35th Canadian Parliament
The 35th Canadian Parliament was in session from January 17, 1994, until April 27, 1997. The membership was set by the 1993 federal election on October 25, 1993, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1997 election.
|35th Parliament of Canada|
|January 17, 1994– April 27, 1997|
|Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien|
(26th Canadian Ministry)
November 4, 1993 – December 12, 2003
|Leader of the|
|Hon. Lucien Bouchard|
October 25, 1993 – January 14, 1996
|Hon. Gilles Duceppe (interim)|
January 15, 1996 – February 16, 1996
|Hon. Michel Gauthier|
February 17, 1996 – March 14, 1997
|Hon. Gilles Duceppe (2nd time)|
March 15, 1997 – June 23, 1997
|Third party||Reform Party|
|Unrecognized||New Democratic Party|
|Progressive Conservative Party*|
|* Party only held official party status in the Senate.|
|House of Commons|
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
|Speaker of the|
|Hon. Gilbert Parent|
January 17, 1994 – January 28, 2001
|Hon. Herb Gray|
November 4, 1993 – April 27, 1997
|Hon. Michel Gauthier|
November 10, 1993 – February 17, 1996
|Hon. Gilles Duceppe|
February 18, 1996 – March 16, 1997
|Hon. Suzanne Tremblay|
March 17, 1997 – April 25, 1996
|Members||295 MP seats|
List of members
|Speaker of the|
|Hon. Roméo LeBlanc|
December 7, 1993 – November 21, 1994
|Hon. Gildas Molgat|
November 22, 1994 – January 25, 2001
|Hon. Joyce Fairbairn|
November 4, 1993 – June 10, 1997
|Hon. John Lynch-Staunton|
December 15, 1993 – September 30, 2004
|Senators||104 senator seats|
List of senators
January 14, 1994 – February 2, 1996
February 27, 1996 – April 27, 1997
It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and the 26th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Bloc Québécois, led first by Lucien Bouchard, then by Michel Gauthier, and finally by Gilles Duceppe.
There were two sessions of the 35th Parliament:
|1st||January 17, 1994||February 2, 1996|
|2nd||February 27, 1996||April 27, 1997|
The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:
|Affiliation||House Members||Senate Members|
|At dissolution||On election
|Liberal Party of Canada||177||174||41||51|
|New Democratic Party||9||9||0||0|
|Progressive Conservative Party of Canada||2||2||58||50|
Members of the House of Commons
Members of the House of Commons in the 35th parliament arranged by province.
- * Brian Tobin left parliament in 1996 to become premier of Newfoundland; Gerry Byrne was elected to replace him in a by-election.
- ** Bill Rompkey was appointed to the Senate in September 1995; Lawrence O'Brien was elected to replace him in a by-election in 1996.
Prince Edward Island
- * Gaston Péloquin died in a car accident in 1994, and was replaced by Denis Paradis in a by-election on February 13, 1995.
- ** Lucien Bouchard left parliament in 1995 to become premier of Quebec; Stéphan Tremblay is elected to replace him in a by-election.
- *** Nic Leblanc left the Bloc Québécois and sat as an "independent sovereigntist" on March 17, 1997.
- **** Bernard St-Laurent left the Bloc Québécois and sat as an Independent on March 5, 1997.
- ***** André Ouellet was appointed head of Canada Post, and was replaced by Pierre Pettigrew in a by-election on March 25, 1996.
- ****** David Berger was appointed Canadian Ambassador to Israel and high commissioner to Cyprus in 1994, and was replaced by Lucienne Robillard in a by-election on February 13, 1995.
- ******* Shirley Maheu was appointed to the Senate, and was replaced by Stéphane Dion also in a by-election on March 26, 1996.
- * Dennis Mills quit the Liberal caucus to sit as an Independent Liberal in May 1996, but returned to the party in August of the same year.
- ** Roy MacLaren was appointed High Commissioner of Canada to the United Kingdom, and his seat was filled by Roy Cullen in a by-election in 1996.
- *** Jag Bhaduria was expelled from the Liberal Party for falsifying his credentials.
- **** Jean-Robert Gauthier was appointed to the Senate in 1994, and replaced by Mauril Bélanger in a by-election in 1995.
- ***** John Nunziata was expelled from the Liberal Party for voting against the 1996 budget on April 16 of that year, and sat for the rest of the session as an Independent.
- * Jan Brown was suspended from the Reform Party, and then quit the party to sit as an Independent Reform member.
|Western Arctic||Ethel Blondin-Andrew||Liberal|
|Yukon||Audrey McLaughlin||New Democrat|
- Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.
- Government of Canada. "26th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
- Government of Canada. "35th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
- Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
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- Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Party Standings (1974 to date): At the Senate". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
- Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
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