Historical federal electoral districts of Canada

This is a list of past arrangements of Canada's electoral districts. Each district sends one member to the House of Commons of Canada. In 1999 and 2003, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario was elected using the same districts within that province. 96 of Ontario's 107 provincial electoral districts, roughly those outside Northern Ontario, remain coterminous with their federal counterparts.

Federal electoral districts in Canada are re-adjusted every ten years based on the Canadian census and proscribed by various constitutional seat guarantees, including the use of a Grandfather clause, for Quebec, the Central Prairies and the Maritime provinces, with the essential proportions between the remaining provinces being "locked" no matter any further changes in relative population as have already occurred. Any major changes to the status quo, if proposed, would require constitutional amendments approved by seven out of ten provinces with two-thirds of the population to ratify constitutional changes allowing changes in the existing imbalance of seats between various provinces. During the 2012 federal electoral redistribution, an attempt was made to get around this by adding additional seats. These 30 new seats are the largest increase in the number of seats at any single redistribution since confederation.

Provincial allocationsEdit

Province 1867 1872 1874 1882 1887 1896 1904 1908 1917 1925 1935 1949 1953 1968 1979 1988 1997 2004 2015
Newfoundland 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Prince Edward Island 6 6 6 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Nova Scotia 19 21 21 21 21 20 18 18 16 14 12 13 12 11 11 11 11 11 11
New Brunswick 15 16 16 16 16 14 13 13 11 11 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Quebec 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 73 75 74 75 75 75 75 78
Ontario 82 88 88 92 92 92 86 86 82 82 82 83 85 88 95 99 103 106 121
Manitoba 4 4 5 5 7 10 10 15 17 17 16 14 13 14 14 14 14 14
Saskatchewan 10 16 21 21 20 17 13 14 14 14 14 14
Alberta 7 12 16 17 17 17 19 21 26 26 28 34
British Columbia 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 13 14 16 18 22 23 28 32 34 36 42
Territories 4 4 11 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 3
Total 181 200 206 211 215 213 214 221 235 245 245 262 265 264 282 295 301 308 338

ListEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit