Latin American Canadians
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Latin American Canadians (French: Canadiens d'Amérique latine; Portuguese: Canadenses da América Latina; Spanish: Canadienses Latinoamericanos) are Canadians who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America. The majority of Latin American Canadians are multilingual, primarily speaking Spanish or Portuguese. Most are fluent in one or both of Canada's two official languages, English and French. Spanish, Portuguese and French are Romance languages and share some similarities in morphology and syntax.
(all, 2016 Census)
1.3% of the total Canadian population (2016)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, Leamington, London, Kitchener, Winnipeg, Brandon, Laval, Burnaby, Sherbrooke, Red Deer|
|Canadian English, Canadian French, Latin American Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese|
|Predominantly Christianity (Roman Catholicism; minority Protestantism)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Latin Americans, Spanish Canadians, Portuguese Canadians, Hispanic and Latino Americans|
Latin Americans comprise a heterogeneous variation of ancestral and racial origins that span from South and North America to Europe, Africa, and Asia. Therefore, a Latin American can be of any Latin American ancestry but the most frequent ancestral backgrounds found in the region are Whites, Mestizos, and Indigenous Americans. Blacks, Arabs and Asians are also common.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 2.1 Latin American population of Canada by census year
- 2.2 Latin American Canadian population in Canada by province or territory according to the Census
- 2.3 Immigration
- 2.4 List of Canadian census subdivisions with Latin American populations higher than the national average
- 3 List of notable Latin American Canadians
- 4 Cultural adjustment
- 5 2008 Montreal riots
- 6 See also
- 7 References
The majority of Latin American Canadians are recent immigrants who arrived in the late 20th century from Mexico, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, and Brazil, with smaller communities from Chile, Venezuela, Argentina, Cuba, Guatemala, and elsewhere, with nearly all Latin American countries represented. Reasons for immigrating include Canada's better economic opportunities and politics or civil war and political repression in their native countries, as in the case of Cubans fleeing from the Fidel Castro revolution, Chileans escaping from Augusto Pinochet's rule, Salvadorans fleeing from the Salvadoran Civil War, Peruvians escaping from the Juan Velasco Alvarado dictatorship, Dominicans opposed to the regimes of Rafael Trujillo and Joaquin Balaguer, Mexicans escaping from the Mexican Drug War, Colombians and Brazilians from the violence in their country, and Venezuelans opposed to the rule of the Socialist Unity Party.
The largest Latin American Canadian communities are in the census metropolitan areas of Toronto (99,290), Montreal (75,400), Vancouver (22,695), Calgary (13,415), and Ottawa (10,630), and there are rapidly growing ones in the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia.
Latin American population of Canada by census yearEdit
|Census||Latin American population||Change from previous census||Total Canadian population||Change from previous census||Latin American population (%)|
Latin American Canadian population in Canada by province or territory according to the CensusEdit
|Province||Latin Americans 2001||% 2001||Latin Americans 2011||% 2011||Latin Americans 2016||% 2016|
|Prince Edward Island||75||0.1%||235||0.2%||255||0.2%|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||80||0.0%||185||0.0%||635||0.1%|
|Latin Americans in Canada by country of origin (2016)|
|Region||Number of immigrants||% of Latin American immigrants||% of total immigrant population|
|Total Latin American immigrant population||423,585||100%||5.5%|
|Total immigrant population||7,482,860||N/A||100%|
- a The number of Dominican Republic immigrants compared to Dominica immigrants is not specified, due to both countries using the term "Dominican".
List of Canadian census subdivisions with Latin American populations higher than the national averageEdit
- Greater Vancouver A (2.1%)
- Burnaby (2%)
- New Westminster (1.8%)
- Vancouver (1.8%)
- Port Moody (1.7%)
- Coquitlam (1.6%)
- Brandon (5%)
- Bradford (3.4%)
- Leamington (3%)
- Toronto (2.9%)
- Kitchener (2.6%)
- Brampton (2.4%)
- London (2.4%)
- Milton (2.4%)
- Vaughan (2.4%)
- Mississauga (2.3%)
- Oakville (1.9%)
- St. Catharines (1.7%)
- Hamilton (city) (1.6%)
List of notable Latin American CanadiansEdit
- Addictiv, R&B singer
- Lindi Ortega, singer-songwriter
- Eva Avila, pop singer and 2006 Canadian Idol winner
- Marco Castillo, singer-songwriter
- Boogat, rapper
- Fito Blanko, tropical/urban singer-songwriter, born in Panama
- Keshia Chanté, R&B singer and co-host of BET's 106 & Park
- José Miguel Contreras, rock musician and lead vocalist of By Divine Right
- John Paul Ospina, singer
- Criollo, hip-hop group
- Beto Cuevas, rock musician and former lead vocalist of La Ley
- Lhasa de Sela, folk musician
- Carlos del Junco, harmonica player, member of the Cuban del Junco family
- Quique Escamilla, Mexican-born musician
- Carole Facal, rock musician
- Alberto Guerrero, music composer and pianist, born in Chile
- DJ Kemo, producer and DJ for hip-hop group Rascalz
- Tom Landa, Mexican-born folk-rock musician
- Oscar Lopez, flamenco musician, born in Chile
- Adonis Puentes, singer-songwriter
- Alexis Puentes, musician known by the stage name Alex Cuba
- Jessie Reyez, singer-songwriter
- Alejandra Ribera, singer-songwriter
- Eliana Cuevas, singer-songwriter
- Quilla, singer-songwriter.
- Rodrigo Bascuñán, author and journalist, born in Chile
- Gloria Escomel, writer and journalist born in Uruguay
- Gabriela Etcheverry, poet and novelist, born in Chile
- José Latour, novelist, born in Cuba.
- Camila Reimer, novelista , born in Chile publishing my books in English and Spanish. Not all my work has been translated, of course.
- Alma Mancilla, novelist, born in Toluca, Mexico. Winner of the Benemérito de las Américas Literary Award (Student Category (2001), the Gilberto Owen National Literary Award (2011), the Ignacio Manuel Altamirano International Narrative Award (2015) and José Rubén Romero National Novel Award (2018).
- Juan Chioran, stage actor, born in Argentina
- Tasya Teles, actress
- Guillermo Del Toro, film director (of Mexican Descent)
- Carlos Díaz, television and film actor, born in Chile
- Ona Grauer, television and film actress, born in Mexico
- Flora Martínez, actress
- Emma Rabbe, television and film actress
- Klea Scott, television and film actress, born in Panama
- Jorgito Vargas, Jr., actor (of Bolivian and Argentinian descent)
- Michael Mando, film and television actor (of Mexican descent).
- Juan Guaido, political activist & politician (of Velenzuelan Descent)
- Pierre Alarie, Ambassador (of Mexican Dsecent)
- Martin Vizcarra, politician (of Peruvian Descent)
- Paulina Ayala, former MP for Honoré-Mercier (New Democratic Party), born in Chile
- Estefania Cortes-Vargas, Canadian politician, elected in the Alberta general election, 2015 to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, representing the electoral district of Strathcona-Sherwood Park, born in Colombia
- Joseph Facal, former minister in Quebec (Parti Québécois), born in Uruguay
- Miguel Figueroa, leader and President of the Communist Party of Canada
- Andrés Fontecilla, leader of Québec solidaire, born in Chile
- Rod Loyola, Canadian politician, elected in the Alberta general election, 2015 to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, representing the electoral district of Edmonton-Ellerslie, born in Chile
- Sergio Marchi, former MP (Liberal Party of Canada), born in Argentina
- Ricardo Miranda, Canadian politician, elected in the Alberta general election, 2015 to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, representing the electoral district of Calgary-Cross, born in Nicaragua
- Osvaldo Nunez, former MP (Bloc Québécois), born in Chile
- Cesar Palacio, first Hispanic person elected to the Toronto City Council, born in Ecuador
- Saul Polo, MNA in Quebec, born in Colombia
- Pablo Rodríguez, MP for Honoré-Mercier (Liberal Party of Canada), born in Argentina
- Vic Toews, Member of Parliament for Provencher (Conservative Party of Canada), born in Paraguay
- Juan Carlos Valera, politician
- Mario Abdo Benitez, politician
- Ted Cruz, U.S.senator from Texas.
Science and technologyEdit
- Ivar Mendez, MD surgeon, Professor and Chairman of Surgery at the University of Saskatchewan, born in Bolivia
- Manuel Buchwald, geneticist and academic, born in Peru
- Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, electronic artist, born in Mexico.
- Dan DaSilva, ice hockey
- Michel Acosta, professional soccer player, born in Uruguay
- Oscar Albuquerque, former professional soccer player, born in Peru
- Keven Aleman, professional soccer player, born in Costa Rica
- Manny Aparicio, professional soccer player, born in Argentina
- Mauro Biello, former professional soccer player, current assistant coach of the Montreal Impact
- Marco Bustos, professional soccer player
- Sergio Camargo, professional soccer player, born in Colombia
- Miguel Cañizalez, professional soccer player, born in El Salvador
- Lucas Cavallini, professional soccer player
- Carly Colón, professional wrestler, born in Puerto Rico via Canadian mother
- Oscar Cordon, professional soccer player
- Marco Dominguez, professional soccer player
- Andres Fresenga, professional soccer player
- Kianz Froese, professional soccer player, born in Cuba
- Manny Gomez, professional soccer player, born in Argentina
- Cristián Gutiérrez, professional soccer player
- Juan Cruz Mascia, professional soccer player
- Rosa Mendes, WWE Diva and professional wrestler
- Juan Mendez, professional basketball player
- Ivan Menjivar, mixed martial artist
- Arturo Miranda, professional diver, born in Cuba
- David Monsalve, professional soccer player
- Cristian Nuñez, professional soccer player
- Jonathan Osorio, professional soccer player
- Carlos Patino, professional soccer player, born in Colombia
- Willi Plett, professional hockey player, NHL
- Robyn Regehr, professional hockey player, NHL
- Bryce Salvador, professional hockey player, NHL
- Davis Sanchez, professional football player, CFL and NFL
- Isidro Sánchez Macip, professional soccer player, born in Mexico
- O. J. Santiago, professional football player, NFL and CFL
- Eduardo Sebrango, former professional soccer player, born in Cuba
- Oscar Taveras, late professional baseball player in MLB, born in the Dominican Republic
- Raffi Torres, professional hockey player, NHL.
In 2002, 82% of those who reported Latin American origin said they had a strong sense of belonging to Canada. At the same time, 57% said that they had a strong sense of belonging to their ethnic or cultural group.
People with Latin American origins are also active in Canadian society. For example, 66% of Canadians of Latin American origin who were eligible to vote did so in the 2000 federal election.
2008 Montreal riotsEdit
The Latin American community of Quebec was brought into the spotlight when 18-year-old Honduran immigrant Fredy Alberto Villanueva was shot and killed by police officers of the SPVM on 9 August 2008. The following day, what started out as a peaceful protest against the officers' actions in the borough of Montréal-Nord erupted into a riot in which neighborhood stores were looted, several cars and garbage cans were set on fire, one paramedic and two police officers were wounded and one female police officer was shot.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Statistics Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada Highlight Tables, 2006 Census". www12.statcan.ca.
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
- , Total Population by Visible Minority Population(1), for Canada, Provinces and Territories, 1996
- , 2001 Community Profiles
- , National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
- Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Immigrant population by selected places of birth, admission category and period of immigration, Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and areas outside of census metropolitan areas, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- , Canada 2016 Census Profile, 2016
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2013-08-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)