37th Canadian Parliament
The 37th Canadian Parliament was in session from January 29, 2001, until May 23, 2004. The membership was set by the 2000 federal election on November 27, 2000, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 2004 election.
|37th Parliament of Canada|
|January 29, 2001– May 23, 2004|
|Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien|
(26th Canadian Ministry)
November 4, 1993 – December 12, 2003
|Rt. Hon. Paul Martin|
(27th Canadian Ministry)
December 12, 2003 – February 6, 2006
|Leader of the|
|Hon. Stockwell Day|
September 11, 2000 – December 11, 2001
|Hon. John Reynolds (acting)|
December 12, 2001 – May 20, 2002
|Hon. Stephen Harper|
May 21, 2002 – January 8, 2004
|Hon. Grant Hill (acting until February 1, 2004)|
January 9, 2004 – March 19, 2004
|Hon. Stephen Harper|
March 20, 2004 – February 6, 2006
|Third parties||Bloc Québécois|
|New Democratic Party|
|Unrecognized||Democratic Representative Caucus*|
|* Parties merged partway through the Parliament to create the Conservative Party of Canada. Some members retained the designation of Progressive Conservative in the Senate.|
|House of Commons|
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
|Speaker of the|
|Hon. Peter Milliken|
January 29, 2001 – June 2, 2011
|Members||301 seats MP seats|
List of members
|Senators||105 seats senator seats|
List of senators
January 29, 2001 – September 16, 2002
September 30, 2002 – November 12, 2003
February 2, 2004 – May 23, 2004
It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority, led first by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and the 26th Canadian Ministry, and then by Prime Minister Paul Martin and the 27th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was formed by first the Canadian Alliance, led by Stockwell Day and then by Stephen Harper, and then by its successor party, the Conservative Party, also led by Harper.
There were three sessions of the 37th Parliament:
|1st||January 29, 2001||September 16, 2002|
|2nd||September 30, 2002||November 12, 2003|
|3rd||February 2, 2004||May 23, 2004|
The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:
|Affiliation||House Members||Senate Members|
|At Dissolution||On Election
|Conservative Party of Canada||N/A||72||N/A||24|
|Senate Progressive Conservative Caucus||N/A||0||N/A||3|
In 2001, 13 MPs opposed to the leadership of Stockwell Day left the Canadian Alliance and formed the Democratic Representative Caucus. Chuck Strahl was chosen leader of the caucus, which subsequently entered into a coalition agreement with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. In 2002, after Day had lost the leadership of his party to Stephen Harper, all but one DRC MP rejoined the Canadian Alliance.
Important bills of the 37th parliament include:
- Assisted Human Reproduction Act
- Canadian federal budget, 2001
- Canadian federal budget, 2003
- Canadian federal budget, 2004
- Bill C-250, declared attacks based on sexual orientation to be hate crimes.
- Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
- Youth Criminal Justice Act
- Pledge to Africa Act
- Anti-Terrorism Act
- For full lists of members of the 37th Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 37th Parliament of Canada and List of senators in the 37th Parliament of Canada.
- Government of Canada. "26th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
- Government of Canada. "27th Ministry". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-12-01.[dead link]
- Government of Canada. "37th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
- Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Party Standings (1974 to date): At the Senate". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
- Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2006-05-12.