Terrebonne, Quebec

Terrebonne (French pronunciation: ​[tɛʁbɔn]) is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is located in the North Shore region of the Montreal area, north of Laval across the Rivière des Mille-Îles.

Ville de Terrebonne
Terrebonne-rue St-Pierre.jpg
Coat of arms of Terrebonne
Location (red) within Les Moulins RCM.
Location (red) within Les Moulins RCM.
Terrebonne is located in Central Quebec
Location in central Quebec.
Terrebonne is located in Greater Montreal
Location of Terrebonne in Greater Montreal
Coordinates: 45°42′N 73°38′W / 45.700°N 73.633°W / 45.700; -73.633Coordinates: 45°42′N 73°38′W / 45.700°N 73.633°W / 45.700; -73.633[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RCMLes Moulins
ConstitutedJune 27, 2001
 • MayorMathieu Traversy[2]
 • Governing BodyTerrebonne City Council
 • Federal ridingTerrebonne
 • Prov. ridingL'Assomption / Masson / Terrebonne
 • Total158.60 km2 (61.24 sq mi)
 • Land154.74 km2 (59.75 sq mi)
 • Total119,944
 • Density687.1/km2 (1,780/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006–2011
Increase 12.3%
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579

Route 125
Route 337
Route 344

This city is divided in three sectors, namely Lachenaie, La Plaine and Terrebonne. In the past, these sectors were distinct cities, but, on 22 August 2001, they merged under the name of Terrebonne. According to the 2021 Canadian Census Terrebonne has a population of 119,944,[6] making it Montreal's third largest suburb and the largest city on the North Shore.


Terrebonne in 1810

The town of Lachenaie, which was founded in 1683 by Lord Charles Aubert de Lachenaye, is the oldest of the three towns that were merged.[citation needed] Some natives were already present on this territory at the time. The colonisation really started in 1647 when Lachenaie was merged with the Repentigny Seigniory. Louis Lepage de Ste-Claire, priest, canon, and the son of René Lepage de Sainte-Claire, acquired the Seigniory of Terrebonne on 2 September 1720. Abbot Louis Lepage de Ste-Claire built the first church in 1734 and the first manor in 1735. A few years later, Abbot Lepage equipped the town with both a saw mill and a flour mill.

The town of La Plaine was founded in 1830 on fragments of other towns, namely Mascouche, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Saint-Lin, and Terrebonne. At that time, the lords of Terrebonne and Lachenaie built the road named "chemin de la Grande Ligne" to join the two towns. It is now called the boulevard Laurier. In 1877, the rail system was developed and stimulated the economic growth. The village of Saint-Joachim was founded during that time, which was later, in 1920, to be renamed La Plaine.

The first lord of Terrebonne was André Daulier-Deslandes, who was granted his title in 1673. Following the construction of the first wooden bridge in 1834, two main areas emerged. The commercial area was Terrebonne, while the agricultural one was Saint-Louis de Terrebonne. In 1985, these two cities merged.

At the time of the municipal merger in late August 2001, Lachenaie had over 20,000 residents, La Plaine had 17,000 residents, and Terrebonne had almost 46,000 residents. This merger made Terrebonne the 10th largest city in Quebec. Ten years later, the city had around 106,322 citizens on 154.6 km2 (59.7 sq mi) of land, according to the 2011 Canadian Census.[4]


Terrebonne is connected to Montreal's Central Station by commuter rail via the Terrebonne station of the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM) Mascouche line.

The city of Terrebonne is also equipped with a bus network, also operated by the RTM, which enables residents to reach several metro stations both in Laval and Montreal, amongst many other locations. Some examples include bus line 30 (or 30G), which brings inhabitants of Terrebonne to the Radisson metro station on Sherbrooke Street East, bus line 19 (or 19G), which reaches Montmorency metro station in Laval, and bus line 25, whose terminal stop is at the Henri-Bourassa metro station.


Historical Census Data - Terrebonne, Quebec[7]
(A) adjustment due to boundary change

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Terrebonne had a population of 119,944 living in 45,247 of its 46,056 total private dwellings, a change of 7.5% from its 2016 population of 111,575. With a land area of 153.76 km2 (59.37 sq mi), it had a population density of 780.1/km2 (2,020.4/sq mi) in 2021.[8]

Canada census – Terrebonne, Quebec community profile
Population106,322 (+12.3% from 2006)
Land area154.74 km2 (59.75 sq mi)
Population density687.1/km2 (1,780/sq mi)
Median age37.1 (M: 36.6, F: 37.5)
Total private dwellings40,282
Median household income$68,841
References: 2011[4] earlier[9][10]


Panethnic groups in the City of Terrebonne (2001−2021)
2021[11] 2016[12] 2011[13] 2006[14] 2001[15]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
European[a] 95,815 81.17% 96,525 87.07% 96,875 91.73% 90,925 96.33% 41,980 98.19%
African 12,985 11% 7,965 7.19% 4,710 4.46% 1,260 1.33% 310 0.73%
Middle Eastern[b] 3,305 2.8% 1,975 1.78% 1,195 1.13% 350 0.37% 85 0.2%
Latin American 2,545 2.16% 1,870 1.69% 1,340 1.27% 850 0.9% 125 0.29%
Indigenous 1,560 1.32% 1,230 1.11% 740 0.7% 560 0.59% 130 0.3%
Southeast Asian[c] 765 0.65% 630 0.57% 260 0.25% 135 0.14% 30 0.07%
East Asian[d] 470 0.4% 425 0.38% 230 0.22% 235 0.25% 95 0.22%
South Asian 260 0.22% 80 0.07% 105 0.1% 15 0.02% 0 0%
Other[e] 335 0.28% 150 0.14% 145 0.14% 50 0.05% 0 0%
Total responses 118,045 98.42% 110,855 99.35% 105,605 99.33% 94,385 99.66% 42,755 99.09%
Total population 119,944 100% 111,575 100% 106,322 100% 94,703 100% 43,149 100%
  • Note: Totals greater than 100% due to multiple origin responses.


Canada Census Mother Tongue - Terrebonne, Quebec[7]
Census Total
French & English
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
99,315   1.58% 83.38% 3,095   27.1% 2.61% 1,395   80.9% 1.17% 12,040   34.9% 10.16%
111 130
97 765   8.0% 87.8% 2 435   17.4% 2.19% 730   59.3% 0.65% 8 925   51.9% 8.03%
95,940   9.1% 91.26% 2,190   51.14% 2.08% 685   5.83% 0.65% 6,310   41.44% 6.00%
87,935   115.8% 93.17% 1,865   122.0% 1.98% 430   132.4% 0.45% 4,155   324.0% 4.40%
40,740   1.8% 95.31% 840   0.6% 1.97% 185   13.9% 0.43% 980   24.8% 2.29%
40,000 n/a 95.61% 835 n/a 2.00% 215 n/a 0.51% 785 n/a 1.88%



The Université de Montréal has a small campus located near the Pierre Le Gardeur Hospital in the Lachenaie sector of the city of Terrebonne. There are also some courses given by the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM) in the Terrebonne sector, as well as the Centre universitaire de Lanaudière à Terrebonne affiliated with the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR) located within the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne.[16]


The Cégep régional de Lanaudière network has established a collegial institution, namely the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne [fr], near Highway 640, in the Terrebonne sector of the city of Terrebonne.

Vocational studiesEdit

The city of Terrebonne counts several vocational education centres. The Centre de formation professionnelle des moulins is located next to the Cégep régional de Lanaudière à Terrebonne in the Terrebonne sector.

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

French-language public schools in Terrebonne Ouest are operated by the Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles (CSSMI).[17] Additionally, some schools within and serving the city of Terrebonne are operated by the French Commission scolaire des Affluents and the English Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board.

Commission scolaire des Affluents secondary schools include:

CSSMI primary schools:

  • de l'Espace-Couleurs[18]
  • Jeunes du monde[19]
  • Marie-Soleil-Tougas[20]

Some CSSMI sections are zoned to École primaire Le Carrefour in Lorraine. The CSSMI secondary schools serving Terrebonne are: École secondaire du Harfang in Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, École secondaire Hubert-Maisonneuve (lower secondary) in Rosèmere and École secondaire Rive-Nord (upper secondary) in Bois-des-Filion.[21]

Private Francophone secondary schools include:

Anglophone public schools serving Terrebonne include:

Monuments and historic sitesEdit


The Moulin neuf (New Mill) at the Île-des-moulins

The pre-industrial complex of the Île-des-moulins was amongst the most important ones in the province of Quebec during the 19th century. Although several infrastructures have degraded, a total of five buildings remain. The fourth lord of Terrebonne, Abbot Louis Lepage, had ordered the construction of the first flour mill in 1721 as well as the first saw mill around 1725.

In 1803, the bakery was built and established in the village. The actual saw and flour mills were built in 1804 and 1846, respectively. Four years following the construction of the flour mill that is currently standing at the Île-des-moulins to this day, the Moulin neuf (New Mill) was built in 1850. In addition, around the same time in 1850, the seigniory office was established.

In 1973, the Île-des-moulins was classified as a historic site of national interest by the Government of Quebec.[26]

Moulin-Neuf damEdit

The actual Moulin-Neuf dam with the pedestrian walkway at the Île-des-moulins in Terrebonne

The Moulin-Neuf dam allows for the flow regulation of the Rivière des Mille Îles, as well as ice accumulation control in the spring.

The first dam at the Île-des-moulins was built in 1721, following the establishment of the very first flour mill. This dam linked the Île-des-moulins to the Ile Saint-Jean, passing through the small Île aux moutons, located midway between the two islands in the Rivière des Mille Îles.

In 1872, the Masson family ordered the construction of a new dam near the location of the current historical one. However, this dam was rebuilt in cement in the year 1890 for reinforcement and increased resilience.

Nearly a century later, in 1972, the owner of the Île-des-moulins decided to destroy the dam with dynamite due to flooding risk. As a result, the dam underwent severe damage, prompting the city of Terrebonne to acquire the island and classify it as a protected historical site in 1973.

In 1979, the Ministère des Richesses naturelles du Québec ordered the reconstruction of the Moulin-Neuf dam, to which a pedestrian walkway is added to allow citizens, visitors, and tourists to walk from the Île-des-moulins to the larger Ile Saint-Jean. This new dam was built a certain distance away from the small Île aux moutons, making the dam significantly longer than the initial ones.

A picture of the Rivière des Mille Îles in Terrebonne, in which the Île Saint Jean the Île aux moutons and the Île-des-moulins can be seen from left to right, respectively.

Ecclesiastical architectureEdit

The Saint-Louis-de-France Church in Terrebonne

The actual Saint-Louis-de-France Church in Old Terrebonne (Vieux Terrebonne), near the historical site of the Île-des-moulins, was established in 1878, while the parish was founded in 1723 by Louis Lepage de Sainte-Claire, priest of the diocese of Quebec, parish priest of the Île Jésus, and lord of the Seigniory of Terrebonne. The parish was part of the diocese of Saint-Jérôme.

The current Saint-Louis-de-France Church built around the year 1878, the third since the foundation of the parish, was equipped with a Casavant organ in 1946.

In 1880, parish priest Piché, informally known as the bon monsieur Piché ("Good Mister Piché" in English), exhumed the bodies buried in the basement of the old church in order to place them in the crypt of the new one.

Sister citiesEdit


The Terrebonne Cobras are part of the QJHL.


  1. ^ Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.
  2. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  3. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  4. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  5. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.


  1. ^ "Reference number 62093 in Banque de noms de lieux du Québec". toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
  2. ^ "Membres du conseil municipal | Ville de Terrebonne". www.ville.terrebonne.qc.ca.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic code 64008 in the official Répertoire des municipalités". www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation.
  4. ^ a b c "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  5. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (February 8, 2017). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference cp2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021 census
  8. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Quebec". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  11. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2022-10-26). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2023-01-15.
  12. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2021-10-27). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2023-01-15.
  13. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2015-11-27). "NHS Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2023-01-15.
  14. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2019-08-20). "2006 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2023-01-15.
  15. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2019-07-02). "2001 Community Profiles". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2023-01-15.
  16. ^ "UQTR à Terrebonne". oraprdnt.uqtr.uquebec.ca.
  17. ^ "Admission et inscription Archived 2015-01-31 at the Wayback Machine." Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles. Retrieved on December 7, 2014. "La Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles (CSSMI) offre ses services aux résidents des municipalités de : Blainville, Boisbriand, Bois-des-Filion, Deux-Montagnes, Lorraine, Mirabel (Saint-Augustin, Saint-Benoît, Sainte-Scholastique et secteur du Domaine-Vert), Oka, Pointe-Calumet, Rosemère, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, Sainte-Thérèse, Saint-Eustache, Saint-Joseph-du-Lac, Saint-Placide et Terrebonne Ouest."
  18. ^ "de l'Espace-Couleurs." Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles. Retrieved on September 20, 2017.
  19. ^ "Jeunes du monde." Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles. Retrieved on September 20, 2017.
  20. ^ "Marie-Soileil-Tougas." Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles. Retrieved on September 20, 2017.
  21. ^ "Répertoire des aires de desserte par ville 2017 - 2018 (Généré le 20/9/2017) Terrebonne." Commission scolaire de la Seigneurie-des-Mille-Iles. Retrieved on September 20, 2017.
  22. ^ "McCAIG ELEMENTARY ZONE." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on September 16, 2017.
  23. ^ "PINEWOOD ELEMENTARY ZONE." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on September 17, 2017.
  24. ^ "FRANKLIN HILL ELEMENTARY ZONE." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on September 17, 2017.
  25. ^ "Rosemere High School Zone." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on December 8, 2014.
  26. ^ Interpretation Panel of the Île-des-moulins Historical Circuit, Terrebonne, Québec.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit