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The 28th Canadian Parliament was in session from September 12, 1968, until September 1, 1972. The membership was set by the 1968 federal election on June 25, 1968, and it changed only slightly due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1972 election.

28th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
September 12, 1968 (1968-09-12) – September 1, 1972 (1972-09-01)
Parliament leaders
Prime
Minister

(cabinet)
Rt. Hon. Pierre Trudeau
(20th Canadian Ministry)
April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20) – June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04)
Leader of the
Opposition
Hon. Robert Stanfield
November 6, 1967 (1967-11-06) – November 21, 1976 (1976-11-21)
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionProgressive Conservative Party
Third partiesNew Democratic Party
Ralliement créditiste
House of Commons
Chambre des Communes 1968.png
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Commons
Hon. Lucien Lamoureux
January 18, 1966 (1966-01-18) – September 29, 1974 (1974-09-29)
Government
House Leader
Hon. Donald MacDonald
July 6, 1968 (1968-07-06) – September 23, 1970 (1970-09-23)
Hon. Allan MacEachen
September 24, 1970 (1970-09-24) – May 9, 1974 (1974-05-09)
Opposition
House Leader
Hon. Ged Baldwin
July 27, 1968 (1968-07-27) – September 20, 1973 (1973-09-20)
Members264 MP seats
List of members
Senate
Speaker of the
Senate
Hon. Jean-Paul Deschatelets
September 5, 1968 (1968-09-05) – December 13, 1972 (1972-12-13)
Government
Senate Leader
Vacant
April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20) – March 31, 1969 (1969-03-31)
Hon. Paul Martin Sr.
April 1, 1969 (1969-04-01) – August 7, 1974 (1974-08-07)
Opposition
Senate Leader
Hon. Jacques Flynn
October 31, 1967 (1967-10-31) – May 22, 1979 (1979-05-22)
Senators102 senator seats
List of senators
Sessions
1st Session
September 12, 1968 (1968-09-12) – October 22, 1969 (1969-10-22)
2nd Session
October 23, 1969 (1969-10-23) – October 7, 1970 (1970-10-07)
3rd Session
October 8, 1970 (1970-10-08) – February 16, 1972 (1972-02-16)
4th Session
February 17, 1972 (1972-02-17) – September 1, 1972 (1972-09-01)
<27th 29th>

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the 20th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Progressive Conservative Party led by Robert Stanfield.

The Speaker was Lucien Lamoureux. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1966-1976 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were four sessions of the 28th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st September 12, 1968 October 22, 1969
2nd October 23, 1969 October 7, 1970
3rd October 8, 1970 February 16, 1972
4th February 17, 1972 September 1, 1972

Contents

Members of the House of CommonsEdit

Members of the House of Commons in the 28th parliament arranged by province.

NewfoundlandEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Bonavista—Trinity—Conception Frank Moores Progressive Conservative
  Burin—Burgeo Donald Jamieson Liberal
  Gander—Twillingate John Lundrigan Progressive Conservative
  Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador Ambrose Peddle Progressive Conservative
  Humber—St. George's—St. Barbe Jack Marshall Progressive Conservative
  St. John's East James McGrath Progressive Conservative
  St. John's West Walter Carter Progressive Conservative

Prince Edward IslandEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Cardigan Melvin McQuaid Progressive Conservative
  Egmont David MacDonald Progressive Conservative
  Hillsborough Heath MacQuarrie Progressive Conservative
  Malpeque John Angus MacLean Progressive Conservative

Nova ScotiaEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Annapolis Valley Pat Nowlan Progressive Conservative
  Cape Breton Highlands—Canso Allan MacEachen Liberal
  Cape Breton—East Richmond Donald MacInnis Progressive Conservative
  Cape Breton—The Sydneys Robert Muir Progressive Conservative
  Central Nova Howard Russell Macewan then Elmer MacKay* Both Progressive Conservative
  Cumberland—Colchester North Robert Coates Progressive Conservative
  Dartmouth—Halifax East Michael Forrestall Progressive Conservative
  Halifax Robert Stanfield Progressive Conservative
  Halifax—East Hants Robert Jardine McCleave Progressive Conservative
  South Shore Lloyd Crouse Progressive Conservative
  South Western Nova Louis-Roland Comeau Progressive Conservative
* Russell MacEwan resigned and was replaced by Elmer MacKay in a May 31, 1971 by-election.

New BrunswickEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Carleton—Charlotte Hugh Flemming Progressive Conservative
  Fundy—Royal Robert Fairweather Progressive Conservative
  Gloucester Herb Breau Liberal
  Madawaska—Victoria Eymard Corbin Liberal
  Moncton Charlie Thomas Progressive Conservative
  Northumberland—Miramichi Percy Smith Liberal
  Restigouche Jean-Eudes Dubé Liberal
  Saint John—Lancaster Thomas Miller Bell Progressive Conservative
  Westmorland—Kent Guy F. Crossman Liberal
  York—Sunbury John Chester MacRae Progressive Conservative

QuebecEdit

Riding Member Political Party
     Abitibi Gérard Laprise Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Ahuntsic Jean-Léo Rochon Liberal
  Argenteuil Robert Major Liberal
     Beauce Romuald Rodrigue Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Beauharnois Gérald Laniel Liberal
     Bellechasse Joseph Lambert Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Berthier Antonio Yanakis Liberal
  Bonaventure Albert Béchard Liberal
  Bourassa Jacques Trudel Liberal
  Chambly Bernard Pilon then Yvon L'Heureux** Both Liberal
     Champlain René Matte Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Charlevoix Martial Asselin Progressive Conservative
  Chicoutimi Paul Langlois Liberal
     Compton Henry Latulippe Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Dollard Jean-Pierre Goyer Liberal
  Drummond Jean-Luc Pépin Liberal
  Duvernay Eric Kierans Liberal
     Frontenac Bernard Dumont then Léopold Corriveau*** Ralliement Créditiste then Liberal
 
  Gamelin Arthur Portelance Liberal
  Gaspé Alexander Cyr Liberal
  Gatineau Gaston Clermont Liberal
  Hochelaga Gérard Pelletier Liberal
  Hull Joseph Isabelle Liberal
  Joliette Roch La Salle Progressive Conservative then independent****
 
     Kamouraska Charles-Eugène Dionne Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Labelle Léo Cadieux then Maurice Dupras Liberal
  Lapointe Gilles Marceau Liberal
  La Prairie Ian Watson Liberal
  Lac-Saint-Jean Marcel Lessard Liberal
  Lachine—Lac-Saint-Louis Raymond Rock Liberal then Progressive Conservative††
 
  Lafontaine Georges-C. Lachance Liberal
  Langelier Jean Marchand Liberal
  Lasalle Pit Lessard Liberal
  Laurier Fernand Leblanc Liberal
  Laval Marcel-Claude Roy Liberal
  Lévis Raynald Guay Liberal
  Longueuil Jean-Pierre Côté Liberal
     Lotbiniere André-Gilles Fortin Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Louis-Hébert Jean-Charles Cantin Liberal
  Maisonneuve J. Antonio Thomas Liberal
  Manicouagan Gustave Blouin Liberal
  Matane Pierre de Bané Liberal
  Mercier Prosper Boulanger Liberal
  Missisquoi Yves Forest Liberal
  Montmorency Ovide Laflamme Liberal
  Mount Royal Pierre Trudeau Liberal
  Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Warren Allmand Liberal
  Outremont Aurélien Noël Liberal
  Papineau André Ouellet Liberal
  Pontiac Thomas Lefebvre Liberal
     Portneuf Roland Godin Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Quebec East Gérard Duquet Liberal
  Richelieu Florian Côté Liberal
     Richmond Léonel Beaudoin Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Rimouski Louis Guy LeBlanc Liberal
     Roberval Charles-Arthur Gauthier Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Saint-Denis Marcel Prud'homme Liberal
  Saint-Henri Gérard Loiselle Liberal
  Saint-Hyacinthe Théogène Ricard Progressive Conservative
  Saint-Jacques Jacques Guilbault Liberal
  Saint-Jean Walter Smith Liberal
  Saint-Maurice Jean Chrétien Liberal
  Saint-Michel Victor Forget Liberal
  Sainte-Marie Georges Valade Progressive Conservative
     Shefford Gilbert Rondeau Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Sherbrooke Paul Mullins Gervais Liberal
     Témiscamingue Réal Caouette Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Témiscouata Rosaire Gendron Liberal
  Terrebonne Joseph-Roland Comtois Liberal
  Trois-Rivières Joseph-Alfred Mongrain then Claude G. Lajoie††† Liberal
  Vaudreuil René Emard Liberal
  Verdun Bryce Mackasey Liberal
     Villeneuve Oza Tétrault Ralliement Créditiste then Social Credit*
  Westmount Bud Drury Liberal
* On April 1, 1971 all members of the Ralliement Créditiste rejoined to the Social Credit.
** Bernard Pilon died in office on November 17, 1970. He was replaced by Yvon Heureux in a 1971 by-election
*** Bernard Dumont resigned from parliament and was replaced by Léopold Corriveau in a 1970 by-election
**** Roch La Salle quit the Tory party on May 5, 1971, when leader Robert Stanfield rejected a proposal to recognize Canada as being made up of two nations
Léo Cadieux left parliament to become ambassador to France and was replaced by Maurice Dupras in a 1970 by-election
†† Raymond Rock crossed the floor on March 12, 1972, over protests that the government gave backbenchers too little influence
††† Joseph-Alfred Mongrain died in office on December 23, 1970, and was replaced by Claude G. Lajoie in a 1971 by-election

OntarioEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Algoma Maurice Foster Liberal
  Brant James E. Brown then Derek Blackburn* Liberal then NDP
 
  Broadview John Gilbert New Democrat
  Bruce Ross Whicher Liberal
  Cochrane Ralph Stewart Liberal
  Davenport Charles Caccia Liberal
  Don Valley Bob Kaplan Liberal
  Eglinton Mitchell Sharp Liberal
  Elgin Harold Stafford Liberal
  Essex Eugene Whelan Liberal
  Etobicoke Alastair Gillespie Liberal
  Fort William Hubert Badanai Liberal
  Frontenac—Lennox and Addington Douglas Alkenbrack Progressive Conservative
  Glengarry—Prescott Viateur Éthier Liberal
  Greenwood Andrew Brewin New Democrat
  Grenville—Carleton Gordon Blair Liberal
  Grey—Simcoe Percy Noble Progressive Conservative
  Halton Rutherford Lester Whiting Liberal
  Halton—Wentworth John B. Morison Liberal
  Hamilton East John Carr Munro Liberal
  Hamilton Mountain Gordon J. Sullivan Liberal
  Hamilton—Wentworth Colin Gibson Liberal
  Hamilton West Lincoln Alexander Progressive Conservative
  Hastings Lee Grills Progressive Conservative
  High Park Walter Deakon Liberal
  Huron Robert McKinley Progressive Conservative
  Kenora—Rainy River John Mercer Reid Liberal-Labour
  Kent—Essex Harold Danforth Progressive Conservative
  Kingston and the Islands Edgar Benson Liberal
  Kitchener Keith Hymmen Liberal
  Lakeshore Ken Robinson Liberal
  Lambton—Kent Mac McCutcheon Progressive Conservative
  Lanark and Renfrew Murray McBride Liberal
  Leeds Desmond Code Progressive Conservative
  Lincoln H. Gordon Barrett Liberal
  London East Charles Turner Liberal
  London West Judd Buchanan Liberal
  Middlesex Jim Lind Liberal
  Niagara Falls Joe Greene Liberal
  Nickel Belt Gaetan Serré Liberal
  Nipissing Carl Legault Liberal
  Norfolk—Haldimand William David Knowles Progressive Conservative
  Northumberland—Durham Russell Honey Liberal
  Ontario Norman Cafik Liberal
  Oshawa—Whitby Ed Broadbent New Democrat
  Ottawa—Carleton John Turner Liberal
  Ottawa Centre George McIlraith Liberal
  Ottawa East Jean-Thomas Richard Liberal
  Ottawa West Cyril Lloyd Francis Liberal
  Oxford Wally Nesbitt Progressive Conservative
  Parkdale Stanley Haidasz Liberal
  Parry Sound—Muskoka Gordon Aiken Progressive Conservative
  Peel—Dufferin—Simcoe Bruce Beer Liberal
  Peel South Hyliard Chappel Liberal
  Perth Jay Monteith Progressive Conservative
  Peterborough Hugh Faulkner Liberal
  Port Arthur Robert Andras Liberal
  Prince Edward—Hastings George Hees Progressive Conservative
  Renfrew North Len Hopkins Liberal
  Rosedale Donald Stovel Macdonald Liberal
  Sarnia Bud Cullen Liberal
  Sault Ste. Marie Terrence Murphy Liberal
  Scarborough East Martin O'Connell Liberal
  Scarborough West David Weatherhead Liberal
  Simcoe North Philip Rynard Progressive Conservative
  Spadina Perry Ryan Liberal then Independent then Progressive Conservative**
 
 
  St. Catharines James McNulty Liberal
  St. Paul's Ian Wahn Liberal
  Stormont—Dundas Lucien Lamoureux Independent
  Sudbury James Jerome Liberal
  Thunder Bay Keith Penner Liberal
  Timiskaming Arnold Peters New Democrat
  Timmins Jean Roy Liberal
  Trinity Paul Hellyer Liberal then Independent Liberal then Progressive Conservative***
 
 
  Victoria—Haliburton William Scott Progressive Conservative
  Waterloo Max Saltsman New Democrat
  Welland Donald Tolmie Liberal
  Wellington Alfred Hales Progressive Conservative
  Wellington—Grey Marvin Howe Progressive Conservative
  Windsor West Herb Gray Liberal
  Windsor—Walkerville Mark MacGuigan Liberal
  York Centre James E. Walker Liberal
  York East Steven Otto Liberal
  York North Barney Danson Liberal
  York—Scarborough Robert Stanbury Liberal
  York—Simcoe John Roberts Liberal
  York South David Lewis New Democrat
  York West Philip Givens Liberal
* James E. Brown was appointed ambassador and was replaced by Derek Blackburn in a 1971 by-election
** On December 3, 1969, Sylvester Perry Ryan left the Liberal Party to sit as an independent, uncomfortable with Trudeau's policies. On September 11, 1970, he joined the Progressive Conservatives.
*** On May 21, 1971, Paul Hellyer left the Liberal Party to sit as an independent, protesting the government's economic policies. On July 25, 1972, he joined the Progressive Conservatives.

ManitobaEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Brandon—Souris Walter Dinsdale Progressive Conservative
  Churchill Robert Simpson Progressive Conservative
  Dauphin William Gordon Ritchie Progressive Conservative
  Lisgar George Muir then Jack Murta* Both Progressive Conservative
  Marquette Craig Stewart Progressive Conservative
  Portage Gerald Cobbe Liberal
  Provencher Mark Smerchanski Liberal
  Selkirk Edward Schreyer then Doug Rowland** Both New Democrat
  St. Boniface Joseph-Philippe Guay Liberal
  Winnipeg North David Orlikow New Democrat
  Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles New Democrat
  Winnipeg South James Richardson Liberal
  Winnipeg South Centre Edmund Boyd Osler Liberal
* George Muir died in office on August 26, 1970, and was replaced by Jack Murta in a by-election later that year.
** Edward Schreyer left parliament to become leader of the Manitoba NDP and then Premier of Manitoba he was replaced by Doug Rowland in a 1969 by-election.

SaskatchewanEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Assiniboia A.B. Douglas then Bill Knight* Liberal then NDP
 
  Battleford—Kindersley Rod Thomson New Democrat
  Mackenzie Stanley Korchinski Progressive Conservative
  Meadow Lake Bert Cadieu Progressive Conservative
  Moose Jaw John Skoberg New Democrat
  Prince Albert John Diefenbaker Progressive Conservative
  Qu'Appelle—Moose Mountain Richard Southam Progressive Conservative
  Regina East John Burton New Democrat
  Regina—Lake Centre Les Benjamin New Democrat
  Saskatoon—Biggar Alfred Gleave New Democrat
  Saskatoon—Humboldt Otto Lang Liberal
  Swift Current—Maple Creek Jack McIntosh Progressive Conservative
  Yorkton—Melville Lorne Nystrom New Democrat
* A.B. Douglas died in office and was replaced by Bill Knight in a 1971 by-election

AlbertaEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Athabasca Paul Yewchuk Progressive Conservative
  Battle River Cliff Downey Progressive Conservative
  Calgary Centre Douglas Harkness Progressive Conservative
  Calgary North Eldon Woolliams Progressive Conservative
  Calgary South Patrick Mahoney Liberal
  Crowfoot Jack Horner Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton Centre Steve Paproski Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton East William Skoreyko Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton West Marcel Lambert Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton—Strathcona Hu Harries Liberal
  Lethbridge Deane Gundlock Progressive Conservative
  Medicine Hat Bud Olson Liberal
  Palliser Stanley Schumacher Progressive Conservative
  Peace River Ged Baldwin Progressive Conservative
  Pembina Jack Bigg Progressive Conservative
  Red Deer Robert N. Thompson Progressive Conservative
  Rocky Mountain Allen Sulatycky Liberal
  Vegreville Don Mazankowski Progressive Conservative
  Wetaskiwin Harry Andrew Moore Progressive Conservative

British ColumbiaEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Burnaby—Richmond Tom Goode Liberal
  Burnaby—Seymour Ray Perrault Liberal
  Capilano Jack Davis Liberal
  Coast Chilcotin Paul Saint Pierre Liberal
  Comox—Alberni Richard Durante then Thomas Speakman Barnett* Liberal then NDP
 
  Esquimalt—Saanich David Anderson Liberal
  Fraser Valley East Ervin Pringle Liberal
  Fraser Valley West Mark Rose New Democrat
  Kamloops—Cariboo Leonard Marchand Liberal
  Kootenay West Randolph Harding New Democrat
  Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands Colin Cameron then Tommy Douglas** Both New Democrat
  New Westminster Douglas Hogarth Liberal
  Okanagan Boundary Bruce Howard Liberal
  Okanagan—Kootenay William Douglas Stewart Liberal
  Prince George—Peace River Robert Borrie Liberal
  Skeena Frank Howard New Democrat
  Surrey Barry Mather New Democrat
  Vancouver Centre Ron Basford Liberal
  Vancouver East Harold Winch New Democrat
  Vancouver Kingsway Grace MacInnis New Democrat
  Vancouver Quadra Grant Deachman Liberal
  Vancouver South Arthur Laing Liberal
  Victoria David Groos Liberal
* Richard Durante won in 1968 by only nine votes over Tom Barnett. After several irregularities were found the result was declared void and Tom Barnett won the subsequent redo held on March 8, 1969.
** Colin Cameron died in office and was replaced by Tommy Douglas in a February 10, 1969 by-election

Northern TerritoriesEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Northwest Territories Robert Orange Liberal
  Yukon Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative

By-electionsEdit

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Assiniboia November 8, 1971 Albert B. Douglas      Liberal Bill Knight      New Democratic Party Death No
Central Nova May 31, 1971 Russell MacEwan      Progressive Conservative Elmer M. MacKay      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Brant May 31, 1971 James E. Brown      Liberal Derek Blackburn      New Democratic Party Appointed a judge No
Chambly May 31, 1971 Bernard Pilon      Liberal Yvon L'Heureux      Liberal Death Yes
Trois-Rivières May 31, 1971 Joseph-Alfred Mongrain      Liberal Claude Lajoie      Liberal Death Yes
Lisgar November 6, 1970 George Muir      Progressive Conservative Jack Murta      Progressive Conservative Death Yes
Frontenac November 6, 1970 Bernard Dumont      Ralliement Créditiste Léopold Corriveau      Liberal Resignation No
Labelle November 6, 1970 Léo Cadieux      Liberal Maurice Dupras      Liberal Appointed Ambassador to France Yes
Selkirk April 13, 1970 Edward Schreyer      New Democratic Party Doug Rowland      New Democratic Party Resignation Yes
Comox—Alberni April 8, 1969 Richard J. J. Durante      Liberal Thomas Speakman Barnett      New Democratic Party Election declared void No
Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands February 10, 1969 Colin Cameron      New Democratic Party Tommy C. Douglas      New Democratic Party Death Yes


ReferencesEdit

  • Government of Canada. "20th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
  • Government of Canada. "28th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
  • Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12.
  • Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2006-05-12.

SuccessionEdit