12th Canadian Parliament
The 12th Canadian Parliament was in session from 15 November 1911 until 6 October 1917. The membership was set by the 1911 federal election on 21 September 1911, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1917 election. At 5 years, 10 months and 22 days, it was the longest parliament in Canadian history. The parliament was extended beyond the normal limit of five years by the British North America Act, 1916 as a result of World War I.
It was controlled by a Conservative/Liberal-Conservative majority under Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden and the 9th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Liberal Party, led by Wilfrid Laurier. The last year of the wartime parliament was dominated by the Conscription Crisis of 1917. At the end of the parliament, a new ministry, the Union Government, was formed by Borden as a wartime coalition government including Liberals. Laurier refused to join and those Liberals who supported Borden took the name Liberal Unionists. The Union Government went on to win the 1917 federal election.
There were seven sessions of the 12th Parliament:
|1st||15 November 1911||1 April 1912|
|2nd||21 November 1912||6 June 1913|
|3rd||15 January 1914||12 June 1914|
|4th||18 August 1914||22 August 1914|
|5th||4 February 1915||15 April 1915|
|6th||12 January 1916||18 May 1916|
|7th||18 January 1917||20 September 1917|
List of membersEdit
Following is a full list of members of the twelfth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.
Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.
|Comox—Atlin||Herbert Sylvester Clements||Conservative|
|Kootenay||Arthur Samuel Goodeve (until 4 May 1912 railway appointment)||Conservative|
|Robert Francis Green (by-election of 30 May 1912)||Conservative|
|Nanaimo||Francis Henry Shepherd||Conservative|
|New Westminster||James Davis Taylor||Conservative|
|Vancouver City||Henry Herbert Stevens||Conservative|
|Victoria City||George Henry Barnard||Conservative|
|Yale—Cariboo||Martin Burrell (until 10 October 1911 ministerial appointment)||Conservative|
|Martin Burrell (by-election of 4 November 1911)||Conservative|
|Brandon||James Albert Manning Aikins||Conservative|
|Lisgar||William Henry Sharpe||Conservative|
|Macdonald||William D. Staples (until 10 April 1912 commissioner appointment)||Conservative|
|Alexander Morrison (by-election of 12 October 1912, until election voided 10 November 1913)||Conservative|
|Alexander Morrison (by-election of 13 December 1913)||Conservative|
|Marquette||William James Roche (until 10 October 1911 Secretary of State appointment)||Conservative|
|William James Roche (by-election of 27 October 1911)||Conservative|
|Portage la Prairie||Arthur Meighen (until 26 June 1913 Solicitor General appointment)||Conservative|
|Arthur Meighen (by-election of 19 July 1913)||Conservative|
|Provencher||John Patrick Molloy||Liberal|
|Selkirk||George Henry Bradbury||Conservative|
|Souris||Frederick Laurence Schaffner||Conservative|
|Winnipeg||Alexander Haggart (resigned 11 October 1911)||Conservative|
|Robert Rogers (by-election of 27 October 1911)||Conservative|
|Carleton||Frank Broadstreet Carvell||Liberal|
|Charlotte||Thomas Aaron Hartt||Conservative|
|City and County of St. John||John Waterhouse Daniel (resigned 17 October 1911)||Conservative|
|John Douglas Hazen (by-election of 27 October 1911)||Conservative|
|City of St. John||William Pugsley||Liberal|
|Kent||Ferdinand Joseph Robidoux||Conservative|
|King's and Albert||George William Fowler||Conservative|
|Northumberland||William Stewart Loggie||Liberal|
|Sunbury—Queen's||Hugh Havelock McLean||Liberal|
|Westmorland||Henry Emmerson (died 9 July 1914)||Liberal|
|Arthur Bliss Copp (by-election of 1 February 1915)||Liberal|
|York||Oswald Smith Crocket (until 11 December 1913 judicial appointment)||Conservative|
|Harry Fulton McLeod (by-election of 31 December 1913)||Conservative|
|Annapolis||Avard Longley Davidson||Conservative|
|Cape Breton South||William F. Carroll||Liberal|
|Cumberland||Edgar Nelson Rhodes||Conservative|
|Guysborough||John Howard Sinclair||Liberal|
|Halifax*||Robert Laird Borden (until 10 October 1911 Prime Minister appointment)||Conservative|
|Alexander Kenneth Maclean||Liberal|
|Robert Laird Borden (by-election of 27 October 1911)||Conservative|
|Hants||Hadley Brown Tremain||Conservative|
|Inverness||Alexander William Chisholm||Liberal|
|Kings||Arthur de Witt Foster||Conservative|
|North Cape Breton and Victoria||Daniel Duncan McKenzie||Liberal|
|Pictou||Edward Mortimer Macdonald||Liberal|
|Richmond||George William Kyte||Liberal|
|Shelburne and Queen's||Fleming Blanchard McCurdy||Conservative|
|Yarmouth||Bowman Brown Law||Liberal|
|Bowman Brown Law died in the 1916 Parliament fire||Vacant|
|King's||James Joseph Hughes||Liberal|
|Prince||James William Richards||Liberal|
|Queen's*||Angus Alexander McLean||Conservative|
|Assiniboia||John Gillanders Turriff||Liberal|
|Humboldt||David Bradley Neely||Liberal|
|Mackenzie||Edward L. Cash||Liberal|
|Moose Jaw||William Erskine Knowles||Liberal|
|Prince Albert||James McKay (until 16 December 1914 judicial appointment)||Conservative|
|Samuel James Donaldson (by-election of 1 February 1915)||Conservative|
|Regina||William Melville Martin||Liberal|
|Saskatoon||George Ewan McCraney||Liberal|
- Government of Canada. "9th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 9 November 2006.
- Government of Canada. "12th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 20 December 2006. Retrieved 30 November 2006.
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- Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2006.
- Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 12 May 2006.
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