31st Canadian Parliament

The 31st Canadian Parliament was a briefly lived parliament in session from October 9 until December 14, 1979. The membership was set by the 1979 federal election on May 22, 1979, and it was dissolved after the minority government of Joe Clark failed to pass a Motion of Confidence on December 13, 1979. The dissolution of parliament led to the 1980 federal election. Lasting only 66 days from first sitting to dissolution, and only nine months from election to election, the 31st was the shortest parliament in Canadian history.

31st Parliament of Canada
Minority parliament
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
Coat of arms of Canada (1957-1994).svg
Parliament leaders

Rt. Hon. Joe Clark
(21st Canadian Ministry)
June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04) – March 3, 1980 (1980-03-03)
Leader of the
Rt. Hon. Pierre Trudeau
June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04) – March 2, 1980 (1980-03-02)
Party caucuses
GovernmentProgressive Conservative Party
OppositionLiberal Party
RecognizedNew Democratic Party
UnrecognizedSocial Credit Party
House of Commons
Chambre des Communes 1979.png
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. James Jerome
September 30, 1974 (1974-09-30) – February 17, 1980 (1980-02-17)
House Leader
Hon. Walter Baker
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
House Leader
Hon. Allan MacEachen
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
Members282 MP seats
List of members
Speaker of the
Hon. Allister Grosart
October 5, 1979 (1979-10-05) – March 3, 1980 (1980-03-03)
Senate Leader
Hon. Jacques Flynn
June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04) – March 2, 1980 (1980-03-02)
Senate Leader
Hon. Ray Perrault
May 22, 1979 (1979-05-22)–December 31, 1979 (1979-12-31)
Senators104 senator seats
List of senators
1st Session
October 9, 1979 (1979-10-09) – December 14, 1979 (1979-12-14)
<30th 32nd>

The 31st Parliament was controlled by a Progressive Conservative Party minority led by Prime Minister Joe Clark and the 21st Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Liberal Party, led by former prime minister Pierre Trudeau.

The Speaker was James Jerome. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1976-1987 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There was only one session of the 31st Parliament:

Session Start End
1st October 9, 1979 December 14, 1979

Party standingsEdit

The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:

Affiliation House Members Senate Members[1]
1979 Election
At Dissolution On Election
Day 1979[2]
At Dissolution
Progressive Conservative 136 136 18 28
Liberal 114 114 73 71
New Democratic 26 27 0 0
Social Credit 6 5 1 1
Independent 0 0 2 2
Independent Liberal 0 0 1 1
Total members 282 282 92 103
Vacant 0 0 9 1
Total seats 282 104

Members of the House of CommonsEdit

Members of the House of Commons in the 31st parliament arranged by province.


Riding Member Political Party
  Bonavista—Trinity—Conception Dave Rooney Liberal
  Burin—St. George's Donald Jamieson Liberal
  Roger Simmons* Liberal
  Gander—Twillingate George Baker Liberal
  Grand Falls—White Bay—Labrador Bill Rompkey Liberal
  Humber—Port au Port—St. Barbe Fonse Faour New Democrat
  St. John's East James McGrath Progressive Conservative
  St. John's West John Crosbie Progressive Conservative
* Donald Jamieson resigned from parliament and was replaced by Roger Simmons in a September 19, 1979, by-election

Prince Edward IslandEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Cardigan Wilbur MacDonald Progressive Conservative
  Egmont David MacDonald Progressive Conservative
  Hillsborough Thomas McMillan Progressive Conservative
  Malpeque Melbourne Gass Progressive Conservative

Nova ScotiaEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Annapolis Valley—Hants Pat Nowlan Progressive Conservative
  Cape Breton Highlands—Canso Allan MacEachen Liberal
  Cape Breton—East Richmond Andrew Hogan New Democrat
  Cape Breton—The Sydneys Russell MacLellan Liberal
  Central Nova Elmer MacKay Progressive Conservative
  Cumberland—Colchester Robert Coates Progressive Conservative
  Dartmouth—Halifax East Michael Forrestall Progressive Conservative
  Halifax George Cooper Progressive Conservative
  Halifax West Howard Crosby Progressive Conservative
  South Shore Lloyd Crouse Progressive Conservative
  South Western Nova Charles Haliburton Progressive Conservative

New BrunswickEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Carleton—Charlotte Fred McCain Progressive Conservative
  Fundy—Royal Robert Corbett Progressive Conservative
  Gloucester Herb Breau Liberal
  Madawaska—Victoria Eymard Corbin Liberal
  Moncton Gary McCauley Liberal
  Northumberland—Miramichi Maurice Dionne Liberal
  Restigouche Maurice Harquail Liberal
  Saint John Eric Ferguson Progressive Conservative
  Westmorland—Kent Roméo LeBlanc Liberal
  York—Sunbury J. Robert Howie Progressive Conservative


Riding Member Political Party
  Abitibi Armand Caouette Social Credit
  Argenteuil Robert Gourd Liberal
  Beauce Fabien Roy Social Credit
  Beauharnois—Salaberry Gérald Laniel Liberal
  Bellechasse Joseph Lambert Social Credit
  Berthier—Maskinongé Antonio Yanakis Liberal
  Blainville—Deux-Montagnes Francis Fox Liberal
  Bonaventure—Îles-de-la-Madeleine Joseph Bujold Liberal
  Bourassa Carlo Rossi Liberal
  Chambly Raymond Dupont Liberal
  Champlain Michel Veillette Liberal
  Charlesbourg Pierre Bussières Liberal
  Charlevoix Charles Lapointe Liberal
  Châteauguay Ian Watson Liberal
  Chicoutimi Marcel Dionne Liberal
  Dollard Louis Desmarais Liberal
  Drummond Yvon Pinard Liberal
  Duvernay Yves Demers Liberal
  Frontenac Léopold Corriveau Liberal
  Gamelin Arthur Portelance Liberal
  Gaspé Alexander Cyr Liberal
  Gatineau René Cousineau Liberal
  Hochelaga—Maisonneuve Serge Joyal Liberal
  Hull Joseph Isabelle Liberal
  Joliette Roch La Salle Progressive Conservative
  Jonquière Gilles Marceau Liberal
  Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup Rosaire Gendron Liberal
  Labelle Maurice Dupras Liberal
  Lac-Saint-Jean Marcel Lessard Liberal
  Lachine Roderick Blaker Liberal
  Langelier J. Gilles Lamontagne Liberal
  La Prairie Pierre Deniger Liberal
  Lasalle John Campbell Liberal
  Laurier David Berger Liberal
  Laval Marcel-Claude Roy Liberal
  Laval-des-Rapides Jeanne Sauvé Liberal
  Lévis Raynald Guay Liberal
  Longueuil Joseph Mario Jacques Olivier Liberal
  Lotbiniere Richard Janelle Social Credit
  Progressive Conservative
  Louis-Hébert Dennis Dawson Liberal
  Manicouagan André Maltais Liberal
  Matapédia—Matane Pierre de Bané Liberal
  Mégantic—Compton—Stanstead Claude Tessier Liberal
  Mercier Céline Hervieux-Payette Liberal
  Missisquoi Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
  Montmorency Louis Duclos Liberal
  Mount Royal Pierre Trudeau Liberal
  Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Warren Allmand Liberal
  Outremont Marc Lalonde Liberal
  Papineau André Ouellet Liberal
  Pontiac—Gatineau—Labelle Thomas Lefebvre Liberal
  Portneuf Rolland Dion Liberal
  Québec-Est Gérard Duquet Liberal
  Richelieu Jean-Louis Leduc Liberal
  Richmond Alain Tardif Liberal
  Rimouski Eudore Allard Social Credit
  Roberval Charles-Arthur Gauthier Social Credit
  Rosemont Claude-André Lachance Liberal
  Saint-Denis Marcel Prud'homme Liberal
  Saint-Henri—Westmount Donald Johnston Liberal
  Saint-Hyacinthe Marcel Ostiguy Liberal
  Saint-Jacques Jacques Guilbault Liberal
  Saint-Jean Paul-André Massé Liberal
  Saint-Léonard—Anjou Monique Bégin Liberal
  Saint-Maurice Jean Chrétien Liberal
  Saint-Michel Marie Thérèse Killens Liberal
  Sainte-Marie Jean-Claude Malépart Liberal
  Shefford Jean Lapierre Liberal
  Sherbrooke Irénée Pelletier Liberal
  Témiscamingue Henri Tousignant Liberal
  Terrebonne Joseph-Roland Comtois Liberal
  Trois-Rivières Claude G. Lajoie Liberal
  Vaudreuil Harold Herbert Liberal
  Verchères Bernard Pierre Loiselle Liberal
  Verdun Pierre Savard Liberal


Riding Member Political Party
  Algoma Maurice Foster Liberal
  Beaches Robin Richardson Progressive Conservative
  Brampton—Georgetown John McDermid Progressive Conservative
  Brant Derek Blackburn New Democrat
  Broadview—Greenwood Bob Rae New Democrat
  Bruce—Grey Gary Gurbin Progressive Conservative
  Burlington Bill Kempling Progressive Conservative
  Cambridge Chris Speyer Progressive Conservative
  Cochrane Keith Penner Liberal
  Davenport Charles Caccia Liberal
  Don Valley East Sam Wakim Progressive Conservative
  Don Valley West John Bosley Progressive Conservative
  Durham—Northumberland Allan Lawrence Progressive Conservative
  Eglinton—Lawrence Roland de Corneille Liberal
  Elgin John Wise Progressive Conservative
  Erie Girve Fretz Progressive Conservative
  Essex—Kent Robert Daudlin Liberal
  Essex—Windsor Eugene Whelan Liberal
  Etobicoke Centre Michael Wilson Progressive Conservative
  Etobicoke North Roy MacLaren Liberal
  Etobicoke—Lakeshore Ken Robinson Liberal
  Glengarry—Prescott—Russell Denis Éthier Liberal
  Grey—Simcoe Gus Mitges Progressive Conservative
  Guelph Albert Fish Progressive Conservative
  Haldimand—Norfolk Bud Bradley Progressive Conservative
  Halton Otto Jelinek Progressive Conservative
  Hamilton East John Carr Munro Liberal
  Hamilton Mountain Duncan Beattie Progressive Conservative
  Hamilton—Wentworth Geoffrey Scott Progressive Conservative
  Hamilton West Lincoln Alexander Progressive Conservative
  Hastings—Frontenac William Vankoughnet Progressive Conservative
  Huron—Bruce Robert McKinley Progressive Conservative
  Kenora—Rainy River John Mercer Reid Liberal
  Kent John Holmes Progressive Conservative
  Kingston and the Islands Flora MacDonald Progressive Conservative
  Kitchener John Reimer Progressive Conservative
  Lambton—Middlesex Sidney Fraleigh Progressive Conservative
  Lanark—Renfrew—Carleton Paul Dick Progressive Conservative
  Leeds—Grenville Thomas Cossitt Progressive Conservative
  Lincoln Kenneth Higson Progressive Conservative
  London East Charles Turner Liberal
  London West Judd Buchanan Liberal
  London—Middlesex Nelson Elliott Progressive Conservative
  Mississauga North Alex Jupp Progressive Conservative
  Mississauga South Donald Blenkarn Progressive Conservative
  Nepean—Carleton Walter Baker Progressive Conservative
  Niagara Falls Jake Froese Progressive Conservative
  Nickel Belt John Rodriguez New Democrat
  Nipissing Jean-Jacques Blais Liberal
  Northumberland George Hees Progressive Conservative
  Ontario Thomas Fennell Progressive Conservative
  Oshawa Ed Broadbent New Democrat
  Ottawa—Carleton Jean-Luc Pépin Liberal
  Ottawa Centre John Evans Liberal
  Ottawa West Kenneth Binks Progressive Conservative
  Ottawa—Vanier Jean-Robert Gauthier Liberal
  Oxford Bruce Halliday Progressive Conservative
  Parkdale—High Park Jesse Flis Liberal
  Parry Sound—Muskoka Stan Darling Progressive Conservative
  Perth William Jarvis Progressive Conservative
  Peterborough Bill Domm Progressive Conservative
  Prince Edward—Hastings Jack Ellis Progressive Conservative
  Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke Len Hopkins Liberal
  Rosedale David Crombie Progressive Conservative
  Sarnia Bill Campbell Progressive Conservative
  Sault Ste. Marie Cyril Symes New Democrat
  Scarborough Centre Diane Stratas Progressive Conservative
  Scarborough East Gordon Gilchrist Progressive Conservative
  Scarborough West William Wightman Progressive Conservative
  Simcoe North Doug Lewis Progressive Conservative
  Simcoe South Ronald Stewart Progressive Conservative
  Spadina Peter Stollery Liberal
  St. Catharines Joseph Reid Progressive Conservative
  St. Paul's Ron Atkey Progressive Conservative
  Stormont—Dundas Ed Lumley Liberal
  Sudbury James Jerome Liberal
  Thunder Bay—Atikokan Paul McRae Liberal
  Thunder Bay—Nipigon Robert Andras Liberal
  Timiskaming Arnold Peters New Democrat
  Timmins—Chapleau Ray Chénier Liberal
  Trinity Aideen Nicholson Liberal
  Victoria—Haliburton William Scott Progressive Conservative
  Waterloo Walter Maclean Progressive Conservative
  Welland Gilbert Parent Liberal
  Wellington—Dufferin—Simcoe Perrin Beatty Progressive Conservative
  Willowdale Bob Jarvis Progressive Conservative
  Windsor West Herb Gray Liberal
  Windsor—Walkerville Mark MacGuigan Liberal
  York Centre Bob Kaplan Liberal
  York East Ron Ritchie Progressive Conservative
  York North John Gamble Progressive Conservative
  York—Scarborough Paul McCrossan Progressive Conservative
  York South—Weston Ursula Appolloni Liberal
  York—Peel Sinclair Stevens Progressive Conservative
  York West James Fleming Liberal


Riding Member Political Party
  Brandon—Souris Walter Dinsdale Progressive Conservative
  Churchill Rodney Murphy New Democrat
  Dauphin William Gordon Ritchie Progressive Conservative
  Lisgar Jack Murta Progressive Conservative
  Portage—Marquette Charles Mayer Progressive Conservative
  Provencher Jake Epp Progressive Conservative
  Selkirk—Interlake Terry Sargeant New Democrat
  St. Boniface Robert Bockstael Liberal
  Winnipeg North David Orlikow New Democrat
  Winnipeg North Centre Stanley Knowles New Democrat
  Winnipeg—Assiniboine Dan McKenzie Progressive Conservative
  Winnipeg—Birds Hill Bill Blaikie New Democrat
  Winnipeg—Fort Garry Lloyd Axworthy Liberal
  Winnipeg—St. James Bob Lane Progressive Conservative


Riding Member Political Party
  Assiniboia Leonard Gustafson Progressive Conservative
  Humboldt—Lake Centre George Richardson Progressive Conservative
  Kindersley—Lloydminster Bill McKnight Progressive Conservative
  Mackenzie Stanley Korchinski Progressive Conservative
  Moose Jaw Douglas Neil Progressive Conservative
  Prince Albert John Diefenbaker* Progressive Conservative
  Stan Hovdebo New Democrat
  Qu'Appelle—Moose Mountain Alvin Hamilton Progressive Conservative
  Regina East Simon De Jong New Democrat
  Regina West Leslie Benjamin New Democrat
  Saskatoon East Robert Ogle New Democrat
  Saskatoon West Ray Hnatyshyn Progressive Conservative
  Swift Current—Maple Creek Frank Hamilton Progressive Conservative
  The Battlefords—Meadow Lake Terry Nylander Progressive Conservative
  Yorkton—Melville Lorne Nystrom New Democrat
*John Diefenbaker died on August 16, 1979; Stan Hovdebo won the following November 19th by-election to fill his seat


Riding Member Political Party
  Athabasca Paul Yewchuk Progressive Conservative
  Bow River Gordon Taylor Progressive Conservative
  Calgary Centre Harvie Andre Progressive Conservative
  Calgary East John Kushner Progressive Conservative
  Calgary North Eldon Woolliams Progressive Conservative
  Calgary South John Thomson Progressive Conservative
  Calgary West Jim Hawkes Progressive Conservative
  Crowfoot Arnold Malone Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton East William Yurko Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton North Steve Paproski Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton South Douglas Roche Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton West Marcel Lambert Progressive Conservative
  Edmonton—Strathcona David Kilgour Progressive Conservative
  Lethbridge—Foothills Blaine Thacker Progressive Conservative
  Medicine Hat Bert Hargrave Progressive Conservative
  Peace River Ged Baldwin Progressive Conservative
  Pembina Peter Elzinga Progressive Conservative
  Red Deer Gordon Towers Progressive Conservative
  Vegreville Don Mazankowski Progressive Conservative
  Wetaskiwin Kenneth Schellenberger Progressive Conservative
  Yellowhead Joe Clark Progressive Conservative

British ColumbiaEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Burnaby Svend Robinson New Democrat
  Capilano Ron Huntington Progressive Conservative
  Cariboo—Chilcotin Lorne Greenaway Progressive Conservative
  Comox—Powell River Raymond Skelly New Democrat
  Cowichan—Malahat—The Islands Don L. Taylor Progressive Conservative
  Esquimalt—Saanich Donald Munro Progressive Conservative
  Fraser Valley East Alexander Patterson Progressive Conservative
  Fraser Valley West Robert Wenman Progressive Conservative
  Kamloops—Shuswap Don Cameron Progressive Conservative
  Kootenay East—Revelstoke Stan Graham Progressive Conservative
  Kootenay West Robert Brisco Progressive Conservative
  Mission—Port Moody Mark Rose New Democrat
  Nanaimo—Alberni Edward Miller New Democrat
  New Westminster—Coquitlam Pauline Jewett New Democrat
  North Vancouver—Burnaby Chuck Cook Progressive Conservative
  Okanagan North George Whittaker Progressive Conservative
  Okanagan—Similkameen Frederick King Progressive Conservative
  Prince George—Bulkley Valley Robert McCuish Progressive Conservative
  Prince George—Peace River Frank Oberle Progressive Conservative
  Richmond—South Delta Tom Siddon Progressive Conservative
  Skeena James Fulton New Democrat
  Surrey—White Rock—North Delta Benno Friesen Progressive Conservative
  Vancouver Centre Arthur Phillips Liberal
  Vancouver East Margaret Ann Mitchell New Democrat
  Vancouver Kingsway Ian Waddell New Democrat
  Vancouver Quadra Bill Clarke Progressive Conservative
  Vancouver South John Fraser Progressive Conservative
  Victoria Allan McKinnon Progressive Conservative

Northern TerritoriesEdit

Riding Member Political Party
  Nunatsiaq Peter Ittinuar New Democrat
  Western Arctic Dave Nickerson Progressive Conservative
  Yukon Erik Nielsen Progressive Conservative


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Prince Albert November 19, 1979 John Diefenbaker      Progressive Conservative Stan Hovdebo      New Democratic Death (heart attack) No
Burin—St. George's September 19, 1979 Don Jamieson      Liberal Roger Simmons      Liberal Resignation Yes


  1. ^ http://www.parl.gc.ca/parlinfo/Files/Parliament.aspx?Item=3f135f9f-59ca-42f9-b36f-6abfd0137c1e&Language=E&MenuID=Lists.Parliament.aspx&MenuQuery=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.parl.gc.ca%2Fparlinfo%2FLists%2FParliament.aspx&Section=PartyStandingsSEN
  2. ^ Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.
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