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Northumberland (later known as Northumberland-Miramichi) was a federal electoral district in New Brunswick, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1988. It was replaced by Miramichi riding, which has been represented in the House of Commons since 1988. Its population in 2006 was 53,844.

Miramichi
New Brunswick electoral district
Miramichi, riding.png
Miramichi in relation to other New Brunswick federal electoral districts
Coordinates:47°04′48″N 65°43′48″W / 47.08°N 65.730°W / 47.08; -65.730Coordinates: 47°04′48″N 65°43′48″W / 47.08°N 65.730°W / 47.08; -65.730
Defunct federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
District created1867
District abolished2013
First contested1867
Last contested2011
District webpageprofile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1]51,996
Electors (2011)44,113
Area (km²)[2]14,237.62
Census divisionsKent, Northumberland, Restigouche
Census subdivisionsMiramichi, Alnwick, Hardwicke, Northesk, Blackville

Miramichi is named for the river and city of the same name.

GeographyEdit

The riding currently contains the entirety of Northumberland County, plus the Belledune area, several bedroom communities for Bathurst, and the area around Kouchibouguac National Park. The riding is mostly anglophone with a significant francophone minority.

The neighbouring ridings are Fredericton, Beauséjour, Acadie—Bathurst, Gaspésie—Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Madawaska—Restigouche, and Tobique—Mactaquac.

YearPop.±%
200163,001—    
200653,844−14.5%
201151,996−3.4%

Northumberland/Northumberland—MiramichiEdit

The riding was created in 1867 as "Northumberland" riding, but in 1914 the same name was given to a riding in Ontario. In 1955 this inconvenience was relieved by renaming the New Brunswick riding to "Northumberland—Miramichi".[3] Until 1966, Northumberland—Miramichi consisted solely of Northumberland County, but due to declining populations, parts of northern Kent County, near present-day Kouchibouguac National Park, were added. In 1987, Northumberland—Miramichi was abolished when it was redistributed into Miramichi and Beauséjour ridings.

MiramichiEdit

Miramichi riding was created in 1987 primarily from Northumberland—Miramichi riding, and incorporating parts of Acadie—Bathurst, Madawaska—Restigouche and York—Sunbury ridings.

Between 1987 and 1996, Miramichi also included a small part of York County, and in 2003, a large area to the north, including Allardville and Belledune, was added to the riding.

In 2004, there were legal problems regarding the 2003 boundaries. The following is from the Elections Canada website:

In May 2004, the Federal Court of Canada made its decision in Raîche v. Canada (Attorney General), concerning a portion of the electoral boundary between the ridings of Miramichi and Acadie—Bathurst. The Court held that in transferring certain parts of parishes from the riding of Acadie–Bathurst to Miramichi, the Federal Electoral Boundaries Commission for New Brunswick erred in its application of the rules governing the preparation of its recommendations. The new boundaries commission was created under Part I of the Inquiries Act in response to this court decision.

The current boundaries reverted to the ones used in the 1996 representation after the 2006 election. As per the 2012 federal electoral redistribution, this riding will be dissolved, with most of its territory going to the new riding of Miramichi—Grand Lake, with some parts going to Acadie—Bathurst and Madawaska—Restigouche.

Federal riding associationsEdit

Riding associations are the local branches of the national political parties:

Party Association Name CEO HQ Address HQ City
Green Miramichi Federal Green Party Association Ronald Mazerolle 223 Old Station Road Miramichi
  Conservative Party of Canada Miramichi Conservative Association Thomas Jennings 77 Travis Street Miramichi
  Liberal Party of Canada Miramichi Federal Liberal Association Robert Hutchison 2 Bridget Street Miramichi
  New Democratic Party Miramichi Federal NDP Riding Association Oscar Doucet 5064 Route 480 Acadieville

Members of ParliamentEdit

This riding elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Northumberland
1st  1867–1868     John Mercer Johnson Liberal
 1868–1872     Richard Hutchison Liberal
2nd  1872–1874     Peter Mitchell Independent
3rd  1874–1878
4th  1878–1882     Jabez Bunting Snowball Liberal
5th  1882–1887     Peter Mitchell Independent
6th  1887–1891
7th  1891–1896     Michael Adams Conservative
8th  1896–1900     James Robinson Conservative
9th  1900–1904
10th  1904–1908     W.S. Loggie Liberal
11th  1908–1911
12th  1911–1917
13th  1917–1921     Government (Unionist)
14th  1921–1924     John Morrissy Liberal
 1924–1925     William Bunting Snowball Liberal
15th  1925–1926     Charles Elijah Fish Conservative
16th  1926–1930     Charles Joseph Morrissy Liberal
17th  1930–1935     George Manning McDade Conservative
18th  1935–1940     John Patrick Barry Liberal
19th  1940–1945     Joseph Leonard O'Brien Conservative
20th  1945–1949     John William Maloney Liberal
21st  1949–1953     George Roy McWilliam Liberal
22nd  1953–1957
Northumberland—Miramichi
23rd  1957–1958     George Roy McWilliam Liberal
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963
26th  1963–1965
27th  1965–1968
28th  1968–1972     Percy Smith Liberal
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1979     Maurice Dionne Liberal
31st  1979–1980
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988     Bud Jardine Progressive Conservative
Miramichi
34th  1988–1993     Maurice Dionne Liberal
35th  1993–1997     Charles Hubbard Liberal
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
38th  2004–2006
39th  2006–2008
40th  2008–2011     Tilly O'Neill-Gordon Conservative
41st  2011–2015
Riding dissolved into Miramichi—Grand Lake, Acadie—Bathurst
and Madawaska—Restigouche

Election resultsEdit

Miramichi, 2003 Representation OrderEdit

2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Tilly O'Neill-Gordon 16,112 52.36 +10.29 $65,248.98
New Democratic Patrick Colford 7,097 23.06 +5.95 $3,027.50
Liberal Keith Vickers 6,800 22.10 -14.85 $42,704.81
Green Ron Mazerolle 735 2.39 -1.46 $1,101.75
Total valid votes/Expense limit 30,774 100.0     $80,868.15
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 348 1.12 -0.12
Turnout 31,092 71.40 +5.62
Eligible voters 43,547
Conservative hold Swing +2.17
Sources:[4][5]
2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Tilly O'Neill-Gordon 12,058 42.07 +8.00 $43,226.70
Liberal Charles Hubbard 10,590 36.95 -5.32 $29,196.67
New Democratic Donald A. Doucet 4,904 17.11 +0.19 $4,709.46
Green Todd Smith 1,105 3.85 +2.07 none listed
Total valid votes/Expense limit 28,657 100.0     $78,462
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 360 1.24 +0.17
Turnout 29,017 65.78 -7.94
Eligible voters 44,113
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.66
2006 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Charles Hubbard 13,960 42.27 -5.81 $33,385.25
Conservative Michael Morrison 11,250 34.07 +5.04 $62,777.69
New Democratic Jeannette Manuel-Allain 5,587 16.92 -1.46 $4,683.49
Independent Danny Gay 1,640 4.97 $6,252.33
Green John Bethell 587 1.78 -2.73 none listed
Total valid votes/Expense limit 33,024 100.0     $73,328
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 359 1.07 -1.45
Turnout 33,383 73.72
Eligible voters 45,284
Liberal hold Swing +5.42
2004 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Charles Hubbard 15,647 48.08 -1.19 $30,788.14
Conservative Michael Morrison 9,448 29.03 -9.81 $36,154.69
New Democratic Hilaire Rousselle 5,980 18.38 +6,49 $251.16
Green Garry Sanipass 1,468 4.51 $2,119.41
Total valid votes/Expense limit 32,543 100.0     $73,799
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 841 2.52
Turnout 33,384 65.42 -3.27
Eligible voters 51,027
Liberal notional hold Swing +4.31
Changes from 2000 are based on redistributed results. Change for the Conservative Party is based on the combined results of its predecessors, the Progressive Conservatives and the Canadian Alliance.
2000 federal election redistributed results
Party Vote %
  Liberal 17,109 49.27
  Progressive Conservative 8,000 23.04
  Alliance 5,487 15.80
  New Democratic 4,130 11.89

Miramichi, previous electionsEdit

2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hubbard 17,047 51.44 +10.99
Progressive Conservative David Kelly 8,341 25.17 -5.53
Alliance Ken Clark 5,298 15.99 +2.43
New Democratic Allan Goodfellow 2,453 7.40 -7.89
Total valid votes 33,139 100.00

Change for the Canadian Alliance from 1997 are based on the results of its predecessor, the Reform Party.

1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hubbard 13,924 40.45 -20.54
Progressive Conservative Fernand Gibbs 10,570 30.70 +7.80
New Democratic Allan Goodfellow 5,263 15.29 +10.18
Reform Paul Doyle 4,668 13.56 +3.58
Total valid votes 34,425 100.00
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Hubbard 18,733 60.99 +10.18
Progressive Conservative Peter Murphy 7,035 22.90 -9.53
Reform Paul Doyle 3,064 9.98 Ø
New Democratic Gordon Alliston 1,570 5.11 -0.98
Canada Party Wilmot Ross 314 1.02 Ø
Total valid votes 30,716 100.00

Northumberland—Miramichi, 1957 - 1988Edit

1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maurice Dionne 14,073 50.81 +13.12
Progressive Conservative Bud Jardine 8,983 32.43 -21.51
Confederation of Regions Arch Pafford 2,954 10.67 Ø
New Democratic Frank Clancy 1,686 6.09 -2.28
Total valid votes 27,696 100.00
1984 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Bud Jardine 17,134 53.94 +26.11
Liberal Maurice Dionne 11,971 37.69 -17.10
New Democratic Jerry Dunnett 2,660 8.37 -9.01
Total valid votes 31,765 100.00
1980 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maurice Dionne 14,799 54.79 +7.06
Progressive Conservative Robert McAllister 7,517 27.83 -7.22
New Democratic Jerry Dunnett 4,694 17.38 +0.15
Total valid votes 27,010
1979 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maurice Dionne 12,893 47.73 -4.95
Progressive Conservative John Trevors 9,467 35.05 -1.02
New Democratic Jerry Dunnett 4,653 17.23 +7.66
Total valid votes 27,013 100.00
1974 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maurice Dionne 12,648 52.68 +5.43
Progressive Conservative John Trevors 8,661 36.07 -2.90
New Democratic Ray LeBreton 2,297 9.57 -0.90
Social Credit Fernand Sonier 405 1.69 -1.62
Total valid votes 24,011 100.00
1972 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Smith 10,922 47.25 -5.71
Progressive Conservative Robert McAllister 9,007 38.97 -1.44
New Democratic Ray LeBreton 2,419 10.47 +3.83
Social Credit Joseph Goguen 765 3.31 Ø
Total valid votes 23,113 100.00
1968 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Percy Smith 10,292 52.96 +1.31
Progressive Conservative Bernard Flam 7,853 40.41 +5.15
New Democratic Edward Quinn 1,290 6.64 -6.45
Total valid votes 19,435 100.00
1965 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Roy McWilliam 9,564 51.65 -4.91
Progressive Conservative Wilson Weldon 6,529 35.26 +0.12
New Democratic Ronald Kelly 2424 13.09 +8.39
Total valid votes 18,517 100.00
1963 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Roy McWilliam 10,148 56.56 +3.96
Progressive Conservative Adé Theriault 6,305 35.14 -2.16
New Democratic John Currie 844 4.70 -1.41
Social Credit Fidèle Bourque 646 3.60 -0.39
Total valid votes 17,943 100.00
1962 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Roy McWilliam 9,899 52.60 +0.16
Progressive Conservative Edward Leggatt 7,020 37.30 -10.26
New Democratic John Currie 1,150 6.11 Ø
Social Credit Wilton Newell 750 3.99 Ø
Total valid votes 18,819 100.00
1958 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Roy McWilliam 10,206 52.44 -1.11
Progressive Conservative John Leroy Betts 9,257 47.56 +6.16
Total valid votes 19,463 100.00

Northumberland, 1867 - 1957Edit

1957 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Roy McWilliam 8,582 53.55 -10.78
Progressive Conservative Joseph Ryan 6,635 41.40 +10.60
Co-operative Commonwealth Paul Lordon 808 5.04 +0.17
Total valid votes 16,025 100.00
1953 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Roy McWilliam 10,666 64.33 +8.70
Progressive Conservative George Somers 5,107 30.80 -8.66
Co-operative Commonwealth Paul Lordon 808 4.87 +2.97
Total valid votes 16,581 100.00
1949 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Roy McWilliam 9,840 55.63 -6.66
Progressive Conservative Benjamin Cleland 6,980 39.46 +1.75
Independent Elmer MacKinnon 533 3.01 Ø
Co-operative Commonwealth Paul Hansen 336 1.90 Ø
Total valid votes 17,689 100.00
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John William Maloney 8,507 62.29 +22.97
Progressive Conservative Joseph Leonard O'Brien 5,149 37.71 -2.20
Total valid votes 13,656 100.00
1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Leonard O'Brien 5,149 39.91 +16.01
Liberal John William Maloney 5,072 39.32 -16.67
Independent Liberal John Patrick Barry 2,679 20.77 -35.52
Total valid votes 12,900 100.00
1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Patrick Barry 7,662 56.29 +15.24
Conservative John Creaghan 3,253 23.90 -35.05
Reconstruction Frances Fish 2,697 19.81 Ø
Total valid votes 13,612 100.00
1930 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Manning McDade 8,095 58.95 +11.11
Liberal George Burchill 5,637 41.05 -11.11
Total valid votes 13,732 100.00
1926 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Joseph Morrissy 6,201 52.16 +10.68
Conservative Charles Elijah Fish 5,687 47.84 -10.68
Total valid votes 11,888 100.00
1925 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Elijah Fish 5,331 58.52 +11.23
Liberal Frederick Tweedie 3,779 41.48 -11.23
Total valid votes 9,110 100.00


Canadian federal by-election, 7 October 1924
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
On John Morrissy's death, 31 July 1924
Liberal William Bunting Snowball 6,222 52.71 -3.22
Conservative Clifford Patrick Hickey 5,583 47.29 +3.22
Total valid votes 11,805 100.00
1921 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morrissy 6,706 55.93 +12.28
Conservative Edward McCurdy 5,285 44.07 -12.28
Total valid votes 11,991 100.00
1917 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Government (Unionist) William Stewart Loggie 4,648 56.35 +9.69
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) John Morrissy 3,601 43.65 -9.69
Total valid votes 8,249 100.00

Unionist candidate W.S. Loggie's change from 1911 is based on the Conservative Party's results. He personally had no change in vote percentage.

1911 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Stewart Loggie 3,128 53.34 -4.97
Conservative Donald Morrison 2,736 46.66 +4.97
Total valid votes 5,864 100.00
1908 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Stewart Loggie 3,223 58.31 +5.40
Conservative Donald Morrison 2,304 41.69 -5.40
Total valid votes 5,527 100.00
1904 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Stewart Loggie 2,589 52.91 +6.78
Conservative James Robinson 2,304 47.09 -6.78
Total valid votes 4,893 100.00
1900 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Robinson 2225 53.87 +5.53
Liberal John Morrissy 1905 46.13 +8.81
Total valid votes 4130 100.00

Change for Liberal candidate John Morrissy are based on the 1896 Liberal Party's results. His personal vote increased by 31.79% over his 1896 result running as an independent candidate.

1896 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Robinson 2,225 48.34 -7.71
Liberal Peter Mitchell 1,718 37.32 -6.63
Independent John Morrissy 660 14.34 Ø
Total valid votes 4,603 100.00


Canadian federal by-election, 6 February 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
On Mr. Adams being called to the Senate, 7-1-1896
Conservative James Robinson acclaimed NA NA
1891 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Adams 2,192 56.05 +15.88
Independent Liberal Peter Mitchell 1,719 43.95 -15.88
Total valid votes 3,911 100.00
1887 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal Peter Mitchell 2,271 59.83 n/a
Conservative Michael Adams 1,525 40.17 Ø
Total valid votes 3796 100.00


Canadian federal by-election, 5 February 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Mitchell resigned his seat and re-offered after being accused of violating the Independence of Parliament Act by leasing a building to the government while he was a senator.
Independent Peter Mitchell acclaimed n/a n/a
1882 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Peter Mitchell acclaimed n/a n/a
1878 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Jabez Bunting Snowball 1,585 53.38 +14.92
Independent Peter Mitchell 1,384 46.62 -14.92
Total valid votes 2,969 100.00
1874 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Peter Mitchell 1,312 61.54 n/a
Unknown Jabez Bunting Snowball 820 38.46 Ø
Total valid votes 2,132 100.00
1872 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Peter Mitchell acclaimed n/a n/a


Canadian federal by-election, 24 December 1868
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
On the death of John Mercer Johnson, 11 August 1868
Liberal Richard Hutchison 1,133 55.90 -5.93
Unknown ? Gough 894 44.10 Ø
Total valid votes 2,027 100.00
1867 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal John Mercer Johnson 1,226 61.83
Unknown Thomas F. Gillespie 757 38.17
Total valid votes 1,983 100.00

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "(Code 13006) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  • Campaign expense data from Elections Canada
  • Map of Miramichi riding archived by Elections Canada

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

NotesEdit