1954-04-04) (aged 67)
Bournemouth, England
  • Canadian
  • English
Political party
ResidenceWinnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Born in Leeds, England, Heaps immigrated to Canada in 1911 and worked in Winnipeg as an upholsterer. He was one of the leaders of the Winnipeg general strike of 1919 and was a Labour alderman on the Winnipeg City Council from 1917 to 1925. He ran for the House of Commons of Canada as a Labour candidate in 1923 in the riding of Winnipeg North but was defeated. He was elected in the 1925 election and joined J. S. Woodsworth as the sole Labour MP in Parliament. The Liberal government of William Lyon Mackenzie King was elected with a minority government. Heaps and Woodsworth agreed to support the Liberals in exchange for the government creating Canada's first old age pension. Heaps and Woodsworth joined other left-wing MPs to form the Ginger Group.

He was a founding member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation in 1932, and was a charter member of the CCF's caucus.

1930 election leaflet

One of the few Jews in Parliament, Heaps pressured the government to allow Jewish refugees from the Nazis into Canada.

He was defeated in the 1940 election by Charles Stephen Booth from the Liberal Party due to a strong candidacy in Winnipeg North by the Communist Party's candidate.

Heaps died in England while visiting family and was buried in his birthplace of Leeds.

His son, Leo Heaps, wrote a 1984 biography about him called The Rebel in the House: The Life and Times of A.A. Heaps MP and was an unsuccessful New Democratic Party candidate in the 1979 federal election for the riding of Eglinton—Lawrence. His grandson, Adrian Heaps, was elected to Toronto City Council in 2006.


  • Abraham Heaps fonds
  • Heaps, Leo. The Rebel in the House: the Life and Times of A.A. Heaps, M[ember of Canadian] P[arliament]. London: Niccolo Publishing Co., 1970. 168 p. Without ISBN

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