The Legislative Assembly of Alberta (French: Assemblée législative de l'Alberta) is the deliberative assembly of the province of Alberta, Canada. It sits in the Alberta Legislature Building in Edmonton. Since 2012 the Legislative Assembly has had 87 members, elected first past the post from single-member electoral districts. Bills passed by the Legislative Assembly are given royal assent by the lieutenant governor of Alberta, as the viceregal representative of the King of Canada. The Legislative Assembly and the Lieutenant Governor together make up the unicameral Alberta Legislature.
Legislative Assembly of Alberta
|31st Alberta Legislature|
|Founded||September 9, 1905|
|Preceded by||North-West Legislative Assembly|
Government House Leader
Opposition House Leader
|May 29, 2023|
|On or before May 31, 2027|
|Alberta Legislature Building, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada|
The maximum period between general elections of the assembly, as set by Section 4 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is five years, which is further reinforced in Alberta's Legislative Assembly Act. Convention dictates the premier controls the date of election and usually selects a date in the fourth or fifth year after the preceding election. Amendments to Alberta's Elections Act introduced in 2021 fixed the date of election to between the last Monday in May in the fourth calendar year following the preceding election. Alberta has never had a minority government and an election as a result of a vote of no confidence has never occurred.
To be a candidate for election to the assembly, a person must be a Canadian citizen older than 18 who has lived in Alberta for at least six months before the election and has registered with Elections Alberta under the Election Finances and Contributions Disclosure Act. Senators, senators-in-waiting, members of the House of Commons, and criminal inmates are ineligible.
The first session of the first Legislature of Alberta opened on March 15, 1906, in the Thistle Rink, Edmonton, north of Jasper Avenue. After the speech from the throne, the assembly held its sessions in the McKay Avenue School. In this school Alberta MLAs chose the provincial capital, Edmonton, and the future site for the Alberta Legislature Building: the bank of the North Saskatchewan River. Allan Merrick Jeffers, a graduate of the Rhode Island School of Design was the architect who was chosen to build the assembly building. In September 1912 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada, declared the building officially open.
Current members edit
Standings during 31st Assembly edit
The 31st Alberta Legislative Assembly was constituted after the general election on May 29, 2023. The United Conservative Party, led by incumbent Premier Danielle Smith, formed the government with a reduced majority. The New Democrats, led by former Premier Rachel Notley, won the second most seats and formed the official opposition.
|2023 general election||Current|
Seating plan edit
- Party leaders are italicized. Bold indicates cabinet minister.
- "Legislative Assembly of Alberta". www.assembly.ab.ca.
- The Alberta Act, 4-5 Edw. VII , c. 3 (Canada), s. 12 .
- Legislative Assembly Act, RSA 2000, c. L-9, s. 3(1)
- Election Act, RSA 2000, c. E-1, s. 38.1(2)
- Election Act, RSA 2000, c. E-1, s. 56
- "History of the building". www.alberta.ca.
- "McDougall Centre". www.alberta.ca.
- "Citizens Guide" (PDF). www.assembly.ab.ca.
- "Jeffers, Allan Merrick - Alberta On Record". albertaonrecord.ca.
- "Alberta Legislature". Alberta Legislature - Explore Edmonton.
- "Legislative Assembly of Alberta". www.assembly.ab.ca. Retrieved 17 May 2023.
- "Danielle Smith's UCP holds onto power in Alberta". Edmonton. 2023-05-29. Retrieved 2023-11-06.
- "Chamber Seating Plan". www.assembly.ab.ca. Retrieved 2023-11-01.