37th Canadian Parliament

The 37th Canadian Parliament was in session from January 29, 2001, until August 23, 2004. The membership was set by the 2000 federal election on November 27, 2000, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 2004 election.

37th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – August 23, 2004 (2004-08-23)
Coat of arms of Canada rendition.svg
Parliament leaders
Prime
Minister

(cabinet)
Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien
(26th Canadian Ministry)
November 4, 1993 (1993-11-04) – August 12, 2004 (2004-08-12)
Rt. Hon. Paul Martin
(27th Canadian Ministry)
August 12, 2004 (2004-08-12) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Leader of the
Opposition
Hon. Stockwell Day
September 11, 2000 (2000-09-11) – December 11, 2001 (2001-12-11)
Hon. John Reynolds
December 12, 2001 (2001-12-12) – May 20, 2002 (2002-05-20)
Hon. Stephen Harper
May 21, 2002 (2002-05-21) – January 8, 2004 (2004-01-08)
Hon. Grant Hill
January 9, 2004 (2004-01-09) – March 19, 2004 (2004-03-19)
Hon. Stephen Harper
March 20, 2004 (2004-03-20) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionCanadian Alliance*
RecognizedBloc Québécois
New Democratic Party
Progressive Conservative*
UnrecognizedDemocratic Representative Caucus*
* Parties merged partway through the Parliament to create the Conservative Party of Canada. Some members retained the designation of Progressive Conservative in the Senate.
House of Commons
Cdn2000.PNG
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Commons
Hon. Peter Milliken
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – June 2, 2011 (2011-06-02)
Government
House Leader
Don Boudria
June 11, 1997 – January 14, 2002
Ralph Goodale
January 15, 2002 – May 25, 2002
Don Boudria
May 26, 2002 – August 11, 2004
Jacques Saada
August 12, 2004 – August 22, 2004
Opposition
House Leader
Randy White
December 18, 2001 – April 3, 2002
John Reynolds
April 4, 2002 – December 22, 2003
Loyola Hearn
December 23, 2003 – March 21, 2004
John Reynolds
March 22, 2004 – January 27, 2005
Members301 seats MP seats
List of members
Senate
Speaker of the
Senate
Hon. Daniel Hays
January 26, 2001 – February 7, 2006
Government
Senate Leader
Sharon Carstairs
January 9, 2001 – August 11, 2004
Jack Austin
August 12, 2004 – February 6, 2006
Opposition
Senate Leader
John Lynch-Staunton
October 25, 1993 – July 16, 2004
Senators105 seats senator seats
List of senators
Sessions
1st Session
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – September 16, 2002 (2002-09-16)
2nd Session
September 30, 2002 (2002-09-30) – November 12, 2003 (2003-11-12)
3rd Session
February 2, 2004 (2004-02-02) – August 23, 2004 (2004-08-23)
<36th 38th>
Jean Chrétien was Prime Minister during most of the 37th Canadian Parliament.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority, led first by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and the 26th Canadian Ministry, and then by Prime Minister Paul Martin and the 27th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was formed by first the Canadian Alliance, led by Stockwell Day and then by Stephen Harper, and then by its successor party, the Conservative Party, also led by Harper.

The Speaker was Peter Milliken. See also list of Canadian electoral districts 1996-2003 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were three sessions of the 37th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st January 29, 2001 September 16, 2002
2nd September 30, 2002 November 12, 2003
3rd February 2, 2004 August 23, 2004

Party standingsEdit

The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:

Affiliation House Members Senate Members
2000 Election
Results
At Dissolution On Election
Day 2000[1]
At Dissolution
Liberal 172 168 55 65
Alliance 66 N/A 1 N/A
  Bloc Québécois 38 33 0 0
New Democratic 13 14 0 0
Progressive Conservative 12 N/A 35 N/A
  Conservative Party of Canada N/A 72 N/A 24
     Independent 0 10 5 5
Senate Progressive Conservative Caucus N/A 0 N/A 3
Total members 301 297 96 97
Vacant 0 4 9 8
Total seats 301 105

In 2001, 13 MPs opposed to the leadership of Stockwell Day left the Canadian Alliance and formed the Democratic Representative Caucus. Chuck Strahl was chosen leader of the caucus, which subsequently entered into a coalition agreement with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. In 2002, after Day had lost the leadership of his party to Stephen Harper, all but one DRC MP rejoined the Canadian Alliance.

BillsEdit

Important bills of the 37th parliament include:

MembersEdit

By-electionsEdit

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lévis-et-Chutes-de-la-Chaudière June 16, 2003 Antoine Dubé      Bloc Québécois Christian Jobin      Liberal Resigned to enter provincial politics No
Témiscamingue June 16, 2003 Pierre Brien      Bloc Québécois Gilbert Barrette      Liberal Resigned to enter provincial politics No
Perth—Middlesex May 21, 2003 John Richardson      Liberal Gary Schellenberger      Progressive Conservative Resigned No
Berthier—Montcalm December 9, 2002 Michel Bellehumeur      Bloc Québécois Roger Gaudet      Bloc Québécois Resigned Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean—Saguenay December 9, 2002 Stéphan Tremblay      Bloc Québécois Sébastien Gagnon      Bloc Québécois Resigned to enter provincial politics Yes
Calgary Southwest May 13, 2002 Preston Manning      Canadian Alliance Stephen Harper      Canadian Alliance Resigned Yes
Saint Boniface May 13, 2002 Ron Duhamel      Liberal Raymond Simard      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes
Bonavista—Trinity—Conception May 13, 2002 Brian Tobin      Liberal John Efford      Liberal Resigned Yes
Gander—Grand Falls May 13, 2002 George Baker      Liberal Rex Barnes      Progressive Conservative Appointed to the Senate No
Windsor West May 13, 2002 Herb Gray      Liberal Brian Masse      New Democratic Resigned to accept appointment as Chair of the Canadian Section of the International Joint Commission No
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel May 13, 2002 Alfonso Gagliano      Liberal Massimo Pacetti      Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Ambassador to Denmark Yes
Verdun—Saint-Henri—Saint-Paul—Pointe Saint-Charles May 13, 2002 Raymond Lavigne      Liberal Liza Frulla      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.
  • Government of Canada. "26th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
  • Government of Canada. "27th Ministry". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-12-01.[dead link]
  • Government of Canada. "37th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
  • Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Party Standings (1974 to date): At the Senate". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  • Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2006-05-12.

SuccessionEdit