Manoj Kumar

Manoj Kumar (born Harikishan Giri Goswami[1] on 24 July 1937) is an Indian actor and director in Bollywood. He is remembered for his versatile performances in films like Hariyali Aur Raasta, Woh Kaun Thi?, Himalay Ki God Mein, Do Badan, Upkar, Patthar Ke Sanam, Neel Kamal, Purab Aur Paschim, Beimaan, Roti Kapda Aur Makaan, Dus Numbri, Shor, Sanyasi and Kranti. He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes, and has been given the nickname Bharat Kumar.

Manoj Kumar
Manoj Kumar at Esha Deol's wedding at ISCKON temple 10.jpg
Manoj Kumar in 2012
Born
Harikishan Giri Goswami

(1937-07-24) 24 July 1937 (age 83)
NationalityIndian
Other namesBharat Kumar
CitizenshipIndian
OccupationMovie director, actor
Years active1957–1995
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)Shashi Goswami
Children2
RelativesRajiv Goswami (brother)
Manish R Goswami (brother)
HonoursPadma Shri (1992)
Dadasaheb Phalke Award (2015)

In 1992, he was awarded with the Padma Shri by the Government of India. India's highest award in cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, was awarded to him in 2015.[2]

Early lifeEdit

Kumar was born in Abbottabad, a town in the North-West Frontier Province, British India (now in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). His original birth name was Harikishan Giri Goswami. When he was 10, his family had to migrate from Jandiala Sher Khan to Delhi due to the Partition.[3] His family lived as refugees in Vijay Nagar, Kingsway Camp and later moved to Old Rajendra Nagar area of New Delhi.

After graduating from Hindu College, University of Delhi, he decided to enter the film industry.

CareerEdit

When he was young, he admired actors Dilip Kumar, Ashok Kumar and Kamini Kaushal and decided to name himself Manoj Kumar, after Dilip Kumar's character in Shabnam.[1]

After making a little-noticed début in Fashion in 1957, Kumar landed his first leading role in Kaanch Ki Gudia (1960) opposite Saida Khan. Piya Milan Ki Aas and Reshmi Roomal followed, setting the stage for the Vijay Bhatt-directed Hariyali Aur Raasta (1962) opposite Mala Sinha. Kumar then appeared with Sadhana in Raj Khosla's Woh Kaun Thi (1964), and reunited with Vijay Bhatt and Mala Sinha in Himalaya Ki God Mein (1965). Kumar and Raj Khosla repeated their successful actor-director partnership with the film Do Badan, which was remembered for many reasons, including Raj Khosla's direction, Kumar and the heroine Asha Parekh's performance and songs written by the lyricist Shakeel Badayuni, among others.

Film workEdit

In the 1960s his successful films included romantic films like Honeymoon, Apna Banake Dekho, Naqli Nawab, Paththar Ke Sanam, Sajan and Sawan Ki Ghata and social films such as Shaadi, Grihasti, Apne Huwe Paraye, and Aadmi and thrillers such as Gumnaam, Anita, and Woh Kaun Thi and comedy film like Picnic.

Kumar's starred in the 1965 film Shaheed,[4] based on the life of Bhagat Singh, the Independence revolutionary. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri asked him to create a film based on the popular slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kissan (hail the soldier, hail the farmer).[1]

The result was Kumar's directorial debut Upkaar (1967). In this award-winning film, he played both a soldier and a farmer. The film was also noted for the famous song "Mere Desh Ki Dharti", written by Gulshan Bawra, composed by Kalyanji-Anandji and sung by Mahendra Kapoor. Upkaar was declared a blockbuster and won him his first Filmfare Best Director Award.

He returned to patriotic themes in Purab Aur Paschim (1970), in which life in the East and West are juxtaposed. The film Pehchaan directed by Sohanlal Kanwar had Kumar opposite Babita and was successful.

In 1972, he starred in Be-Imaan (for which he won the Filmfare Best Actor Award) and later directed and starred in Shor (1972). The latter, opposite Nanda, was not a huge box office success on its release, but has gained cult status over the years. It featured the memorable song "Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai", a duet by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh, which was composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal and written by Santosh Anand.

He consistently liked working with actors Prem Nath, Pran, Prem Chopra, Kamini Kaushal and Hema Malini in his career.

Peak of his careerEdit

In the mid-1970s Kumar starred in three hit films; Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974) which was a social commentary, featuring an all-star cast including Zeenat Aman, Shashi Kapoor and Amitabh Bachchan. He won his second Filmfare Award for Best Director for the film Roti Kapda Makan. Sanyasi (1975),a religious-themed comedy, had Kumar and Hema Malini in the lead roles and film was hugely successful. Dus Numbri (1976) also gave Kumar,Pran,Prem Nath and Hema top billing.

In 1981, Kumar reached the peak of his career when he got the opportunity to direct his idol, Dilip Kumar, as well as to star in Kranti, a story about the struggle for Indian independence in the 19th century. Kranti was the last notable successful Hindi film in his career. He also starred in the hit Punjabi film Jat Punjabi.

Later careerEdit

After Kranti in 1981, Kumar's career began to decline, when the films he did with him in lead role like Kalyug Aur Ramayan in 1987 and later Clerk in 1989 failed at the box office. In 1989, he cast Pakistani actors Mohammad Ali and Zeba in his film Clerk. He quit acting after his appearance in the 1995 film Maidan-E-Jung. He directed his son, Kunal Goswami, in the 1999 film Jai Hind which had a patriotic theme. The film was a flop and was the last film Kumar worked on.

He was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999 for a career spanning over 40 years.

His trademark hand-covering-the-face was very popular and continues to be the butt of jokes of latter day stand-up comedians. In 2007, the Shah Rukh Khan film Om Shanti Om featured the lead character pretending to be Manoj Kumar so as to sneak into a movie premiere, by holding his hand over his face. Kumar filed a lawsuit, which was settled out of court.[5]

PoliticsEdit

Like many other Bollywood stars, Kumar decided to enter politics following his retirement. Before the 2004 general election in India, he officially joined BJP[6]

Personal lifeEdit

Manoj Kumar is married to Shashi Goswami (originally from Jodhkan, Sirsa district, Haryana). He has two sons, Vishal and Kunal. Vishal attempted a career as a singer and Kunal, an actor. His brother, Rajiv Goswami, also entered the film industry, but none were able to gain a footing in Bollywood.[citation needed]

AwardsEdit

Civilian awardEdit

National Film AwardsEdit

State AwardsEdit

Filmfare AwardsEdit

Winner

Nominated

Other awardsEdit

Other honoursEdit

  • 2008 – To honour Manoj Kumar, the Government of Madhya Pradesh decided to institute a Rs 100,000 award in his name. The state government also recommended Kumar's name for Bharat Ratna to the central government.[22]
  • 2011 – In recognition of the devotion of Manoj Kumar towards Shri Sai Baba, the Shri Saibaba Sansthan Trust in Shirdi renamed "Pimpalwadi Road" in Shirdi as "Manojkumar Goswami Road".[23]

Selected filmographyEdit

Year Film Role Co – Stars Notes
1957 Fashion
1958 Sahara Shyam Meena Kumari
Panchayat Gopal Shyama
1959 Chand Gokul Meena Kumari, Balraj Sahni
1960 Honeymoon Sayeeda Khan
1961 Kaanch Ki Gudiya Raju Sayeeda Khan
Piya Milan Ki Aas Maji Ameeta
Suhag Sindoor Ratan Balraj Sahni, Mala Sinha
Reshmi Rumal Shyam Shakila
1962 Hariyali Aur Rasta Shankar Mala Sinha, Shashikala
Dr. Vidya Ratan Chowdhury Vyjayanthimala
Shaadi Raja Balraj Sahni, Saira Banu, Dharmendra
Banarsi Thug Shyam Vijaya Chaudhari
Maa Beta Keshav Ameeta
Naqli Nawab Yusuf Shakila
1963 Apna Bana Ke Dekho Asha Parekh
Ghar Basake Dekho Kumar Rajshree
Grahasti Mohan Rajshree
1964 Apne Huye Paraye Dr. Shankar Mala Sinha
Woh Kaun Thi? Dr. Anand Sadhana
Phoolon Ki Sej Nirmal Verma Vyjayanthimala
1965 Shaheed Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh
Bedaag Rajesh Nanda
Himalay Ki God Mein Dr. Sunil Mehra Mala Sinha
Gumnaam C.I.D. Inspector Anand Nanda
Poonam Ki Raat Prakash Gupta Kumud Chhugani
1966 Picnic Vinod Kalpana
Do Badan Vikas Asha Parekh
Sawan Ki Ghata Gopal Sharmila Tagore
1967 Patthar Ke Sanam Rajesh Waheeda Rehman, Mumtaz
Anita Neeraj Sadhana
Upkar Bharat Asha Parekh, Pran, Prem Chopra, Kamini Kaushal also director

Winner, National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film

Winner, Filmfare Best Movie Award

Winner, Filmfare Best Director Award

Winner, Filmfare Best Story Award

Winner, Filmfare Best Dialogue Award

Winner, BFJA Awards: Best Dialogue

Nominated, Filmfare Best Actor Award

1968 Neel Kamal Ram Waheeda Rehman
Aadmi Dr. Shekhar Waheeda Rehman Nominated, Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award
1969 Sajan Ashok Saxena Asha Parekh
1970 Purab Aur Paschim Bharat Saira Banu also director
Yaadgaar Bhanu Nutan
Pehchan Gangaram Babita
Mera Naam Joker David Raj Kapoor
1971 Balidaan Raja Saira Banu
1972 Shor Shankar Nanda, Jaya Bachchan also director

Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Editing

Nominated, Filmfare Best Director Award

Nominated, Filmfare Best Story Award

Be-Imaan Mohan Raakhee Winner, Filmfare Best Actor Award
1974 Roti Kapda Aur Makaan Bharat Zeenat Aman, Moushumi Chatterji also director

Winner, Filmfare Best Director Award

Nominated, Filmfare Best Movie Award

Nominated, Filmfare Best Story Award

Nominated, Filmfare Best Actor Award

1975 Sanyasi Ram Rai Hema Malini Nominated, Filmfare Best Actor Award
1976 Dus Numbri Arjun Hema Malini
1977 Shirdi Ke Sai Baba Doctor / Scientist Rajendra Kumar, Hema Malini
Amaanat Deepak Sadhna, Balraj Sahni, Mehmood, Aruna Irani, Asit Sen
1979 Jat Punjabi Jat Punjabi Rajendra Nath, Madan Puri, Raza Murad
1981 Kranti Bharat / Kranti Dilip Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Shatrughan Sinha, Hema Malini, Parveen Babi, Nirupa Roy, Prem Chopra also director
1987 Kalyug Aur Ramayan Pawan Putra Shri Hanuman Madhavi
1989 Santosh Santosh Singh Nirupa Roy, Raakhee, Prem Chopra, Hema Malini
Clerk Bharat Ashok Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Rekha, Mohammed Ali, Shashi Kapoor, Anita Raj, Zeba, Prem Chopra also director
1991 Deshwasi Sangram Singh
1995 Maidan-E-Jung Master Dinanath Dharmendra, Akshay Kumar, Karishma Kapoor
1999 Jai Hind only director

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Verghis, Shana Maria (8 May 2011). "'I left behind a can of marbles in Abbotabad after Partition'". Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  2. ^ Kumar, Anuj (10 March 2016). "Know your Bharat". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  3. ^ Vijayakar, Rajiv. "A patriot at heart". Deccan Herald. DHNS. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  4. ^ Manoj Kumar. Bollywood classics. www.bollywood501.com. Archived 2 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "The super censors". The Times of India. 2 September 2009. Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  6. ^ "Manoj Kumar, Apra Mehta join BJP". www.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  8. ^ "Manoj Kumar to be honoured on Kishore Kumar`s birth anniv". Zee News. 24 July 2008. Archived from the original on 21 June 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Manoj Kumar gets Raj Kapoor Award". indiatoday.intoday.in. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
  10. ^ "Manoj Kumar, Gowariker to get Maha film awards". indianexpress.com. 19 April 2010. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
  11. ^ Manoj Kumar Awards Archived 12 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine imdb.com.
  12. ^ "31st Annual BFJA Awards. Awards For The Year 1967". Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.. bfjaawards.com (1968)
  13. ^ "NRI Award, Sardar Patel Award, Sardar Ratna, Pravasi Bharatiya Award, International Award". sardarpatelaward.org. Archived from the original on 4 June 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  14. ^ "Manoj Kumar felicitated with Phalke Award". oneindia.in. 5 May 2009. Archived from the original on 3 September 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Manoj Kumar & Oliver Stone honoured at 12th Mumbai Film Festival". Archived from the original on 1 November 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link). BollywoodHungama.com (29 October 2010). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  16. ^ Manoj Kumar to be felicitated at the Apsara Awards Archived 28 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. BollywoodHungama.com (25 January 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  17. ^ Manoj Kumar to be felicitated with the Lifetime Achievement Award | Bollywood News | Hindi Movies News | News Archived 15 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. BollywoodHungama.com (13 March 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  18. ^ Manoj Kumar To Be Honoured With The Bharat Gaurav Award – Bollywood News Archived 30 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Movie Talkies (6 June 2012). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  19. ^ "Manoj Kumar honoured with Lifetime Achievement award". indiatoday.intoday.in. 2 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  20. ^ "Jagran Film Festival 2013: Manoj Kumar Receives Lifetime Achievement Award [Winners List+PHOTOS]". ibtimes.co.in. 30 September 2013. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 May 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Madhya Pradesh institutes award in Manoj Kumar's name | Bollywood.com : Entertainment news, movie, music and fashion reviews Archived 2 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Bollywood.com (5 August 2008). Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
  23. ^ mobile. Thenews24x7.com.[dead link]

External linksEdit